Finnair
Finnair Logo.svg
IATA ICAO Callsign
AY FIN FINNAIR
Founded1 November 1923 (1923-11-01) (as Aero O/Y)[1]
HubsHelsinki Airport
Focus citiesStockholm-Arlanda[2]
Frequent-flyer programFinnair Plus
  • Finnair Lounge
  • Finnair Premium Lounge
  • Finnair Plus Junior
AllianceOneworld
Subsidiaries
Fleet size80 (incl. Nordic Regional Airlines)[3]
Destinations116
Parent companyFinnair Group[4]
Traded asNasdaq HelsinkiFIA1S
HeadquartersHelsinki Airport
Vantaa, Finland[5]
Key peopleTopi Manner, CEO[6]
RevenueIncrease EUR 3,097 million (2019)[7]
Operating incomeDecrease EUR 162 million (2019)[7]
Net incomeDecrease EUR 74 million (2019)[7]
Total assetsIncrease EUR 3,877 million (2019)[7]
Total equityDecrease EUR 918.5 million (2019)[7]
Employees6,788 (31 December 2019)[7]
Websitefinnair.com

Finnair (Finnish: Finnair Oyj, Swedish: Finnair Abp)[8] is the flag carrier[9] and largest airline of Finland, with its headquarters in Vantaa on the grounds of Helsinki Airport, its hub. Finnair and its subsidiaries dominate both domestic and international air travel in Finland. Its major shareholder is the government of Finland, which owns 55.8% [10] of the shares (as of 2014). Finnair is a member of the Oneworld airline alliance. In 2017, it transported about 11.9 million passengers to over 100 European, 20 Asian, and 7 North American destinations. At the end of 2017, the airline employed 5,918 people.[3]

Finnair is the sixth oldest airline in continuous operation. With no fatal or hull-loss accidents since 1963, Finnair is consistently listed as one of the safest airlines in the world.[11][12][13] In 2018 it was the safest in the world according to Hamburg aviation security office JACDEC and an aviation magazine Aero International.[14] The company slogans are Designed for you and The Nordic Way.

History

Founding

In 1923, consul Bruno Lucander founded Finnair as Aero O/Y (Aero Ltd). The company code, "AY", stands for Aero Osake-yhtiö ("yhtiö" means "company" in Finnish). Lucander had previously run the Finnish operations of the Estonian airline Aeronaut. In mid-1923 he concluded an agreement with Junkers Flugzeugwerke AG to provide aircraft and technical support in exchange for a 50% ownership in the new airline. The charter establishing the company was signed in Helsinki on 12 September 1923, and the company was entered into the trade register on 11 December 1923. The first flight was on 20 March 1924 from Helsinki to Tallinn, Estonia, on a Junkers F.13 aircraft equipped with floats. The seaplane service ended in 1936 following the construction of the first aerodromes in Finland.[15]

World War II

Air raids on Helsinki and other Finnish cities made World War II a difficult period for the airline. Half the fleet was requisitioned by the Finnish Air Force and it was estimated that, during the Winter War in 1939 and 1940, half of the airline's passengers from other Finnish cities were children being evacuated to Sweden.

Immediate postwar period

The Finnish government wanted longer routes, so it acquired a majority stake in the company in 1946 and re-established services to Europe in November 1947, initially using the Douglas DC-3. In 1953, the airline began branding itself as Finnair. The Convair 440 twin-engined pressurised airliner was acquired from January 1953 and these faster aircraft were operated on the company's longer routes as far as London.

Jet Age (1960s and 1970s)

Finnair Sud SE-210 Caravelle 10B3 Super B in 1976

In 1961, Finnair joined the jet age by adding Rolls-Royce Avon-engined Caravelles to its fleet. These were later exchanged with the manufacturer for Pratt & Whitney JT8D-engined Super Caravelles. In 1962, Finnair acquired a 27% controlling interest in a private Finnish airline, Kar-Air. Finnair Oy became the company's official name on 25 June 1968. In 1969, it took possession of its first U.S. made jet, a Douglas DC-8. The first transatlantic service to New York was inaugurated on 15 May 1969.[citation needed] In the 1960s, Finnair's head office was in Helsinki.[16]

Gunnar Korhonen, CEO of Finnair from 1960–1987
Gunnar Korhonen, CEO of Finnair from 1960–1987

Finnair received its first wide-body aircraft in 1975, two DC-10-30 planes. The first of these arrived on 4 February 1975, and entered service on 14 February 1975, flying between Helsinki and New York, and later between Helsinki and Las Palmas.

