Maykop

Майкоп
Other transcription(s)
 • AdygheМыекъуапэ
 • UbykhГъакъыва
View of the Druzhby Square and the Maykop Mosque
Flag
Coat of arms
Location of Maykop
Maykop
Maykop
Location of Maykop
Maykop
Maykop
Maykop (Europe)
Coordinates: 44°36′N 40°05′E / 44.600°N 40.083°E / 44.600; 40.083Coordinates: 44°36′N 40°05′E / 44.600°N 40.083°E / 44.600; 40.083
CountryRussia
Federal subjectAdygea[1]
FoundedMay 1857
City status since1870
Government
 • BodyCouncil of People's Deputies
 • HeadNikolay Pivovarov
Area
 • Total58.62 km2 (22.63 sq mi)
Elevation
220 m (720 ft)
Population
 • Total144,249
 • Estimate 
(2018)[4]
141,970 (−1.6%)
 • Rank120th in 2010
 • Density2,500/km2 (6,400/sq mi)
 • Subordinated toMaykop Republican Urban Okrug[1]
 • Capital ofRepublic of Adygea
 • Capital ofMaykop Republican Urban Okrug[1]
 • Urban okrugMaykop Urban Okrug[5]
 • Capital ofMaykop Urban Okrug[5]
Time zoneUTC+3 (MSK Edit this on Wikidata[6])
Postal code(s)[7]
385000
Dialing code(s)+7 8772
OKTMO ID79701000001
City DayFirst Saturday of June
Websiteweb.archive.org/web/20020604231940/http://www.admins.maykop.ru/

Maykop (Russian: Майкоп, IPA: [mɐjˈkop]; Adyghe: Мыекъуапэ, romanized: Mıéquapə [məjaqʷaːpa]) is the capital city of the Republic of Adygea in Russia, located on the right bank of the Belaya River (a tributary of the Kuban River). It borders Maykopsky District, from which it is administratively and municipally separate, to the east and south; Giaginsky District to the north, and Belorechensky District of Krasnodar Krai to the west.

Population: 141 475 (2020), 144,249 (2010 Census);[3] 156,931 (2002 Census);[8] 148,608 (1989 Census).[9]

History

The city gave its name to the early Bronze Age Maykop culture after the discovery of a royal burial site there in 1897.[10]

Following the establishment of a military camp in 1825,[11] the Imperial Russian Army built a military fort at Maykop in 1857.[12]

In 1910 oil deposits were discovered in the vicinity of Maykop.[13]

In 1936, Maykop and the surrounding region merged with Adyghe Autonomous Oblast and became the administrative centre of the autonomy. The Wehrmacht occupied Maykop on August 9, 1942 without a fight as a result of a Brandenburger commando operation. German attempts to re-start oil production in the scorched-earth area proved only minimally successful. In January 1943 the Transcaucasian Front of the Red Army re-took the town.

Since 1991 Maykop has served as the capital of the Republic of Adygea in the Russian Federation.

Economy

Brewery (cultural heritage)
Brewery (cultural heritage)

The discovery of extensive underground oil reserves has made Maykop a major centre for oil extraction for the Soviet Union and, subsequently, Russia. Other economically important sectors are food processing and the timber industry.

Administrative and municipal status

Within the framework of administrative divisions, it is, together with eight rural localities, incorporated as Maykop Republican Urban Okrug—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts.[1] It has the following rural localities under its jurisdiction:[14]

As a municipal division, Maykop Republican Urban Okrug is incorporated as Maykop Urban Okrug.[5]

Ethnic groups

Grand Mosque of Maykop
Grand Mosque of Maykop
Holy Trinity Orthodox cathedral
Holy Trinity Orthodox cathedral

Ethnic groups in the city (2002 data):[citation needed]

Other ethnic groups include Chechens, Daghestanis and Tartars.[15] There are ethnic tensions between the Muslim Adyghe and the Russians—with the two communities described as being "sharply divided".[16]

Education

Maykop female grammar school
Maykop female grammar school

Maykop is home to the Adyghe State University and Maykop State Technological University. There are also several facilities of professional education in Maykop. There are a lot of schools. For example Adyghe Republican Gymnasium which is located near the mosque, the theatre and the park of friendship. It has 11 grades. There are a lot of rules: students must wear a uniform, girls must have pony tails or braids. The school has five buildings. There is a sports hall where students play basketball and volleyball. There is also a football pitch where boys play football. A canteen is a separate building.

