Condor Flugdienst GmbH
IATA ICAO Callsign
DE[1] CFG CONDOR
Founded21 December 1955; 67 years ago (1955-12-21)
(as Deutsche Flugdienst GmbH)
Commenced operations29 March 1956; 67 years ago (1956-03-29)
Operating bases
Frequent-flyer programMileage Plan (affiliate)
Fleet size50[2]
Destinations81
Parent companyAttestor Capital
HeadquartersNeu Isenburg, Germany
Key peopleRalf Teckentrup, CEO
Employees4,900+
Websitewww.condor.com

Condor Flugdienst GmbH is a German leisure airline established in 1955 with Frankfurt Airport being its main base. Condor offers scheduled flights to leisure destinations and operates, from Germany, medium-haul flights to the Mediterranean Basin and the Canary Islands as well as long-haul flights to destinations in Africa, Asia, North America, South America and the Caribbean. Whereas medium-haul flights are operated from many German airports (and Zurich), long-haul flights usually depart from Frankfurt, with a few rotations operated from Düsseldorf and Munich.[3] Condor also operates charter flights.

The airline was originally established as Deutsche Flugdienst GmbH on 21 December 1955. Its initial fleet consisted of three 36-passenger Vickers VC.1 Viking aircraft, the airline's first tourist-orientated flight commenced on 29 March 1956. In 1961, Deutsche Flugdienst took over its rival Condor-Luftreederei and subsequently adopted Condor Flugdienst GmbH as its operating name. During 1966, Condor launched its first long-haul flights. By this time, the airline had a majority market share of Germany's tourism air travel market. During the 1990s, Condor was restructured and merged with other businesses to become an integrated tourism concern known as C&N Touristik.

In 2000, the Condor shares held by Lufthansa were gradually acquired by both Thomas Cook AG and Thomas Cook Group. On 4 February 2013, the Thomas Cook Group announced that Thomas Cook Airlines, Thomas Cook Airlines Belgium, and Condor would be merged into a single operating segment of the Thomas Cook Group, Thomas Cook Group Airlines.

On 23 September 2019, Condor's parent company Thomas Cook Group collapsed; however, Condor received a bridge loan from the German government in order to remain in operation. Condor Flugdienst GmbH continued to be an asset of Thomas Cook Group plc until the asset is sold or the liquidation is completed by the Official Receiver.[4][5] On 24 January 2020, it was announced that the Polish Aviation Group, owner of LOT Polish Airlines, would acquire Condor.[6] The acquisition was expected to be completed by April 2020 once antitrust approvals were obtained.[7] However, on 2 April 2020 it was announced that the sale to LOT Polish Airlines had fallen through.[8] Since then, a majority has been sold to Attestor, an investment firm.[9]

History

A Condor Vickers Viking 1B cargo aircraft operating for Lufthansa Cargo in 1964
Condor Vickers Viscount in 1965
Condor Boeing 707-330 in 1978
Condor Boeing 747-230 in 1976
Condor Airbus A300 in 1979
Condor McDonnell Douglas DC-10 in 1990
Condor Boeing 767-300ER in 2003, featuring the Thomas Cook powered by Condor livery and titles that were introduced in the 1990s.
Boeing 757-300 wearing the former Thomas Cook branded livery. The depicted tailfin logo would be replaced with Condor's own signage following the split from Thomas Cook.

1955–1979: Establishment and early years

Condor was founded on 21 December 1955 as Deutsche Flugdienst GmbH. Its initial ownership was divided between the German shipping company Norddeutscher Lloyd (27.75%), trans-Atlantic shipping firm Hamburg America Line (27.75%), German flag carrier airline Deutsche Lufthansa (26%), and railway company Deutsche Bundesbahn (18.5%). Deutsche Flugdienst's initial fleet consisted of three 36-passenger Vickers VC.1 Viking aircraft; they were based at Frankfurt Airport, which was also a prominent Lufthansa hub at that time.[10] On 29 March 1956, the airline's first tourist-oriented flight commenced, a pilgrimage flight to the Holy Land. Within its first year of operation, destinations such as Majorca and the Canary Islands were added to the airline's flight schedule.[11]

