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Frankenthal (Pfalz)
Town hall
Town hall
Coat of arms of Frankenthal (Pfalz)
Frankenthal (red) in the Rhein-Neckar region
Verband Rhein-Neckar Frankenthal.png
Frankenthal (Pfalz) is located in Germany
Frankenthal (Pfalz)
Frankenthal (Pfalz)
Frankenthal (Pfalz) is located in Rhineland-Palatinate
Frankenthal (Pfalz)
Frankenthal (Pfalz)
Coordinates: 49°32′N 8°21′E / 49.533°N 8.350°E / 49.533; 8.350Coordinates: 49°32′N 8°21′E / 49.533°N 8.350°E / 49.533; 8.350
CountryGermany
StateRhineland-Palatinate
Districturban district
Government
 • Lord mayor (2015–23) Martin Hebich[1] (CDU)
Area
 • Total43.78 km2 (16.90 sq mi)
Elevation
96 m (315 ft)
Population
 (2020-12-31)[2]
 • Total48,750
 • Density1,100/km2 (2,900/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Postal codes
67227
Dialling codes06233
Vehicle registrationFT
Websitefrankenthal.de

Frankenthal (Pfalz) is a town in southwestern Germany, in the state of Rhineland-Palatinate.

History

Frankenthal was first mentioned in 772. In 1119 an Augustinian monastery was built here, the ruins of which — known, after the founder, as the Erkenbertruine — still stand today in the town centre.

In the second half of the 16th century, people from Flanders, persecuted for their religious beliefs, settled in Frankenthal. They were industrious and artistic and brought economic prosperity to the town. Some of them were important carpet weavers, jewellers and artists whose Frankenthaler Malerschule ("Frankenthal school of painting") acquired some fame. In 1577 the settlement was raised to the status of a town by the Count Palatine Johann Casimir.

In 1600 Frankenthal was converted to a fortress. In 1621 it was besieged by the Spanish during the Thirty Years' War, and then successively occupied by troops of the opposing sides. Trade and industry were ruined and the town was not reconstructed until 1682.

In 1689 the town was burnt to the ground by French troops in the War of the Grand Alliance. The town did not fully recover from this for more than fifty years.

However, in 1750, under the rule of the Elector (Kurfürst) Charles Theodore, Frankenthal was established as a centre of industry. Numerous factories were opened and mulberry trees were planted for silk production. In 1755 the famous Frankenthal porcelain factory was opened, which remained in production until 1800.

In 1797 the town came under French occupation during the French Revolutionary Wars. It passed into the rule of Bavaria in 1816.

The beginning of modern industrialisation is dated from 1859.

In 1938 the Jewish synagogue, built in 1884, was burnt to the ground during the Kristallnacht.

In 1943 during a bombing raid the centre of the town was almost completely destroyed. In 1945, at the end of World War II, its industries in ruins, it was occupied first by the Americans and then by the French.

From 1946 Frankenthal has been part of the federal state of Rhineland-Palatinate. Today the town is again the site of some medium-sized industries.

Number of inhabitants

Lord Mayors

  • 1921–1933: Hermann Strasser
  • 1942-1945: Hieronymus Merkle (NSDAP)
  • 1945: Hermann Strasser
  • 1946–1947: Karl Zimmermann (SPD)
  • 1947–1948: Karl Breyer (SPD)
  • 1949: Adam Kroll (CDU)
  • 1949–1959: Emil Kraus
  • 1959–1964: Jürgen Hahn (SPD)
  • 1964–1972: Berno Zeißler (SPD)
  • 1972–1983: Günter Kahlberg (CDU)
  • 1984–1989: Jochen Riebel (CDU)
  • 1990–1999: Peter Popitz (SPD)
  • 2000–2015: Theo Wieder (CDU)
  • since 2015: Martin Hebich (CDU)

Twin towns – sister cities

See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Germany

Frankenthal is twinned with:[3]

Since 1982, Frankenthal also cooperates with the community of Butamwa in Nyarugenge, Rwanda.

Notable people

Konrad Maurer in 1876
Konrad Maurer in 1876
Franz Nissl
Franz Nissl

Family name

The family name "Frankenthal" is attested among people scattered in many countries - especially among Jews - and indicates an ultimate origin of the family in the town, though it might be centuries old and leaving no memory other than the name.

Gallery

References

  1. ^ Wahl der Oberbürgermeister der kreisfreien Städte, Landeswahlleiter Rheinland-Pfalz, accessed 30 July 2021.
  2. ^ "Bevölkerungsstand 2020, Kreise, Gemeinden, Verbandsgemeinden". Statistisches Landesamt Rheinland-Pfalz (in German). 2021.
  3. ^ "Partnerstädte". frankenthal.de (in German). Frankenthal (Pfalz). Retrieved 2021-02-03.