Finnair created Finnaviation was established in 1979. It was formed from the reorganisation of Wihuri OY Finnwings (which had started services in 1950 as Lentohuolto OY) and its merging with Nordair OY. Scheduled domestic services began in October 1979. In the early 1980s Finnair held a 60% shareholding.[17] Finnaviation was eventually completely merged into Finnair.[18][19]

Expansion (1980s)

Finnair Convair 440 in 1980
Finnair Convair 440 in 1980

In 1981, Finnair opened routes to Seattle and Los Angeles. Finnair became the first operator to fly non-stop from Western Europe to Japan, operating HelsinkiTokyo flights with a modified McDonnell Douglas DC-10-30ER in April 1983.[15] Until then, flights had to go via Moscow (Aeroflot, SAS, BA) or Anchorage (most carriers)[20] due to Soviet airspace restrictions, but Finnair circumvented these by flying directly north from Helsinki, over the North Pole and back south through the Bering Strait, avoiding Soviet airspace.[21] However, Finnair did not have to make a roundabout because of the Soviet regulation on this route, but the Japanese authorities demanded it (what JAL requested strongly).[22] The aircraft was fitted with extra fuel tanks, taking 13 hours for the trip.[15] The routes through Soviet airspace and with a stopover in Moscow also took 13 hours, but flights with a stopover in Anchorage took up to 16 hours, giving Finnair a competitive edge. In the spring of 1986, Soviet regulators finally cleared the way for Air France and Japan Airlines to fly nonstop Paris-Tokyo services over Soviet airspace, putting Finnair at a disadvantage.[23]

Finnair launched a Helsinki-Beijing route in 1988, making Finnair the first Western European carrier to fly non-stop between Europe and China.[24] In 1989, Finnair became the launch customer for the McDonnell Douglas MD-11, the first of which was delivered on 7 December 1990. The first revenue service with the MD-11 took place on 20 December 1990, with OH-LGA[discuss] operating a flight from Helsinki to Tenerife in the Canary Islands.[25]

Subsidiary airlines (1990s–2000s)

Finnair McDonnell Douglas MD-87 in 1991
Finnair McDonnell Douglas MD-87 in 1991
Finnair Airbus A300 in 1995
Finnair Airbus A300 in 1995
Finnish Airlines Douglas DC-3 from the late 1940s, restored to original livery in Oulu, (2014)
Finnish Airlines Douglas DC-3 from the late 1940s, restored to original livery in Oulu, (2014)

In 1997, the subsidiaries Kar-Air and Finnaviation became wholly owned by Finnair, and were integrated into the mainline operations. On 25 September 1997, the company's official name was changed to Finnair Oyj.

In 1999, Finnair joined the Oneworld airline alliance. In 2001, Finnair reused the name "Aero" when establishing Aero Airlines, a subsidiary airline based in Tallinn, Estonia.

In 2003, Finnair acquired ownership of the Swedish low-cost airline, FlyNordic, which operated mainly within Scandinavia. In 2007, Finnair sold all its shares in FlyNordic to Norwegian Air Shuttle. As part of the transaction, Finnair acquired 4.8% of the latter company, becoming its third largest shareholder. Finnair later sold their shares in 2013.[26]

On 8 March 2007, Finnair became the first airline to order the Airbus A350 XWB aircraft, placing an order for 11 Airbus A350 XWB (plus 8 options), with delivery started in 2015.[27]

Labour disputes and restructuring (2006–present)

Finnair has suffered from many labour disputes in this period,[when?] resulting from cost-cutting measures prompted by competition from budget airlines.[28][29][30][31][32]

On 1 December 2011, Finnair transferred its baggage and apron services to Swissport International as per a five-year agreement signed on 7 November 2011.[33]

Corporate affairs

Ownership and structure

The group's parent company is Finnair Plc, which is listed on the Nasdaq Helsinki Stock Exchange, and is domiciled in Helsinki at the registered address Tietotie 9, Vantaa.[34] The State of Finland is the major shareholder (55.8% as of 2014),[10][35] with no other shareholder owning more than 5% of shares.[34]

Subsidiaries and associates

The Finnair Cargo building.
The Finnair Cargo building.

