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Republic Airways
IATA ICAO Callsign
YX[1][2] RPA BRICKYARD
Founded1998; 26 years ago (1998)
AOC #R61A758X[3]
Hubs
Fleet size225
Parent companyRepublic Airways Holdings
HeadquartersIndianapolis, Indiana
Key peopleBryan Bedford (CEO)
Websiterjet.com

Republic Airways Inc. is an American regional airline headquartered in Indianapolis, Indiana, United States. Republic operates and maintains aircraft used on flights that are scheduled, marketed and sold by a partner mainline airline. The company is contracted by American Airlines (as American Eagle), Delta Air Lines (as Delta Connection), and United Airlines (as United Express).

History

US Airways Express (Republic Airways) Embraer E170

In 1999, Republic Airways Holdings incorporated a new subsidiary, "Republic Airline, Inc."[4] but the subsidiary had no activity prior to 2004 and no ability to operate aircraft prior to 2005. In 2004 the holding company activated Republic Airways in reaction to a pilots' suit against American Airlines.

American had awarded the flying of 44-seat regional jets to Chautauqua Airlines, then the main operating subsidiary of Republic Airways Holdings. However, Chautauqua later started to operate 70-seat regional jets on behalf of United Airlines, and this caused American to be in violation of its pilot union scope clause, which prevented an airline from operating on behalf of American if that airline was operating jet aircraft of more than 50 seats, even if such aircraft were operating on behalf of a carrier other than American. To repair the situation, Republic Airways Holdings activated Republic Airline, and upon Part 121 certification in 2005[5] allowing Republic Airline to operate commercial service. Republic Airways Holdings then transferred the offending 70-seat regional jets from Chautauqua to Republic Airline. American was then no longer in violation of its pilot union scope clause. Republic Airways Holdings paid $6.6 million to the pilot union of American Airlines to settle the issue.[6]

US Airways' pilots had a scope clause prohibiting the airline from operating large regional jets such as the Embraer E170. The airline negotiated around this clause by offering flight deck jobs to laid-off US Airways pilots, in a program known as "Jets for Jobs". This agreement created a subsidiary, MidAtlantic Airways. As part of US Airways' bankruptcy restructuring, the 25 Embraer E170s delivered to MidAtlantic were bought by Republic to help US Airways come out of bankruptcy; Republic operates them along with additional newly delivered aircraft.[citation needed]

In 2007, Frontier Airlines signed an 11-year service agreement with Republic Airways. Under the agreement, Republic would operate 17 Embraer E170 aircraft for the Frontier Airlines operation. The first aircraft was placed into service in March 2007, and the last aircraft was expected to be placed into service by December 2008. On April 23, 2008, Republic Airways Holdings (parent of Republic Airline) terminated its service agreement with Frontier Airlines, which entered Chapter 11 bankruptcy in early April 2008. Subsequently, Republic Air Holdings purchased Frontier Airlines in bankruptcy. Frontier-branded Republic Airways E190 aircraft provided regional capacity support. In September 2013, Republic Airways Holdings sold Frontier Airlines. As part of the sale, Republic Airways terminated the Frontier branded E190 from flying.[citation needed]

On February 1, 2008, Republic Airways opened a base at John Glenn Columbus International Airport in Columbus, Ohio.[citation needed]

On September 3, 2008, Republic signed a new 10-year codeshare agreement with Midwest Airlines. The aircraft would be based at Kansas City International Airport beginning October 1, 2008. Twelve aircraft would be placed in service with Midwest. On June 23, 2009, Republic announced it would acquire Midwest Airlines for $31 million.[7]

In January 2013, Republic Airways Holdings reached a capacity purchase agreement with American Airlines to operate Embraer E175 airplanes under the American Eagle brand beginning in mid-2013.[8] Republic began service as an American Eagle affiliate on August 1, 2013, from Chicago to New Orleans, Pittsburgh, and Albuquerque.[9]

On February 25, 2016, the airline filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection. The airline was hit hard because of pilot shortages, but a new contract ratified in October 2015 helped restructure the airline. At the time of filing, Republic Holdings claimed $2.97 billion in liabilities and $3.56 billion in assets.[10][11] On November 16, 2016, Republic Airways Holdings filed their Plan of Reorganization with intentions to emerge from Chapter 11 during the first quarter of 2017.[12]

It was announced that parent company Republic Airways Holdings would merge subsidiaries Shuttle America and Republic Airways into one company, with Republic Airways being chosen as the surviving company. On January 31, 2017, Shuttle America merged with Republic Airways. In December 2018, the operating division was renamed Republic Airways to match its parent company.[citation needed]

As of January 31, 2017, Republic Airways has the largest fleet of Embraer E170 and Embraer E175 aircraft in the world.[original research?]

Destinations

As of January 2024, Republic operates for American Eagle, Delta Connection, and United Express.

