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Reutlingen
A street view of Reutlingen
Coat of arms
Location of Reutlingen within Reutlingen district
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Reutlingen
Reutlingen
Reutlingen
Reutlingen
Coordinates: 48°29′N 9°13′E / 48.483°N 9.217°E / 48.483; 9.217Coordinates: 48°29′N 9°13′E / 48.483°N 9.217°E / 48.483; 9.217
CountryGermany
StateBaden-Württemberg
DistrictReutlingen
Government
 • Lord mayorThomas Keck (SPD)
Area
 • Total87.06 km2 (33.61 sq mi)
Elevation
382 m (1,253 ft)
Population
 (2019-12-31)[1]
 • Total115,865
 • Density1,300/km2 (3,400/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Postal codes
72760–72770
Dialling codes07121, 07072, 07127
Vehicle registrationRT
Websitewww.reutlingen.de

Reutlingen (German pronunciation: [ˈʁɔʏtlɪŋən] (About this soundlisten)) is a city in Baden-Württemberg, Germany. It is the capital of the eponymous district of Reutlingen. As of June 2018, it has a population of 115,818.[2] Reutlingen has a university of applied sciences, which was founded in 1855, originally as a weavers' school. Today Reutlingen is home to an established textile industry and also houses machinery, leather goods and steel manufacturing facilities. It has the narrowest street in the world, Spreuerhofstraße (width 31 cm).[3]

Geography

Achalm tower
Achalm tower

Reutlingen is located about 35 km (22 mi) south of the State capital of Baden-Württemberg, Stuttgart. It lies in the Southwest corner of Germany, right next to the Swabian Jura, and that is why it is often called The gateway to the Swabian Jura (German: Das Tor zur Schwäbischen Alb). The Echaz river, a tributary of the Neckar, flows through the city centre.

Along with the old university town of Tübingen (about 15 km (9.3 mi) to the west), Reutlingen is the centre of the Neckar-Alb region. It is also part of the larger Stuttgart Metropolitan Region.

History

Reütlingen – excerpt from Topographia Sueviae (Swabia), published by Matthäus Merian in 1643
Reütlingen – excerpt from Topographia Sueviae (Swabia), published by Matthäus Merian in 1643
View of Reutlingen from the forest register books created by Andreas Kieser
View of Reutlingen from the forest register books created by Andreas Kieser
Imperial City of Reutlingen

Reichsstadt Reutlingen
1240–1803
StatusFree Imperial City of the Holy Roman Empire
CapitalReutlingen
GovernmentRepublic
Historical eraMiddle Ages
• Founded
4th–5th century
• Gained Reichsfreiheit
1240
• Co-founded Swabian League
1331
• Signed Augsburg Confession
1530
• Destroyed by fire
1726
1803
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Duchy of Württemberg
Electorate of Württemberg

The first settlements in the area are believed to date from the 4th or 5th century. Some time around 1030, Count Egino started to build a castle on top of the Achalm, one of the largest mountains in Reutlingen district (about 706 m). One of the towers of this castle was rebuilt in the 19th century and is open to visitors. The name Reutlingen was first mentioned in writing in the so-called Bempflingen Treaty (German: Bempflinger Vertrag) which is dated approximately 1089–90.

Around 1180, Reutlingen received market rights and, between 1220 and 1240 it was promoted to city status and city-walls and fortifications were built. Shortly thereafter, from 1247 to 1343, the city's landmark, the St. Mary's Church (German: Marienkirche) was built.

In 1377 Reutlingen was the scene of a victory by the Swabian League, formed in the previous year by 14 Swabian cities, led by Ulm, over the Count of Württemberg. In 1519, a later Swabian League came to Reutlingen's help when Ulrich, Duke of Württemberg attempted to seize the city; the League landed a crushing blow, conquering Württemberg and selling it to Charles V. In 1495 and 1516 the Jews were exiled from the city.[4]

As a result of such struggles, Reutlingen became an Imperial City of the Holy Roman Empire, free from allegiance to the Duke of Württemberg. In 1530, Reutlingen's city council signed the Augsburg Confession, and in 1580 and the Formula of Concord, key documents of Lutheranism. In 1803, in the wake of the French Revolutionary Wars, Reutlingen lost its independence in the German Mediatisation, being restored to Württemberg.