Finnair Cargo

Two subsidiary companies, Finnair Cargo Oy and Finnair Cargo Terminal Operations Oy, form Finnair's cargo business.[36] The offices of both companies are at Helsinki Airport.[37][38] Finnair Cargo uses Finnair's fleet on its cargo operations.

Finnair Cargo has three hubs:

An ATR 72-500 in the N°RRA livery.
An ATR 72-500 in the N°RRA livery.

Nordic Regional Airlines

Nordic Regional Airlines (Norra) is 40% owned by Finnair. The airline uses a fleet of ATR 72-500 aircraft in its own livery, leased from Finnair, and Embraer E190 aircraft, painted in Finnair livery. The airline began operations on 20 October 2011 as a joint venture between Flybe and Finnair. The airline has operated under Finnair's flight code since 1 May 2015.

Business trends

The key trends for Finnair over recent years are shown below (as at year ending 31 December):

2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Turnover (€ m) 1,838 2,023 2,257 2,449 2,400 2,284 2,254 2,316 2,568 2,834 3,097 829
Profit before tax (EBT) (€ m) −125 −33 −111.5 16.5 11.9 −36.5 23.7 55.2 170.4 218.4 93.0 −523.2
Number of employees (average) 8,797 7,578 7,467 6,784 5,859 5,172 4,906 5,045 5,852 6,360 6,788 6,573
Number of passengers (m) 7.4 7.1 8.0 8.8 9.2 9.6 10.3 10.8 11.9 13.2 14.6 3.5
Passenger load factor (%) 75.9 76.5 73.3 77.6 79.5 80.2 80.4 79.8 83.3 81.8 81.7 63.0
Number of aircraft (at year end) 68 63 65 60 70 67 72 73 79 81 83 83
Notes/sources [39] [40] [41] [42] [43] [44] [45] [34] [3] [7] [46] [a][47]
  1. ^ 2020: Activities and income in 2020 were severely reduced by the impact of the coronavirus pandemic

Head office

Finnair's head office, House of Travel and Transportation.
Finnair's head office, House of Travel and Transportation.

In 2013, Finnair opened its new head office, known as House of Travel and Transportation (or "HOTT"), on what used to be a car park right next to its previous head office located in Tietotie 11, on the grounds of Helsinki Airport. The construction of HOTT began in July 2011 and finished on time in June 2013. The previous head office had been in use since 1994, then replacing a head office located in Helsinki city centre.[48][49]

The new mixed-use head office has a total floor space of 70,000 square metres (750,000 sq ft) and 22,400 square metres (241,000 sq ft) of office space.[50]

Corporate design

A Finnair A319-100 in retro livery.
A Finnair A319-100 in retro livery.

Livery

The company revealed a new livery in December 2010. Major changes include a restyled and larger lettering on the aircraft body, repainting of the engines in white, and a reversal of the color scheme for the tail fin favoring a white background with a blue stylized logo. The outline of the globe was also removed from the tail fin.[51]

Flight attendant uniforms

The current uniform was designed by Ritva-Liisa Pohjalainen and launched in December 2011. Finnair has codes to indicate the rank of crew members: One stripe in the sleeve (or epaulettes in the case of male crew wearing vests) for normal Cabin Crew, two stripes for Senior Cabin Crew (only for outsourced Spanish crew) acting as a Purser, and three stripes for a Purser/Chief Purser. Additionally, some female Pursers have a white vertical stripe on their dresses or blouses indicating their years of service. Finnair requires its cabin crew to wear gloves during take-off and landing for safety reasons. Finnair's previous cabin crew uniform was named the fifth most stylish uniform by the French magazine Bon Voyage.[52]

Partnerships

Finnair has several partnerships with following companies and airlines including Alaska Airlines, American Airlines, British Airways, Deutsche Bahn (DB), Chinese JD.com, Japan Airlines and Marimekko.

