Saint Peter Port

Saint-Pierre-Port
Photos of St Peter Port
Location of Saint Peter Port in Guernsey
Coordinates: 49°27′20″N 2°32′12″W / 49.4555°N 2.5368°W / 49.4555; -2.5368Coordinates: 49°27′20″N 2°32′12″W / 49.4555°N 2.5368°W / 49.4555; -2.5368
Crown DependencyGuernsey, Channel Islands
Government
 • Electoral districtDivided into St Peter Port North and St Peter Port South
Area
 • Total6.5 km2 (2.5 sq mi)
Elevation
0 m (0 ft)
Population
 (2019)
 • Total18,958
 • Density2,900/km2 (7,600/sq mi)
Time zoneGMT
 • Summer (DST)UTC+01
Postal code
GY1
Websitewww.stppcons.com

Saint Peter Port is the capital of Guernsey as well as the main port. The population in 2019 was 18,958. In Guernésiais and in French, historically the official language of Guernsey, the name of the town and its surrounding parish is St Pierre Port. The "port" distinguishes this parish from Saint Pierre Du Bois.

As well as being a parish, St. Peter Port is a small town consisting mostly of steep narrow streets and steps on the overlooking slopes. It is known that a trading post/town existed here before Roman times with a pre-Christian name which has not survived.

The postal code for addresses in this parish starts with GY1.

People from St. Peter Port, were nicknamed "les Villais" (the townspeople) or "cllichards" in Guernésiais.

Geography

St. Peter Port is on the east coast of Guernsey overlooking Herm and tiny Jethou, a further channel separates Sark and surrounding islets such as Brecqhou; exceptionally Normandy's long Cotentin Peninsula and, to the south-east, Jersey are visible in clear conditions beyond from some, highest, vantage points. The parish borders St. Sampson in the north, The Vale in the north-west, St. Andrew in the west and St. Martin in the south.

The name of the nearest channel is the Little Russel, in which sits the Bréhon Tower; that separating Sark is the Big Russel. Both in width are less than half of Guernsey's greatest length and dotted with coastal rocks and stacks quite near those islands, some of which are narrowly submerged.

Relief

The land in the north and by the harbour is low-lying but not marshy. In the south, the land gets higher (but not as high as St Martin's or the Forest). Grassy, gently terraced cliffs behind sea walls (including projections) topped by trees characterise the southern part of the coast here (by an aquarium, underground military museum and historic battery at semi-wooded Havelet). In the north is the retail-centred and more built-up /Admiral Park coastal locality. To the south of the town lies Havelet Bay and the coast path which leads to the very pretty Fermain Bay after a walk of about 20–25 minutes.

Climate

St. Peter Port has an oceanic climate (Cfb) with mild summers and cool winters.

Climate data for St. Peter Port (2010-2020 normals, extremes 1947–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 13.3
(55.9)
15.0
(59.0)
19.4
(66.9)
24.3
(75.7)
25.9
(78.6)
30.8
(87.4)
32.6
(90.7)
34.3
(93.7)
30.6
(87.1)
23.6
(74.5)
18.0
(64.4)
15.6
(60.1)
34.3
(93.7)
Average high °C (°F) 8.7
(47.7)
8.4
(47.1)
10.0
(50.0)
12.6
(54.7)
14.8
(58.6)
17.6
(63.7)
20.0
(68.0)
19.5
(67.1)
18.3
(64.9)
15.4
(59.7)
11.9
(53.4)
10.1
(50.2)
13.9
(57.0)
Daily mean °C (°F) 7.4
(45.3)
6.7
(44.1)
7.9
(46.2)
9.9
(49.8)
12.1
(53.8)
14.7
(58.5)
17.0
(62.6)
16.9
(62.4)
15.8
(60.4)
13.5
(56.3)
10.4
(50.7)
8.7
(47.7)
11.8
(53.2)
Average low °C (°F) 5.9
(42.6)
5.2
(41.4)
5.8
(42.4)
7.2
(45.0)
9.4
(48.9)
11.9
(53.4)
14.0
(57.2)
14.3
(57.7)
13.3
(55.9)
11.6
(52.9)
8.9
(48.0)
7.4
(45.3)
9.6
(49.3)
Record low °C (°F) −7.8
(18.0)
−7.2
(19.0)
−2.2
(28.0)
−1.4
(29.5)
0.1
(32.2)
5.4
(41.7)
8.3
(46.9)
9.2
(48.6)
5.8
(42.4)
3.5
(38.3)
−0.8
(30.6)
−3.8
(25.2)
−7.8
(18.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 90.7
(3.57)
73.1
(2.88)
50.5
(1.99)
38.9
(1.53)
43.6
(1.72)
37.8
(1.49)
33.3
(1.31)
53.6
(2.11)
52.3
(2.06)
82.5
(3.25)
97.8
(3.85)
99.5
(3.92)
753.6
(29.67)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.2 mm) 20.8 18.1 14.2 10.2 10.8 11.4 10.4 13.9 12.8 17.2 20.7 20.3 180.9
Average snowy days 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.0 4.6
Mean monthly sunshine hours 61.0 85.6 127.6 194.7 234.5 246.6 250.7 230.1 180.1 117.1 77.8 58.2 1,864
Percent possible sunshine 22.7 29.1 34.7 47.7 49.6 51.2 51.7 52.0 47.8 35.3 28.7 22.8 41.8
Source 1: Guernsey Met Office 2018 Weather Report[1]
Source 2: Weather-online.co.uk[2]

