General map of Germany
Population density in 2022

As defined by the German Federal Institute for Research on Building, Urban Affairs and Spatial Development, a Großstadt (large city) is a city with more than 100,000 inhabitants.[1] As of today, 80 cities in Germany fulfill this criterion and are listed here. This list refers only to the population of individual municipalities within their defined limits, which does not include other municipalities or suburban areas within urban agglomerations or metropolitan areas.

List

The following table lists the 80 cities in Germany with a population of at least 100,000 each on 31 December 2021, as estimated by the Federal Statistical Office of Germany.[2] A city is displayed in bold if it is a state or federal capital, and in italics if it is the most populous city in the state. The table below contains the following information:

  1. The city rank by population as of 31 December 2021, as estimated by the Federal Statistical Office of Germany
  2. The city name
  3. The name of the state in which the city lies[3]
  4. The city population as of 31 December 2021, as estimated by the Federal Statistical Office of Germany[4]
  5. The city population as of 31 December 2015, as estimated by the Federal Statistical Office of Germany[4]
  6. The city percentage population change from 31 December 2015 to 31 December 2021
  7. The change in city rank by population from 31 December 2015 to 31 December 2021
  8. The city land area as of 31 December 2021
  9. The city population density as of 31 December 2021 (residents per unit of land area)
  10. The city latitude and longitude coordinates.

Schwerin is the only state capital not listed.

2021
rank
City State 2021
estimate
2015
estimate
Growth Rank
change
2021
land area
2021
population
density
Location
1  Berlin  Berlin 3,677,472 3,520,031 +4.47% Steady 0 891.3 km2
344.1 sq mi
4,126/km2
10,690/sq mi
52°31′N 13°23′E / 52.517°N 13.383°E / 52.517; 13.383 (1 Berlin)
2  Hamburg  Hamburg 1,906,411 1,787,408 +6.66% Steady 0 755.2 km2
291.6 sq mi
2,524/km2
6,540/sq mi
53°33′N 10°0′E / 53.550°N 10.000°E / 53.550; 10.000 (2 Hamburg)
3  Munich (München)  Bavaria 1,487,708 1,450,381 +2.57% Steady 0 310.7 km2
120.0 sq mi
4,788/km2
12,400/sq mi
48°8′N 11°34′E / 48.133°N 11.567°E / 48.133; 11.567 (3 Munich)
4  Cologne (Köln)  North Rhine-Westphalia 1,073,096 1,060,582 +1.18% Steady 0 405.15 km2
156.43 sq mi
2,648/km2
6,860/sq mi
50°56′N 6°57′E / 50.933°N 6.950°E / 50.933; 6.950 (4 Cologne)
5  Frankfurt am Main  Hesse 759,224 732,688 +3.62% Steady 0 248.31 km2
95.87 sq mi
3,057/km2
7,920/sq mi
50°7′N 8°41′E / 50.117°N 8.683°E / 50.117; 8.683 (5 Frankfurt)
6  Stuttgart  Baden-Württemberg 626,275 623,738 +0.41% Steady 0 207.33 km2
