Eurowings GmbH
IATA ICAO Callsign
EW EWG EUROWINGS
Founded1 February 1990; 34 years ago (1990-02-01)
Commenced operations1 January 1994; 30 years ago (1994-01-01)
Operating bases
Frequent-flyer programMiles & More
SubsidiariesEurowings Europe
Fleet size80 (excluding Eurowings Europe)
Destinations152[1]
Parent companyLufthansa Group
HeadquartersDüsseldorf, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany[2]
Key people
Websitewww.eurowings.com

Eurowings GmbH is a German low-cost airline[3] headquartered in Düsseldorf[2] and a wholly owned subsidiary of the Lufthansa Group. Founded in 1996, it serves a network of domestic and European destinations and maintains bases at several airports throughout Germany and Austria.

Eurowings has gone through a major transformation in recent years. It was part of Lufthansa Regional until October 2014. At that time it began operating on behalf of Germanwings within their network. Since spring 2015, Eurowings has been redeveloped into a low-cost airline for short- and long-haul flights. By October 2015, it had also started to incorporate Germanwings' route network as part of the merger of the two brands.[4]

Eurowings operates out of bases in Germany, and its Malta-based subsidiary Eurowings Europe operates out of bases in other European countries. All flights operated by both carriers are scheduled, marketed and sold by Eurowings.

History

Early years

The airline was formed on 1 February 1990, following a merger of Nürnberger Flugdienst (NFD) and Reise- und Industrieflug (RFG), two commuter airlines based in Nürnberg and Dortmund, respectively. Flight operations using an initial fleet of ATR 42 and 72 aircraft inherited from Eurowings' predecessors were launched on 1 January 1994. Subsequently, BAe 146 aircraft were added to the fleet, which were later followed by larger Airbus A320 family aircraft and even an Airbus A310.[5] Lufthansa took an initial 24,9% stake in Eurowings in 2001, increasing it to 49% in 2004. It has exercised full control of the airline since 2005 and assume complete ownership since 2011.

Development as part of Lufthansa

A former Eurowings BAe 146-200

As of 31 December 2006, Lufthansa had a 49% shareholding in Eurowings with a call option for 50.91% of the remaining stakes, bringing the company into the Lufthansa Group fold.[6] At that time, Eurowings was the owner of Germanwings, thus creating a low-cost branch within the Lufthansa trust. Plans to merge these two airlines with TUIfly (controlled by TUI Travel) into a joint and independent holding company, were brought forth during 2008, but did not materialize.[7] Instead, Lufthansa announced in December 2008 to acquire Germanwings from Eurowings.[8]

In September 2010 Eurowings closed its headquarters and technical infrastructure in Dortmund, Germany, and moved both to Düsseldorf, where Eurowings operated most of its flights since the airline was part of Lufthansa Regional. In March 2011, the maintenance division at Nürnberg Airport was also closed.

In late 2013, Eurowings' short-haul flights that are not operated from Frankfurt or Munich were transferred from Lufthansa to Germanwings.[9] All Eurowings flights operated on behalf of Lufthansa Regional ceased by autumn 2014 and were rebranded to Germanwings, the last ones to and from Düsseldorf.

Redevelopment into a low-cost carrier

Eurowings headquarters in Düsseldorf

In July 2014, the Lufthansa Group announced that Eurowings would replace its 23 Bombardier CRJ900 aircraft with 23 Airbus A320s. Ten of the A320s would be new orders, and 13 would be transferred from Lufthansa Group orders between February 2015 and March 2017. Lufthansa also announced Eurowings' transformation from a regional airline into a low-cost long and short-haul carrier by the end of 2015.[10]

On 1 February 2015, Eurowings started operating the Airbus A320-200, after taking delivery of its first on 20 January, which was received from Lufthansa and repainted in Eurowings' new livery. This and further A320s would be operated on behalf of Germanwings for most of 2015, until Lufthansa consolidated its low-cost operations under the new Eurowings brand by end of that year.[4] Additionally, in February 2015, the Lufthansa Group announced that SunExpress Deutschland would be the operator of Eurowings' new long-haul operations, which were to be based at Cologne Bonn Airport from November 2015. SunExpress Deutschland therefore would receive leased Airbus A330-200s.[11]