Climate

Maykop Railway station
Maykop Railway station

Maykop lies within the humid subtropical climate zone (Cfa), according to the Köppen climate classification, or just within the humid continental climate (Dfa) zone according to the 32 °F or 0 °C demarcation used by many United States climatologists.

Climate data for Maykop
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 3.9
(39.0)
5.8
(42.4)
11.0
(51.8)
18.2
(64.8)
22.6
(72.7)
26.2
(79.2)
28.9
(84.0)
28.5
(83.3)
24.3
(75.7)
17.6
(63.7)
12.3
(54.1)
6.9
(44.4)
17.2
(62.9)
Daily mean °C (°F) −0.5
(31.1)
1.3
(34.3)
5.7
(42.3)
12.6
(54.7)
16.8
(62.2)
20.3
(68.5)
22.8
(73.0)
22.3
(72.1)
18.1
(64.6)
12.0
(53.6)
7.6
(45.7)
2.8
(37.0)
11.8
(53.3)
Average low °C (°F) −4.9
(23.2)
−3.3
(26.1)
0.4
(32.7)
6.9
(44.4)
11.0
(51.8)
14.4
(57.9)
16.7
(62.1)
16.0
(60.8)
11.9
(53.4)
6.3
(43.3)
2.8
(37.0)
−1.3
(29.7)
6.4
(43.5)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 60
(2.4)
41
(1.6)
51
(2.0)
58
(2.3)
73
(2.9)
89
(3.5)
70
(2.8)
58
(2.3)
62
(2.4)
66
(2.6)
75
(3.0)
69
(2.7)
772
(30.4)
Average precipitation days 8 7 8 8 8 9 7 6 7 7 9 10 94
Source: worldweather.org[17]

February 15, 2010 saw Maykop record the absolute maximum for any winter month in Russia: 23.4 °C or 74.1 °F.

Military

On the south side of the city, alongside the Belaya River is the military complex housing the 131st Motor Rifle Brigade of the Southern Military District of the Russian Armed Forces which took part in the First Chechen War.

Notable people

References

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d Law #171
  2. ^ Администрация муниципального образования «Город Майкоп» (официальный сайт). Archived September 2, 2013, at the Wayback Machine Общие сведения о Майкопе.
  3. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  4. ^ "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
  5. ^ a b c Law #171 stipulates that the borders of the republican urban okrugs are identical to those of the municipal urban okrugs.
  6. ^ "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  7. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  8. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  9. ^ "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 – via Demoscope Weekly.
  10. ^ Ivanova, Mariya (2007). "The Chronology of the "Maikop Culture" in the North Caucasus: Changing Perspectives". Armenian Journal of Near Eastern Studies. II: 7–39.
  11. ^ Potto, Vasiliy Aleksandrovich (1887). Кавказская война въ отдѣльныхъ очеркахъ, эпизодахъ, легендахъ и біографіяхъ: Томъ 2-й: Ермоловское время (in Russian) (2 ed.). Saint Petersburg: Е. Евдокимов. p. 527–528. Retrieved September 11, 2019. 23 июня [1825 года] отряд расположился лагерем на реке Сагауше (Белой), против горы Таглек, там, где теперь стоит город Майкоп…
  12. ^ James B. Minahan (May 30, 2002). Encyclopedia of the Stateless Nations: Ethnic and National Groups Around the World A-Z. ABC-CLIO. p. 38. ISBN 9780313076961.
  13. ^ Garvin, James Louis, ed. (1926). "Petroleum". The Encyclopædia Britannica. 3 (13 ed.). The Encyclopædia Britannica Company, ltd. Retrieved September 11, 2019. The Maikop field in the province of Kuban on the north flank of the Caucasus, northeast of the Black Sea, was discovered in 1910.
  14. ^ Law #223
  15. ^ Irina BABICH (2004). "THE REPUBLIC OF ADIGEY: ISLAM AND SOCIETY AT THE TURN OF THE CENTURY". Central Asia and the Caucasus. 6 (30): 55.
  16. ^ Klimenko, Oxana; Bowers, Stephen R.; and Solovyeva, Lena, "North Caucasus Baseline Project: Adygea" (2009). Faculty Publications and Presentations. Paper 18. Page 3.
  17. ^ "worldweather.org". Archived from the original on October 25, 2017. Retrieved March 6, 2012.

Sources