Asiana Airlines
IATA ICAO Callsign
Founded17 February 1988; 36 years ago (1988-02-17)
(as Seoul Airlines)
Commenced operations23 December 1988; 35 years ago (1988-12-23)
Focus cities
Frequent-flyer programAsiana Club
AllianceStar Alliance
Fleet size81
Parent company
Traded asKRX: 020560
HeadquartersOsoe-dong, Gangseo-gu, Seoul, South Korea
Key peopleHan Chang-soo (President & CEO)
RevenueIncrease 5,552 billion (2015)[2]
Employees10,380 (2015)
Asiana Airlines
Revised RomanizationAsiana Hanggong
McCune–ReischauerAsiana Hanggong

Asiana Airlines Inc. (Korean아시아나항공; Hanja아시아나航空; RRAsiana Hanggong KRX: 020560) is a South Korean airline headquartered in Seoul.[3] In 2019, it accounted for 25% of South Korea's international aviation market and 20% of its domestic market.[4] It maintains its international hub at Seoul's Incheon International Airport and its domestic hubs at Gimhae International Airport in Busan and Gimpo International Airport in Seoul. It is a full-service airline and a member of Star Alliance.

The airline operates 90 international passenger routes, 14 domestic passenger routes, and 27 cargo routes throughout Asia, Europe, North America, and Oceania.[5] As of December 2014, the company employed 10,183 people. Most of Asiana's pilots, ground staff, and flight attendants are based in Seoul.

Asiana Airlines is the largest shareholder of Air Busan, a low-cost regional carrier that the airline had established as joint venture with Busan Metropolitan City. The airline also operates the low-cost carrier Air Seoul as a wholly-owned subsidiary.



Korean Air, which was acquired by Hanjin Transportation in 1969, had a monopoly on the South Korean airline industry until the establishment of Asiana in 1988.[6] Asiana's formation did not come about as a policy initiative favoring liberalized market conditions, but rather because of pressure from other chaebols and interests that wanted to compete.[7] It was formed by the Kumho Asiana Group (formerly Kumho Group) and was originally known as Seoul Air International. Asiana was established on 17 February 1988 and started operations in December 1988 with flights to Busan. As of 2007, the airline was owned by domestic private investors (30.53%), Kumho Industrial (29.51%), Kumho Petrochemical (15.05%), foreign investors (11.9%), Korea Development Bank (7.18%), and others (5.83%).[8]

Beginning regular service

Asiana began operations in December 1988, using Boeing 737 Classic aircraft, with flights to Busan and Gwangju. In 1989, Asiana began regular services to Jeju City, Gwangju, and Daegu, and later the same year, began international chartered flights to Sendai in Japan. In 1990, Asiana began its first scheduled international services, to the Japanese cities of Tokyo, Nagoya, Sendai, and Fukuoka. In the same year, Asiana had nine Boeing 747-400s, 20 Boeing 767-300s, and eight Boeing 737-400s. In early 1991, Asiana began services to Bangkok, Singapore, Hong Kong, and Taipei. Transpacific flights to Los Angeles began in December 1991 with a Boeing 747-400 Combi. Services to Vienna, Brussels, and Honolulu began in the mid-1990s. In 1993, Asiana began services in Ho Chi Minh City in Vietnam.[9]

Expansion as a global carrier and joining Star Alliance

Asiana Airlines has rapidly expanded since its establishment in 1988 to become a mid-sized global carrier with a current fleet of 85 aircraft. In December 1998, the airline operated an aircraft on behalf of the president of South Korea for the first time.[10] The airline was listed in KOSDAQ In December 1999. On 28 January 2003, the airline became a full Star Alliance member, expanding its worldwide network and global brand. In 2004, the airline added Airbus A330s and the Boeing 777-200ERs to its fleet, and expanded its routes into mainland China. Currently, it provides international services to 71 cities in 23 countries on 91 routes and domestic services to 12 cities on 14 routes. It also provides international cargo services to 29 cities in 14 countries on 28 routes by Asiana Cargo, the airline's freight division. In 2012, the airline had net sales of US$5.3 billion.[11]

New corporate identity

In February 2006, Asiana Airlines modernized its corporate identity for unification with those of other divisions of its parent company the Kumho Asiana Group. The names of the travel classes have changed from first, business, and economy classes to first, business, and travel classes, respectively, and the colors of the travel classes have changed to yellow, blue, and red for first, business, and travel, respectively. New uniforms were also created for the crew.[12]

Notable achievements

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Asiana began to focus on being an environmentally friendly company in the mid-1990s, leading to decisions such as completely banning in-flight smoking and cigarette sales in 1995.[13] The company was awarded first-in-class certification by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) for meeting the criteria for ISO 14001 in 1996.[13] In 2001, Asiana Airlines was recognized for being the "first environmentally friendly company within the service industry" by the South Korean Ministry of Environment.[13] Some of Asiana's other environmentally minded programs include an emissions measurement and reduction system; reducing pollution from ground facilities; and partnering with the Rainforest Alliance for coffee served on board.[13]