80.05 sq mi
3,020/km2
7,800/sq mi
48°47′N 9°11′E / 48.783°N 9.183°E / 48.783; 9.183 (6 Stuttgart)
7  Düsseldorf  North Rhine-Westphalia 619,477 612,178 +1.19% Steady 0 217.41 km2
83.94 sq mi
2,849/km2
7,380/sq mi
51°14′N 6°47′E / 51.233°N 6.783°E / 51.233; 6.783 (7 Düsseldorf)
8  Leipzig  Saxony 601,866 560,472 +7.39% Increase 2 297.4 km2
114.8 sq mi
2,024/km2
5,240/sq mi
51°20′N 12°23′E / 51.333°N 12.383°E / 51.333; 12.383 (8 Leipzig)
9  Dortmund  North Rhine-Westphalia 586,852 586,181 +0.11% Decrease 1 280.71 km2
108.38 sq mi
2,091/km2
5,420/sq mi
51°31′N 7°28′E / 51.517°N 7.467°E / 51.517; 7.467 (9 Dortmund)
10  Essen  North Rhine-Westphalia 579,432 582,624 −0.55% Decrease 1 210.34 km2
81.21 sq mi
2,755/km2
7,140/sq mi
51°27′N 7°1′E / 51.450°N 7.017°E / 51.450; 7.017 (10 Essen)
11 Bremen  Bremen 563,290 557,464 +1.05% Steady 0 326.7 km2
126.1 sq mi
1,724/km2
4,470/sq mi
53°5′N 8°48′E / 53.083°N 8.800°E / 53.083; 8.800 (11 Bremen)
12  Dresden  Saxony 555,351 543,825 +2.12% Steady 0 328.8 km2
127.0 sq mi
1,689/km2
4,370/sq mi
51°2′N 13°44′E / 51.033°N 13.733°E / 51.033; 13.733 (12 Dresden)
13 Hanover (Hannover)  Lower Saxony 535,932 532,163 +0.71% Steady 0 204.0 km2
78.8 sq mi
2,627/km2
6,800/sq mi
52°22′N 9°43′E / 52.367°N 9.717°E / 52.367; 9.717 (13 Hanover)
14  Nuremberg (Nürnberg)  Bavaria 510,632 509,975 +0.13% Steady 0 186.5 km2
72.0 sq mi
2,739/km2
7,090/sq mi
49°27′N 11°5′E / 49.450°N 11.083°E / 49.450; 11.083 (14 Nuremberg)
15  Duisburg  North Rhine-Westphalia 495,152 491,231 +0.80% Steady 0 232.8 km2
89.9 sq mi
2,127/km2
5,510/sq mi
51°26′N 6°46′E / 51.433°N 6.767°E / 51.433; 6.767 (15 Duisburg)
16  Bochum  North Rhine-Westphalia 363,441 364,742 −0.36% Steady 0 145.4 km2
56.1 sq mi
2,500/km2
6,500/sq mi
51°29′N 7°13′E / 51.483°N 7.217°E / 51.483; 7.217 (16 Bochum)
17  Wuppertal  North Rhine-Westphalia 354,572 350,046 +1.29% Steady 0 168.4 km2
65.0 sq mi
2,105/km2
5,450/sq mi
51°16′N 7°11′E / 51.267°N 7.183°E / 51.267; 7.183 (17 Wuppertal)
18 Bielefeld  North Rhine-Westphalia 334,002 333,090 +0.27% Steady 0 257.8 km2
99.5 sq mi
1,296/km2
3,360/sq mi
52°1′N 8°32′E / 52.017°N 8.533°E / 52.017; 8.533 (18 Bielefeld)
19  Bonn  North Rhine-Westphalia 331,885 318,809 +4.10% Steady 0 141.1 km2
54.5 sq mi
2,353/km2
6,090/sq mi
50°44′N 7°6′E / 50.733°N 7.100°E / 50.733; 7.100 (19 Bonn)
20  Münster  North Rhine-Westphalia 317,713 310,039 +2.48% Steady 0 302.9 km2
117.0 sq mi
1,049/km2
2,720/sq mi
51°58′N 7°38′E / 51.967°N 7.633°E / 51.967; 7.633 (20 Münster)
21  Mannheim  Baden-Württemberg 311,831 305,780 +1.98% Increase 1 145.0 km2
56.0 sq mi
2,151/km2
5,570/sq mi
49°29′N 8°28′E / 49.483°N 8.467°E / 49.483; 8.467 (21 Mannheim)
