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City of San Marino
Città di San Marino
Clockwise from top: view of Monte Titano, the aerial cable car, San Marino Cathedral, Via Basilicus, panorama from the top, De La Fratta Tower, Guaita Tower, Palazzo Pubblico
Flag of City of San Marino
Coat of arms of City of San Marino
San Marino's location in San Marino
San Marino's location in San Marino
City of San Marino is located in San Marino
City of San Marino
City of San Marino
City of San Marino is located in Europe
City of San Marino
City of San Marino
Coordinates: 43°56′4.56″N 12°26′50.28″E / 43.9346000°N 12.4473000°E / 43.9346000; 12.4473000
Country San Marino
Foundation3 September 301 (traditional date)
Curazie
Government
 • CapitanoTomaso Rossini (since 2018)
Area
 • Total7.09 km2 (2.74 sq mi)
Elevation
749 m (2,457 ft)
Population
 (January 2022)
 • Total4,061[1]
 • Density582.23/km2 (1,508.0/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
RSM-47890
ClimateCfb
San Marino Historic Centre and Mount Titano
UNESCO World Heritage Site
Monte Titano and three fortresses on top of it can be seen from many kilometers away
CriteriaCultural: iii
Reference1245
Inscription2008 (32nd Session)
Area55 ha
Buffer zone167 ha

The City of San Marino (Italian: Città di San Marino), also known simply as San Marino and locally as Città, is the capital city of the Republic of San Marino and one of its nine castelli. It has a population of 4,061.[1] It is on the western slopes of San Marino's highest point, Monte Titano.

Geography

The City of San Marino borders the castelli of Acquaviva, Borgo Maggiore, Fiorentino, and Chiesanuova and the Italian municipality of San Leo.

The City of San Marino contains seven curazie: Cà Berlone, Canepa, Casole, Castellaro, Montalbo, Murata, and Santa Mustiola.[2][3]

Akademio Internacia de la Sciencoj San Marino was centered here.

History

See also: History of San Marino

The city is claimed to be founded by Saint Marinus and several Christian refugees fleeing from Roman persecution in the year 301.

The urban heart of the city was protected by three towers: the first, Guaita, built in the 11th century, held a reputation for being impenetrable which to a great extent discouraged attacks.

Tensions with bordering powers urged the necessity to build a second tower, Cesta (13th century). The defensive system was not completed until the construction of a third tower, the Montale (14th century) - the smallest of all and constructed on the last of the summits of Monte Titano.

With the population of the city increasing, the territory of the country was extended by a few square kilometers. Since the Sammarinese policy was not to invade or to use war to obtain new territories, it was by means of purchases and treaties that San Marino obtained the other eight castelli which make up the country.

Economy

Main article: Economy of San Marino

The economy of the city of San Marino has always been closely bound to that of the country. Until recently, the main economic activities of the locality were stone extraction and carving. Today, there is a more varied economy, including tourism, commerce, sale of postage stamps, and a small agricultural industry, although the latter is in decline.

Landmarks

Map of the municipality of San Marino

Main article: Tourism in San Marino

The city is visited by more than three million people per year, and has developed progressively as a tourist centre. Of the tourists, 85% are Italian. There are also more than a thousand retail outlets, where one can find a great variety of products.

Main sights

Transport

Main article: Transport in San Marino

The city is known for its long, winding cobblestoned streets, as its altitude and steep approach put it beyond the reach of the San Marino Highway. San Marino is also notable in that cars are prohibited in much of the city center. A series of lifts connects the upper part of city with the lower.

City of San Marino is the top terminus of the Funivia di San Marino, an aerial cablecar system that connects the city to Borgo Maggiore.[4] Running every fifteen minutes, the two-minute ride is renowned for its paronamic views over San Marino, the Province of Rimini, and the Adriatic Sea.[4][5] The City of San Marino terminus is located at the turn of Contrada Omagnano with Contrada del Pianello, at the historic city centre's northern end, next to the Tourism Secretariat [it] and less than 200 metres (660 feet) from the Basilica of San Marino and the Piazza della Libertà.[6]

The City of San Marino is the terminus of seven of San Marino's eight bus lines, which run to other settlements in the country.[7] Additionally, the central bus stop in Piazzale Marino Calcigni is the terminus of a regular coach connection to Rimini,[8][9] operated by coach companies Bonelli and Benedettini.[8]

Between 1932 and 1944, a 31.5-kilometre (19.6-mile) electrified narrow gauge railway operated between Rimini and the City of San Marino.[10] During the Second World War, the line was bombed and closed,[10][11] after which its tunnels sheltered refugees during the Battles of Rimini and San Marino.[12][13] After the war, the railway was abandoned in favour of the San Marino Highway.[13][14]

In 2012, an 800-metre (12-mile) section was reopened as a heritage railway in the City of San Marino, running between Piazzale della Stazione and near Via Napoleone.[15] The restored section comprises the original railway's final horseshoe turn through the 502-metre (1,647-foot) Montale tunnel.[16][17]

Sport

The city of San Marino has three football teams: the S.S. Murata, the S.P. Tre Penne and the San Marino Academy. The city had the Olympic Flame pass through San Marino during the run-up to the 2006 Winter Olympics.