Marketing

As of 2015 Finnair had a Weibo account for Chinese customers. Sheng Wei, author of the 2015 thesis "Brand Image of Finnair Among Young Wealthy Chinese People in Chinese Social Media," stated that it was not often updated.[53] In 2017 it began allowing customers to pay with Alipay, another Chinese service.[54]

Destinations

Main article: List of Finnair destinations

Finnair destinations..mw-parser-output .legend{page-break-inside:avoid;break-inside:avoid-column}.mw-parser-output .legend-color{display:inline-block;min-width:1.25em;height:1.25em;line-height:1.25;margin:1px 0;text-align:center;border:1px solid black;background-color:transparent;color:black}.mw-parser-output .legend-text{}  Year-round flights   Seasonal flights only
Finnair destinations.
  Year-round flights
  Seasonal flights only

Finnair flies from its Helsinki hub to over 130 destinations in over 40 countries in Asia, Europe and North America. In contrast with several other major European airlines, Finnair has developed its main long-haul market not in North America but in Asia, where the airline has around 20 destinations. Nevertheless, Finnair also serves eight North American destinations: five in the United States and one each in Mexico, Cuba, and the Dominican Republic. Previously the airline has served Africa and South America, including countries such as Egypt, Colombia, and Brazil, but primarily on a leisure basis. Nearly half of Finnair's destinations are operated on a seasonal basis, but recently the airline has been switching those destinations to year-round service. Finnair has over 10 domestic destinations. Some domestic flights are operated in co-operation with or completely by the airline's subsidiary Nordic Regional Airlines.

Finnair does not face direct competition on any long-haul route the airline operates as Finnair is the sole operator on all routes (except for Tokyo which is operated in cooperation with Oneworld partner Japan Airlines and Shanghai in cooperation with Juneyao Air). In Asia, China and Japan are the two main markets, but other countries, such as South Korea, Thailand, and Singapore, are also important to the airline. In summer 2018, Finnair operated up to 97 weekly flights to Asia. The airline plans to extend its network in Asia in the future with new destinations and additional flights as well as considers adapting narrow-body aircraft on some flights to smaller Asian cities.[55] In August 2018, Finnair announced capacity increases in Asia, where flights to Hong Kong increased from 10 to 14 flights a week and to Osaka, there are ten weekly flights instead of seven. In the summer season of 2019, Tokyo and Hong Kong were the largest long-haul routes by capacity. In the United States, Finnair has five destinations including Chicago, Miami, New York, San Francisco, and Los Angeles. The airline has recently expanded the offering to the U.S. by opening new routes and additional frequencies. As of 31 March 2019, Finnair has been flying to Los Angeles with Airbus A350 aircraft.[56]

Additionally, Finnair opened a new route to Beijing Daxing on 3 November 2019, while retaining its flights to Beijing Capital. The carrier planned to serve Busan and Tokyo Haneda from the end of March 2020 but service launches have been postponed to the beginning of 2022 due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

In 2021, Finnair opened five routes from Stockholm Arlanda to Bangkok and Phuket in Thailand, as well as New York-JFK, Miami and Los Angeles in the United States.

Finnair announced a new route to Dallas Fort-Worth International Airport in 2022. Finnair is also reintroducing flights to Seattle in 2022.