22  Karlsruhe  Baden-Württemberg 306,502 307,755 −0.41% Decrease 1 173.5 km2
67.0 sq mi
1,767/km2
4,580/sq mi
49°0′N 8°24′E / 49.000°N 8.400°E / 49.000; 8.400 (22 Karlsruhe)
23  Augsburg  Bavaria 296,478 286,374 +3.53% Steady 0 146.8 km2
56.7 sq mi
2,019/km2
5,230/sq mi
48°22′N 10°54′E / 48.367°N 10.900°E / 48.367; 10.900 (23 Augsburg)
24  Wiesbaden  Hesse 278,950 276,218 +0.99% Steady 0 203.9 km2
78.7 sq mi
1,368/km2
3,540/sq mi
50°5′N 8°14′E / 50.083°N 8.233°E / 50.083; 8.233 (24 Wiesbaden)
25  Mönchengladbach  North Rhine-Westphalia 261,001 259,996 +0.39% Increase 1 170.4 km2
65.8 sq mi
1,531/km2
3,970/sq mi
51°12′N 6°26′E / 51.200°N 6.433°E / 51.200; 6.433 (25 Mönchengladbach)
26  Gelsenkirchen  North Rhine-Westphalia 260,126 260,368 −0.09% Decrease 1 104.8 km2
40.5 sq mi
2,481/km2
6,430/sq mi
51°31′N 7°6′E / 51.517°N 7.100°E / 51.517; 7.100 (26 Gelsenkirchen)
27 Aachen  North Rhine-Westphalia 249,070 245,885 +1.30% Increase 3 160.85 km2
62.10 sq mi
1,548/km2
4,010/sq mi
50°47′N 6°5′E / 50.783°N 6.083°E / 50.783; 6.083 (27 Aachen)
28  Braunschweig  Lower Saxony 248,823 251,364 −1.01% Decrease 1 192.1 km2
74.2 sq mi
1,295/km2
3,350/sq mi
52°16′N 10°31′E / 52.267°N 10.517°E / 52.267; 10.517 (28 Braunschweig)
29  Kiel  Schleswig-Holstein 246,243 246,306 −0.03% Steady 0 118.6 km2
45.8 sq mi
2,076/km2
5,380/sq mi
54°20′N 10°8′E / 54.333°N 10.133°E / 54.333; 10.133 (29 Kiel)
30  Chemnitz  Saxony 243,105 248,645 −2.23% Decrease 2 220.85 km2
85.27 sq mi
1,101/km2
2,850/sq mi
50°50′N 12°55′E / 50.833°N 12.917°E / 50.833; 12.917 (30 Chemnitz)
31 Halle (Saale)  Saxony-Anhalt 238,061 236,991 +0.45% Steady 0 135.0 km2
52.1 sq mi
1,763/km2
4,570/sq mi
51°29′N 11°58′E / 51.483°N 11.967°E / 51.483; 11.967 (31 Halle (Saale))
32 Magdeburg  Saxony-Anhalt 236,188 235,723 +0.20% Steady 0 201.0 km2
77.6 sq mi
1,175/km2
3,040/sq mi
52°8′N 11°37′E / 52.133°N 11.617°E / 52.133; 11.617 (32 Magdeburg)
33 Freiburg im Breisgau  Baden-Württemberg 231,848 226,393 +2.41% Steady 0 153.1 km2
59.1 sq mi
1,514/km2
3,920/sq mi
47°59′N 7°51′E / 47.983°N 7.850°E / 47.983; 7.850 (33 Freiburg im Breisgau)
34 Krefeld  North Rhine-Westphalia 227,050 225,144 +0.85% Steady 0 137.7 km2
53.2 sq mi
1,649/km2
4,270/sq mi
51°20′N 6°34′E / 51.333°N 6.567°E / 51.333; 6.567 (34 Krefeld)
35 Mainz  Rhineland-Palatinate 217,556 209,779 +3.71% Increase 3 97.7 km2
37.7 sq mi
2,226/km2
5,770/sq mi
50°0′N 8°16′E / 50.000°N 8.267°E / 50.000; 8.267 (35 Mainz)
36  Lübeck  Schleswig-Holstein 216,277 216,253 +0.01% Decrease 1 214.1 km2
82.7 sq mi
1,010/km2
2,600/sq mi
53°52′N 10°41′E / 53.867°N 10.683°E / 53.867; 10.683 (36 Lübeck)
37  Erfurt  Thuringia 213,227 210,118 +1.48% Steady 0 269.2 km2
103.9 sq mi
792/km2
2,050/sq mi