The worst disaster in the history of Reutlingen happened in 1726, when a major fire swept through the city, destroying 80% of all residential houses and almost all public buildings, and making 1,200 families homeless. The impact of this fire, which lasted three days, is still visible today.

During World War II, the wings of the V-1 flying bomb were manufactured in Reutlingen, making the city the target of several allied bombing raids.

The reconstruction of Reutlingen and its democratization is closely linked to the name Oskar Kalbfells, who was the first democratically elected mayor of the city to shape Reutlingen's political history until 1973 after World War II.

In 1947 Reutlingen came to the newly founded state of Württemberg-Hohenzollern, which merged with the state of Baden-Württemberg in 1952.

On 24 July 2016 a Syrian killed a pregnant woman in a machete attack.[5]

Significant minority groups
Nationality Population (2018)
 Romania 3,173
 Turkey 2,594
 Greece 2,013
 Poland 1,875
 Kazakhstan 1,732
 Russia 1,391
 Italy 1,305
 Croatia 960
 Bosnia and Herzegovina 955
 Syria 726
 Serbia 674

Lord mayors

Transport

Bus on the Pestalozzi Street
Bus on the Pestalozzi Street

City buses are run by Reutlinger Stadtverkehr (RSV), while trains from Reutlingen Hauptbahnhof and Reutlingen West, -Sondelfingen and Reutlingen-Betzingen are run by Deutsche Bahn and Abellio Rail Baden-Württemberg.

Main sights

Church of the Virgin Mary by night

Culture

On Mutscheltag (the first Thursday after Epiphany), townspeople gather in halls and homes to play games of dice, the winner of which earns parts or whole Mutschel loaves of bread. The Mutschelspiele (Mutschel games) consist of small games scored by tally marks, and are won both independently and by grand total at the end of the hour or night. This tradition is unique to the city of Reutlingen.

Education

Spendhaus, first home of the weaving school that would become Reutlingen University
Spendhaus, first home of the weaving school that would become Reutlingen University

Reutlingen University is a university of applied sciences, focusing on hands-on learning, which is apparent in their mandatory internship for all business majors. The university is an internationally friendly school with over 200 university cooperations worldwide. Classes are generally taught in German; however, in some Bachelor programs and in the Master's programs classes are taught in English.

Climate

Reutlingen
Climate chart (explanation)
J
F
M
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M
J
J
A
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14
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6
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−3
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Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: [6]

Twin towns – sister cities

See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Germany

Reutlingen is twinned with:[7]

Notable people

References

  1. ^ "Bevölkerung nach Nationalität und Geschlecht am 31. Dezember 2019". Statistisches Landesamt Baden-Württemberg (in German). September 2020.
  2. ^ "Einwohnerzahl | Stadt Reutlingen". www.reutlingen.de (in German). Retrieved 9 August 2018.
  3. ^ Engste Straße der Welt (in German)
  4. ^ Erich Keyser (Herausgeber): „Württembergisches Städtebuch"; Band IV Teilband Baden-Württemberg Band 2 aus „Deutsches Städtebuch. p. 99
  5. ^ Darko Janjevic. "Police arrest Syrian man after woman killed in knife attack in Germany". Deutsche Welle. Retrieved 25 July 2016. An attacker has allegedly killed one woman and injured five in the city of Reutlingen in southwest Germany, according to local police.
  6. ^ "NASA Earth Observations Data Set Index". NASA. Retrieved 30 January 2016.
  7. ^ "Unsere sieben partnerstädte in Europa, asien, afrika und amerika". reutlingen.de (in German). Reutlingen. Retrieved 15 March 2021.