Codeshare agreements

Finnair codeshares with the following airlines:[57]

Joint ventures

In addition to the above codeshares, Finnair has joint venture agreements with the following airlines:

Fleet

Current fleet

Airbus A319-100
Airbus A320-200
Airbus A321-200
An Airbus A330-300 departs at Narita International Airport in Tokyo.
Airbus A350-900
An Embraer 190 operated by Nordic Regional Airlines
ATR 72-500

As of April 2022, the Finnair fleet consists of the following aircraft:[69][70]

Finnair fleet
Aircraft In service Orders Passengers Notes
J W Y Total Refs
Airbus A319-100 6 14 130 144 [71]
Airbus A320-200 10 14 160 174 [72]
Airbus A321-200 15 16 193 209 [73] Four older aircraft have been retired.[74]
Airbus A330-300 8 45 40 178 263 [75]
28 21 230 279 [76] Refurbished with new Business and Premium Economy cabins.
32 40 217 289 [77]
Airbus A350-900 17 2 43 24 211 278 [78] Refurbished with new Business and Premium Economy cabins.
46 43 208 297 [79]
30 26 265 321 [80] Refurbished with new Business and Premium Economy cabins.
32 42 262 336 [81]
ATR 72-500 12 68 68 [82] All leased to Nordic Regional Airlines.[83]
Cabins to be refurbished from 2019.[84]
72 72 [85]
Embraer 190 12 12 88 100 [86] Operated by Nordic Regional Airlines.
Total 80 2

Aircraft types

Narrow-body aircraft

Finnair received its first narrow-body aircraft manufactured by Airbus, the Airbus A321, on 28 January 1999. Now the airline operates a fleet of up to 19 A321s. The first Airbus A319 aircraft was delivered to Finnair on 20 September 1999. Since then, Finnair has received 11 A319s, but three of them are now retired. Finnair utilizes Airbus A319, A320, and A321 aircraft on domestic and European flights. The Airbus A321-231, which are equipped with winglets, is also used on some long-haul flights such as to Dubai. ATR 72-500 and Embraer 190 are operated by Nordic Regional Airlines and are also used on domestic and European flights.

Airbus A330

Finnair received its first Airbus A330-300s on 27 March 2009.[87] Now the airline has eight of them in its fleet. As of April 2019, the airline utilizes A330 on intercontinental flights from Helsinki to Chicago, Chongqing, Delhi, Fukuoka, Miami, Nagoya, Nanjing, New York, Puerto Plata, San Francisco and Xi'an. The A330s are powered by General Electric CF6-80E1 engines.[87] The aircraft are also being used on European services to Brussels, London and Málaga.

Airbus A350

On 8 March 2007, Finnair firmed up its orders for 11 Airbus A350 aircraft with 8 options. On 3 December 2014, it was announced that Finnair had firmed up the contract for 8 additional Airbus A350 aircraft deliveries starting in 2018.[27] On 13 August 2014, Finnair announced plans to initially deploy its A350 aircraft on services to Bangkok, Beijing and Shanghai from 2015, with A350 services to Hong Kong and Singapore to be added in 2016. As of April 2019, Finnair operates the Airbus A350 to Bangkok, Beijing, Guangzhou, Hong Kong, Ho Chi Minh City, Krabi, Los Angeles, Nagoya, Osaka, Phuket, Puerto Vallarta, Seoul, Shanghai, Singapore and Tokyo. Finnair also operated A350 aircraft on several flights to New York in January 2016 and became the first European airline to operate the A350 to the United States.[88] Finnair sometimes uses the A350 on the morning AY1331 flight from Helsinki to London–Heathrow to carry extra freight as well.

Finnair took delivery of its first A350 aircraft on 7 October 2015, becoming the third airline to operate the aircraft, after Qatar Airways and Vietnam Airlines.[89] According to the current delivery schedule, it will receive two A350 aircraft per year in 2019, 2020, and 2021, and one in 2022. Altogether, Finnair will have 19 A350 aircraft in 2022.

Fleet development

Upcoming narrow-body fleet renewal

Due to an aging narrow-body fleet, Finnair plans to retire the Airbus A320 family and replace them with new generation aircraft. The airline estimates to invest up to €4 billion in fleet renewal between 2020 and 2025. Revealed at its Capital Markets Day on November 12, 2019, Finnair plans to grow the size of its fleet from the current 83 (as of November 2019) to approximately 100 by 2025, of which 70% is planned to be narrow-body aircraft and 30% wide-body aircraft. One-third of the total investment sum would be used for growth, while two-thirds would be to replace the current fleet.[90] According to Bloomberg, Finnair will replace the old aircraft with either Airbus A320neo family or Boeing 737 MAX new-generation aircraft.[91] The carrier has also revealed that it is looking for suitable narrow-body aircraft for long-haul use.[92]