50°59′N 11°2′E / 50.983°N 11.033°E / 50.983; 11.033 (37 Erfurt)
38  Oberhausen  North Rhine-Westphalia 208,752 210,934 −1.03% Decrease 2 77.0 km2
29.7 sq mi
2,710/km2
7,000/sq mi
51°28′N 6°51′E / 51.467°N 6.850°E / 51.467; 6.850 (38 Oberhausen)
39  Rostock  Mecklenburg-Vorpommern 208,400 206,011 +1.16% Steady 0 181.4 km2
70.0 sq mi
1,149/km2
2,980/sq mi
54°5′N 12°8′E / 54.083°N 12.133°E / 54.083; 12.133 (39 Rostock)
40  Kassel  Hesse 200,406 197,984 +1.22% Steady 0 107.0 km2
41.3 sq mi
1,873/km2
4,850/sq mi
51°19′N 9°30′E / 51.317°N 9.500°E / 51.317; 9.500 (40 Kassel)
41  Hagen  North Rhine-Westphalia 188,713 189,044 −0.18% Steady 0 160.4 km2
61.9 sq mi
1,177/km2
3,050/sq mi
51°22′N 7°29′E / 51.367°N 7.483°E / 51.367; 7.483 (41 Hagen)
42  Potsdam  Brandenburg 183,154 167,745 +9.19% Increase 3 187.3 km2
72.3 sq mi
978/km2
2,530/sq mi
52°24′N 13°4′E / 52.400°N 13.067°E / 52.400; 13.067 (42 Potsdam)
43 Saarbrücken  Saarland 179,634 178,151 +0.83% Steady 0 167.1 km2
64.5 sq mi
1,075/km2
2,780/sq mi
49°14′N 7°0′E / 49.233°N 7.000°E / 49.233; 7.000 (43 Saarbrücken)
44  Hamm  North Rhine-Westphalia 179,238 179,397 −0.09% Decrease 2 226.3 km2
87.4 sq mi
792/km2
2,050/sq mi
51°41′N 7°49′E / 51.683°N 7.817°E / 51.683; 7.817 (44 Hamm)
45 Ludwigshafen am Rhein  Rhineland-Palatinate 172,145 164,718 +4.51% Increase 1 77.7 km2
30.0 sq mi
2,216/km2
5,740/sq mi
49°29′N 8°26′E / 49.483°N 8.433°E / 49.483; 8.433 (45 Ludwigshafen)
46 Mülheim an der Ruhr  North Rhine-Westphalia 170,739 169,278 +0.86% Decrease 2 91.3 km2
35.3 sq mi
1,871/km2
4,850/sq mi
51°26′N 6°53′E / 51.433°N 6.883°E / 51.433; 6.883 (46 Mülheim)
47 Oldenburg  Lower Saxony 170,389 163,830 +4.00% Steady 0 103.0 km2
39.8 sq mi
1,655/km2
4,290/sq mi
53°8′N 8°13′E / 53.133°N 8.217°E / 53.133; 8.217 (47 Oldenburg)
48 Osnabrück  Lower Saxony 165,034 162,403 +1.62% Increase 1 119.8 km2
46.3 sq mi
1,378/km2
3,570/sq mi
52°17′N 8°3′E / 52.283°N 8.050°E / 52.283; 8.050 (48 Osnabrück)
49  Leverkusen  North Rhine-Westphalia 163,851 163,487 +0.22% Decrease 1 78.9 km2
30.5 sq mi
2,078/km2
5,380/sq mi
51°2′N 6°59′E / 51.033°N 6.983°E / 51.033; 6.983 (49 Leverkusen)
50 Darmstadt  Hesse 159,631 155,353 +2.75% Increase 4 122.2 km2
47.2 sq mi
1,306/km2
3,380/sq mi
49°52′N 8°39′E / 49.867°N 8.650°E / 49.867; 8.650 (50 Darmstadt)
51 Heidelberg  Baden-Württemberg 159,245 156,267 +1.91% Steady 0 108.8 km2
42.0 sq mi
1,463/km2
3,790/sq mi
49°25′N 8°43′E / 49.417°N 8.717°E / 49.417; 8.717 (51 Heidelberg)
52  Solingen  North Rhine-Westphalia 158,957 158,726 +0.15% Decrease 2 89.5 km2
34.6 sq mi
1,777/km2
4,600/sq mi
51°10′N 7°5′E / 51.167°N 7.083°E / 51.167; 7.083 (52 Solingen)
53 Herne  North Rhine-Westphalia 156,621 155,851 +0.49% Decrease 1 51.4 km2
