Schaffhausen in 2012
Schaffhausen in 2012
Location of Schaffhausen
Schaffhausen is located in Switzerland
Schaffhausen is located in Canton of Schaffhausen
Coordinates: 47°42′N 8°38′E / 47.700°N 8.633°E / 47.700; 8.633
District(None in canton of Schaffhausen)
 • ExecutiveStadtrat
with 5 members
 • MayorStadtpräsident (list)
Peter Neukomm SPS/PSS
(as of January 2017)
 • ParliamentGrosser Stadtrat
with 36 members
 • Total41.78 km2 (16.13 sq mi)
403 m (1,322 ft)
 (31 December 2018)[2]
 • Total36,587
 • Density880/km2 (2,300/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (Central European Time)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (Central European Summer Time)
Postal code(s)
8200, 8203, 8207, 8208, 8231 Hemmental
SFOS number2939
LocalitiesSchaffhausen, Breite, Gruben, Buchthalen, St. Niklausen, Herblingen, Hauental, Hemmental
Surrounded byBeringen, Büsingen am Hochrhein (DE-BW), Büttenhardt, Dörflingen, Feuerthalen (ZH), Flurlingen (ZH), Merishausen, Neuhausen am Rheinfall, Stetten, Thayngen
Twin townsSindelfingen (Germany), Singen am Hohentwiel (Germany), Dobrich (Bulgaria)
Profile (in German), SFSO statistics
An SBB Red Arrow double railcar crossing the Feuerthalen Rhine bridge [de]; Schaffhausen is on the left and Feuerthalen on the right; picture taken in April 2018 from the Munot castle

Schaffhausen (German: [ʃafˈhaʊzn̩] ; Alemannic German: Schafuuse; French: Schaffhouse; Italian: Sciaffusa; Romansh: Schaffusa), historically known in English as Shaffhouse, is a town with historic roots, a municipality in northern Switzerland, and the capital of the canton of the same name; it has an estimated population of 36,000 as of December 2016. It is located right next to the shore of the High Rhine; it is one of four Swiss towns located on the northern side of the Rhine, along with Neuhausen am Rheinfall, the historic Neunkirch, and medieval Stein am Rhein.

The old town has many fine Renaissance era buildings decorated with exterior frescos and sculpture, as well as the old canton fortress, the Munot. Schaffhausen is also a railway junction of Swiss and German rail networks. One of the lines connects the town with the nearby Rhine Falls in Neuhausen am Rheinfall, Europe's largest waterfall, a tourist attraction.

The official language of Schaffhausen is (the Swiss variety of Standard) German, but the main spoken language is the local variant of the Alemannic Swiss German dialect.


The town is first mentioned in 1045 as Villa Scafhusun. There are at least two theories on the origin of this name:

Coat of arms

The blazon of the municipal coat of arms is Or on a Base Vert issuant from sinister a Semi Castle Argent with tower with entrance from which is issuing a Semi Ram Sable.[5] The canting coat of arms refers to the second interpretation of the name, sheep-house.


Aerial view by Walter Mittelholzer (1919)

Schaffhausen was a city state in the Middle Ages, documented to have struck its own coins from 1045.[6] About 1050 the counts of Nellenburg founded the Benedictine monastery of All Saints, which became the centre of the town. Perhaps as early as 1190, certainly in 1208, it was an imperial free city, while the first seal dates from 1253. The powers of the abbot were gradually limited and in 1277 the Emperor Rudolf I gave the town a charter of liberties. In 1330 the emperor Louis of Bavaria pledged it to the Habsburgs. In the early 15th century, Habsburg power over the city waned. In 1349 and 1401 (Schaffhausen Massacre), two pogroms occurred in the city.[7] By 1411 the guilds ruled the city. Then, in 1415 the Habsburg Duke Frederick IV of Austria sided with the Antipope John XXIII at the Council of Constance, and was banned by the Emperor Sigismund. As a result of the ban and Frederick's need of money, Schaffhausen was able to buy its independence from the Habsburgs in 1418. The city allied with six of the Swiss confederates in 1454 and allied with a further two (Uri and Unterwalden) in 1479. Schaffhausen became a full member of the Old Swiss Confederacy in 1501.

