|Founded||September 1938(as DTA, Divisão dos Transportes Aéreos)|
|Commenced operations||17 July 1940|
|Parent company||Government of Angola (100%)|
|Profit||US$−5 million (FY 2016)|
TAAG Angola Airlines E.P. (Portuguese: TAAG Linhas Aéreas de Angola E.P.) is a state-owned airline and flag carrier of Angola. Based in Luanda, the airline operates domestic services within Angola, medium-haul services in Africa and long-haul services to Brazil, Cuba, and Portugal. The airline was originally set up by the government as DTA – Divisão dos Transportes Aéreos in 1938, rechristened TAAG Angola Airlines in 1973, and gained flag carrier status in 1975. It is now a member of both the International Air Transport Association and the African Airlines Association.
The origins of the carrier can be traced back to 1937, when the president of Portugal Óscar Carmona asked Joaquim de Almedia Baltazar to create an airline in Angola. In September 1938, DTA – Divisão dos Transportes Aéreos was formed as a division of the Administration of Railways, Harbours, and Air Transport of Portuguese West Africa. It was owned and run by the government, which authorised the acquisition of three Dragons and two Junkers Ju 52s, although the latter two aircraft were not delivered due to the outbreak of the Second World War. Operations began on 17 July 1940, using De Havilland Dragon Rapide biplanes. The first routes to be operated were founded by the Aero Club of Angola and included two main lines: one running between Luanda and Pointe Noire, having connections with Aeromaritime services to Europe, and the other being Luanda–Benguela–Lobito that was later extended to Moçâmedes. Flights were intermittently discontinued during World War II due to the scarcity of spare parts, but by the end of the war, the airline resumed operations. Two Stinson Reliants bought from the Belgian Congo in 1944 permitted the carrier to resume coastal services. The DC-3 and the Beechcraft Model 18 joined the fleet in 1946. In March that year, a new route to Leopoldville was launched. The airline joined the International Air Transport Association in 1951. Also in that year, the company extended the Leopoldville route further east, serving Lourenço Marques, but this destination was later abandoned due to poor financial performance. DTA also operated a route linking Luanda with Lourenço Marques via Livingstone between 1951 and 1952; poor sales prompted the airline to terminate the service. A 700-mile (1,100 km) long route to São Tomé was launched in 1956.
By April 1960, the fleet was composed of four Beech 18s, seven DC-3s and three DH.89s. A year later, DTA became the third African airline in ordering the Fokker F-27, with two aircraft acquired. At this time, the company had a route network that was 3,300 miles (5,300 km) long. The F-27s were incorporated into the fleet in 1962. Served with these brand new aircraft, Windhoek was added to the route network that year.
Following renaming to TAAG – Transportes Aéreos de Angola on 1 October 1973, the airline was reorganised and reconstituted. The company's shareholders at the time were the Angolan government (51%), TAP Air Portugal (29%) and ex-DTA employees (20%). Four Boeing 737-200s were ordered in 1974. The same year, a new livery including the Palança Negra was unveiled. Three F-27s and six DC-3s comprised the fleet by March 1975 . Following the rise to power of the communists, that year the country gained independence from Portugal; the airline became Angola's flag carrier in October. In November, the company took delivery of the first Boeing 737-200. In January 1976 , the delivery of two Boeing 737-200Cs was blocked by the US State Department; the embargo was lifted two months later following the end of the civil war in the country. Valued at around US$18 million, these two aircraft were finally delivered by late April that year. In February the same year, an ex-Allegheny Airlines Fairchild FH-227 on delivery flight to Suidwes Lugdiens was forced to land at Luanda while flying over Angolan territory. The country seized control of the aircraft, which was later reported to be in service with TAAG, along with an ex-Argentine Air Force Caravelle and two ex-THY Turkish Airlines F-27s. Three Yak-40s entered the fleet in 1977, along with other Soviet-built aircraft; late this year, an ex-British Caledonian Airways Boeing 707-320C was sold to TAAG. In 1978, TAAG acquired two used F27s from Fokker, and another Boeing 737 was ordered a year later. A Lockheed L-100-20, registration D2-FAF, was involved in an accident while landing at São Tomé.