19.8 sq mi
3,047/km2
7,890/sq mi
51°33′N 7°13′E / 51.550°N 7.217°E / 51.550; 7.217 (53 Herne)
54 Regensburg  Bavaria 153,542 145,465 +5.55% Increase 2 80.8 km2
31.2 sq mi
1,901/km2
4,920/sq mi
49°1′N 12°5′E / 49.017°N 12.083°E / 49.017; 12.083 (54 Regensburg)
55 Neuss  North Rhine-Westphalia 152,731 155,414 −1.73% Increase 2 99.5 km2
38.4 sq mi
1,535/km2
3,980/sq mi
51°12′N 6°42′E / 51.200°N 6.700°E / 51.200; 6.700 (55 Neuss)
56  Paderborn  North Rhine-Westphalia 152,531 148,126 +2.97% Decrease 1 179.4 km2
69.3 sq mi
850/km2
2,200/sq mi
51°43′N 8°46′E / 51.717°N 8.767°E / 51.717; 8.767 (56 Paderborn)
57  Ingolstadt  Bavaria 138,016 132,438 +4.21% Steady 0 133.4 km2
51.5 sq mi
1,035/km2
2,680/sq mi
48°46′N 11°26′E / 48.767°N 11.433°E / 48.767; 11.433 (57 Ingolstadt)
58 Offenbach am Main  Hesse 131,295 123,734 +6.11% Increase 3 44.9 km2
17.3 sq mi
2,924/km2
7,570/sq mi
50°6′N 8°48′E / 50.100°N 8.800°E / 50.100; 8.800 (58 Offenbach am Main)
59 Fürth  Bavaria 129,122 124,171 +3.99% Steady 0 63.4 km2
24.5 sq mi
2,038/km2
5,280/sq mi
49°28′N 11°0′E / 49.467°N 11.000°E / 49.467; 11.000 (59 Fürth)
60 Ulm  Baden-Württemberg 126,949 122,636 +3.52% Increase 2 118.7 km2
45.8 sq mi
1,070/km2
2,800/sq mi
48°24′N 9°59′E / 48.400°N 9.983°E / 48.400; 9.983 (60 Ulm)
61 Würzburg  Bavaria 126,933 124,873 +1.65% Decrease 3 87.6 km2
33.8 sq mi
1,449/km2
3,750/sq mi
49°47′N 9°56′E / 49.783°N 9.933°E / 49.783; 9.933 (61 Würzburg)
62 Heilbronn  Baden-Württemberg 125,613 122,567 +2.49% Increase 1 99.9 km2
38.6 sq mi
1,258/km2
3,260/sq mi
49°9′N 9°13′E / 49.150°N 9.217°E / 49.150; 9.217 (62 Heilbronn)
63 Pforzheim  Baden-Württemberg 125,529 122,247 +2.68% Increase 1 98.0 km2
37.8 sq mi
1,281/km2
3,320/sq mi
48°54′N 8°43′E / 48.900°N 8.717°E / 48.900; 8.717 (63 Pforzheim)
64 Wolfsburg  Lower Saxony 123,949 124,045 −0.08% Decrease 4 204.0 km2
78.8 sq mi
608/km2
1,570/sq mi
52°25′23″N 10°47′14″E / 52.42306°N 10.78722°E / 52.42306; 10.78722 (64 Wolfsburg)
65  Bottrop  North Rhine-Westphalia 117,311 117,143 +0.14% Increase 1 100.7 km2
38.9 sq mi
1,165/km2
3,020/sq mi
51°31′29″N 6°55′22″E / 51.52472°N 6.92278°E / 51.52472; 6.92278 (65 Bottrop)
66 Göttingen  Lower Saxony 116,557 118,914 −1.98% Decrease 1 116.9 km2
45.1 sq mi
997/km2
2,580/sq mi
51°32′N 9°56′E / 51.533°N 9.933°E / 51.533; 9.933 (66 Göttingen)
67 Reutlingen  Baden-Württemberg 116,456 114,310 +1.88% Increase 2 87.1 km2
33.6 sq mi
1,338/km2
3,470/sq mi
48°29′N 9°13′E / 48.483°N 9.217°E / 48.483; 9.217 (67 Reutlingen)
68  Koblenz  Rhineland-Palatinate 113,638 112,586 +0.93% Increase 3 105.0 km2
40.5 sq mi
1,082/km2
2,800/sq mi
50°21′35″N 7°35′52″E / 50.35972°N 7.59778°E / 50.35972; 7.59778 (68 Koblenz)