The Reformation was adopted, initially, in 1524 and completely in 1529. The town was heavily damaged during the Thirty Years' War by the passage of Swedish (Protestant) and Bavarian (Roman Catholic) troops and the very important bridge was burnt down. It was not until the early 19th century that the arrested industrial development of the town recommenced.[6] In 1857, the first railroad, the Rheinfallbahn, running from Winterthur, reached Schaffhausen.[8]

Schaffhausen is located in a finger of Swiss territory surrounded on three sides by Germany. On 1 April 1944, Schaffhausen suffered a bombing raid by aircraft of the United States Army Air Forces, which strayed from German airspace into neutral Switzerland due to navigation errors. Air raid sirens had often sounded in the past, without an actual attack, so many residents ignored the sirens that day. A total of 40 civilians were killed in the raid. President Franklin Delano Roosevelt sent a personal letter of apology to the mayor of Schaffhausen and the United States quickly offered four million US dollars in reparations.[9]

Geography and climate


The town of Schaffhausen stands on the right bank of the river Rhine. It has an area, (as of the 2004/09 survey) of 41.85 km2 (16.16 sq mi).[10] Of this area, about 20.2% is used for agricultural purposes, while 53.4% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 24.8% is settled (buildings or roads) and 1.6% is unproductive land. Over the past two decades (1979/85-2004/09) the amount of land that is settled has increased by 95 ha (230 acres) and the agricultural land has decreased by 117 ha (290 acres).[11]

In 1947 it merged with the former municipality of Buchthalen. Its area expanded again in 1964 when Herblingen was absorbed and for a third time in 2009 when Hemmental joined the municipality.[12]

Schaffhausen shares an international border with the German village of Büsingen am Hochrhein, an exclave entirely surrounded by Switzerland.


Schaffhausen has an average of 122.5 days of rain or snow per year and on average receives 907 mm (35.7 in) of precipitation. The wettest month is July during which time Schaffhausen receives an average of 95 mm (3.7 in) of rain. During this month there is precipitation for an average of 11.3 days. The driest month of the year is February with an average of 59 mm (2.3 in) of precipitation over 8.4 days.[13]

Climate data for Schaffhausen (Reference period 1991–2020)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Mean daily maximum °C (°F) 3.3
Daily mean °C (°F) 0.7
Mean daily minimum °C (°F) −1.7
Average precipitation mm (inches) 72
Average snowfall cm (inches) 17.6
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 10.2 8.7 10.0 9.4 11.3 10.9 11.4 10.8 8.9 10.5 9.9 11.1 123.1
Average snowy days (≥ 1.0 cm) 5.1 5.3 2.2 3.6 0.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.7 4.2 19.0
Average relative humidity (%) 84 79 72 66 69 69 69 72 78 84 86 86 76
Mean monthly sunshine hours 42 76 130 165 182 204 221 205 151 88 43 33 1,540
Percent possible sunshine 19 31 42 46 46 50 54 55 47 31 18 16 41
Source: MeteoSchweiz (snow 1981–2010)[13][14]



The City Council (de: Stadtrat) constitutes the executive government of the town of Schaffhausen and operates as a collegiate authority. It is composed of five councilors (German: Stadtrat/Stadträtin), each presiding over a department (Referat), which each consists of several administrative districts. The president of the executive department acts as mayor (Stadtpräsident(in)). In the mandate period January 2017 – December 2020 (Amtsdauer) the City Council is presided by Stadtpräsident Peter Neukomm. Departmental tasks, coordination measures and implementation of laws decreed by the Grand City Council (parliament) are carried by the City Council. The regular election of the City Council by any inhabitant valid to vote is held every four years. Any resident of Schaffhausen allowed to vote can be elected as a member of the City Council. The mayor is elected as such as well by public election while the heads of the other directorates are assigned by the collegiate. The mayor as well as the delegates are elected by means of a system of Majorz.[15]

