Green Liberal Party of Switzerland
German nameGrünliberale Partei (GLP)
French nameParti vert'libéral (PVL)
Italian namePartito Verde-Liberale (PVL)
Romansh namePartida Verda-Liberala (PVL)
PresidentJürg Grossen
Members of the Federal CouncilNone
Founded19 July 2007
Split fromGreen Party of Switzerland
HeadquartersMonbijoustrasse 30
3011 Berne
Membership (2019)5,000[1]
IdeologyGreen liberalism[2]
Political positionCentre[3][4][5] to centre-left[6]
International affiliationAlliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Party[7]
Colours  Light green
  Light blue
National Council
10 / 200
Council of States
1 / 46
Cantonal legislatures
99 / 2,609
Website
www.grunliberale.ch

Swiss Federal Council
Federal Chancellor
Federal Assembly
Council of States (members)
National Council (members)
Voting

The Green Liberal Party of Switzerland (German: Grünliberale Partei der Schweiz, GLP; French: Parti vert'libéral, PVL), Italian: Partito verde liberale, PVL), abbreviated to GLP, is a centrist green-liberal political party in Switzerland.[8] Founded in 2007, the party holds eleven seats in the Federal Assembly as of the October 2023 election.

The party was formed on 19 July 2007 by four cantonal branches of the Green Party. Contesting the election in October 2007 in St. Gallen and Zurich, the party won three seats in the National Council. A month later, the party won a seat in the Council of States, with Verena Diener representing Zurich. The party has since expanded across Switzerland, and holds seats in thirteen cantonal legislatures in German-speaking Switzerland and the Romandy. The party reached 5.4% at the 2011 federal election,[9] increasing the number of Members of the National Council from 3 to 12, suffered a setback in 2015 retreating to 7 seats with 4.6% of the national vote,[10] only to recover in 2019 by winning 16 seats with 7.8% of the vote.

The GLP are a party of the political centre[3] to centre-right,[11][unreliable source?] in contrast to the left-wing Green Party of Switzerland. They GLP seek to combine liberalism on civil liberties and moderate economic liberalism with environmental sustainability.[12] Political scientist Andreas Ladner has described their policy as "as green as the Greens", but "significantly less left-wing" than them.[13]: 514  The party has an autonomous parliamentary group in the Federal Assembly of Switzerland since the 2011 federal election.[14]

History

Logo from 2004 to October 2021

In 2004, two leading members of the Greens in Zurich, Verena Diener and Martin Bäumle, left the party citing its leftist tendencies and organisational concerns, and founded the Green Liberal Party of Zurich.[13]: 513  The national party was founded on 19 July 2007 by four cantonal parties of the same name that had seceded from the Green Party.[15] These branches were in Zurich, Basel-Landschaft, Bern, and St. Gallen.

In the 2007 election to the National Council on 22 October 2007, the party ran in Zurich and St. Gallen.[16] Despite being limited to only two cantons, the party won 1.4% of the popular vote nationwide and 3 out of 200 seats. In Zurich, they won 7% of the vote and in St. Gallen they won 3.2%.[13]: 513 [16] One of these three had been a National Councillor for the Green Party in the previous Parliament. Success in the 2007 elections caused leaders to look to seriously compete for a seat on the Federal Council.[13]: 510 

A month later, it won a seat in the Council of States, with Verena Diener representing Zurich. Along with the first appearance of the Green Party, this was the first time a minor party had won representation in the Council of States since 1995.[17] When the Federal Assembly convened, the GLP joined the Christian Democrats/EPP/glp Group,[16] making it the second-largest group, behind the Swiss People's Party.[18] In 2010 the party got an additional seat in the Council of States with Markus Stadler from Uri.

At the 2011 federal election, the GLP was one of the big winners, increasing its vote share to 5.4%.[13]: 513  It had stood in 11 cantons, getting between 2% and 10.3% of the vote.[13]: 513 

The GLP was one of the leading political parties for legalising same-sex marriage in Switzerland, in which it was adopted in an optional referendum on 26 September 2021.

In October 2021, the GLP introduced a new, refreshed logo with the French slogan créateurs d'avenir (creators of the future). Since April 2022, there are cantonal parties in all 26 cantons.

Percentages of the green liberal party at district level in 2011.

Ideology and platform

The party supports ending the use of nuclear energy in Switzerland and terminating any subsidies to nuclear power companies.[19] At the same time, the GLP supports the promotion of green technologies and cleantech through tax credits as an economic opportunity.[20] The party supports the criminalization of the corporal punishment of children.[21]

On economic and fiscal matters the GLP is more centre-right. It supports Switzerland maintaining a balanced fiscal budget and continued tax competition between the Swiss cantons.[22] It also supports stronger regulation of large Swiss banks such as UBS, including liquidity requirements.[23]

The Green Liberals support closer EU-Swiss relations and on this question are considered ideologically closer to the Social Democrats and Green Party than to The Liberals or Swiss People's Party because they support Switzerland's accession to the European Economic Area.[20] However, unlike the Swiss left the GLP support lifting the Swiss ban on exporting weapons to Ukraine.[24]

Elected representatives

Council of States

None since the 2015 election.

