E-Jet family
An Air Canada E-175 departs Montréal-Pierre Elliott Trudeau International Airport
Role Airliner
Manufacturer Embraer
First flight February 2002
Introduction March 2004, LOT Polish Airlines
Primary users Republic Airways
Air Canada
JetBlue Airways
Compass Airlines
Number built 554 as of June 30, 2009[1]
Variants Embraer Lineage 1000

The Embraer E-Jets are a series of narrow body, twin-engined, medium range, jet airliners produced in Brazil. Announced at the Paris Air Show in 1999, and entering production in 2002, the aircraft have been a success – as of December 31, 2008, there are 876 firm orders for E-Jets and 810 options.[1] The manufacturer reports 600 units had been delivered by September 1, 2009, and predicts that by the end of 2016, another 1,112 units will be delivered.[2]

Design and development

Interior of an Embraer 170

The Embraer E-Jets line is composed of two main commercial families and a business jet variant. The smaller E-170 and E-175 make up the base model aircraft, with the E-190 and E-195 being stretched versions, with different engines and larger wing and landing gear structures. The 170 and 175 share 95% commonality, as do the 190 and 195. The two families share near 89% commonality, with identical fuselage cross-sections and avionics, featuring the Honeywell Primus Epic EFIS suite.

Although commonly referred to with simply an "E" prefix, the jets are technically still Embraer Regional Jets ("ERJ"s).[3] Embraer dropped the ERJ prefix in its advertising early in production. The E-190/195 series of aircraft have similar capacities to the initial versions of the DC-9 and Boeing 737, which have always been considered mainline airliners. Embraer developed an innovative "double-bubble" design for its commercial passenger jet airplanes that provides stand-up headroom. Embraer E-Jets use four-abreast seating. The main landing gear rotate into wells in the aircraft's belly, the legs being covered by partial doors the sides of the tires are exposed to the air in flight like in the Boeing 737.[4]

The launch customers for the aircraft were the French Regional Airlines with ten orders and five options for the E-170, and the Swiss Crossair with an order for 30 E-170s and 30 E-190s.[5] The largest single order for any type of E-Jets has come from JetBlue with 100 orders for the E-190, and options for 100 more.[6] JetBlue set the record for the longest flight of the E190 family on November 6, 2008, when aircraft N239JB made a non-stop flight from Anchorage, Alaska (ANC) to Buffalo, New York (BUF), a total of 2,694 nautical miles. This was an empty aircraft on a non-revenue flight, the aircraft eventually returning to JFK after a two-month long charter service with Vice Presidential candidate Sarah Palin.[citation needed]

Variants

E-170/175

Embraer 170 (or ERJ 170-100)
Embraer 175 (or ERJ 170-200)
A Cirrus Airlines E-170
An E-175, in company demonstrator colours, on the ramp at the Ottawa Macdonald-Cartier International Airport

The E-170 family is the smaller of the two, competing with regional aircraft such as the Bombardier CRJ-700/900, Bombardier Q400 and the Sukhoi Superjet 100. It also seeks to replace the market segment occupied by earlier competing designs such as the BAe 146 and Fokker 70. The 170 and 175 are powered with GE CF34-8E engines of 13,800 pounds (61.39 kN) thrust each.

The Embraer 170 was the first version produced. The prototype was rolled out on 29 October 2001, with first flight 119 days later on February 19. The aircraft was displayed to the public in May 2002 at the Regional Airline Association convention. After a positive response from the airline community, Embraer proceeded with the launch of the stretched E-175 in June 2003. Certification for the 170 took nearly 2 years after the public debut; delivery of the first aircraft to the launch customer LOT Polish Airlines[citation needed] was in March 2004.

E-190/195

Embraer 190 (or ERJ 190-100)
Embraer 195 (or ERJ 190-200)
Air Canada Embraer ERJ 190
Montenegro Airlines Embraer 195 at Tivat Airport
Azul Linhas Aéreas Brasileiras Embraer 190
File:Flybe E-195.JPG
The interior of a Flybe Embraer 195.

The E-190 family is a larger stretch of the E-170 model fitted with a new, larger wing and a new engine, the GE CF34-10E, rated at 18,500 lb (82.30 kN). Being in the 100-seat range, it competes with smaller jets including the Bombardier CRJ-1000, Boeing 717-200 and 737-600 as well as the Airbus A318.