As of 2017, Schaffhausen's City Council is made up of one representative of the SP (Social Democratic Party, who is also the mayor), one representative of the AL (Alternative List), one of the FDP (The Liberals), one of the SVP (Swiss People's Party), and one of the GLP (Green Liberal Party), giving the right parties a majority of three out of five seats. The last regular election was held on 28 August 2016.[16]

Stadtrat of Schaffhausen[15]
City Councillor
(Stadtrat/ Stadträtin)
Party Title Head of department (Referat, since) of elected since
Peter Neukomm   SP Stadtpräsident (Mayor) Mayor's Office (Präsidialreferat, 2017) 2012
Raphaël Rohner   FDP Bildungsreferent (Vizepräsident) Education (Bildungsreferat, 2017) 2012
Daniel Preisig   SVP Finanzreferent Finances (Finanzreferat, 2017) 2016
Katrin Bernath   GLP Baureferentin Construction and Civil Engineering (Baureferat, 2017) 2016
Christine Thommen   SP Sozial- und Sicherheitsreferent Social Services and Security (Sozial- und Sicherheitsreferat, 2020) 2020
Mayor (Stadtpräsident) of Schaffhausen
1831–1835 Johann Conrad Fischer (1773–1854)
1835–1844 Johann Heinrich Im Thurn (1777–1845)
1845–1851 Tobias Hurter (1790–1866)
1851–1865 Hans von Ziegler (1810–1865)
1866–1867 Johann Heinrich Ammann (1820–1867)
1867–1879 Georg Rauschenbach (1816–1879)
1879–1891 Rudolf Pfister (1824–1893)
1891–1893 Conrad Habicht-Oechslin (1842–1931)
1893–1894 Ernst Müller-Fink (1851–1910)
1894–1917 Carl Spahn (1863–1943)
1917–1919 Hermann Schlatter (1873–1953)
1919–1932 Heinrich Pletscher (1878–1952)
1933–1968 Walther Bringolf (1895–1981)SPS/PSS
1969–1988 Felix Schwank (born 1922)FDP/PRD
1989–1996 Max Hess (born 1944)SPS/PSS
1997–2008 Marcel Wenger (born 1948)FDP/PRD
2009–2014 Thomas Feurer (born 1953)ÖBS
2015–present Peter Neukomm (born 1962)SPS


The Grosse Stadtrat of Schaffhausen for the mandate period of 2017–2020

  AL (11.1%)
  JUSOplus (2.8%)
  SP (22.2%)
  ÖBS-Grüne (5.6%)
  glp (8.3%)
  EVP (2.8%)
  CVP (2.8%)
  JFSH (13.9%)
  FDP (2.8%)
  SVP (25%)
  EDU (2.8%)

The Grand City Council (Grosser Stadtrat) holds legislative power. It is made up of 36 members, with elections held every four years. The Grand City Council decrees regulations and by-laws that are executed by the City Council and the administration. The delegates are selected by means of a system of Proporz.

The sessions of the Grand City Council are public. Unlike members of the City Council, members of the Grand City Council are not politicians by profession, and they are paid a fee based on their attendance. Any resident of Schaffhausen allowed to vote can be elected as a member of the Grand City Council. The parliament holds its meetings in the Kantonsratsaal (Cantonal Council Hall) am Kornmarkt.[17]

The last regular election of the Grand City Council was held on 27 November 2016 for the mandate period (German: Legislatur) from January 2017 to December 2020. Currently the Grand City Council consist of 9 Swiss People's Party (SVP/UDC), 8 members of the Social Democratic Party (SP/PS) and one of its junior section, the JUSOplus, 5 The Liberals (FDP/PLR) and one of its junior section, the JFSH, 4 Alternative List (AL), 3 Green Liberal Party (GLP/PVL), 2 ÖBS-Grüne (an alliance of the Ökoliberale Bewegung Schaffhausen (ÖBS) and the Green Party (GPS/PES)), and one each of Christian Democratic People's Party (CVP/PDC), Evangelical People's Party (EVP/PES), and Federal Democratic Union (EDU/UDF).[18]