International relations

City of San Marino is twinned with:

Gallery

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Resident Population per municipality". Office of Economic Planning, Data Processing and Statistics. Retrieved 2022-02-21.
  2. ^ Rattini, Maurizio; Venturini, Gian Carlo; Volpinari, Antonio L. (21 March 1997). "Regolamento per la disciplina della campagna elttorale". Elezioni (in Italian). Archived from the original on 5 August 2009. Retrieved 14 February 2020.
  3. ^ "Città di San Marino" [City of San Marino]. San Marino Web (in Italian). Retrieved 9 February 2024.
  4. ^ a b "Ropeway – San Marino Cable Car". San Marino Site. 13 October 2014. Retrieved 31 December 2023.
  5. ^ "Funivia di San Marino" [San Marino Cablecar System]. Doppelmayr Group (in Italian). Retrieved 31 December 2023.
  6. ^ "Pianta della Città di San Marino" [Map of the City of San Marino] (PDF). San Marino Site (in Italian). Retrieved 31 December 2023.
  7. ^ "Orari autobus di linea" [Bus timetables]. Azienda Autonoma di Stato per i Servizi Pubblici (in Italian). Retrieved 31 December 2023.
  8. ^ a b "Bus to San Marino Republic". riminiturismo.it. 17 July 2023. Retrieved 31 December 2023.
  9. ^ "Pianta della Città di San Marino" [Map of the City of San Marino] (PDF). San Marino Site (in Italian). Retrieved 31 December 2023.
  10. ^ a b Macina, Chiara (14 September 2015). "Il Trenino Biancazzurro: la breve vita e la fine" [The Blue and White Train: Its short life and end]. Zoomma (in Italian). Retrieved 3 November 2023.
  11. ^ Giardi, Davide (28 February 2013). "Breve storia della Ferrovia" [Brief history of the railway]. libertas (in Italian). Retrieved 3 November 2023.
  12. ^ Pagammo, Lussi (20 April 2019). "Il glorioso trenino bianco-azzurro riparte dall'elettromotrice 'AB-03' per unire Rimini a San Marino" [The glorious white-blue train restarts from the 'AB-03' electromotive to connect Rimini to San Marino]. Riminiduepuntozero (in Italian). Retrieved 3 November 2023.
  13. ^ a b "12 giugno 1932 - Viene inaugurata la ferrovia Rimini - San Marino" [12 June 1932: The Rimini–San Marino railway was opened]. Chiamami Città (in Italian). 12 June 2023. Retrieved 2 November 2023.
  14. ^ Giuliani-Balestrino, Maria Clotilde (2005). "La superstrada Rimini-San Marino" [The Rimini-San Marino railway] (PDF). Studi e Ricerche di Geografia (in Italian). 29 (1): 1–4.
  15. ^ Scolari, Giancarlo (21 June 2012). "Torna il treno a San Marino" [The train returns to San Marino]. Ferrovie.it (in Italian). Retrieved 3 November 2023.
  16. ^ Vilmos, Oszter (12 August 2012). "Kis ország, kis( )vasút" [Small country, small railway]. Indóház Online (in Hungarian). Retrieved 5 November 2023.
  17. ^ "Galleria 'Montale': ex-ferrovia Rimini-San Marino" ['Montale' Tunnel: Rimini-San Marino ex-railway]. sdaprogetti.it (in Italian). Retrieved 5 November 2023.
  18. ^ "Celebrazioni nel 50° del gemellaggio con Arbe" (in Italian). Retrieved 2024-01-13.
  19. ^ "San Leo e Città di San Marino: il gemellaggio compie 20 anni" (in Italian). 28 November 2015. Retrieved 2024-01-13.
  20. ^ "gemellaggio nanjing - San Marino" (in Italian). 28 January 2021. Retrieved 2024-01-13.

Media related to Città di San Marino at Wikimedia Commons

43°56′4.56″N 12°26′50.28″E / 43.9346000°N 12.4473000°E / 43.9346000; 12.4473000