.mw-parser-output .hidden-begin{box-sizing:border-box;width:100%;padding:5px;border:none;font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .hidden-title{font-weight:bold;line-height:1.6;text-align:left}.mw-parser-output .hidden-content{text-align:left}You can help expand this article with text translated from the corresponding article in German. (February 2009) Click [show] for important translation instructions. View a machine-translated version of the German article. Machine translation, like DeepL or Google Translate, is a useful starting point for translations, but translators must revise errors as necessary and confirm that the translation is accurate, rather than simply copy-pasting machine-translated text into the English Wikipedia. Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality. If possible, verify the text with references provided in the foreign-language article. You must provide copyright attribution in the edit summary accompanying your translation by providing an interlanguage link to the source of your translation. A model attribution edit summary is Content in this edit is translated from the existing German Wikipedia article at [[:de:Weil der Stadt]]; see its history for attribution. You should also add the template ((Translated|de|Weil der Stadt)) to the talk page. For more guidance, see Wikipedia:Translation.
Weil der Stadt
Church of Saints Peter and Paul
Church of Saints Peter and Paul
Coat of arms of Weil der Stadt
Location of Weil der Stadt within Böblingen district
Esslingen (district)Tübingen (district)Reutlingen (district)Ludwigsburg (district)StuttgartCalw (district)EnzkreisPforzheimMötzingenJettingenHolzgerlingenDeckenpfronnAidlingenEhningenGärtringenHildrizhausenNufringenBondorfGäufeldenHerrenbergWaldenbuchWeil im SchönbuchWeil im SchönbuchAltdorfHolzgerlingenBöblingenSchönaichSteinenbronnMagstadtSindelfingenGrafenauWeil der StadtRenningenRutesheimRutesheimWeissachLeonberg
Weil der Stadt is located in Germany
Weil der Stadt
Weil der Stadt
Weil der Stadt is located in Baden-Württemberg
Weil der Stadt
Weil der Stadt
Coordinates: 48°45′3″N 8°52′14″E / 48.75083°N 8.87056°E / 48.75083; 8.87056
CountryGermany
StateBaden-Württemberg
DistrictBöblingen
Government
 • Mayor (2020–28) Christian Walter[1]
Area
 • Total43.17 km2 (16.67 sq mi)
Elevation
406 m (1,332 ft)
Population
 (2021-12-31)[2]
 • Total19,157
 • Density440/km2 (1,100/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Postal codes
71255–71263
Dialling codes07033
Vehicle registrationBB
Websitewww.weil-der-stadt.de

Weil der Stadt is a town of about 19,000 inhabitants in the Stuttgart Region of the German state of Baden-Württemberg. It is about 30 km (19 mi) west of Stuttgart city centre, in the valley of the River Würm, and is often called the "Gate to the Black Forest".

Name

The name Weil derives from the Latin word villa, an estate or manor. The suffix die Stadt (the town) was added to distinguish Weil from various nearby villages of the same name, such as Weil im Dorf and Weil im Schönbuch. The modern name is unusual in that it contains the dative article der rather than the nominative article die. This quirk arose because place names typically come after prepositions that govern the dative case in German, such as in or aus.[3] The Roman origins of the town are immortalized in its coat of arms, which features the motto SPQR.

History

The village of Wile was first mentioned in 1075, and described as the property of the famous abbey of Hirsau. Weil der Stadt became a Free Imperial City in the 13th century, but had existed for centuries before as an important trading place.

The city was completely destroyed during the Thirty Years' War in 1648 but was subsequently rebuilt, and is still dominated by buildings from this period. The city's fortifications have survived largely intact, with city walls, gates, and several towers.

Weil der Stadt is best known as the birthplace of the astronomer Johannes Kepler (1571–1630), and it bears the unofficial title of Keplerstadt, or Kepler town.[4] Another famous son is the Protestant reformer Johannes Brenz (1499–1570). Due to its surroundings and attractive cityscape, dominated by the church steeple of St. Peter and Paul, Weil der Stadt is a popular destination for excursions in the Stuttgart region.

Events

Weil der Stadt is a stronghold of traditional carnival, which is celebrated with a parade in the city centre. In contrast to the carnival in the Rhineland, the carnival in Weil der Stadt, called Fasnet, is based on Alemannic traditions, shared by various towns in southwestern Germany and Switzerland.

Weil der Stadt escaped destruction in World War II when a French artillery barrage was called off in honour of it being Kepler's birthplace.

References

Borst, Otto and Joachim Feist. Weil der Stadt. Stuttgart: Theiss Verlag, Second Edition 1989.

  1. ^ Aktuelle Wahlergebnisse, Staatsanzeiger, accessed 11 September 2021.
  2. ^ "Bevölkerung nach Nationalität und Geschlecht am 31. Dezember 2021" [Population by nationality and sex as of December 31, 2021] (CSV) (in German). Statistisches Landesamt Baden-Württemberg. June 2022.
  3. ^ Scott, Alan (2014). The Genitive Case in Dutch and German. Leiden: Koninklijke Brill. p. 97. ISBN 9789004183285.
  4. ^ Clerke, Agnes Mary (1911). "Kepler, Johann" . Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 15 (11th ed.). pp. 749–751.