Between 1959 and 1960, Lufthansa bought out the other shareholdings, acquiring sole ownership of Deutsche Flugdienst.[10][11] In 1961, Deutsche Flugdienst took over its rival Condor-Luftreederei (which had been founded in 1957 by Oetker), subsequently changing its name to Condor Flugdienst GmbH, thus introducing the "Condor" name with Lufthansa.[10] During the following year, Condor Flugdienst GmbH had a 63.3% market share of Germany's tourism air travel market, transporting a total of 66,000 passengers in that year; Majorca was by far the most popular destination, attracting 36,000 tourists.[11]

The following decade was an era of considerable growth for Condor. During 1966, the company launched its first long-haul flights, reaching destinations such as Thailand, Sri Lanka, Kenya and the Dominican Republic.[11] In 1971, Condor became the first leisure-orientated airline in the world to adopt the Boeing 747, which was the worlds’ biggest aircraft during the era. By 1973, Condor's fleet consisted of a total of 14 Boeing airliners: Two Boeing 747s, two Boeing 707s and ten Boeing 727s.[11]

1980–1999: Expansion and restructuring

During 1989, the firm launched "Condor Flüge Individuell" (later known as Condor Individuell); this venture leveraged its individual seat business to sell airline seats to members of the public directly.[11] According to a Condor spokesman, the airline was selling around 15% of its tickets itself. During the early 1990s, production company Südflug, a wholly owned subsidiary of Condor, was integrated into the airline.[12] This change brought both the Boeing 757 and Boeing 767 jetliners into Condor's service; being configured with two-class cabins, Condor became the first tourism airline to introduce a separate, more comfortable class upon its aircraft.[11]

During 1995, Condor expanded its shareholdings in other ventures.[11] Condor-Touristik-Verbund held a 30% stake in alpha Holding GmbH, 37.5% of the shares in Kreutzer Touristik GmbH, wholly owned Fischer Reisen GmbH, and a 10% stake in Öger Tours GmbH. The airline also assumed ownership of the 40% stake held by parent airline Lufthansa in SunExpress, a Turkish charter airline; its ownership of the firm would subsequently be extended to 50%.[11][13][14]

1996 was Condor Flugdienst GmbH's 40th anniversary; to mark the occasion, American artist James Rizzi redecorated a Boeing 757 as a flying work of art, which was sometimes referred to as the Rizzi-Bird.[11] In the latter half of that year, the company became the launch customer for the Boeing 757-300, having placed twelve firm orders for the variant.[15][16] To increase operational flexibility, Condor frequently trained its pilots so that they could operate both the Boeing 757 and 767 without any restrictions.[17]

During 1998, the airline established Condor Berlin GmbH, a wholly owned subsidiary headquartered at Berlin Schönefeld Airport. This new entity was a low-cost carrier intended to compete with rivals such as Aero Lloyd and Air Berlin; Condor estimated that its subsidiary's costs ought to be about 20% lower than the parent company's own.[18][12] That same year, Condor placed orders for six Airbus A320-200 airliners, the most technologically modern short-haul aircraft in the world at that time;[19] that airline would subsequently operate twelve aircraft of the type in its fleet.[11]

The late 1990s was dominated by industrial consolidation efforts. Condor's parent airline, Lufthansa, opted to break ties with Hapag-Lloyd to link up with German retailer Karstadt and NUR, its tour operator; this led to the creation of the jointly owned C&N Touristik, bringing together Germany's largest holiday airline with tour operations.[20] Thus, Condor became an integrated tourism concern.[11]

2000–2009: Transition to Thomas Cook ownership

From 2000 onwards, the Condor shares held by Lufthansa were gradually acquired by both Thomas Cook AG and Thomas Cook Group.[21] The process of transforming Condor from a Lufthansa subsidiary to a part of Thomas Cook (along with Thomas Cook Airlines, Thomas Cook Airlines Belgium and Thomas Cook Airlines Scandinavia began with the rebranding as Thomas Cook powered by Condor on 1 March 2003.[21] A new livery was introduced, featuring the Thomas Cook logo on the aircraft tail and the word "Condor" written in the font used by Thomas Cook Airlines. On 23 January 2004, Condor became part of Thomas Cook AG and returned to the Condor brand name.[21] By December 2006, the remaining Lufthansa shares only amounted to 24.9 percent.[21]

