Stuttgart Airport

Flughafen Stuttgart
Summary
Airport typePublic
OperatorFlughafen Stuttgart GmbH
ServesStuttgart, Germany
Hub for
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL1,276 ft / 389 m
Coordinates48°41′24″N 009°13′19″E / 48.69000°N 9.22194°E / 48.69000; 9.22194
Websitestuttgart-airport.com
Maps
Map of the airport
Map of the airport
STR is located in Baden-Württemberg
STR
STR
Location within Baden-Württemberg
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
07/25 3,345 10,974 Concrete
Helipads
Number Length Surface
m ft
H1 30 98 Concrete
Statistics (2022)
Passengers6,986,943 Increase+95,5%
Aircraft movements0,085,822 Increase+38,1%
Cargo (metric tons)0,033,593 Decrease-31,5%
Sources: Statistics at ADV.[2],
AIP at German air traffic control.[3]

Stuttgart Airport (German: Flughafen Stuttgart, formerly Flughafen Stuttgart-Echterdingen) (IATA: STR, ICAO: EDDS) is the international airport of Stuttgart, the capital of the German state of Baden-Württemberg. It is christened in honor of Stuttgart's former mayor, Manfred Rommel, son of Erwin Rommel,[4] and is the sixth busiest airport in Germany with 11,832,634 passengers having passed through its doors in 2018. The facility covers approximately 400 hectares (1,000 acres), of which 190 hectares are green space.[5]

The airport is operated by Flughafen Stuttgart GmbH (FSG). It goes back to Luftverkehr Württemberg AG, which was founded in 1924 and initially operated Böblingen Airport. Since 2008, 65% of the operating company is owned by the state of Baden-Württemberg and 35% by the city of Stuttgart. It is located approximately 13 km (8.1 mi) (10 km (6.2 mi) in a straight line) south[3] of Stuttgart and lies on the boundary between the nearby town of Leinfelden-Echterdingen, Filderstadt and Stuttgart itself. In 2007, the Messe Stuttgart convention center – the ninth biggest exhibition centre in Germany – moved to grounds directly next to the airport. Additionally, the global headquarters for car parking company APCOA Parking are located here.

History

First years and World War II

The airport was built in 1939 to replace Böblingen Airport. In 1945, the United States Army took over the airport until returning it to German authorities in 1948.[citation needed]

For the duration of the Cold War the runway and facilities were shared with the United States Army who operated helicopters, the Grumman OV-1 Mohawk and other fixed wing aircraft as Echterdingen Army Airfield on the southern portion of the airfield.[6][7] Some of the units operating at Echterdingen were headquartered at nearby Nellingen Kaserne- now closed and redeveloped.[8] In 1984–5, the 223rd Aviation Battalion (Combat) of the 11th Aviation Group (Combat) was headquartered at Echterdingen, with three aviation companies assigned (one at Schwäbisch Hall).[9] The U.S. Army still maintains a small helicopter base - Stuttgart Army Airfield - on the southern side of the airport, which it shares with the Baden-Württemberg State Police helicopter wing. The police helicopter wing falls under the control of Stuttgart Police Department and has six modern helicopters based at Stuttgart and two in Söllingen.

Later development

The airport was expanded after World War II. The runway was extended to 1,800 m (5,906 ft) in 1948, then to 2,250 m (7,382 ft) in 1961 and finally to 3,345 m (10,974 ft) in 1996. Renovation was scheduled for 2020, full closure phase was preponed to be completed in April during the corona lockdown.[10]

The original 1938 terminal was finally replaced in 2004 and there are now four terminals with a maximum capacity of approximately 12 million passengers.

Politicians, town planners and nearby residents have been arguing for years about the construction of a second runway. However, on 25 June 2008 Minister-President Günther Oettinger announced that for the next 8–12 years no second runway will be built and that the restrictions for night operations stay in place.[11][12]

After the death of former mayor Manfred Rommel in November 2013 local politicians proposed renaming the airport after him.[13] This proposal caused public disputes as he was the son of Erwin Rommel but also highly respected for his work on intercultural affairs.[14] In July 2014 it has been announced that the airport will be named Flughafen Stuttgart - Manfred Rommel Flughafen from now on.[15] In September 2016, the airport unveiled new branding and corporate design, changing its official name from Flughafen Stuttgart to Stuttgart Airport.[16]

In September 2014, United Airlines cancelled their route to Stuttgart from Newark due to insufficient demand[17] leaving Stuttgart Airport with only one remaining long-haul connection to Atlanta provided by Delta Air Lines.