By March 1980, the carrier had a fleet of three Boeing 707-320Cs, three Boeing 737-200Cs, six Fokker F27s —four -600s and two -200s—, three L-100s —two -20s and one -30— and four Yakovlev Yak-40s to serve a number of domestic destinations, plus Brazzaville, São Tome, Lagos, Maputo, Lisbon, Moscow, Paris and Rome. The company was reorganised again during the year. On 8 June, a Yak-40 (registration D2-TYC) crashed near Matala killing all 19 occupants on board. On 16 May 1981, the crew of four on board a Lockheed L-100-20 Hercules, registration D2-EAS, lost their lives in an accident at Mongua. During the early 1980s, the fleet also included a small number of Antonov An-26s that started being phased out. One of these examples (D2-TAB) was involved in an accident at Monte Bibala on 29 November 1982; 15 people lost their lives. Another fatal accident took place almost a year later, on 8 November 1983, when the crash of a Boeing 737-200 (D2-TBN) at Lubango resulted in 130 fatalities. Serious financial difficulties were uncovered during 1984. In the mid-1980s, an L-100 Hercules was withdrawn from service and two Ilyushin Il-62Ms were acquired for operations to Cuba. The carrier phased in the first of these two aircraft in 1988. On 21 July 1988, a Boeing 707 freighter owned by the airline crashed 20 kilometres (12 mi) away from Murtala Muhammed International Airport; six crewmembers lost their lives in the accident.
At March 1990's network comprised 18 domestic points in Angola served from Luanda plus international flights to Berlin-Schonefeld, Brazzaville, Havana, Kinshasa, Lisbon, Lusaka, Maputo, Moscow, Paris, Rio de Janeiro, Rome, Sal and Sao Tome. On 31 January 1995, a Boeing 727-200, registration D2-TJB, crashed on landing at Huambo; the landing gear was torn off following the aircraft aquaplaning off the runway as a result of a long landing. There were no serious injuries among the occupants of the aircraft. TAAG bought a Boeing 747-300 Combi from Singapore Airlines in 1997., TAAG Angola Airlines had TAAG-Air Charter and TAAG Aviacao Ligeira as associated companies; the number of employees was 5,770. At this time, the fleet consisted of six Boeing 707-320s (one -320B and five -320Cs), four Boeing 737-200s, one Boeing 737-200C, one Lockheed L100-200, six Fokker F.27s (one -100, one -400M, one -500 and three -600s) and two Yakovlev Yak-40s. The carrier
In July 2005US$895 million., TAAG Angola Airlines ordered three Boeing 777-200ERs and four Boeing 737-700s, it also took options on one and two more of these aircraft, respectively. The ordered aircraft were initially scheduled for delivery in July 2006 . The new aircraft were aimed at replacing the ageing Boeing 747-300s and Boeing 737-200s. The order was partially fulfilled in November 2006, when two Boeing 777-200ERs and three 737-700s were delivered. One of these Boeing 777-200ERs established a record-breaking distance for the delivery of the type, when it flew 12,860 kilometres (6,940 nmi; 7,990 mi) between Seattle and Luanda in 16 hours and 47 minutes. In March 2011 , the Boeing 747-300 fleet was retired from service. In June the same year, the airline received its first newly acquired Boeing 777-300ER, out of two ordered in October 2009; TAAG became the first African carrier in purchasing and operating this type of aircraft. Three additional 293-seater Boeing 777-300ERs were ordered in April 2012 , in a deal worth
|Date of release of ban list||Ban status||Refs|
|12 October 2006||Not banned|||
|5 March 2007||Not banned|||
|4 July 2007||Banned|||
|11 September 2007||Banned|||
|28 November 2007||Banned|||
|11 April 2008||Banned|||
|24 July 2008||Banned|||
|14 November 2008||Banned|||
|14 July 2009||Partly banned|||
|26 November 2009||Partly banned|||
|30 March 2010||Partly banned|||
|23 November 2010||Partly banned|||
|20 April 2011||Partly banned|||
|23 November 2011||Partly banned|||
|3 April 2012||Partly banned|||
|4 December 2012||Partly banned|||
|10 July 2013||Partly banned|||
|3 December 2013||Partly banned|||
|10 April 2014||Partly banned|||
|11 December 2014||Partly banned|||
|25 June 2015||Partly banned|||
|10 December 2015||Partly banned|||
|16 June 2016||Partly banned|||
|8 December 2016||Partly banned|||
|16 May 2017||Partly banned|||
|30 November 2017||Partly banned|||
|14 June 2018||Partly banned|||
|17 April 2019||Not banned|||
The European Union (EU), in its fourth update of the list of blacklisted airlines released in July 2007US$5 million a month owing to the ban. To continue operating flights to Europe, TAAG wet-leased a Boeing 747-400 from South African Airways (SAA). Following the EU ban, in November 2008 the entire TAAG board was replaced and a new board was appointed with the objective of turning the carrier round, and in particular getting it removed from the EU blacklist. At the time, according to the Transport Minister, Augusto da Silva Tomás, in 14 months the company lost about US$70 million (€55.6 million). The turn-round plan included staff reductions – before the action was taken, there were about 5,000 staff. During 2008, TAAG launched a new route to Beijing., banned TAAG aircraft from entering into European airspace because of safety concerns. At the same time, the United Kingdom barred TAAG from flying into its territory, just before the airline was about to start services to London-Gatwick; in retaliation, Angola banned British Airways from landing within the country's borders. The carrier announced it was losing
It was announced in May 2009 that TAAG had passed IATA inspections. In July 2009when?] In November 2009, the European Commission extended the permission to TAAG's four Boeing 737-700s. Also in November 2009, TAAG restarted services to Havana; many Cuban doctors and teachers reside in Angola and the flight exists to help transport them. In late March 2010, restrictions over TAAG operations were relaxed again following the announcement the airline could fly its Boeing 777-200ERs and 737-700s to all European airports., TAAG received permission to operate flights to Europe under restricted conditions, as it was allowed to fly only into Portugal and using only its three Boeing 777s. This partial lift of the ban made TAAG the only Angolan airline that was permitted to operate into the EU. After nearly two years of being banned from EU airspace, TAAG deployed its own aircraft on the European corridor immediately. TAAG then returned the Boeing 747-400 to South African Airways.[
In December 2010, two engine incidents involving TAAG's Boeing 777-200ERs forced the carrier to ground the three aircraft of the type.