National Council

2019–2023 legislature:

Election results

National Council

Election Votes % Seats +/–
2011 49,314 2.12 (#7)
3 / 200
New
2007 131,436 5.39 (#7)
12 / 200
Increase 9
2015 115,604 4.63 (#6)
7 / 200
Decrease 5
2019 189,162 7.80 (#6)
16 / 200
Increase 9
2023 192,944 7.55 (#3)
10 / 200
Decrease 6

See also

References

  1. ^ The Swiss Confederation — A Brief Guide. Federal Chancellery. 2015. p. 20. Archived from the original (PDF) on 20 December 2016. Retrieved 14 December 2016.
  2. ^ Switzerland Parliament Guide: Strategic Information, Regulations, Developments. Vol. 1 (2019 ed.). International Business Publications, USA. 30 June 2019. p. 63. ISBN 978-1-4387-4694-4.
  3. ^ a b Federal Chancellery, Communication Support (2016). The Swiss Confederation – a brief guide (PDF). Switzerland: Swiss Confederation. p. 18. Retrieved 11 December 2016.[dead link]
  4. ^ "Analyse der Parolen – Schweizer Parteien rücken nach links". Schweizer Radio und Fernsehen (SRF) (in German). 17 April 2023. Retrieved 9 June 2023.
  5. ^ "Grünliberale Partei – smartmap". Parteienkompass. Retrieved 9 June 2023.
  6. ^ name="guide">https://www.nzz.ch/schweiz/parlamentarier-rating-2023-die-oeko-parteien-werden-linker-die-svp-rechter-ld.1759382
  7. ^ "ALDE Party Council meets in Zürich". ALDE. 28 June 2019. Retrieved 28 June 2019.
  8. ^ Bale, Tim (2021). Riding the populist wave: Europe's mainstream right in crisis. Cristóbal Rovira Kaltwasser. Cambridge, United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press. p. 36. ISBN 978-1-009-00686-6. OCLC 1256593260.
  9. ^ Eckdaten Nationalrat 2011 / 2007 (in German), Swiss Parliament, archived from the original on 27 January 2012
  10. ^ Bundesamt für Statistik. "Nationalratswahlen: Übersicht Schweiz". Archived from the original on 20 October 2015. Retrieved 19 October 2015.
  11. ^ Oscar Mazzoleni (2019). "Diversity, unity and beyond: The Swiss Liberals". In Emilie van Haute; Caroline Close (eds.). Liberal Parties in Europe. Taylor & Francis. p. 120. ISBN 978-1-351-24549-4.
  12. ^ Green Liberal Party. "What we stand for". Retrieved 30 August 2016.
  13. ^ a b c d e f Andreas Ladner (May 2012). "Switzerland's Green Liberal Party: a new party model for the environment?". Environmental Politics. 21 (3): 510–515.
  14. ^ "Parliamentary groups of the 49th legislative period 2011 - 2015". Federal Assembly of Switzerland. Archived from the original on 29 April 2014. Retrieved 24 January 2014.
  15. ^ Milic, Thomas (December 2008). "Switzerland". European Journal of Political Research. 47 (7–8): 1148–55. doi:10.1111/j.1475-6765.2008.00812.x.
  16. ^ a b c Dardanelli, Paolo (December 2008). "The Swiss federal elections of 2007". Electoral Studies. 27 (4): 748–51. doi:10.1016/j.electstud.2008.04.010.
  17. ^ "Parteipolitische Zusammensetzung des Ständerates nach den Wahlen". Federal Assembly of Switzerland. Archived from the original on 5 May 2010. Retrieved 2 April 2010.
  18. ^ "Parliamentary groups of the 48th legislative period 2007-2011". Federal Assembly of Switzerland. Archived from the original on 24 March 2010. Retrieved 2 April 2010.
  19. ^ "Klimaschutz & Energie". grunliberale.ch. Retrieved 22 January 2024.
  20. ^ a b "Mit Mut zur Lösung gegen die Blockadepolitik". grunliberale.ch (in German). Retrieved 22 January 2024.
  21. ^ "Gewaltfreie Erziehung". grunliberale.ch (in German). Retrieved 22 January 2024.
  22. ^ "Wirtschaft & Finanzen". grunliberale.ch. Retrieved 22 January 2024.
  23. ^ "Vorlage zur Änderung des Bankengesetzes". grunliberale.ch (in German). Retrieved 22 January 2024.
  24. ^ "Wiederausfuhr von Rüstungsgütern: Wenn der Bundesrat sich weigert, muss das Parlament übernehmen". grunliberale.ch (in German). Retrieved 22 January 2024.