National elections

National Council

In the 2015 federal election the most popular party was the SVP with 39.0% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the SP (34.0%), the FDP (12.7%) and the others (6.7%). In the federal election, a total of 13,754 votes were cast, and the voter turnout was 60.7%. The 2015 election saw a change in the voting when compared to 2011. The percentage that the SP received dropped from 41.6% to 34.0% while the SVP increased from 31.9% in 2011 to 39.0% in 2015.[19]


Rhine Falls as seen from Neuhausen am Rheinfall
Views of old town, Schaffhausen


Schaffhausen has a population (as of December 2020) of 36,952.[20] As of 2014, 27.9% of the population are resident foreign nationals.[21] Of the foreign population, (as of 2008), 21% are from Germany, 13.3% are from Italy, 8.8% are from Croatia, 13.3% are from Serbia, 6% are from Macedonia, 9% are from Turkey, and 28.6% are from other countries.[22] Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks German (84.3%), with Serbo-Croatian being second most common (3.4%) and Italian being third (3.2%).[23]

Over the last four years (2010-2014) the population has changed at a rate of 2.82%. The birth rate in the municipality, in 2014, was 9.6, while the death rate was 10.1 per thousand residents.[11]

As of 2014, children and teenagers (0–19 years old) make up 17.8% of the population, while adults (20–64 years old) are 61.7% and seniors (over 64 years old) make up 20.5%.[11] In 2015 there were 15,288 single residents, 15,287 people who were married or in a civil partnership, 2,119 widows or widowers, 3,253 divorced residents and 1 people who did not answer the question.[24]

In 2014 there were 16,723 private households in Schaffhausen with an average household size of 2.10 persons. Of the 5,863 inhabited buildings in the municipality, in 2000, about 51.5% were single family homes and 29.7% were multiple family buildings. Additionally, about 22.1% of the buildings were built before 1919, while 7.6% were built between 1991 and 2000.[25] In 2013 the rate of construction of new housing units per 1000 residents was 1.29. The vacancy rate for the municipality, in 2015, was 0.71%.[11]

Historic population

The historical population is given in the following chart:[26]


As of 2000, 27.4% of the population belonged to the Roman Catholic Church and 43.6% belonged to the Swiss Reformed Church,[22] later organized in the parish St. Johann – Münster.[27]


In Schaffhausen about 69.8% of the population (between age 25–64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule (university of applied sciences)).[23] In Schaffhausen, as of 2007, 1.73% of the population attend kindergarten or another pre-school, 5.65% attend a Primary School, 2.98% attend a lower level Secondary School, and 2.49% attend a higher level Secondary School.[22]


As of  2013, there were a total of 25,749 people employed in the municipality. Of these, a total of 103 people worked in 24 businesses in the primary economic sector. A majority (61.2%) of the primary sector employees worked in very small businesses (less than ten employees). The remainder worked in 2 small businesses with a total of 40 employees. The secondary sector employed 6,403 workers in 371 separate businesses. In 2014 a total of 2,433 employees worked in 358 small companies (less than 50 employees). There were 13 mid sized businesses with 1,631 employees and 3 large businesses which employed 2,333 people (for an average size of 777.7). Finally, the tertiary sector provided 19,243 jobs in 2,626 businesses. In 2014 the tertiary sector numbers had increased by 606 and 20 respectively. In 2014 a total of 12,890 employees worked in 2,597 small companies (less than 50 employees). There were 45 mid sized businesses with 4,938 employees and 4 large businesses which employed 2,021 people (for an average size of 505.3).[28]

In 2014 a total of 1.3% of the population received social assistance.[11]

In 2015 local hotels had a total of 102,537 overnight stays, of which 52.6% were international visitors.[29] In 2015 there were two movie theaters in the municipality, with a total of 10 screens and a total of 1,816 available seats.[30] As of 2008, there are 102 restaurants, and 11 hotels with 445 beds. The catering industry in Schaffhausen employs 924 people.[22]