The first flight of the E-190 was in March 2004, with the first flight of the E-195 in December of the same year. The launch customer of the E-190 was New York-based low cost carrier JetBlue with 100 orders and 100 options. European low cost carrier Flybe launched the E-195 with 14 orders and 12 options.[7]

As the 190/195 family is of mainline aircraft size, many airlines will operate them as such, fitting them with a business class section and operating them themselves, instead of having them flown by a commuter airline partner.[citation needed] For example, Air Canada operates 45 E-190 aircraft fitted with 9 business-class and 84 economy-class seats as part of their primary fleet.

Embraer Lineage 1000

Main article: Embraer Lineage 1000

On 2 May 2006 Embraer announced plans for the business jet variant of the E-190. This would have the same structure as the E-190, but with an extended range of up to 4,200 nm, and luxury seating for up to 19. The Argentinian Air Force ordered one for VIP purposes.

Operators

Main article: List of Embraer E-Jets operators

Airnorth's first E170
LOT Polish Airlines E-170
A Solomon Airlines E170 at Sydney Airport

Specifications

Measurement E-170
ERJ170-100
E-175
ERJ170-200
E-190
ERJ190-100
E-195
ERJ190-200
Flight Deck Crew Two
Passenger Capacity (Single Class) 80 88 110 122
Length 29.90 m
(98 ft 1 in)
31.68 m (103 ft 11 in) 36.24 m (118 ft 11 in) 38.65 m
(126 ft 10 in)
Wingspan 26.00 m (85 ft 4 in) 28.72 m (94 ft 3 in)
Height 9.67 m
(32 ft 4 in)
10.28 m
(34 ft 7 in)
Empty Weight (kg) 21,140 21,810 28,080 28,970
Maximum takeoff (kg) 35,990 (STD)
37,200 (LR)
37,500 (STD)
38,790 (LR)
47,790 (STD)
50,300 (LR)
51,800 (IGW)
48,790 (STD)
50,790 (LR)
52,290 (IGW)
Takeoff Run at MTOW 2,044 m (6,700 ft)
Powerplants GE CF34-8E turbofans
62.3 kN (13,800 lbf) thrust each
GE CF34-10E turbofans
82.3 kN (18,500 lbf) thrust each
Maximum speed 890 km/h (481 kn, Mach 0.82)
Range 3,334 km (STD)
3,889 km (LR)
3,892 km (AR)
3,334 km (STD)
3,889 km (LR)
3,706 km (AR)
3,334 km (STD)
4,260 km (LR)
4,448 km (AR)
2,593 km (STD)
3,334 km (LR)
4,077 km (AR)
Service ceiling 41,000 ft (12,500 m)
Rate of climb Max 3,500 FPM
Wing loading (Unknown)
Thrust-to-weight 0.42:1 0.39:1 0.41:1 0.39:1
Fuselage and cabin cross-section
Outer width 3.01 m (9 ft 11 in)
Inside width 2.74 m (9 ft 0 in)
Outer height 3.35 m (11 ft 0 in)
Inside height 2.00 m (6 ft 7 in)

[10]

See also

Related development

Aircraft of comparable role, configuration, and era

Related lists

References

  1. ^ a b "Embraer in Numbers". Embraer. 2009-05-12. Retrieved 2009-05-12.
  2. ^ Aviation Week & Space Technology, 29 October 2007 issue, p. 66.
  3. ^ "Embraer 170/175/190/195 Aircraft Data". Airliners.net. Retrieved 2006-07-17.
  4. ^ "Photos: Embraer ERJ-170-200LR 175LR Aircraft Pictures". Airliners.net. Retrieved 2009-09-04. ((cite web)): Text "Airliners.net" ignored (help)
  5. ^ Embraer ERJ-170
  6. ^ "JetBlue orders 100 Embraer 190 Aircraft" (Press release). JetBlue. 2003-06-10. Retrieved 2006-07-17.
  7. ^ Flybe (2007). "About our fleet". Retrieved 2008-05-23.
  8. ^ a b LOT Polish Airlines (undated). "Fleet". Retrieved 2009-07-23. ((cite web)): Check date values in: |year= (help)
  9. ^ a b c d Flight International, 3-9 October 2006
  10. ^ Embraer E-jet cross section, accessed Oct 23, 2006