Eurowings also announced the establishment of its first base outside of Germany, at Vienna International Airport, where the aircraft were planned be operated by Austrian Airlines under the Eurowings brand. Previous plans to establish the first foreign base at Basel/Mulhouse were cancelled.[12] In June 2015, the Lufthansa Group announced the application for an additional air operator's certificate (AOC) for Eurowings in Austria, called Eurowings Europe, under which all new Airbus A320-200s would be operated while the "current" German Eurowings would continue to operate the existing fleet. This was planned due to lower operational costs based on Austrian Airlines union agreements.[13]

On 2 October 2015, Lufthansa announced a change of plans for their Vienna operations. Austrian Airlines would not operate some routes for the Eurowings brand as planned; instead, Eurowings Europe would handle all these flights itself.[14] In October 2015, Eurowings took over 55 Germanwings routes.[15] By April 2016, Eurowings had taken over several more routes.[16] Eurowings has been solely responsible for all sales under the Germanwings brand since October 2015.[17] From November 2015, Eurowings were offering one-way fares to destinations in the Caribbean and Thailand for as little as 99 euros.[18] In December 2015, Eurowings' new long-haul operations faced severe criticism, as every fourth flight was delayed by an average of 5.8 hours, with some flights delayed more than 20 hours.[19] Lufthansa stated that unexpected technical difficulties and a small fleet were to blame; Eurowings started its first seven long-haul routes with only one own aircraft.[19] Shortly after, Eurowings again faced severe public outrage and negative media coverage,[20] after one of their flights from Varadero to Cologne was delayed by more than 60 hours with passengers with visas whose validity had run out stuck in their hotels.[21]

In January 2016, Eurowings cancelled their planned service from Cologne to Tehran,[22] and reduced Dubai flights from year-round to seasonal service.[23] Lufthansa also announced the establishment of a task force in the same month. Its brief would be to eliminate the operational problems which lead to serious delays and to increase operational reliability.[24] In July 2016, it was made public that Eurowings' owner Lufthansa was considering taking over part of the route network, staff and aircraft leases from Air Berlin, which would then be made part of the Eurowings operations.[25] In August 2016, Eurowings announced further changes to its long-haul operations. The routes to Boston and to Dubai, which had already been changed from year-round to seasonal, were terminated.[26] Boston was only served for three months.[27] Shortly after, Eurowings also announced it would terminate its last route to Moscow, and therefore Russia, due to low demand.[28] Also in August 2016, Eurowings announced it would open its second Austrian base after Vienna, at Salzburg Airport, with flights to six European metropolitan destinations from January 2017.[29] In December 2016, it was announced that Air Berlin would wet-lease a total of 38 Airbus A319/A320 aircraft for six years to Lufthansa Group's Eurowings (33 aircraft) and Austrian Airlines (five), starting from February 2017. As a result, Eurowings will phase out Germanwings' older A320s.[30]

On 15 February 2017, Eurowings retired their last Bombardier CRJ900 after a flight from Karlsruhe to Hamburg. All CRJ900s have been handed over to Lufthansa CityLine and replaced by larger Airbus A320-200s, as part of the transformation from a regional into a low-cost carrier.[31]

In February 2018, Eurowings announced the relocation of all its long-haul routes currently operated from Cologne Bonn Airport to Düsseldorf Airport, from which it already flies long-haul routes, by late October 2018 to strengthen their presence there. This leaves Düsseldorf and Munich Airport as Eurowings' long-haul bases.[32]

Recent developments

In March 2019, the Lufthansa Group announced that starting in October 2019, Eurowings would introduce long-haul flights from Frankfurt Airport and further its Munich hub to expand Lufthansa's tourist-oriented presence and cooperation with these two hubs. It was announced that the original routes serviced from Frankfurt would be Mauritius, Barbados, and Windhoek, and Bangkok from Munich.[33] However, in June 2019, the Lufthansa Group announced that Eurowings will drop all long-haul flights and instead focus on short-haul operations aboard Airbus A320-family aircraft. All long-haul flights operated by Eurowings will be transferred to other network airlines- Lufthansa, Brussels Airlines, Austrian Airlines, and Swiss. It was also announced that Brussels Airlines will work more closely with its network partners under a turnaround plan introduced by Lufthansa.[citation needed]