As of 2008 the mid year average unemployment rate was 2.5%. There were 1,879 non-agrarian businesses in the municipality and 29.9% of the (non-agrarian) population was involved in the secondary sector of the economy while 70.1% were involved in the third. At the same time, 67.1% of the working population was employed full-time, and 32.9% was employed part-time. There were 21,841 residents of the municipality who were employed in some capacity, of which women made up 46.6% of the workforce. As of 2000 there were 10,019 residents who worked in the municipality, while 5,724 residents worked outside Schaffhausen and 8,026 people commuted into the municipality for work.[22]

Schaffhausen has an unemployment rate, as of 2007, of 2.67%. As of 2005, there were 196 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 33 businesses involved in this sector. 6,488 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 293 businesses in this sector. 14,019 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 1,486 businesses in this sector.[23]



Main articles: Schaffhausen railway station and Herblingen railway station

Trains waiting at Schaffhausen railway station
Trainspotting at Schaffhausen railway station

The town of Schaffhausen is served by two railway stations, Schaffhausen railway station and Herblingen railway station.

Schaffhausen railway station is jointly owned by the Swiss Federal Railways (SBB) and Deutsche Bahn (DB), and is served by trains of both nation's networks. The station is served by long-distance passenger trains (InterCity, IC) running between Stuttgart and Zürich, RegioExpress (RE) trains between Zürich HB and Schaffhausen, and Interregio-Express (IRE) trains between Basel and Friedrichshafen. Trains of Zürich S-Bahn services S9, S12, S24 and S33 serve the station, although only the S24 provides a direct service to Zürich Airport and Zürich main station. In addition, the S1 service of St. Gallen S-Bahn operates over the Lake Line to St. Gallen and Wil. The S64 and S65 services of Schaffhausen S-Bahn link Schaffhausen with Erzingen and Jestetten, respectively.

Herblingen railway station in the north-east of Schaffhausen is served by the S24 of Zürich S-Bahn and local trains of Schaffhausen S-Bahn (S62), linking Schaffhausen station with Thayngen and Singen (Hohentwiel), respectively.

The S-Bahn services S1 and S62 are part of Bodensee S-Bahn, a network of regional trains around Lake Constance (Bodensee).[31]


Urban bus routes of vbsh in the towns of Schaffhausen and Neuhausen am Rheinfall (as of December 2023)[32]
Regional bus routes of vbsh in the canton of Schaffhausen and neighboring German territory (as of December 2023)[33]

Schaffhausen and the neighboring town of Neuhausen am Rheinfall have an urban bus network of 8 lines, including the Schaffhausen trolleybus system (line 1). Since 2019, the other lines (3–9) are operated by battery-powerd buses (Irizar) and diesel-powered buses. All routes except line 9 call at Schaffhausen railway station. Route 9 calls at Herblingen railway station. During weekends, there are night buses (designated as N#) operating after midnight. The urban bus routes, all operated by Verkehrsbetriebe Schaffhausen (vbsh),[34] are as follows:

Line Route
1 Herbstäcker – Neuhausen Zentrum – Schaffhausen railway station – Ebnat – Waldfriedhof
3 Sommerwies – Schützenhaus – Schaffhausen railway station – Krummacker
4 Birch – Schützenhaus – Schaffhausen railway station – Gruben
5 Schaffhausen railway station – Falkeneck – Einkaufszentren – Schlossweiher
6 Buchthalen – Schifflände – Rhybadi / IWCSchaffhausen railway station – Kantonsspital – Falkeneck
7 Neuhausen SBB – Neuhausen Zentrum – Schützenhaus – Schaffhausen railway station
8 Schaffhausen railway station – Schifflände – Im Freien
9 Ebnat – KinepolisHerblingen railway station – Einkaufszentren
N1 Schaffhausen railway station – Schützenhaus – Riet – Sommerwies – Nordstrasse – Schaffhausen railway station
N2 Schaffhausen railway station – Geissberg – Pilgerweg – Gräfler – Krummacker – Schweizersbild – CILAG – Schaffhausen railway station
N3 Schaffhausen railway station – Mühlentor – Schifflände – Buchthalen – Gruben – Niklausen – Kinepolis – Ebnat – Schaffhausen railway station
N4 Schaffhausen railway station – Mühlentor – Neuhausen Zentrum – Kreuzstrasse – Herbstäcker – Hohfluh – Wiesli – Schaffhausen railway station

