S7 Airlines
S7 new logo.svg
IATA ICAO Callsign
S7 SBI SIBERIAN
FoundedMay 1957; 65 years ago (1957-05) (as Tolmachevsky squadron)
Commenced operationsMay 1992; 30 years ago (1992-05) (as Siberia Airlines)
Hubs
Focus cities
Frequent-flyer programS7 Priority
SubsidiariesS7 Training
Fleet size104
Destinations150
Parent companyS7 AirSpace Corporation
HeadquartersOb, Novosibirsk Oblast, Russia
Key peopleVadim Klebanov (General Director)
Employees3,000[1]
Websites7.ru

S7 Airlines, legally JSC Siberia Airlines (Russian: АО «Авиакомпания "Сибирь"», "АО Aviakompania Sibir"), is an airline headquartered in Ob, Novosibirsk Oblast, Russia,[2][3] with offices in Moscow.[4] As of 2008, it was Russia's largest domestic airline, with its main bases at Domodedovo International Airport and Tolmachevo Airport.[5] It is a member of the Oneworld alliance but its membership is currently suspended due to Russia's invasion of Ukraine.[6]

History

Early years

An S7 Airlines Ilyushin Il-86 (formerly operated by Vnukovo Airlines) at Dubai International Airport
An S7 Airlines Ilyushin Il-86 (formerly operated by Vnukovo Airlines) at Dubai International Airport

What is now S7 Airlines started in 1957 as "the Tolmachevo united squadron" of the General Directorate of Civil Aviation of the Soviet Union. After the Soviet Union disintegration and during the 1990s Russian economic reforms, a state-run Siberia Airlines was created based on the squadron in 1992 and later privatized in 1994. The same year Siberia was assigned an IATA airline code.[7]

In 1997, Siberia Airlines tried to buy Vnukovo Airlines, to make Moscow its next main hub, but the purchase did not proceed. After the 1998 Russian financial crisis, Vnukovo Airlines was heading towards bankruptcy, and Siberia Airlines offered to merge the two airlines, but Vnukovo refused. In 1999, Siberia Airlines signed a document offering to take over Vnukovo Airlines, in the event Vnukovo ceased operations due to insolvency.[8]

Development since the 2000s

S7 Airlines' previous logo, used from 2005 until 2015
S7 Airlines' previous logo, used from 2005 until 2015

Siberia Airlines began merging with Vnukovo Airlines in 2001.[citation needed] The same year, the airline absorbed Baikal Airlines and then in 2004, the airline absorbed Chelyabinsk Airlines and Enkor.[9]

The first non-Russian aircraft, Airbus A310s, were acquired in 2004. In summer 2004, during the Farnborough Airshow, the company signed a memorandum of understanding to purchase fifty Sukhoi Superjet 100s, with the first to be delivered in 2007. However, the airline subsequently dropped its plans to order this aircraft, citing that the aircraft's changed specifications no longer met its requirements.[10]

Siberia Airlines rebranded itself as S7 Airlines in 2005.[7]

In line with an International Air Transport Association (IATA) resolution, from December 2006 the airline began to publish its fares for international destinations originating in Russia in euros, rather than US dollars. This resulted in a fare increase, as the conversion rate used was 1 euro = 1 US dollar. Fuel surcharges were also published in euros. Its domestic fares were still to be shown in the local currency.[11] Also in December 2006, the airline became the second Russian air carrier to complete, and pass, the IATA Operational Safety Audit, which is the first global air safety standard.[12]

In April 2007 S7 announced that it had set up a new division, called Globus. This division was to focus on charter flights for tourists to foreign holiday destinations. Initially, the aircraft for this division would be drawn from the mainline fleet, but during 2010–2014, ten Boeing 737-800 aircraft were leased with an all-economy layout, with the option for a further ten aircraft.[13]

S7 joined the Oneworld airline alliance in 2010.[14]

In November 2015, S7 Airlines offered to acquire a majority stake in bankrupt Transaero. The proposal was rejected by shareholders.[15]

In 2016, the American band OK Go partnered with S7 to film a "zero-g" music video for their song "Upside Down & Inside Out", aboard a reduced gravity aircraft.[16][17]

On 28 August 2018, S7 it would invest $192.87 million in a new manufacturing plant in Moscow, part of its Victory business plan.[citation needed] In December 2018, a few months after the completion of its purchase of Sea Launch[18] the parent holding company was renamed S7 AirSpace Corporation to reflect the transition from an aviation-only business.[19]

On 31 March 2019, chairwoman and co-owner Natalia Fileva died after the Epic LT private plane she was in crashed while landing at Frankfurt Egelsbach Airport.[20] In August 2019, S7 Airlines announced it was collecting donations for Siberian forests damaged by massive fires. The airline decided use a hybrid-retro livery on one of its Airbus A320-200 to the hybrid-retro livery, underlining its previous name and current callsign: Siberia Airlines. The livery is a combination of one from 1992-2005 and one from 2017-today.[21] Also in August 2019, the airline announced that S7 Airlines and Globus Airlines would merge by December 2019, ending Globus´ operations.[22] By early December 2019, the merger had been completed.[23]

In February 2022, as a result of the Russian invasion of Ukraine, S7 and other Russian airlines were banned from EU airspace and that of other countries.[24][25] This led to S7 suspending operations in Europe on 25 February 2022 and a suspension of all international flights by 5 March 2022.[26][27] The owner of aircraft leased to S7 Airlines, AerCap is seeking to repossess their aircraft.[28] In July 2022, S7 announced to halt all plans for its new low-cost subsidiary Citrus due to the required aircraft not being delivered.[29]