Airline of the Year Awards

With these achievements attained over four consecutive years, Asiana Airlines is recognized as a Golden Grand Slam Airline, the first airline to achieve this. Apart from this prestigious title, the company has received the Best Airline for Onboard Service and Flight Attendants for eight consecutive years, among other awards. Asiana Airlines is rated as a "5-Star" airline by Skytrax.[16]

Financial crisis

In April 2019, Asiana Airlines' parent company, Kumho Asiana Group announced its plan to sell Asiana Airlines as a solution to its financial crisis.[17]

The sale of Asiana Airlines began in July 2019.[18] In June 2019, Aekyung Group, the parent company of Korean low-cost carrier Jeju Air, was considered as a strong candidate to take over.[19] Korean Air's parent company, Hanjin Group, and SK Group also considered purchasing.[20]

Asiana Airlines discontinued unprofitable routes throughout July 2019 to October 2019, including Seoul–Incheon to Chicago–O'Hare, Delhi, Khabarovsk and Sakhalinsk.[21][22][23]

On 25 July 2019, Kumho Asiana Group, the parent company of Asiana Airlines, officially announced its intention to sell Asiana Airlines for an estimated price of 1.5 to 2.0 trillion won (US$1.26 to 1.68 billion).[24] Asiana Airlines includes subsidiaries Air Busan, Air Seoul, Asiana IDT and other subsidiary companies.[25] AeKyeong Group, the parent company of Jeju Air, has expressed interest in acquiring Asiana Airlines.[26]

On 4 September 2019, Aekyung Group, Mirae Asset Daewoo, and Korea Corporate Governance Improvement applied a letter of intent to acquire Asiana Airlines.[27] On 12 November, a consortium of HDC Hyundai Development Company and Mirae Asset Daewoo was selected as the preferred bidder.[28][29]

Asiana Airlines has chosen to retire older aircraft, including Boeing 747-400s and Boeing 767-300s, allowing the airline to reduce debt and weakness.

In July 2020, HDC Hyundai Development Company received approval from Russian authorities for its acquisition of Asiana Airlines.[30] However, on 11 September 2020, Korea Development Bank, the primary creditor for Asiana Airlines, and Kumho Asiana Group officially canceled the merger with HDC Hyundai Development Company. Asiana Airlines will be run by creditors until a new owner is approved by the South Korean government.[31]

Proposed acquisition by Korean Air

Main article: Proposed merger of Korean Air and Asiana Airlines

On 16 November 2020, the Government of the Republic of Korea announced a policy of merging Asiana Airlines with Korean Air, which would acquire a 30.77% stake in Asiana from Korea Development Bank.[32] The Korean state-run bank would invest 800 billion won (600 million USD) to Hanjin KAL, the holding company of Korean Air, to fund the merger.[32] The two airlines would operate as separate brands until integration is complete.[33] The Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, and Transport planned to integrate subsidiaries Air Busan, Air Seoul, and Jin Air into a new low-cost airline. The combined low-cost carrier will focus on regional airports within South Korea and flying regional Asia-Pacific routes.[34]

In March 2021, Korean Air announced it would delay the merger with Asiana Airlines due to a delay in antitrust approval from the government and six foreign authorities (China, Japan, Taiwan, Thailand, United States, and Vietnam). Korean Air will operate Asiana Airlines as a subsidiary for the next two years, after which it will combine its operation, IT, and other systems into a single system until 2024.[35][36] Once the merger is complete, Asiana Airlines could become a member of SkyTeam. According to The Korea Times, only Turkey has approved the antitrust deal so far.[37] On 30 June 2021, the post-merger plans between two airlines were reported to have been finalized and approved by Korea Development Bank. In August 2021, the Malaysian Aviation Commission approved the merger between Korean Airlines and Asiana Airlines, citing economical efficiencies and social benefits.[38] On 26 December 2022, the Ministry of Commerce of the People's Republic of China announced its approval of Korean Air's business combination with Asiana Airlines.[39] The U.S. Department of Justice blocked the deal in May 2023 citing monopoly concerns.[40] In November 2023, Asiana agreed to divest its cargo business in an attempt to appease regulatory concerns.[41]

Corporate affairs

The airline has its global headquarters in Seoul at the Asiana Town (아시아나타운) in Osoe-dong, Gangseo-gu, Seoul.[3] The airline's head office moved from Hoehyeon-dong, Jung District to Asiana Town in Osoe-dong on 1 April 1998.[42]


Main article: List of Asiana Airlines destinations

Asiana Airlines serves destinations on four continents, with an Asian network that includes important cities in the People's Republic of China, Japan, Southeast Asia, and Central Asia. The airline serves several gateway cities in North America and Europe while retaining limited coverage of Oceania. Asiana Cargo, the airline's cargo subsidiary, also has a wide network, especially in Europe, Asia, and the United States.

