Speyer
View from the Altpörtel tower over Maximilianstraße, towards the cathedral
View from the Altpörtel tower over Maximilianstraße, towards the cathedral's west facade
Flag of Speyer
Coat of arms of Speyer
Location of Speyer
Speyer is located in Germany
Speyer
Speyer
Speyer is located in Rhineland-Palatinate
Speyer
Speyer
Coordinates: 49°19′10″N 8°25′52″E / 49.31944°N 8.43111°E / 49.31944; 8.43111Coordinates: 49°19′10″N 8°25′52″E / 49.31944°N 8.43111°E / 49.31944; 8.43111
CountryGermany
StateRhineland-Palatinate
DistrictUrban district
Subdivisions4 Stadtteile
Government
 • Lord mayor (2018–26) Stefanie Seiler[1] (SPD)
Area
 • Total42.58 km2 (16.44 sq mi)
Elevation
92 m (302 ft)
Population
 (2020-12-31)[2]
 • Total50,741
 • Density1,200/km2 (3,100/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Postal codes
67346
Dialling codes06232
Vehicle registrationSP
Websitewww.speyer.de

Speyer (German pronunciation: [ˈʃpaɪ̯ɐ] (listen), older spelling Speier, known as Spire in French and formerly as Spires in English) is a city in Rhineland-Palatinate in Germany with approximately 50,000 inhabitants. Located on the left bank of the river Rhine, Speyer lies 25 km (16 miles) south of Ludwigshafen and Mannheim, and 21 km (13 miles) south-west of Heidelberg. Founded by the Romans, it is one of Germany's oldest cities. Speyer Cathedral, a number of other churches, and the Altpörtel (old gate) dominate the Speyer landscape. In the cathedral, beneath the high altar, are the tombs of eight Holy Roman Emperors and German kings.

The city is famous for the 1529 Protestation at Speyer. One of the ShUM-cities, Speyer and its Jewish courtyard is part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site.

History

Free Imperial City of Speyer
Reichsstadt Speyer
1294–1792
StatusFree Imperial City of the Holy Roman Empire
CapitalSpeyer
Common languagesPalatine German
GovernmentRepublic
Historical eraMiddle Ages
• Founded
ca 10 BC
• Gained Reichsfreiheit
1294
• Speyer Diet confirms Edict of Worms
19 April 1529
• Protestation at Speyer
20 April 1529
1688
• Annexed by France
1792
• Annexed to Bavaria
1816 1792
10 August 1946
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Bishopric of Speyer
Mont-Tonnerre

Main article: History of Speyer

Main street in Speyer with the Speyer Cathedral in the background
Main street in Speyer with the Speyer Cathedral in the background

The first known names were Noviomagus and Civitas Nemetum, after the Teutonic tribe, Nemetes, settled in the area. The name Spira is first recorded in the 7th century, taken from villa Spira, a Frankish settlement situated outside of Civitas Nemetum.

Timeline

Main sights

View of the river Rhine from the top of the Speyer Cathedral
View of the river Rhine from the top of the Speyer Cathedral
View of Speyer from its cathedral
View of Speyer from its cathedral

Transportation

Speyer lies on the Schifferstadt-Wörth railway and offers hourly connections to Mannheim and Karlsruhe.

Mayors

Since 1923 the mayor was a Lord Mayor.[7]

  • Philipp Lichtenberger (1855–1918) (1904–1911)
  • Ernst Hertrich (1911–1914) (first full-time mayor)
  • Otto Moericke (1880–1965) (1917–1919)
  • Karl Leiling (1919–1943)
  • Rudolf Trampler (1898–1974) (1943–1945)
  • Karl Leiling (1945–1946)
  • Hans Hettinger (1946)
  • Paul Schaefer (1946–1949)
  • Paulus Skopp (1905–1999) (1949–1969)
  • Christian Roßkopf (born 1930) (1969–1995)
  • Werner Schineller (born 1948) (1995–2010)
  • Hansjörg Eger (born 1964) (2011–2018)
  • Stefanie Seiler (born 1983) (since 2018)

Twin towns – sister cities

See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Germany

Speyer is twinned with:[8]

Notable people

Born before 1900

Carl Jakob Adolf Christian Gerhardt
Carl Jakob Adolf Christian Gerhardt
Wilhelm Meyer around 1895
Wilhelm Meyer around 1895
Anselm Feuerbach Self-portrait 1873
Anselm Feuerbach Self-portrait 1873
Hermann Detzner, 1921
Hermann Detzner, 1921

Born after 1900

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Wahl der Oberbürgermeister der kreisfreien Städte, Landeswahlleiter Rheinland-Pfalz, accessed 30 July 2021.
  2. ^ "Bevölkerungsstand 2020, Kreise, Gemeinden, Verbandsgemeinden". Statistisches Landesamt Rheinland-Pfalz (in German). 2021.
  3. ^ Simon Schama, The History of the Jews, Vintage Books 2014 p.298
  4. ^ Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Spires" . Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 25 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 694.
  5. ^ German University of Administrative Sciences Speyer
  6. ^ Centre, UNESCO World Heritage. "ShUM Sites of Speyer, Worms and Mainz". UNESCO World Heritage Centre. Retrieved 2022-04-14.
  7. ^ Der Kaiserdom zu Speyer – Startseite
  8. ^ "Städtepartnerschaften". speyer.de (in German). Speyer. Retrieved 2019-11-28.