69 Erlangen  Bavaria 113,292 108,336 +4.57% Increase 6 77.0 km2
29.7 sq mi
1,472/km2
3,810/sq mi
49°35′N 11°1′E / 49.583°N 11.017°E / 49.583; 11.017 (69 Erlangen)
70 Bremerhaven  Bremen 113,173 114,025 −0.75% Steady 0 93.8 km2
36.2 sq mi
1,206/km2
3,120/sq mi
53°33′N 8°35′E / 53.550°N 8.583°E / 53.550; 8.583 (70 Bremerhaven)
71 Remscheid  North Rhine-Westphalia 111,770 109,499 +2.07% Increase 3 74.6 km2
28.8 sq mi
1,498/km2
3,880/sq mi
51°11′N 7°12′E / 51.183°N 7.200°E / 51.183; 7.200 (71 Remscheid)
72 Bergisch Gladbach  North Rhine-Westphalia 111,645 111,366 +0.25% Steady 0 83.1 km2
32.1 sq mi
1,343/km2
3,480/sq mi
51°6′N 7°7′E / 51.100°N 7.117°E / 51.100; 7.117 (72 Bergisch Gladbach)
73 Recklinghausen  North Rhine-Westphalia 110,714 114,330 −3.16% Decrease 5 66.4 km2
25.6 sq mi
1,667/km2
4,320/sq mi
51°35′6″N 7°9′43″E / 51.58500°N 7.16194°E / 51.58500; 7.16194 (73 Recklinghausen)
74 Trier  Rhineland-Palatinate 110,570 114,914 −3.78% Decrease 7 117.1 km2
45.2 sq mi
945/km2
2,450/sq mi
49°45′N 6°38′E / 49.750°N 6.633°E / 49.750; 6.633 (74 Trier)
75 Jena  Thuringia 110,502 109,527 +0.89% Decrease 2 114.8 km2
44.3 sq mi
963/km2
2,490/sq mi
50°55′38″N 11°35′10″E / 50.92722°N 11.58611°E / 50.92722; 11.58611 (75 Jena)
76 Moers  North Rhine-Westphalia 103,725 104,529 −0.77% Steady 0 67.7 km2
26.1 sq mi
1,533/km2
3,970/sq mi
51°27′33″N 6°37′11″E / 51.45917°N 6.61972°E / 51.45917; 6.61972 (76 Moers)
77 Salzgitter  Lower Saxony 103,694 101,079 +2.59% Increase 2 223.9 km2
86.4 sq mi
463/km2
1,200/sq mi
52°9′N 10°20′E / 52.150°N 10.333°E / 52.150; 10.333 (77 Salzgitter)
78 Siegen  North Rhine-Westphalia 101,516 102,355 −0.82% Decrease 1 114.7 km2
44.3 sq mi
885/km2
2,290/sq mi
50°53′N 8°1′E / 50.883°N 8.017°E / 50.883; 8.017 (78 Siegen)
79 Gütersloh  North Rhine-Westphalia 101,158 97,586 +3.66% Increase 3 112.0 km2
43.2 sq mi
896/km2
2,320/sq mi
51°54′N 8°23′E / 51.900°N 8.383°E / 51.900; 8.383 (79 Gütersloh)
80 Hildesheim  Lower Saxony 100,319 101,667 −1.33% Decrease 2 92.2 km2
35.6 sq mi
1,088/km2
2,820/sq mi
52°9′N 9°57′E / 52.150°N 9.950°E / 52.150; 9.950 (80 Hildesheim)

Gallery

See also

References

  1. ^ "Laufende Stadtbeobachtung – Raumabgrenzungen" (in German). Bundesinstitut für Bau-, Stadt- und Raumforschung. Archived from the original on 1 October 2017. Retrieved 15 February 2018.
  2. ^ "Homepage".
  3. ^ "Bevölkerung nach Geschlecht für Kreise und kreisfreie Städte" (XLS) (in German). Wiesbaden: Federal Statistical Office of Germany. 10 April 2014.
  4. ^ a b "Städte in Deutschland nach Fläche und Bevölkerung auf Grundlage des Zensus 2011 und Bevölkerungsdichte: Gebietsstand 31.12.2015" (XLS) (in German). Wiesbaden: Federal Statistical Office of Germany. 13 December 2016.