One of the previous urban routes, line 12 to the Rhine Falls, was the first route ever to feature a level 5 autonomous bus (2018-2019).[35]

In addition, there are several regional bus services that link Schaffhausen with villages in the canton of Schaffhausen, the canton of Zürich and nearby German territory. The regional bus services 21–25, lines 630 and 634 and all night bus services (designated with N#) all depart from the forecourt of Schaffhausen railway station:

Line Route Operator
21 Schaffhausen railway stationNeuhausenBeringenLöhningenSiblingenSchleitheimBeggingen vbsh
22 Schaffhausen railway stationHemmental vbsh
23 Schaffhausen railway stationMerishausenBargen vbsh
24 Schaffhausen railway stationStettenLohnBüttenhardtOpfertshofenAltdorfHofenBibernThayngen (– Barzheim) vbsh
25 Schaffhausen railway stationBüsingenDörflingenRandeggMurbachBuchRamsen vbsh
630 Schaffhausen railway stationFeuerthalenFlurlingenUhwiesenBenkenMarthalen Postauto
634 Schaffhausen railway stationFeuerthalenFlurlingenUhwiesenDachsenSchloss Laufen am Rheinfall Postauto
N76 Schaffhausen railway station – Falkeneck – Schlossweiher – Thayngen, Hüttenleben – Thayngen railway station – Falkeneck – Schaffhausen railway station vbsh
N77 Schaffhausen railway stationNeuhausen am RheinfallBeringenGuntmadingenNeunkirchOberhallauHallauWilchingenOsterfingenTrasadingen vbsh


Boat of URh near Dörflingen on the High Rhine

Departing from Schifflände, there are regular boat trips on the River Rhine (High Rhine) to Stein am Rhein and Kreuzlingen (Lake Constance) offered by Schweizerische Schifffahrtsgesellschaft Untersee und Rhein (URh) during warmer seasons.

Private Transport

The A4 motorway connects Schaffhausen with Zürich. The A4 continues northward to Donaueschingen/Singen (Hohentwiel) in Germany. Since 1996, the A4 runs through a tunnel, bypassing the town's center. There are three nearby exits along the A4: Schaffhausen Süd, Schaffhausen Nord and Schaffhausen Schweizersbild.

The Hauptstrasse 13 connects Schaffhausen with villages in the western part of the canton (Klettgau), through the Galgenbucktunnel which opened in 2019, and with villages along the Rhine River east of Schaffhausen.


Heritage sites of national significance

There are 35 buildings or sites in Schaffhausen that are listed as Swiss heritage sites of national significance. This includes the entire old town of Schaffhausen, the city walls, the Giesserei +GF+ Werk I factory, the town and cantonal archives, the Schweizersbild Paleolithic cave and the Herblingen and Grüthalde Neolithic settlements. Additionally, there are four former guild houses and seven listed houses. There are only two listed religious buildings, the former Benedictine All Saints Abbey and the Church of St. John.[36]


Schaffhausen hosts some well-known industrial companies like Georg Fischer (piping systems, machine tools and automotives), an internationally reputed manufacturer of watches (IWC), pharmaceutical industry (Cilag, founded by Bernhard Joos) and BB Biotech (biotechnologies). Tyco International, Garmin, and cyber protection company Acronis are also incorporated in Schaffhausen.


The town has two football teams, SV Schaffhausen, of the fourth-tier Swiss 1. Liga, and FC Schaffhausen, of the second-tier Swiss Challenge League. There is a football stadium in Breite, Schaffhausen which seats 4200 persons, known as the Breitestadion. It is also the training headquarters for local children's football teams.

There is a handball team in Schaffhausen which plays in the first Swiss division: Kadetten Schaffhausen. They are centered at the BBC Arena on Schweizersbildstrasse. It seats 3600 persons, and was built in 2011. Kadetten has been very successful and has won the second most titles in the history of the SHL.