In October 2014, easyJet announced they would serve Stuttgart as their seventh German destination by March 2015.[18] In December 2014, Ryanair also added Stuttgart as a destination in their network with six weekly flights to Manchester from April 2015.[19]

Air Berlin announced the start of a service to Abu Dhabi from December 2014.[20] On 31 May 2016, Air Berlin ceased its flights to Abu Dhabi.[21] In October 2016, Air Berlin announced it would close its maintenance facilities at the airport due to cost cutting and restructuring measures.[22]

In July 2020, Lauda announced the closure of their base at Stuttgart Airport — which has been operated as a wetlease for Ryanair — by October 2020. Prior to this announcement, the base staff rejected a new labour agreement.[23] In October 2021, Delta Air Lines terminated their service to Atlanta after being suspended since 2020 and nearly 35 years of service,[24] leaving the airport without any scheduled long-haul operations. However this route resumed in March 2023 after a three-year hiatus,[25] albeit reduced to a seasonal service.[26]

Terminals

Stuttgart Airport consists of four passenger terminals which have separate check-in facilities and entrances but are directly connected to each other and share a single airside area which features eight Jet bridges as well as about two dozen bus-boarding stands.[27]

Airlines and destinations

Passenger

The following airlines offer regular scheduled and charter flights at Stuttgart Airport:[29]

AirlinesDestinations
Aegean Airlines Athens, Thessaloniki
Seasonal: Heraklion
Air Cairo[30][31] Seasonal: Hurghada, Marsa Alam[32]
Air France Paris–Charles de Gaulle
Air Serbia Belgrade
airBaltic Riga
AnadoluJet Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen
Seasonal: Antalya
Austrian Airlines Vienna
British Airways London–Heathrow
Condor Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Hurghada, Palma de Mallorca, Tenerife–South
Seasonal: Corfu, Funchal, Heraklion, Kos, Lanzarote,[33] Preveza/Lefkada, Pristina (begins 12 May 2024),[34] Rhodes
Corendon Airlines Seasonal: Antalya,[35] Heraklion (begins 27 April 2024),[36] İzmir[35]
Delta Air Lines Seasonal: Atlanta[37][38][26]
European Air Charter Seasonal charter: Burgas, Varna
Eurowings[39] Alicante, Amsterdam (ends 29 March 2024),[40] Athens, Barcelona, Beirut, Berlin, Bremen, Budapest, Catania, Chișinău (begins 18 May 2024),[41] Edinburgh (begins 1 May 2024),[42] Faro, Gran Canaria, Hamburg, La Palma, Lisbon, London–Heathrow, Málaga, Manchester (begins 6 May 2024),[43] Milan–Malpensa, Naples, Palma de Mallorca, Pristina, Rome–Fiumicino, Sarajevo, Split, Stockholm–Arlanda,[44] Thessaloniki, Tirana, Valencia, Vienna, Zagreb
Seasonal: Adana,[45] Antalya, Bari, Bastia, Bilbao, Brindisi, Bucharest–Otopeni, Burgas, Cagliari, Chania, Corfu, Dubai–International,[46] Dubrovnik, Fuerteventura, Funchal,[47] Heraklion, Iași (begins 3 May 2024),[43] Ibiza, İzmir, Kalamata, Kavala, Kos, Kraków, Kütahya,[48] Lamezia Terme, Lanzarote, Larnaca, Mykonos, Nice, Olbia, Palermo, Pisa, Porto,[45] Preveza/Lefkada,[49] Pula, Reykjavik–Keflavík (begins 19 May 2024),[43] Rhodes, Rijeka, Santorini, Sofia, Sylt, Tbilisi,[45] Tenerife–South, Timișoara,[50] Tivat,[45] Tunis,[45] Varna, Venice, Zadar, Zakynthos
Seasonal charter: Arvidsjaur[51]
Freebird Airlines[52] Seasonal: Antalya
Israir Airlines Seasonal: Tel Aviv[53]
ITA Airways Milan–Linate[54][55]
KLM Amsterdam
LOT Polish Airlines Warsaw–Chopin
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich
Nouvelair[56] Seasonal: Djerba, Monastir
Pegasus Airlines Ankara, Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen, İzmir, Kayseri
Scandinavian Airlines Copenhagen
Seasonal: Oslo[57]
SkyAlps Bolzano (begins 28 May 2024)[58]
Southwind Airlines Seasonal charter: Antalya[59]
SunExpress Adana, Ankara, Antalya, Gaziantep, İzmir, Kayseri, Samsun
Seasonal: Bodrum, Dalaman, Diyarbakır, Elazığ, Konya, Trabzon
Swiss International Air Lines Zürich
Tailwind Airlines Antalya
TUI fly Deutschland Boa Vista, Fuerteventura, Funchal, Gran Canaria, Hurghada, Lanzarote, Palma de Mallorca, Sal, Tenerife–South
Seasonal: Corfu, Dalaman, Djerba,[60] Faro, Heraklion, Jerez de la Frontera, Kos, Menorca, Patras, Rhodes
Turkish Airlines Istanbul
Seasonal: Adana, Ankara, Antalya, Elazığ,[61] Gaziantep, İzmir, Kayseri, Ordu–Giresun, Samsun, Trabzon
Twin Jet Seasonal: Lyon[citation needed]
Volotea Bordeaux,[62] Nantes[62]
Vueling Barcelona