In April 2020, Lufthansa announced a major downsizing for Eurowings in the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic. While Germanwings has been shut entirely and Eurowings is to phase out several aircraft, most wet-lease contracts have been ended on short notice.[34] Amongst the terminated agreements was the largest one with German Airways (formerly LGW) for their entire Bombardier DHC-8-400 fleet.[35]

In February 2021, Lufthansa announced it would take over most of Eurowings' routes at Munich Airport with the exception of few domestic services and flights to Palma de Mallorca and Pristina.[36] Also in early 2021, Eurowings discontinued all of their long-haul destinations, which had been served from Düsseldorf, Munich and Frankfurt.[37] At the same time, parent Lufthansa announced that these routes would be spun off as new long-haul carrier Eurowings Discover.[38]

In May 2022, Eurowings announced the termination of its own long-running frequent flyer program Boomerang Club in favour of a merger with Miles & More of parent Lufthansa.[39]

Corporate affairs

Ownership and structure

The Eurowings Group, which consists of low-cost or hybrid point-to-point airlines,[40] is wholly owned by Lufthansa, and includes as subsidiaries:[41]

Integration of Brussels Airlines within Eurowings was stopped during 2019; it will instead move closer to Lufthansa Network Airlines and report as part of that operating segment from 2020.[41]

Business trends

The business and operating results of the Eurowings Group are fully incorporated into the Lufthansa Group accounts; key trends since 2015, when it moved towards the low cost model, are (as at year ending 31 December):[42]

2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023
Turnover (€ m) 1,909 2,060 4,041 4,098 2,311 598 822 1,857 2,592
Operating profit "EBIT" (€ m) 38 -91 -33 -231 -126 -802 -227 -200 241
Number of employees (at year end) 3,186 3,493 7,501 9,255 8,809 3,088 3,563 4,415 4,793
Number of passengers (m) 16.9 18.4 32.6 38.5 38.2 7.2 7.7 16.9 20.7
Passenger load factor (%) 79.5 79.6 79.9 81.3 82.2 73.1 73.6 80.8 84.1
Number of aircraft (at year end) 78 180 205 191 85 100 96 100
Notes/sources [43] [43] [44] [44] [41] [45] [46] [47] [48]

Destinations

Main article: List of Eurowings destinations

Codeshare agreements

Eurowings has codeshare agreements with the following airlines:[49]

Fleet

Eurowings Airbus A320-200
Eurowings Airbus A320neo

Current fleet

As of February 2024, Eurowings (excluding Eurowings Europe) operates the following aircraft:[53]

Eurowings fleet
Aircraft In service Orders Passengers Notes
B E+ E Total
Airbus A319-100 28 3[53] 12 42 90 144[54]
96 150[54]
Airbus A320-200 35 12 50 108 170[54]
Airbus A320neo 7 1[53] 180 180[54]
Airbus A321-200 6 226 226[54]
Airbus A321neo 4 1[53] 232 232[53]
Total 80 5

Historical fleet

Over the years, Eurowings has operated the following aircraft types:[5]

A former Eurowings Airbus A330-200 operated by SunExpress Deutschland
A former Eurowings ATR 72-500
A former Eurowings Bombardier CRJ900 operated for Lufthansa Regional
Eurowings historical fleet
Aircraft Number Introduced Retired Notes
Airbus A310 1 1994 1995
Airbus A330-200 7 2015 2019 Operated by now-defunct SunExpress Deutschland, relocated to Discover Airlines.
Airbus A330-300 4 2015 2020 Operated by Brussels Airlines, relocated to Discover Airlines.
Airbus A340-300 2 2018 2019 Operated by Brussels Airlines, transferred back to Lufthansa.
ATR 42 29 1994 2005
ATR 72 16 1994 2006
British Aerospace BAe 146 18 1994 2010
Boeing 737-300 2 2001 2003
Boeing 737-800 2 2016 2017 Operated by now-defunct SunExpress Deutschland.
8 2017 2020 Operated by TUI fly Deutschland.
Boeing 767-300ER 1 2017 2018
1 Operated by PrivatAir.
Bombardier CRJ100 4 2001 2004
Bombardier CRJ200 19 2001 2011
Bombardier CRJ700 2 2007 2011 Transferred to Lufthansa CityLine.
Bombardier CRJ900 23 2009 2017[31]
De Havilland Dash 8 Q400 19 2018 2020 Operated by German Airways.
Dornier 328[55] 1 1997 1998