Asiana decided to launch Air Seoul, the airline's second subsidiary and its low-cost carrier, based in Incheon International Airport, and transfer some of its unprofitable routes to the subsidiary in November 2016.[43]

Codeshare agreements

Asiana Airlines codeshares with these airlines:[44]


Current fleet

As of December 2023, Asiana Airlines operates the following aircraft:[45][46]

Asiana Airlines fleet
Aircraft In service Orders Passengers Notes
B+ B E+ E Total
Airbus A320-200 1 159 159 To be retired by 2024.[citation needed]
Airbus A321-200 13 12 167 179
195 195
Airbus A321neo 9[47] 16 12 168 180
8 180 188
Airbus A330-300 15 30 260 290
268 298
Airbus A350-900 15 6 28 36 247 311 Deliveries from 2025.[48][49]
Order with 10 options.[50]
Airbus A350-1000 9 TBA
Airbus A380-800 6 12 66 417 495 To be retired by 2026.[51]
Boeing 747-400 1 10 24 364 398 To be retired on 25 March 2024.[52][53]
Boeing 767-300 1 290 290 To be retired by 2024.[52]
Boeing 777-200ER 9 22 278 300
24 277 301
24 278 302
Asiana Cargo fleet
Boeing 747-400BDSF 6
Boeing 747-400F 4
Boeing 767-300F 1
Total 81 31


Retired fleet

The company has previously operated the following aircraft:[54][55][56]

Asiana Airlines retired fleet
Aircraft Total Introduced Retired Replacement Notes
Airbus A320-200 6 2005 2022 Airbus A321neo
3 2006 2014 Transferred to subsidiary Air Busan.
1 2007 2015 None Crashed as flight OZ162.
Airbus A321-100 4 1998 2021 Airbus A321-200
Airbus A321-200 4 2000 2020 Airbus A321neo
11 2017 Transferred to subsidiary Air Busan.
6 2018 Transferred to subsidiary Air Seoul.
Boeing 737-400 22 1988 2013 Airbus A320 family
4 Transferred to subsidiary Air Busan.
Boeing 737-500 3 1992 2008
3 Transferred to subsidiary Air Busan.
1 1993 None Crashed as flight OZ733.
Boeing 747-400 3 1993 2020 Airbus A350 XWB
Airbus A380-800
Boeing 747-400BDSF 2 2007 2022 None
Boeing 747-400F 2 1996 2009 None
1 2006 2011 Crashed as flight OZ991.
Boeing 747-400M 6 1991 2017 Airbus A350 XWB
Airbus A380-800
Converted into freighters and transferred to Asiana Cargo.
Boeing 767-300 8 1990 2022 Airbus A330-300
Boeing 767-300ER 9 1991 2006 Airbus A330-300
Boeing 777-200ER 3 2001 2017 Airbus A350 XWB
1 2006 2013 None Crashed as flight OZ214.

In-flight services

Economy class cabin on an Airbus A380-800 upper deck

Asiana Airlines offers five classes of services – First Suite Class, First Class, Business Smartium class, Business class, and Travel (economy) class. Seat configurations and in-flight entertainment systems vary by the type of the aircraft and its operating routes.[57]

First Suite class is offered on A380-800, which is serviced on routes to Los Angeles, New York City, Sydney, and Frankfurt.[58] Old First Class is available on Boeing 747-400s. Both First Suite and old First Class were available on Boeing 777s but were later removed in favor of a two-class configuration. Passengers in these classes are offered pajamas, souvenirs, and "amenity kits" containing items such as skin creams, toothpaste, eye shades, and earplugs. A passenger can pre-order in-flight meals 48 hours before departure. First-class seats are equipped with personal AVOD systems.

An Asiana Airlines international business class meal in 2023

Besides those routes, most of Asiana's international flights offer two types of classes – business smartium class or business class as the highest class and travel class, without first class. Some of the short-length international flights and charter flights are operated on a mono-class basis, as well as all of the airline's domestic flights. Business Smartium Class is installed on Boeing 777-200ER, and Business Class is installed on Boeing 767 and A330, but some of the A330 are equipped with newly furbished cocoon seats. Most of Asiana's Travel class seats also have television or video systems. AVODs are installed on many of the aircraft and business class is fully equipped with new AVODs. In-flight entertainment systems are not offered on domestic routes, which consist of flights of an hour or less.

Asiana offers two in-flight magazines, Asiana (a travel magazine) and Asiana Entertainment.

Frequent-flyer program

The Asiana Lounge Central at Incheon International Airport

Asiana Club is Asiana Airlines' frequent-flyer program, formerly Asiana Bonus Club. Asiana Club has five tiers: Silver, Gold, Diamond, Diamond Plus, and Platinum.[59] To acquire or maintain each tier, members are required to accrue 0, 20000, 40000, 100000 miles in two calendar years from the 'reference date'. Status miles are based on 'On-board mileage', which includes miles accumulated by traveling with Asiana Airlines or Star Alliance airlines. Also, members can accrue miles by flying 'partner airlines such as Qatar Airways. Miles accumulated in the program entitle members to bonus tickets, class upgrades, and other products and services such as dining at Outback Steakhouse.[60]


Asiana Club Miles can be collected on all flights operated by Star Alliance member airlines, as well as Air Astana, Etihad Airways and Qatar Airways.[61]


Asiana has endorsement deals with the following:

Accidents and incidents

See also


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