On 18 December 2015, Finnair decided to improve the space efficiency of its current Airbus narrow-body fleet due to a growing need for feeder traffic capacity. The value of the investment is approximately EUR 40 million, and it includes 22 narrow-body Airbus aircraft in Finnair's fleet. The cabin layout change excludes five A321 aircraft, which are already configured according to the plan, having 209 seats. The cabin reconfiguration was estimated to take two weeks per aircraft during 2017. The reconfiguration adds 6 to 13 seats depending on the aircraft type, increasing the passenger capacity of Finnair's Airbus narrow-body fleet as measured by available seat kilometers by close to 4 percent.[93] Finnair also planned to increase its narrow-body fleet. As a first step, Finnair leased eight Airbus A321 narrow-body aircraft from BOC Aviation.

Finnair has occasionally suffered from aircraft shortages and therefore has resorted to leased and wet-leased aircraft. For instance, in March 2016, Finnair announced it would lease two Airbus A321 aircraft from Air Berlin for Finnair's European operations. These two aircraft were delivered in late April 2016 to Finnair. The airline used these A321s on flights from Helsinki to Amsterdam, Berlin, Copenhagen, Dubrovnik, Düsseldorf, Ljubljana, Paris, Split, Vienna, and Zürich.[94] On 15 December 2016, Finnair announced it would lease two Airbus A321s from CDB Aviation Lease Finance. The first aircraft was scheduled for delivery to Finnair for the 2017/2018 winter season and the second for the 2018 summer season. Seven of the ordered aircraft were delivered in 2017.[95]

The Finnair-branded short-haul network also includes 24 regional aircraft operated by Nordic Regional Airlines (12 ATR 72 and 12 E-190).

Recent wide-body fleet renewal

Finnair announced the order for 11 Airbus A350 XWB aircraft and 8 options on 8 March 2007. Finnair planned to retire older Airbus A340 aircraft by the end of 2017 and replace them with brand new A350 aircraft. As of 1 February 2017, all Airbus A340 aircraft are withdrawn from the fleet. The very last A340 (OH-LQE) operated its last flight from Tokyo to Helsinki on 1 February 2017. Finnair firmed up orders for eight additional A350 aircraft on 3 December 2014. The first A350 was delivered to Finnair in October 2015 and the airline became the first European operator of the Airbus A350.

As of November 2019, Finnair had 14 A350-900s, with a further 5 to be delivered between 2020 and 2022. The Finnish flag carrier also has considered switching some of the orders for the Airbus A350-900 to the Airbus A350-1000 aircraft but decided to keep the orders for only the A350-900. At the beginning of 2017, Finnair revealed plans to add more seats to some of the Airbus A350 aircraft in order to increase capacity by up to 13%. The new seat configuration has 32 seats in Business Class, 42 seats in Economy Comfort Class, and 262 in Economy Class, a total of 336 seats. This second seat configuration was initially planned to be used on routes with less business class demand such as Bangkok, Beijing, and Seoul, as well as on routes to leisure destinations but they have also been utilized on other busy routes such as Shanghai, Osaka, and Tokyo.[96]

Finnair has modified its previous fleet plan to retire two of Airbus A330 aircraft, which was established in 2014. The 2016 fleet plan now involves keeping its A330 fleet as its A350s are delivered, rather than withdrawing two of them in 2017, and shall retire those aircraft in the 2020s at the earliest. The airline's plan to retire two A330s was not the only change that was planned. Under the previous plan, the long-haul fleet was to grow by one per year, from 15 in 2015 to 20 in 2020. Under the 2016 plan, it was planned to grow to 22 in 2020, and to 26 in 2023. However, should market conditions be weaker than expected, Finnair has the flexibility to return the wide-body fleet to a total of 15 aircraft in 2019 and to maintain it at this level through to 2023. Some of the new A350 aircraft will increase the number of aircraft operated by Finnair.