On 20 September 2007, shortly after having taken over LTU International, Air Berlin announced its intention to acquire Condor in a share swap deal. It was intended to buy the 75.1 percent of Condor shares held by Thomas Cook, with the remaining Lufthansa assets being acquired in 2010. In return, Thomas Cook would take up 29.99 percent of the Air Berlin stock.[22] However, on 11 September 2008, this plan was abandoned.[21]

2010–2020: Rise and fall of Thomas Cook Group Airlines

In December 2010, Thomas Cook Group chose the Airbus A320 family as preferred short-medium haul aircraft type for its airlines, with a review concerning the long-haul aircraft scheduled for 2011.[23]

On 17 September 2012, the airline signed a codeshare agreement with the Mexican low-cost carrier, Volaris.[24] On 12 March 2013, Condor and the Canadian airline WestJet agreed on an interline partnership which will offer customers connecting flights to/from 17 destinations in Canada. This agreement expands the network of both airlines, allowing passengers to connect beyond each airline's own network.[25]

On 4 February 2013, the Thomas Cook Group announced that Thomas Cook Airlines, Thomas Cook Airlines Belgium, and Condor would merge into a single operating segment of the Thomas Cook Group, Thomas Cook Group Airlines.[26] On 1 October 2013, the Thomas Cook Group began presenting itself under the new unified brand symbol. The aircraft of the Thomas Cook Group Airlines also had the new logo: the Sunny Heart added to their tails and were re-painted in the new corporate color scheme grey, white, and yellow. On the aircraft, the Sunny Heart on the tail is meant to symbolize the unification of airline brands and tour operators within the entire Thomas Cook Group.[27]

Condor refurbished the cabins on all of its Boeing 767-300 long-haul aircraft. All economy class and premium economy class seats were replaced with new seats from ZIM Flugsitz GmbH. Condor kept its successful Premium Economy Class with more legroom and added services.[28] The new Business Class seats (Zodiac Aerospace) offer fully automated, angled-lie-flat seats capable of inclining to an angle of 170 degrees with a bed length of 1.80 metres (5 ft 11 in). The airline added seats in its new Business Class section from 18 to 30 seats on three of its Boeing 767 aircraft. New in-flight entertainment includes personal screens for all passengers throughout all three classes of service. Condor will implement the RAVE IFE technology of Zodiac In-flight Entertainment. On 27 June 2014, Condor completed the cabin refurbishment for all of its long-haul Boeing 767 aircraft.[29][30]

In early 2017, Condor's CEO Ralf Teckentrup introduced a plan to cut operating costs by 40 million, because of the €14 million operating cost loss and the €1.4 billion revenue drop.[31] The passenger numbers also dropped by 6%. Condor had also planned new routes to the United States for San Diego, New Orleans, and Pittsburgh; all flights are operated by the 767-300ER.[32]

On 25 September 2019, Condor secured additional credit facilities of €380 million to keep flying, despite the collapse of Thomas Cook Group.[33] On the same day, a Frankfurt court authorised investor protection measures to allow Condor to be restructured.[34] On 1 December 2019, the Frankfurt district formally opened these proceedings under the "Schutzschirmverfahren" (protective shield proceedings) clause with the liquidator, Lucas Flöther [de], requesting creditors to register their claims with him by 8 January 2020.[35]

On 24 January 2020, Condor announced that PGL Polish Aviation Group would be buying Condor and the deal was expected to close in April 2020 once antitrust approvals are obtained. With this deal, PGL was expected to repay the bridge loan from Germany in full. Condor would have continued to operate under their current brand and management.[6] However, on 2 April 2020 it was announced that the sale to LOT Polish Airlines had fallen through.[8][36]

Recent developments

On 20 May 2021, Attestor Capital acquired 51% of the airline. It announced that it would provide 200 million euros of equity capital and will provide a further 250 million euros to modernise Condor's long-haul fleet.[9] In July 2021, the European Commission found an aid package offered by the German State to Condor to be in line with EU State aid rules. The approval of the aid package worth in total US$240 million, and restructuring support of US$378.7 million, was intended to enable Condor to return to viability.[37]