Subdivisions

Castle Cornet

Saint Peter Port is subdivided into four cantons:[3]

  1. Canton 1 or North Canton
  2. Canton 2 or Canton of the North-West
  3. Canton 3 or Canton of the South-West
  4. Canton 4 or Canton of the South

In addition, the islands of Herm and Jethou belong to the parish,[4] but are not part of any canton. They belong to Electoral district Saint Peter Port South.[5]

Sport and leisure

St. Peter Port has an English Isthmian League club, Guernsey F.C. who play at Footes Lane. The Guernsey Rugby Football Club also play at Footes Lane and compete in National League 3 London & SE.

Parks and gardens

Candie Gardens, an award-winning restored Victorian Garden features a statue of Victor Hugo. Cambridge Park is a recreational park that includes a skate park. In 2014 the parish was a Gold & Category Winner in the RHS Britain in Bloom competition,[6] followed in 2016 with another Gold medal.[7]

Features

Main roads

The following main roads (listed from north-south) provide important links between St Peter Port and the other parishes:

The following coastal roads (listed from north to south) are also very important as they provide access to the shops, carparks and the harbour:

Politics

Saint Peter Port comprises two administrative division, St Peter Port South and St Peter Port North.

In the 2016 Guernsey general election in:

Notable people

See also: List of people from Guernsey

Numismatic History

See also: Guernsey pound

Guernsey bank notes feature a number of parish buildings:

See also

References

  1. ^ "2014 Weather Report" (PDF). Guernsey Met Office. Archived (PDF) from the original on 21 November 2019. Retrieved 20 November 2019.
  2. ^ "Normals 2010-2020". Weather-online. Retrieved 3 February 2020.
  3. ^ "St. Peter Port Parish, Canton Boundaries". Stppcons.com. 2007-11-14. Retrieved 2012-10-04.
  4. ^ "Bailiwick of Guernsey". Crwflags.com. Retrieved 2012-10-04.
  5. ^ "Guernsey Election of States Deputies, 2008". Islandlife.org. 2008-04-23. Retrieved 2012-10-04.
  6. ^ "RHS Britain in Bloom 2014 UK Finals Judges' Reports". Britain in Bloom.
  7. ^ "RHS Britain in Bloom 2016 UK Finals Full Results". RHS Britain in Bloom.
  8. ^ "Places to visit". National Trust of Guernsey.
  9. ^ "Victoria Tower". Guernsey Museums.
  10. ^ a b c "Townie No 1" (PDF).
  11. ^ "Guilles Alles Library". Archived from the original on 2015-12-07.
  12. ^ "Candie Museum". Guernsey Museums.
  13. ^ "Candie Gardens". Guernsey Museums.
  14. ^ https://www.visitguernsey.com/see-and-do/things-to-do/german-naval-signals-hq/
  15. ^ http://www.museums.gov.gg/German-Naval-Signals-HQ
  16. ^ "Bailiwick of Guernsey War Memorial". Great War CI.
  17. ^ "St Peter Port Parish War Shrine, Guernsey". Great War CI.
  18. ^ "St. Stephen's Parish Memorial, Guernsey". Great War CI.
  19. ^ "South African War Memorial". Guernsey Museums.
  20. ^ a b c d Dillon, Paddy. Channel Island Walks. Cicerone Press Limited, 1999. ISBN 9781852842888.
  21. ^ https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-guernsey-49829135
  22. ^ "PROTECTED BUILDINGS". Environment - Guernsey government.
  23. ^ Careyroots http://www.careyroots.com/castle.html
  24. ^ "Contact Us." Blue Islands. Retrieved on 18 September 2009.
  25. ^ "Harbour Carvival". Guernsey Round Table.
  26. ^ "Town Carnival". Town Centre Partnership.
Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article St Peter Port .