Special liveries

Notes

References

  1. ^ "Eurowings on ch-aviation.com". ch-aviation.com. Retrieved 21 November 2023.
  2. ^ a b "Imprint of Eurowings.com: Commercial Register Dusseldorf". Retrieved 11 July 2016.
  3. ^ "[1]." CAPA. Retrieved on October 5, 2017. "Eurowings Airline Profile."
  4. ^ a b "aero.de - Luftfahrt-Nachrichten und -Community". aero.de. 20 January 2015. Retrieved 10 July 2015.
  5. ^ a b "Eurowings Fleet - Airfleets aviation". Retrieved 10 July 2015.
  6. ^ "Annual Report 2006" (PDF). Lufthansa AG. p. 176. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-09-28. Retrieved 2007-08-16.
  7. ^ "Media". Retrieved 10 July 2015.
  8. ^ "EasyBourseLe courtier en lignede la Banque Postale". Retrieved 10 July 2015.[permanent dead link]
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  10. ^ "Wings Set for Take-off". Airliner World: 5. February 2015.
  11. ^ COMKOM° GmbH, Germany. "Neue Eurowings geht an den Start – Ticketverkauf für Flüge ab Oktober". Archived from the original on 2 April 2015. Retrieved 10 July 2015.
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  13. ^ airliners.de - Alle neuen Eurowings-Maschinen sollen mit österreichischer Lizenz fliegen (German)
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  17. ^ germanwings.com - Impressum retrieved 30 December 2015
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  19. ^ a b deutschlandfunk.de - Die Luftnummer 30 December 2015
  20. ^ aerotelegraph.com - "Chronicle of a failed start" (German) 18 January 2016
  21. ^ aero.de - "Eurowings: 60 hours delay in Cuba" (German) 11 January 2016
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  29. ^ - "Eurowings Europe starts in Salzburg" (German) 18 August 2016
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  34. ^ airliners.de 7 April 2020
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  36. ^ airliners.de (German) 3 February 2021
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  39. ^ airliners.de 3 May 2022
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  42. ^ Relations, Lufthansa Group Investor. "Financial reports". Lufthansa Group Investor Relations. Retrieved 2023-11-24.
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  44. ^ a b "Lufthansa Group 2018 Annual Report" (PDF). Lufthansa. Retrieved 25 June 2019.
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  46. ^ "Annual Report 2021" (PDF). 3 March 2022. Archived (PDF) from the original on 6 December 2022. Retrieved 13 January 2023.
  47. ^ "Lufthansa Group Annual Report 2022" (PDF). Lufthansa. Retrieved October 7, 2023.
  48. ^ "Lufthansa Group Annual Report 2023" (PDF). Lufthansa. Retrieved March 9, 2024.
  49. ^ "Profile on Eurowings". CAPA. Centre for Aviation. Archived from the original on 2016-11-03. Retrieved 2016-11-03.
  50. ^ "Eurowings and AEGEAN Airlines Forge New Codeshare Partnership".
  51. ^ "Singapore Airlines And Eurowings Launch Codeshare Operations". www.singaporeair.com.
  52. ^ "Codeshare Volotea-Eurowings". 15 February 2023.
  53. ^ a b c d e planespotters.net - Eurowings retrieved 6 January 2024
  54. ^ a b c d e "Engineering & fleet - Company - Eurowings". Archived from the original on 2017-10-17. Retrieved 2017-10-16.
  55. ^ "D-CATS OLT Dornier Do-328 - cn 3009". Archived from the original on 31 October 2013. Retrieved 10 July 2015.
  56. ^ https://simpleflying.com/eurowings-borussia-dortmund-special-flight-number/ (Englisch) 8 April 2023

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