On 28 July 2021, the airline announced an order of 16 Airbus A330-900 to replace its current fleet of Boeing 767-300ER.[38] The order has later been expanded to 18 aircraft.[39]

In April 2022, Condor announced a major change to their corporate design including a revised logo and an entirely new aircraft livery composed of distinctive stripes in bold colors over the entire fuselage, replacing the former Thomas Cook design.[40] On 25 July 2022, the airline announced an order of 13 Airbus A320neo and 28 Airbus A321neo to replace its existing fleet of Airbus A320 family and Boeing 757-300.[41]

On 19 December 2022, Condor received its first of overall 18 Airbus A330-900neo in Frankfurt to renew their entire long-haul fleet. The aircraft's first revenue flight took off on 27 December to Mauritius.[39] The second aircraft followed only a few days later on 30 December 2022.[42]

Destinations

Countries and dependencies in which Condor operates (August 2023)[43][44]

Main article: List of Condor Flugdienst destinations

Interline agreements

Corporate affairs

Headquarters

The former head office near Frankfurt Airport at its inauguration. The flight attendants are wearing uniforms from different generations for the occasion.

Condor has been headquartered in Neu-Isenburg[56] since 2020. It was previously based in Kelsterbach[57][58] and later Frankfurt.[59]

In January 2010, the airline broke ground on their then new headquarters in Gateway Gardens, an office complex in Flughafen, Frankfurt, across the Bundesautobahn 3 from Frankfurt Airport. 380 ground employees worked in the building, and pre-flight briefings for about 2,000 flight attendants were held in the building. Prior to its redevelopment, the land housed families stationed at a U.S. military base.[60] Groß & Partner and OFB Projektentwicklung developed the seven-floor facility.[61] The 14,600-square-metre (157,000 sq ft) building is situated between the park and the central plaza, in the "Quartier Mondo" area of Gateway Gardens. It housed Condor's corporate headquarters, a training and education center with a flight simulator, and the airline's flight operations facility. 2,700 square metres (29,000 sq ft) of the facility included small units rented to other tenants and a café and restaurant on the building's first floor. The building opened in the spring of 2012.[59] However, Condor left the complex in 2020 and rented cheaper offices in nearby Neu-Isenburg.[62]

Condor Berlin

At the beginning of 1998, Condor founded Condor Berlin GmbH (CIB), a wholly owned subsidiary headquartered in Berlin-Schönefeld. It used the ICAO-Code CIB and operated on short and medium-haul routes with its Airbus A320-200 until its integration into the parent company on 1 May 2013.[63]

Fleet

Current fleet

As of July 2023, the Condor fleet consists of the following aircraft:[2][64]

Aircraft In service Orders Passengers Notes
C P Y Total Refs
Airbus A320-200 21 24 156 180 [65] To be retired and replaced by Airbus A320neo.[66]
9 aircraft on seasonal lease from other airlines.[64]
Airbus A320neo 13 TBA Deliveries to begin in 2024.[67][66]
Airbus A321-200 11 24 186 210 [68] To be retired and replaced by Airbus A321neo.[66]
196 220
Airbus A321neo 28 TBA Deliveries to begin in 2024.[67][66]
Airbus A330-200 5 22 234 256 [69] Leased until January 2024[70] in preparation of the A330neo deliveries.[71][72]
240 262
Airbus A330-900 7 16 30 64 216 310 [73] Deliveries until 2024.[74]
Boeing 757-300 9 26 249 275 [75] To be retired between 2026 and 2028 and replaced by Airbus A321neo.[71][66]
6 of formerly 15 aircraft returned to lessors since 2020.[64]
36 239 275
Boeing 767-300ER 7 18 35 205 258 [76] To be retired by early 2024 and replaced by Airbus A330-900.[72][77]
9 of formerly 16 aircraft returned to lessors since 2020.[64]
206 259
30 180 245
Total 60 57
Airbus A320-200 wearing the yellow livery version
Airbus A321-200 wearing the red livery version
Airbus A330-900 wearing the sand livery version
Boeing 757-300 wearing the blue livery version
Boeing 767-300ER wearing the former livery with Condor's own tailfin logo instead of the former Thomas Cook signage