In April 2012, the ban was partially lifted, but some aircraft were still prevented to fly the European Air Space. An updated version of the list of airlines banned in the EU released in early December 2012 still included part of TAAG's fleet; however, five Boeing 777s and four Boeing 737-700s were allowed to operate into the EU; there were little or no changes in the list regarding the aircraft the airline was allowed to fly into the EU, following the release of the 11 latest versions of the list in July 2013 , December 2013 , April 2014 , December 2014 , June 2015 , December 2015 , June 2016 , December 2016 , May 2017 , November 2017 , and June 2018 .
On 17 April 2019, the ban was completely lifted, allowing TAAG to fly all of its aircraft to any EU country.
In late September 2014, a ten-year management concession agreement between Emirates and the Government of Angola was signed; the deal also covered flight codesharing and the coordination of frequent flier programmes. In the first full year of operation under the agreement, annual losses were cut from $175m to $5m; the Ernst & Young-audited figures for January to December 2016 were approved at the airline's Board meeting on 9 March 2017.
The contract was unilaterally terminated by Emirates in 2017 after the Emirati carrier found difficulties in expatriating around US$340 million in revenues from Angola.
Originally set up within a government department, TAAG Angola Airlines remains 100% owned by the government of Angola. TAAG is itself the sole owner of Angola Air Charter, also based in Luanda, that operates cargo charters in Africa.
As of July 2017[update], Joaquim Teixeira da Cunha holds the chairman and chief executive officer position. Vipula Gunatilleka holds the chief financial officer position, as of August 2017[update].
Annual reports for the airline do not appear to be published. In the absence of these, the main sources for trends are press reports, and industry reports of the fleet size; even these are only indicative, because it is not always clear whether the aircraft recorded are actually in service. Available figures (for year ending 31 December) are:
|Turnover (US$ m)||585||530||650||700|
|Profit (US$ m)||−70||−72||−99||−140||−5|
|Number of employees (at year end)||4,124||3,281||3,589||3,559||3,268||3,112||3,064|
|Number of passengers (m)||1.1||0.8||1.1||1.3||1.3||1.2||1.4||1.5|
|Passenger load factor (%)||57.0||49.0||50||46|
|Number of aircraft (at year end)||14||11||11||12||12||11||14||13||13||13||13|
TAAG has its corporate headquarters in Luanda, Angola. The airline also has offices in Africa, Asia, Europe, and North and South America, and opened an office in Chaoyang District, Beijing, in 2010.
Main article: List of TAAG Angola Airlines destinations
As of October 2014[update], TAAG Angola Airlines serves 31 destinations, including 13 domestic, 11 in Africa, three in Latin America, two in Schengen Europe, and three in the Middle East and the Asia-Pacific region.
TAAG Angola Airlines has codeshare agreements with the following airlines:
TAAG operates the following aircraft (as of July 2022):[needs update]
|Airbus A220-300||—||6||TBA||Deliveries begin 2023. To replace Boeing 737-700.|
|Boeing 737-700||7||—||—||12||108||120||To be phased out and replaced by A220-300|
|De Havilland Dash 8-400||6||—||—||10||64||74|
The company previously operated the following aircraft:
TAAG Angola Airlines became OnAir's first Sub-Saharan customer. The carrier plans to offer inflight connectivity on board the Boeing 777-300ER fleet starting May 2014 .