Cargo

AirlinesDestinations
Atlas Air[63] Birmingham (AL)
DHL Aviation[64] Cologne/Bonn, Leipzig/Halle
FedEx Feeder[65] Liège, Paris-Charles de Gaulle

Statistics

Aerial view of the airport and Stuttgart Trade Fair
Apron view
Terminals 1 to 3, land side view
Control tower
One of the two main halls
Departure area

Passengers and movements

Graphs are unavailable due to technical issues. There is more info on Phabricator and on MediaWiki.org.
Annual passenger traffic at STR airport. See Wikidata query.
Passengers Movements
1999 7,688,951 119,904
2000 Increase 8,141,020 Increase 150,451
2001 Decrease 7,642,409 Decrease 146,771
2002 Decrease 7,284,319 Decrease 144,208
2003 Increase 7,595,286 Increase 144,903
2004 Increase 8,831,216 Increase 156,885
2005 Increase 9,413,671 Increase 160,405
2006 Increase 10,111,346 Increase 164,735
2007 Increase 10,328,120 Decrease 164,531
2008 Decrease 9,932,887 Decrease 160,243
2009 Decrease 8,941,990 Decrease 141,572
2010 Increase 9,226,546 Decrease 135,335
2011 Increase 9,591,461 Increase 136,580
2012 Increase 9,735,087 Decrease 131,524
2013 Decrease 9,588,692 Decrease 124,588
2014 Increase 9,728,710 Decrease 122,818
2015 Increase 10,526,920 Increase 130,485
2016 Increase 10,640,610 Decrease 129,704
2017 Increase 10,975,639 Decrease 127,981
2018 Increase 11,832,634 Increase 137,632
2019 Increase 12,721,441 Increase -
Source: Stuttgart Airport[66]

Largest airlines

Largest airlines by passengers (2017)[67]
Rank Airline %
1 Germany Eurowings 36.2%
2 Germany Air Berlin 7.2%
3 Germany TUIfly 6.6%
4 Germany Lufthansa 5.1%
5 Turkey SunExpress and
Germany SunExpress Deutschland
4.8%
6 Germany Condor 4.7%
7 Turkey Turkish Airlines 4.6%
8 Austria Niki 3.0%
9 United Kingdom EasyJet 2.9%
10 Netherlands KLM 2.4%

Busiest routes

Busiest domestic routes out of Stuttgart Airport (2017) Germany [68]
Rank Destination Passengers
1 Berlin Berlin, Tegel Airport Decrease 1,037,000
2 Hamburg Hamburg, Hamburg Airport Decrease 689,100
3 Hesse Hesse, Frankfurt Airport Increase 370,500
4 Bavaria Bavaria, Munich Airport Increase 179,600
5 Lower Saxony Lower Saxony, Hannover Airport Decrease 178,900
6 Bremen (state) Bremen, Bremen Airport Increase 163,400
7 North Rhine-Westphalia North Rhine-Westphalia, Düsseldorf Airport Decrease 119,700
8 Saxony Saxony, Dresden Airport Increase 102,100
Busiest international routes out of Stuttgart Airport (2016)[68]
Rank Destination Passengers
1 Spain Spain, Palma de Mallorca Airport Increase 730,700
2 Turkey Turkey, Istanbul (Atatürk Airport and Sabiha Gökçen Airport) Decrease 643,500
3 United Kingdom United Kingdom, London (Heathrow Airport, Stansted Airport and Gatwick Airport) Increase 520,200
4 Austria Austria, Vienna International Airport Increase 367,100
5 Turkey Turkey, Antalya Airport Decrease 363,900
6 Netherlands Netherlands, Amsterdam Airport Increase 311,600
7 Spain Spain, Barcelona Airport Increase 239,800
8 Switzerland Switzerland, Zurich Airport Decrease 193,800
9 Greece Greece, Athens Airport, Thessaloniki Airport Decrease 180,000
10 France France, Paris Paris–Charles de Gaulle Airport Decrease 178,700