Historical fleet

Over the years, Condor operated the following aircraft types:[78][79]

Aircraft Total Introduced Retired Notes
Airbus A300B4 9 1979 1988
Airbus A310-200 3 1985 1991
Airbus A310-300 2 1987 1999
Airbus A319-100 1 2011 2011 leased from Hamburg Airways[80]
Airbus A330-200 1 2017 2018 leased from Air Transat[81]
3 2018 2019 operated by Thomas Cook Airlines[81]
1 2019 2020 leased from AirTanker[82]
Airbus A330-300 2 2022 2023 operated by SmartLynx Airlines Malta[83]
Beechcraft 65 4 1964 1966
Boeing 707-320B 5 1967 1981
Boeing 707-320C 1 1977 1979
Boeing 707-420 1 1975 1976
Boeing 727-100 7 1966 1982
Boeing 727-200 8 1973 1989
Boeing 737-100 3 1969 1971 leased from Lufthansa[78]
Boeing 737-200 4 1981 1988
Boeing 737-300 9 1987 1998
Boeing 747-200B 2 1971 1979 Condor was the first leisure airline worldwide to operate the 747.[84]
Boeing 747-200M 1 1979 1980 leased from Lufthansa[84]
Boeing 747-400M 1 1993 1996 Leased from Lufthansa to operate the Taipei route.[84]
Boeing 757-200 20 1990 2006
British Aerospace 125 2 1967 1971 Leased from and operated by Conti-Flug.[85]
Convair CV-240[86] 3 1961 1962
Douglas DC-8-33 1 1968 1969 Taken over from Südflug by Lufthansa and transferred to Condor.[87]
Douglas DC-8-73CF 1 1985 1986
Lockheed L-1049G Super Constellation 5 1964 1964
Lockheed L-1649A Starliner 2 1960 1962
McDonnell Douglas DC-10-30 5 1979 1999
Fokker F27 Friendship 2 1965 1968
Vickers Viking[88] 3 1956 1964
Vickers Viscount 4 1962 1969

Special liveries

In recent years, Condor fitted few of its aircraft with dedicated special liveries:[89]

Airbus A320-200 in a special retro livery named Hans
Boeing 757-300 in a special livery named Willi
Former Boeing 767-300ER in a special livery named Achim

Cabin

The configuration and equipment of Condor's long-haul fleet interior varies greatly depending on the aircraft:

Boeing 767

All Boeing 767 aircraft, which are in the process of being phased out, offer Business, Premium Economy and Economy class seating in varying numbers. All seats are equipped with personal inflight entertainment, however in Economy Class most content must be paid for additionally. The Business Class seats from Zodiac Aerospace are configured in 6 seats per row and convert to angled 170 degrees beds with 180 centimetres (71 in) in length.[94] The Premium Economy offers regular economy class seats from German manufacturer ZIM FLUGSITZ with 15 centimetres (5.9 in) more legroom and upgraded amenities including higher quality catering options.[95] All Economy Class seats have a 30-inch (760 mm) seat pitch[96] with a 17-inch (430 mm) width. The middle seats are slightly wider (2-inch (51 mm)) than window or aisle seats.[97][98]

Airbus A330-900neo

The Airbus A330neo aircraft, which are delivered since December 2022, feature an entirely new cabin but retain Business, Premium Economy and Economy Class with the difference between the two latter ones being 15 centimetres (5.9 in) more legroom and additional amenities and catering. All seats feature personal 4K resolution entertainment screens, however other than on the older 767 aircraft all content is free of charge. The A330neo is also equipped with in-flight Wi-Fi. The Business Class now features a 1-2-1 seating configuration with 180-degree flat-beds and privacy dividers with the first row additionally providing personal doors and larger entertainment screens for an additional fee.[99]

Airbus A330-200

The Airbus A330-200s have been taken over on lease and still feature the cabin configuration of former operator Etihad Airways with the same Business and Economy Class seating.[100]

Accidents and incidents

The Condor Boeing 737-230 D-ABHD that crashed in 1988 as Flight 3782.

See also

References

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