First Class, branded as Diamond First Class, is available only on TAAG's Boeing 777 aircraft. First class features fully flat-bed seats with AVOD in-flight entertainment. Additionally, amenity kits, pillows, and blankets are given to first class passengers. Passengers also have designated check-in desks and have access to TAAG's Welwitchia Lounge in Luanda Airport.
Business Class, known as Executiva Class, is found on all TAAG aircraft. On the Boeing 777 fleet, the seats are angled lie-flat with AVOD in-flight entertainment in each seat. Amenity kits, pillows, and blankets are given to all Business Class passengers. Additionally, they are entitled to priority check-in and also have access to TAAG's Welwitchia Lounge in Luanda Airport.
Branded as HighFly Economic Class, TAAG's long-haul economy class cabin is equipped with AVOD in-flight entertainment. The seats feature footrests and winged headrests for extra comfort. Pillows and blankets are given to all economy class passengers, and hot meals are served on all international flights.
All TAAG long-haul aircraft are equipped with AVOD entertainment throughout all cabins. Known as Palanca, there are two variations throughout the Boeing 777 fleet. Rockwell Collins' dTES system is installed on the B777-200ERs, while the newer B777-300ERs possess the Thales TopSeries™ Audio Video On-demand System. The B737-700 fleet features drop-down LCD screens, used to show cabin-wide movies and a moving map display. Additionally, TAAG has an in-flight magazine and an in-flight entertainment guide, both known as austral.
The latest airline to become an active member of I.A.T.A. is Divisao de Exploraçao dos Transportes Aereos, which operates out of Luanda, Angola, in Portuguese West Africa.
Delivery of two Boeing 737-200Cs to TAAG of Angola, due this month and next, has been blocked by the US State Department "until such time as it is clear that there is a national government in Angola"
The State Department has lifted the embargo on two 737-200CS for TAAG, following the end of the civil war in Angola. Price of the two aircraft, with spares, is reported as $18 million
Angola Airlines is the new trading name of TAAG. Two Advanced 737-200Cs have now been delivered, having been embargoed by the State Department during the recent hostilities.
A Fairchild FH.227 on delivery from Allegheny Airlines to South-West African airline Suidwes was intercepted over Angola on February 11 and forced to land at Luanda.
The Fairchild-Hiller FH-227B registered in the UK as G-BEAI was impounded by Angola while being delivered to South Africa during the recent conflict and is now in service with Angola Airlines. The Airclaims insurance group is understood to have paid a claim on the loss; the filing of a UK registration may represent an attempt to recover the aircraft. Two ex-THY Turkish Airlines F.27s and an ex-Argentine Air Force Caravelle are also being used by Angola Airlines.
The new order releases for sale another pair of Boeing 707-320CS, one of which has already been sold to Angola Airlines
Angola Airlines has bought two used F.27 Friendships from Fokker-VFW. The first completely overhauled aircraft was delivered recently
Angola Airlines has ordered one 737 for immediate delivery
TAAG-Angola Airlines has taken delivery of its first of two Ilyushin Il-62Ms from Aviaexport.
A Boeing 707 cargo aircraft owned by Angolan airline TAAG crashed 20 km from the Murtala Muhammed International Airport, Lagos, Nigeria, on July 21, killing all six members of the crew. The aircraft, which was on route from Ostend, Belgium, to Luanda, crashed on approach to the Nigerian capital for a refuelling stop.
TAAG will use the aircraft to replace its five 737-200s and two 747-300s.
TAAG Angola Airlines took delivery of its first Boeing 777-300ER. The aircraft is part of an order for two placed in October 2009.
Angola's flag carrier ordered the aircraft in October 2009. According to Boeing, it is the first 777-300ER to be purchased, owned and operated by an African carrier.
SAA earlier this year decided to wet-lease one of these aircraft to TAAG Angola Airlines, which needed an aircraft for its daily Luanda-Lisbon service because an EU ban precludes it from using its own aircraft.
Three 747s have been returned to lessors, one has been wet-leased to TAAG Angola Airlines and the remaining two "are in the process of being subleased through their owners."
The statement also said TAAG Angola Airlines could now operate again into Portugal "only with certain aircraft and under very strict conditions".
Unita guerrillas claim that they shot down the TAAG Angolan Airlines Boeing 737 which crashed immediately after take-off from Lubango, Southern Angola, with the loss of all 126 people on board. Unita opposes Angola's Government, and claims that the flight, bound for Luanda, was carrying only military personnel. The incident took place on November 8.
A TAAG-Angolan Airlines Boeing 737 landed short of the runway at Benguela on November 5. The aircraft, D2-TAA, destroyed its landing gear and skidded 1,000m, breaking off one engine. The starboard wing was burned out and the fuselage side received fire damage. During the recovery operation on November 10 the aircraft caught fire and was totally destroyed. There were no injuries.