Notable people

Johann Jakob Wepfer, engraving
Lorentz Spengler, 1751
Emil Ermatinger, 1921
Christoph Blocher, 2007
Irene Schweizer, 2014
Juerg Froehlich, 2005
Roberto Di Matteo, 2015
Florence Schelling, 2011

Pre-17th C

17th C

18th C

19th C

20th C


See also


  1. ^ a b "Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeinden nach 4 Hauptbereichen". Federal Statistical Office. Retrieved 13 January 2019.
  2. ^ Error: Unable to display the reference properly. See the documentation for details.
  3. ^ Compare:  Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Schaffhausen (town)". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. "[...] in 1050 we hear of the “ford” there across the Rhine. Hence it is probable that the name is really derived from scapha, a skid, as here goods coming from Constance were disembarked in consequence of the falls of the Rhine a little below."
  4. ^ Compare:  Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Schaffhausen (town)". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. "Some writers, however, prefer the derivation from Schaf (a sheep), as a ram (now a sheep) formed the ancient arms of the town, derived from those of its founders, the counts of Nellenburg."
  5. ^ Flags of the accessed 22-December-2009
  6. ^ a b Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Schaffhausen (town)" . Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 24 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 312.
  7. ^ Denzel, Ralph (17 September 2018). "Wie 1401 ein Gerücht allen Juden in Schaffhausen das Leben kostete". Schaffhauser Nachrichten. Archived from the original on 18 April 2023. Retrieved 18 April 2023.
  8. ^ Canton Schaffhausen website-Numbers and facts accessed 18 April 2009. (in German)
  9. ^ "70th anniversary of mistaken US attack". SWI Retrieved 29 May 2018.
  10. ^ Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
  11. ^ a b c d e Swiss Federal Statistical Office - Regional portraits accessed 27 October 2016
  12. ^ Schaffhausen in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  13. ^ a b "Climate normals Schaffhausen, Reference period 1981−2010" (PDF). Zurich Airport, Switzerland: Swiss Federal Office of Meteorology and Climatology - MeteoSwiss. 2 July 2014. Archived from the original (PDF) on 31 January 2018. Retrieved 21 November 2015.
  14. ^ "Climate Normals Schaffhausen (Reference period 1991−2020)" (PDF). Swiss Federal Office of Meteorology and Climatology, MeteoSwiss. Retrieved 20 January 2022.
  15. ^ a b "Stadtrat" (official site) (in German). Schaffhausen, Switzerland: Stadt Schaffhausen. 2017. Retrieved 28 May 2017.
  16. ^ "Volksabstimmung vom 28. August 2016: Stadtpräsidium/ Stadtrat" (official site) (in German). Schaffhausen, Switzerland: Stadt Schaffhausen. 28 August 2016. Retrieved 28 May 2017.
  17. ^ "Zusammensetzung: Grosser Stadtrat" (official site) (in German). Schaffhausen, Switzerland: Stadt Schaffhausen. Retrieved 29 May 2017.
  18. ^ "Parteien und Sitzverteilung nach Parteien im Grossen Stadtrat" (official site) (in German). Schaffhausen, Switzerland: Stadt Schaffhausen. Retrieved 29 May 2017.
  19. ^ "Swiss Federal Statistical Office - Nationalratswahlen 2015: Stärke der Parteien und Wahlbeteiligung nach Gemeinden" (in German, French, and Italian). Archived from the original on 2 August 2016. Retrieved 29 May 2017.
  20. ^ "Ständige und nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, Geburtsort und Staatsangehörigkeit". (in German). Swiss Federal Statistical Office - STAT-TAB. 31 December 2020. Retrieved 21 September 2021.
  21. ^ Federal Statistical Office - Ständige und nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, Geburtsort und Staatsangehörigkeit (Land) accessed 31 October 2016
  22. ^ a b c d e Statistical Office of the Canton of Schaffhausen (in German) accessed 2 December 2009
  23. ^ a b c Swiss Federal Statistical Office Archived 5 January 2016 at the Wayback Machine accessed 22 December 2009
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