In September 2022, S7 reached an agreement to hand back its leased Boeing 737 MAX to their lessor. The aircraft will be transferred via a neutral country.[30]

Financial and operational performance

There are financial and operational performance S7 Airlines starting from 2011:

2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Passengers flown (millions) 5,128 6,351 7,085 7,938 8,207 9,509 9,948
— Domestic flights (millions) 3,548 4,010 4,385 5,093 5,526 6,673 6,881
— International flights (millions) 1,580 2,341 2,700 2,845 2,681 2,836 3,067
Load factor, % 75.6 80.1 80.9 80.0 80.3 85.2 85.3
Turnover (rubles, billion) 45,264 55,864 62,721 70,706 82,215 108,111 117,722
Net Profit (rubles, million) 734 546 702 868 923 2,896 4,432
Number of employees 2,507 2,711 2,672 2,752 2,571 2,878
Number of aircraft (at the end of the year) 38 43 45 45 46 62
Source [31] [31] [32] [33] [34] [35] [36]

Destinations

The cabin of a brand new S7 Airlines Airbus A320-200
The cabin of a brand new S7 Airlines Airbus A320-200

Main article: List of S7 Airlines destinations

S7 Airlines operates to almost 150 destinations domestically within Russia and internationally throughout Europe and Asia.

Codeshare agreements

S7 has codeshare agreements with the following airlines:[37]

Fleet

Current fleet

An S7 Airlines Airbus A320neo painted in the airline's revised livery
An S7 Airlines Airbus A320neo painted in the airline's revised livery
A Globus Airlines-operated S7 Airlines Boeing 737-800 painted in the Oneworld livery
A Globus Airlines-operated S7 Airlines Boeing 737-800 painted in the Oneworld livery

As of July 2022, the S7 Airlines fleet consists of the following aircraft:[46][47][48]

S7 Airlines fleet
Aircraft In
service
Orders Passengers Notes
B E Total
Airbus A319-100 3 144 144
Airbus A320-200 16 174 174 One painted in a hybrid-retro livery.[21]
Airbus A320neo 31 8 156 164
Airbus A321-200 8 8 189 197
190 198
Airbus A321neo 8 8 195 203
Boeing 737-800 17 8 168 176 One painted in the Oneworld livery.[47]
Boeing 737 MAX 8 2 8 168 176 Aircraft to be returned to lessor.[49]
Embraer 170 17 78 78
S7 Airlines Cargo fleet
Boeing 737-800BCF 2 Cargo First delivery in February 2021.[50]
Total 104

Fleet development

On 29 May 2007, the airline announced a proposed order for fifteen Boeing 787 Dreamliners scheduled for delivery in 2014, with an option for ten additional aircraft.[51] However, the order was officially cancelled on 29 January 2009, with S7 stating that it was considering the possibility of taking the aircraft under a leasing scheme.[52] As of November 2008, all Soviet-made aircraft had left the fleet.[53]

In April 2018, S7 renewed interest in the Sukhoi Superjet by planning to purchase 25 Sukhoi Superjet 75 aircraft, with an option of 50 more for the new modification of the Superjet family, and become the launch customer. These will replace the airline's aging Embraer 170 aircraft. The airline plans to take deliveries of this aircraft from 2023.[54] However in September 2019, it was announced the project had been scrapped.[55]

In October 2018, the airline took delivery of its first Boeing 737 MAX 8 and became the Russian launch customer of the aircraft type.[56]

Retired fleet

At different times, the S7 Airlines fleet has consisted of the following aircraft:[57]

S7 Airlines retired fleet
Aircraft Introduced Retired Replacement Notes
Airbus A310-200 2004 2010 Airbus A320 family
Boeing 737-800
Airbus A310-300 2004 2014 One crashed as Flight 778
Antonov An-24 1992 2000 Boeing 737 Classic
Boeing 737-400 2006 2008 Boeing 737-800 Transferred to subsidiary Globus Airlines
Boeing 737-500 2005 2009
Boeing 767-300ER 2008 2017[58] Airbus A321neo
Tupolev Tu-154B-2 1992 2004 Boeing 737-500 One crashed as Flight 1047
Tupolev Tu-154M 1992 2009 Airbus A320 family
Boeing 737-800
One crashed as Flight 1812
Tupolev Tu-204-100 1992 2006 Airbus A310
Airbus A319

Incidents and accidents

Subsidiaries

S7 Technics is a subsidiary of S7, located on the grounds of Tolmachevo Airport.[64]

See also

References

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  2. ^ "Talk to Us." S7 Airlines. Retrieved on 21 June 2010. "Legal Department, S7 AIRLINES, Ob-2, Novosibirsk Region, 633102, Russia " Archived 7 September 2019
  3. ^ Головной офис Россия 633104 Обь-4 Новосибирская обл (in Russian). S7 Airlines. Archived from the original on 8 March 2005. Retrieved 4 October 2009.
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  8. ^ ""Внуковские авиалинии" не хотят в "Сибирь"". 11 August 1999. Retrieved 7 May 2018.
  9. ^ Artem Fetisov On the Mend, 1 November 2006, Air Transport World (subscription required)
  10. ^ Flight Global, 7 February 2006
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  16. ^ Sage, Alyssa (11 February 2016). "Watch: OK Go Filmed a Music Video Entirely in Zero Gravity". Variety. Retrieved 12 February 2016.
  17. ^ "Upside Down and Inside Out FAQ & Credits".
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  28. ^ "Western sanctions have stranded hundreds of airliners worth an estimated $12 billion". Business Insider. Retrieved 25 June 2022.
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