Ground transportation

The motorway leading to the airport with a large car park across it
Stuttgart Flughafen/Messe station

Car

There are two major highways: Just north of the airport runs the Bundesautobahn 8 (A8), which connects the cities of Karlsruhe and Stuttgart to Ulm, Augsburg and Munich. The Bundesstraße 27 (B27) leads to downtown Stuttgart, as well as to Tübingen and Reutlingen in the South.

Coach

From the regional cities of Esslingen am Neckar, Reutlingen, Tübingen and Kirchheim exists a connection by coach. Additionally, German long-distance coach operators DeinBus and Flixbus maintain their stop for Stuttgart on the airport grounds with direct connections to several major cities.

Suburban railway

Stuttgart Airport can be easily reached within 30 minutes from the city's main railway station using the Stuttgart suburban railway S2 or S3 from Stuttgart Flughafen/Messe station.

Future long-distance railway

It is planned to connect the airport with the future Stuttgart - Ulm high-speed railway line currently under construction as part of the major Stuttgart 21 railway redevelopment program. Therefore, a new long-distance train station will be built on the airport's grounds near the existing suburban railway station. The new station, which will be served by ICE high-speed trains will be connected to the new line by an underground loop track. The Stuttgart-Ulm line is scheduled to be opened in 2020. As of 2019, the airport connection is planned to commence operation in late 2025,[69] versus an initial estimate of 2019 (made in 2010).