Finnair Airbus A330-300 (OH-LTO) in Marimekko 50th Anniversary "Unikko"-livery.
Finnair Airbus A330-300 (OH-LTO) in Marimekko 50th Anniversary "Unikko"-livery.
Finnair Airbus A350-900 (OH-LWB) in Oneworld-livery.
Finnair Airbus A350-900 (OH-LWB) in Oneworld-livery.

Special liveries

Finnair's current special liveries are Marimekko "Kivet", Marimekko 50th Anniversary "Unikko”, Oneworld liveries, and the Christmas special “Reindeer” liveries. Past Finnair special liveries include "Marimekko Unikko", "Moomins", "Santa Claus", 1950s retro livery and Angry Birds.

Registration Livery Aircraft Source
OH-LVD Oneworld livery Airbus A319-100 [97]
OH-LTO Marimekko 50th Anniversary "Unikko" Livery Airbus A330-300 [98]
OH-LWB Oneworld-livery Airbus A350-900 [99]
OH-LWL Marimekko Kivet-livery [100]
OH-LKN Oneworld-livery Embraer 190 [101]

Historical fleet

Finnair has previously operated the following equipment:[102][103][104]

Finnair Fokker F27 Friendship (OH-LKA)
Finnair Fokker F27 Friendship (OH-LKA)
Aircraft Total Introduced Retired Notes
ATR 42-300 6 1986 1990
ATR 72-200 9 1995 2005 Transferred to Aero Airlines
Airbus A300B4-200FF 2 1990 1998
Airbus A340-300 7 2006 2017 Last commercial service was on 1 February 2017[105][106]
Replaced by Airbus A350-900. One was in Angry Birds livery.
Boeing 737-200 3 1989 1993
Boeing 757-200 7 1997 2014 Replaced by Airbus A321-200
Convair CV-340 4 1953 1980
Convair CV-440 5 1956 1980
de Havilland Dragon Rapide 2 1937 1939
Douglas C-47 Skytrain 10 1947 1969
Douglas DC-2 2 1941 1949
Douglas DC-8-62 1 1975 1984
Douglas DC-8-62CF 3 1969 1981
Embraer 170 10 2005 2012
Fokker F27 Friendship 3 1980 1988
Junkers F.13 7 1926 1939
Junkers G 24 1 1926 1935
Junkers Ju 52/3m 6 1932 1945
McDonnell Douglas DC-9-14 6 1971 1985
McDonnell Douglas DC-9-15 3 1976 1988
McDonnell Douglas DC-9-41 6 1981 1996
McDonnell Douglas DC-9-51 12 1976 2003
McDonnell Douglas DC-10-30 4 1975 1996
McDonnell Douglas DC-10-30ER 1 1981 1995
McDonnell Douglas MD-11 5 1991 2010 Launch Customer
Replaced by Airbus A340-300. One was in Moomin livery.
McDonnell Douglas MD-11F 2 2010 2011 Transferred to Nordic Global Airlines
McDonnell Douglas MD-82 10 1983 2006
McDonnell Douglas MD-83 13 1985 2006
McDonnell Douglas MD-87 3 1987 2000
Saab 340 5 1996 2000
Sud Aviation Caravelle III 4 1960 1965
Sud Aviation Caravelle 10B Super Caravelle 10 1964 1984

In the early 1980s the fleet of the Finnaviation subsidiary consisted of: an Aero Commander 690, a Beech 95-A55 Baron, Cessna F150J (2), a Cessna 401B, a Cessna F172M, a Cessna 401A, Cessna 404 Titan (2), a Cessna 441 Conquest, a Cessna 402B, a Cessna 425 Corsair, a Cessna F172P, Cessna F152 (2), Embraer EMB 110 Bandeirante (3), a Dassault Falcon 200, a Piper PA-28-140 Cherokee, a Piper PA-32-300 Cherokee Six and a Cessna T188C Husky.[17]

Services

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Frequent-flyer programme

Finnair's frequent-flyer programme is called Finnair Plus. Passengers are awarded points based on the type and class of flight flown. Once enough kilometers are banked into the passenger's account, a membership tier (Basic, Silver, Gold, Platinum or Platinum Lumo) is awarded. There is a Junior tier exclusively for minors. Silver, Gold, Platinum, and Platinum Lumo members have privileges such as premium check-in desks and priority boarding.