List of destinations[13] (As of January 2023)
City Country (Subdivision) IATA Airport Notes
Ottawa Canada (Ontario) YOW Ottawa Macdonald–Cartier International Airport
Toronto Canada (Ontario) YYZ Toronto Pearson International Airport
Montreal Canada (Quebec) YUL Montréal–Trudeau International Airport
Quebec City Canada (Quebec) YQB Québec City Jean Lesage International Airport
Havana Cuba (La Habana Province) HAV José Martí International Airport
Fayetteville/Springdale United States (Arkansas) XNA Northwest Arkansas Regional Airport
Little Rock United States (Arkansas) LIT Clinton National Airport
Hartford United States (Connecticut) BDL Bradley International Airport
Fort Myers United States (Florida) RSW Southwest Florida International Airport
Jacksonville United States (Florida) JAX Jacksonville International Airport
Key West United States (Florida) EYW Key West International Airport
Sarasota United States (Florida) SRQ Sarasota–Bradenton International Airport
Atlanta United States (Georgia) ATL Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport
Savannah United States (Georgia) SAV Savannah/Hilton Head International Airport
Chicago United States (Illinois) ORD O'Hare International Airport Base
Indianapolis United States (Indiana) IND Indianapolis International Airport Base
Lexington United States (Kentucky) LEX Blue Grass Airport
Louisville United States (Kentucky) SDF Louisville International Airport Base
New Orleans United States (Louisiana) MSY Louis Armstrong New Orleans International Airport
Bangor United States (Maine) BGR Bangor International Airport
Portland United States (Maine) PWM Portland International Jetport
Baltimore United States (Maryland) BWI Baltimore/Washington International Airport
Boston United States (Massachusetts) BOS Logan International Airport Base
Worcester United States (Massachusetts) ORH Worcester Regional Airport
Detroit United States (Michigan) DTW Detroit Metropolitan Wayne County Airport
Grand Rapids United States (Michigan) GRR Gerald R. Ford International Airport
Minneapolis/St. Paul United States (Minnesota) MSP Minneapolis-Saint Paul International Airport
Kansas City United States (Missouri) MCI Kansas City International Airport
St. Louis United States (Missouri) STL St. Louis Lambert International Airport
Omaha United States (Nebraska) OMA Eppley Airfield
Manchester United States (New Hampshire) MHT Manchester–Boston Regional Airport
Newark United States (New Jersey) EWR Newark Liberty International Airport Base
Albany United States (New York) ALB Albany International Airport
Buffalo United States (New York) BUF Buffalo Niagara International Airport
New York City United States (New York) LGA LaGuardia Airport Base
Rochester United States (New York) ROC Greater Rochester International Airport
Syracuse United States (New York) SYR Syracuse Hancock International Airport
White Plains United States (New York) HPN Westchester County Airport
Asheville United States (North Carolina) AVL Asheville Regional Airport
Greensboro United States (North Carolina) GSO Piedmont Triad International Airport
Raleigh/Durham United States (North Carolina) RDU Raleigh-Durham International Airport
Wilmington United States (North Carolina) ILM Wilmington International Airport
Cincinnati, Ohio area United States (Kentucky) CVG Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky International Airport Airport is in Kentucky
Cleveland United States (Ohio) CLE Hopkins International Airport
Columbus United States (Ohio) CMH John Glenn Columbus International Airport Base
Dayton United States (Ohio) DAY Dayton International Airport
Oklahoma City United States (Oklahoma) OKC Will Rogers World Airport
Tulsa United States (Oklahoma) TUL Tulsa International Airport
Harrisburg United States (Pennsylvania) MDT Harrisburg International Airport
Philadelphia United States (Pennsylvania) PHL Philadelphia International Airport Base
Pittsburgh United States (Pennsylvania) PIT Pittsburgh International Airport Base
Providence United States (Rhode Island) PVD Theodore Francis Green State Airport
Charleston United States (South Carolina) CHS Charleston International Airport
Greenville–Spartanburg United States (South Carolina) GSP Greenville–Spartanburg International Airport
Myrtle Beach United States (South Carolina) MYR Myrtle Beach International Airport
Memphis United States (Tennessee) MEM Memphis International Airport
Nashville United States (Tennessee) BNA Nashville International Airport
Houston United States (Texas) IAH George Bush Intercontinental Airport
Burlington United States (Vermont) BTV Burlington International Airport
Charlottesville United States (Virginia) CHO Charlottesville–Albemarle Airport
Norfolk United States (Virginia) ORF Norfolk International Airport
Richmond United States (Virginia) RIC Richmond International Airport
Roanoke United States (Virginia) ROA Roanoke–Blacksburg Regional Airport
Washington, D.C. area United States (Virginia) IAD Washington Dulles International Airport
Washington, D.C. area United States (Virginia) DCA Reagan National Airport Base
Madison United States (Wisconsin) MSN Dane County Regional Airport
Milwaukee United States (Wisconsin) MKE Milwaukee Mitchell International Airport

Fleet

Current fleet

As of January 2024, the Republic Airways fleet consists of the following aircraft:[14]

