Oberhausen
View over Oberhausen
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Location of Oberhausen
Oberhausen
Oberhausen
Oberhausen
Oberhausen
Coordinates: 51°29′48″N 06°52′14″E / 51.49667°N 6.87056°E / 51.49667; 6.87056Coordinates: 51°29′48″N 06°52′14″E / 51.49667°N 6.87056°E / 51.49667; 6.87056
CountryGermany
StateNorth Rhine-Westphalia
Admin. regionDüsseldorf
DistrictUrban districts of Germany
Government
 • Lord mayorDaniel Schranz (CDU)
Area
 • Total77.04 km2 (29.75 sq mi)
Elevation
78 m (256 ft)
Population
 (2019-12-31)[1]
 • Total210,764
 • Density2,700/km2 (7,100/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Postal codes
46001-46149
Dialling codes0208
Vehicle registrationOB
WebsiteCity of Oberhausen (de)

Oberhausen (/ˈbərhzən/,[2][3][4] German: [ˈoːbɐhaʊzn̩] (About this soundlisten)) is a city on the river Emscher in the Ruhr Area, Germany, located between Duisburg and Essen (c. 13 km or 8.1 mi). The city hosts the International Short Film Festival Oberhausen and its Gasometer Oberhausen is an anchor point of the European Route of Industrial Heritage.

History

Oberhausen was named for its 1847 railway station which had taken its name from the Oberhausen Castle. The new borough was formed in 1862 following inflow of people for the local coal mines and steel mills. Awarded town rights in 1874, Oberhausen absorbed several neighbouring boroughs including Alstaden, parts of Styrum and Dümpten in 1910. Oberhausen became a city in 1901, and they incorporated the towns of Sterkrade and Osterfeld in 1929. The Ruhrchemie AG synthetic oil plant ("Oberhausen-Holten" or "Sterkrade/Holten")[5] was a bombing target of the oil campaign of World War II, and the US forces reached the plant by 4 April 1945.

In 1973, Thyssen AG employed 14,000 people in Oberhausen in the steel industry, but ten years later the number had fallen to 6,000.[6]

In 1954 the city began hosting the International Short Film Festival Oberhausen, and the 1982 Deutscher Filmpreis was awarded to a group that wrote the Oberhausen Manifesto.

Demographics

Population development since 1862:

Historical population
YearPop.±%
18625,590—    
187112,805+129.1%
190042,148+229.2%
191089,900+113.3%
191998,677+9.8%
1925105,121+6.5%
1933192,345+83.0%
1939191,842−0.3%
1950202,808+5.7%
1961256,773+26.6%
1970246,736−3.9%
1987220,286−10.7%
2001221,619+0.6%
2011210,216−5.1%
2017211,422+0.6%
source:[7][circular reference]

The age breakdown of the population (2013) is:[8]

<18 years 15.6%
18–64 years 63.3%
>64 years 21.1%

There were 12.5% non-Germans living in Oberhausen, as of 2014.[9]

The unemployment rate is 10.4% (Jul 2020).[10]

Migrant communities in Oberhausen by 31 December 2017:

 Turkey 8,560
 Syria 2,315
 Serbia 2,090
 Italy 2,005
 Poland 1,840

Twin towns – sister cities

See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Germany

Oberhausen is twinned with:[11]

Notable people

Gallery

References

  1. ^ "Bevölkerung der Gemeinden Nordrhein-Westfalens am 31. Dezember 2019" (in German). Landesbetrieb Information und Technik NRW. Retrieved 17 June 2020.
  2. ^ "Oberhausen". The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language (5th ed.). Boston: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. Retrieved 13 April 2019.
  3. ^ "Oberhausen" (US) and "Oberhausen". Oxford Dictionaries UK Dictionary. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 13 April 2019.
  4. ^ "Oberhausen". Merriam-Webster Dictionary. Retrieved 13 April 2019.
  5. ^ Powell, A.R. (9–10 January 1945). "Detailed Summary of meeting of Oil Mission Held in New Interior Building" (PDF). Enemy Oil Intelligence Committee. p. 17 (p61 of pdf). Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 August 2008. Retrieved 25 March 2009.
  6. ^ John Tagliabue (27 November 1983). "The Twilight of the Industrial Ruhr". New York Times. Retrieved 16 November 2015.
  7. ^ Link
  8. ^ "Demografiebericht AG Ruhr" (PDF). Arbeitsgemeinschaft der kommunalen Statistikstellen der Metropole Ruhr.
  9. ^ "2.02 Fläche und Bevölkerung nach Statistischen Bezirken 2014" (PDF). Statistisches Jahrbuch 2015 der Stadt Oberhausen (in German). Stadt Oberhausen. January 2015. p. 31. Retrieved 29 August 2017.
  10. ^ "Oberhausen – statistik.arbeitsagentur.de". statistik.arbeitsagentur.de. Retrieved 2020-08-11.
  11. ^ "Städtepartnerschaften der Stadt Oberhausen". oberhausen.de (in German). Oberhausen. Retrieved 2021-03-03.