Finnair offers frequent-flyer partnerships with Nordic Regional Airlines (only for the 2000 flight number series, not for domestic flights) in addition to those in the Oneworld alliance:

In addition to earning points on flights with Finnair and its partner airlines, Finnair Plus members can earn points through various hotel and car rental partners in Finland and around the world along with other service partners.

Cabins

Finnair Airbus A350-900 Economy Class
Finnair Airbus A350-900 Economy Class

Business class

Business class is offered on the entire Airbus-fleet. On long-haul aircraft, the seats are equipped with personal in-flight entertainment. Zodiac Cirrus III seats are fitted in Business Class on all wide-body aircraft. Each seat has direct aisle access and reclines to a 78 inch full flat bed.

Premium Economy class

Finnair will be introducing the new Premium Economy class in 2020. The new cabin class will be featured in both Airbus A330 and Airbus A350 aircraft.[84]

Economy Comfort class

Economy Comfort is Finnair's new premium economy product debuting on long haul aircraft December 2014. It will not be a separate class but more of an upgraded economy product, much like Delta's Comfort+ class. Economy Comfort seats will be located in the first 5 rows of economy providing 34–36" of pitch (3–5" more pitch than standard economy seats) and a comfier headrest, plus noise canceling headphones and a comfort kit. Seats will be free to Finnair Plus and oneworld elites and passengers with a full fare coach ticket, and available to all other customers for a fee.

Economy class

Finnair lounges

Finnair lounge at Helsinki Airport.
Finnair lounge at Helsinki Airport.

Finnair operates three of its own lounges at Helsinki Airport. One is accessible in the Schengen Area by travelers in Finnair's Business Class, Gold and Platinum of the Finnair Plus program members as well as Oneworld Sapphire and Emerald members. The two other are located in the non-Schengen area and the Finnair Business Lounge has the same access criteria as the one in the Schengen area except Japan Airlines Business Class passengers also have access. In June 2019, the new Finnair Platinum Wing lounge was opened in the non-Schengen area.[107] Replacing the previous Premium Lounge, this lounge is exclusively for Finnair Plus Platinum and OneWorld Emerald passengers. Passengers in business class, as well as Finnair Plus Gold members and OneWorld Sapphire passengers are able to use the Business Class Lounge. The non-Schengen lounges have a Finnish sauna. The remaining international destinations are served with contract lounges.

Meals and drinks

On most European flights, coffee, tea, water, milk and blueberry juice are free. Other beverages, including alcoholic ones, and food items are available for purchase. Domestic flights as well as shorter European flights have snacks for sale and free non-alcoholic beverages. Business class offers warm meals and free beverages, including alcohol. On most Intercontinental flights there is a choice of meals in economy class. In inter-continental business class on most Airbus aircraft (excluding those with fully lie-flat seats), there is a dedicated snack bar.[108] As of November 2014 the complimentary salad or sandwich is discontinued and free beverages have been limited to coffee, tea, water, milk and blueberry juice on European flights.[109]

In-flight entertainment

All Finnair aircraft have LCD video monitors or personal entertainment systems except the Embraer 170s and 190s and the Airbus A321-231 (Sharklet). Airbus A320 series aircraft have monitors showing exterior shots, moving-map systems and mute television programs. Airbus A330 and Airbus A350 aircraft have an AVOD personal entertainment system on all seats with about 72 movies, 150 TV shows, 200 music albums, 24 radio channels, and 15 games.[110]

In-flight magazine

Finnair's English-language in-flight magazine, Blue Wings, is published 10 times a year by the Finnish media group Sanoma. The first edition of Blue Wings magazine was published in 1980. There are domestic and international newspapers on all flights and magazines on long-haul flights in business class.

Environmental issues

In December 2018, Finnair flights out of SFO began being supplied with sustainable aviation fuel as part of a project involving SFO, Shell, and SkyNRG.[111][112]

Incidents and accidents

Main article: List of accidents of Aero O/Y

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Sources

Media related to Finnair at Wikimedia Commons