Accidents and incidents

See also

References

  1. ^ "Flightradar24 data, SunExpress routes".
  2. ^ "ADV Monthly Traffic Report 12/2022" (PDF; 919 KB). adv.aero (in German). Arbeitsgemeinschaft Deutscher Verkehrsflughäfen e.V. 13 February 2023. Retrieved 17 February 2023.
  3. ^ a b "AIP VFR online". dfs.de. DFS Deutsche Flugsicherung GmbH. Retrieved 21 February 2023.
  4. ^ "Namenserweiterung in Manfred Rommel Flughafen" (Press release) (in German). Flughafen Stuttgart GmbH. 22 October 2014. Archived from the original on 7 November 2014. Retrieved 7 November 2014.
  5. ^ "Stuttgart Airport Facts and Figures". stuttgart-airport.com. Retrieved 14 October 2023.
  6. ^ "Stuttgart Airport - Page 1". www.mil-airfields.de.
  7. ^ "USAREUR Units & Kasernes, 1945 - 1989".
  8. ^ "Der Domainname billybils.de steht zum Verkauf".
  9. ^ Isby and Kamps, Armies of NATO's Central Front, Jane's, 1985, 375.
  10. ^ "Partial renewal of the runway". Stuttgart Airport. Retrieved 9 May 2020.
  11. ^ Flughafen bekommt keine zweite Startbahn Archived 16 September 2010 at the Wayback Machine. Stuttgarter Zeitung online vom 25. Juni 2008 (in German).
  12. ^ Das Versprechen gilt nur auf "absehbare Zeit" Archived 26 June 2008 at the Wayback Machine. Stuttgarter Zeitung online vom 25. Juni 2008 (in German).
  13. ^ Stuttgarter Nachrichten, Stuttgart, Germany (9 November 2013). "Manfred-Rommel-Flughafen?: CDU will Stuttgarter Flughafen umbenennen - Stuttgart - Stuttgarter Nachrichten". Retrieved 4 June 2015.((cite web)): CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  14. ^ Stuttgarter Zeitung, Stuttgart, Germany (15 July 2014). "Manfred-Rommel-Flughafen: Flughafen Stuttgart mit neuem Namen - Stuttgart - Stuttgarter Zeitung". stuttgarter-zeitung.de. Retrieved 4 June 2015.((cite web)): CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
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  16. ^ "Aus Flughafen Stuttgart wird Stuttgart Airport". 28 September 2016.
  17. ^ FVW Medien GmbH. "United Airlines: Aus für Stuttgart–New York". biztravel.de. Archived from the original on 8 April 2015. Retrieved 4 June 2015.
  18. ^ FVW Medien GmbH. "Easyjet: Noch drei Deutschland-Routen". biztravel.de. Archived from the original on 21 July 2015. Retrieved 4 June 2015.
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  20. ^ "airberlin presse – airberlin plant Flüge von Stuttgart nach Abu Dhabi". Retrieved 4 June 2015.
  21. ^ airberlingroup.com - airberlin withdraws from Stuttgart - Abu Dhabi route 18 March 2016
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  23. ^ swr.de (German) 17 July 2020
  24. ^ reisetopia.de (German) 23 October 2021
  25. ^ flugrevue.de (German) 27 September 2022
  26. ^ a b reisetopia.de (German) 1 April 2023
  27. ^ "Terminal guide". Archived from the original on 23 January 2015. Retrieved 4 June 2015.
  28. ^ "Interview - "Wir brauchen dringend mehr Platz"".
  29. ^ "Flugplan". Retrieved 23 January 2023.
  30. ^ "Flight plan". sunexpress.com.
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  38. ^ "Delta NW23 Intercontinental Routes Removal – 26MAR23".
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  40. ^ "Eurowings NS24 Network Changes – 18DEC23". Aeroroutes. Retrieved 19 December 2023.
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  42. ^ "Eurowings NS24 Network Changes – 18DEC23".
  43. ^ a b c "Eurowings NS24 Network Additions – 30NOV23".
  44. ^ "New Routes and Destinations". 6 December 2022.
  45. ^ a b c d e "Eurowings flies to more destinations in summer 2022 than ever before". Eurowings.
  46. ^ Frommberg, Laura (24 April 2023). "Eurowings fliegt ab Berlin und Stuttgart mit Airbus A321 Neo nach Dubai". Aero Telegraph (in German). Retrieved 6 May 2023.
  47. ^ "Our flight routes". Eurowings.
  48. ^ "Eurowings Adds New Turkish Routes in NS23".
  49. ^ "Eurowings flies to more destinations in summer 2022 than ever before". 20 December 2021.
  50. ^ "Eurowings Resumes Stuttgart – Timisoara Service in NS23".
  51. ^ "Service".
  52. ^ "Flight list". freebirdairlines.com. Archived from the original on 13 February 2023. Retrieved 10 September 2021.
  53. ^ "Israir Resumes Tel Aviv – Stuttgart Service in 3Q23". AeroRoutes.
  54. ^ ita-airways.com - Network retrieved 18 November 2022
  55. ^ aviation.direct - "ITA Airways connects Stuttgart to Milan-Linate (German) 16 September 2022
  56. ^ "Cheap flight tickets Tunisia : Private airline companie Nouvelair".
  57. ^ "SAS NS23 EUROPEAN NETWORK ADDITIONS". Aeroroutes. 12 December 2022. Retrieved 13 December 2022.
  58. ^ https://www.aeroroutes.com/eng/240207-bqns24str
  59. ^ "SOUTHWIND AIRLINES NS23 NETWORK OVERVIEW – 21MAY23". 22 May 2023.
  60. ^ "TUIfly Adds Stuttgart – Djerba Route in NS23". AeroRoutes.
  61. ^ "Turkish Airlines NS22 European Network Expansion Update - 08APR22".
  62. ^ a b "Volotea verbindet Stuttgart mit Bordeaux und Nantes".
  63. ^ aerotelegraph.com (German) 2 April 2023
  64. ^ "PRESSEMITTEILUNGEN" (in German). Stuttgart Airport. 22 September 2017.
  65. ^ aerotelegraph.com - "FedEx expands in Stuttgart" (German) 28 February 2023
  66. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 March 2017. Retrieved 22 April 2017.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  67. ^ "Statistischer Jahresbericht 2017" (PDF). Stuttgart Airport (in German).
  68. ^ a b "Statistisches Bundesamt: Luftverkehr auf Hauptverkehrsflughäfen Publikation 2017" (PDF). Destatis. Retrieved 5 August 2018.
  69. ^ "Projektstatus" (in German). Bahnprojekt Stuttgart-Ulm. 28 October 2019.
  70. ^ "Accident: BinAir SW4 at Stuttgart on Jan 19th 2010, right main gear collapsed on landing". The Aviation Herald. Retrieved 20 January 2010.

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