Aircraft In Service Orders Passengers Operated for Notes
F Y+ Y Total
Embraer 170 5 12 20 34 66 American Eagle All to be transferred from Delta Connection and United Express.
11 9 12 48 69 Delta Connection To be removed.
27 6 16 70 United Express To be removed.
Embraer 175 91 12 20 44 76 American Eagle
46 20 44 Delta Connection
42 17 16 48 United Express
3 64 Republic Airways
Total 225

Fleet development

A Republic Airways E170 with Republic branding at Kansas City International Airport

The Embraer 175 made its United States domestic debut when the first aircraft was delivered to Republic Airways in March 2007. Total orders were for 36 aircraft, which were operated in an 80-seat configuration under the US Airways Express brand name.[15]

In July 2010, Republic ordered a further 24 Embraer E190 aircraft.[16]

In May 2012, Republic Airways agreed to fly the 28 Bombardier Q400s for United Express that bankrupt Pinnacle Airlines planned to return to its lessors.[17] The Q400 fleet was retired in 2017.[citation needed]

Republic Airways Holdings signed a three-year contract in October 2012 with Caesars Entertainment Corporation where its Republic Airways subsidiary would operate five Embraer E190 aircraft to provide more than 1,500 charter flights annually for Caesars. Service began in January 2013. This contract ended in August 2015 and all E190 aircraft were sold or returned to the lease holders.[18]

In January 2013, Republic Airways Holdings reached a capacity purchase agreement with American Airlines to operate 47 Embraer E175 airplanes under the American Eagle brand beginning in mid-2013. The regional jets would be deployed out of American's Chicago hub. In addition, Republic would have options to purchase an additional 47 Embraer aircraft beginning in 2015.[8] Republic took first delivery of the E175 jets in July 2013 and service began August 1, 2013, from Chicago to New Orleans, Pittsburgh and Albuquerque.[9] Republic began using Miami as an American Eagle hub in October 2014 and in New York-JFK in May 2015.[19]

Republic Airways Maintenance Base in Columbus, Ohio

In late 2015, it was announced Republic Airways achieved approval from the FAA for Extended Overwater Operations (EOW), which allows Republic to operate up to 162 nautical miles from shore. As of January 31, 2017, only Republic E175 aircraft operating for American Airlines are equipped to operate as an EOW aircraft. American Airlines uses Republic to operate aircraft out of Miami International Airport to various Caribbean and Central American destinations, including the Bahamas, Mexico, Panama, Belize, Honduras, Costa Rica, Turks & Caicos, Cuba, Guadeloupe, and the French West Indies.[citation needed]

In late 2016 it was announced, due to the impending merger with Shuttle America, that the 80-seat Embraer E175s operated for American Eagle (previously US Airways Express) would have the last row of seats removed (4 in total) to conform with Delta's scope clause, which limits all regional jets to a maximum of 76 seats. These aircraft were retrofitted to American's standard Embraer E175 layout.[citation needed]

On January 31, 2017, all existing aircraft operating under the Shuttle America operating certificate were transferred to the Republic Airline Inc. operating certificate, thus ceasing operations for Shuttle America, and completing the merger process of both subsidiaries. The move made Republic the largest operator of Embraer E170 and Embraer E175 aircraft in the world.[citation needed]

On December 20, 2018, Republic Airways announced that it had finalized a firm order for 100 Embraer E175 aircraft, stating that deliveries for the new aircraft would start in the second half of 2020 [20]

In October 2019, Republic received the first of 30 E175s to be transferred from Compass Airlines upon the cancellation of their contract with Delta.[21]

In September 2021, Republic agreed to sell 11 E170s and 6 E175s to Envoy Air.[citation needed]

Retired fleet

Republic Airways retired fleet
Aircraft Year retired
Embraer E190 2015
Bombardier Q400 2017

Incidents

See also

References

  1. ^ "FAA JO7340.2D" (PDF). faa.gov.
  2. ^ "Republic Airways on ch-aviation". ch-aviation.
  3. ^ "Federal Aviation Administration – Airline Certificate Information – Detail View". av-info.faa.gov. Retrieved June 27, 2019.
  4. ^ "Republic Airways Holdings Form 10-K for Year Ended December 31, 2004". Retrieved August 16, 2013.
  5. ^ "Exhibit99.1 Republic Airline Certification". Retrieved August 16, 2013.
  6. ^ "Republic Airways Continues Attack On Pilots Group With Sham Furloughs". September 8, 2011. Retrieved August 16, 2013.
  7. ^ "Republic Airways to acquire Midwest Airlines". The Business Journal. June 23, 2009. Retrieved August 1, 2013.
  8. ^ a b "Republic Airways to operate large regional jets for American Airlines". dallasnews.com. January 24, 2013. Retrieved February 15, 2013.
  9. ^ a b "American Airlines Unveils Embraer 175 Regional Jet Design". forbes.com. July 31, 2013. Retrieved August 1, 2013.
  10. ^ "Business Index". ABC News. Retrieved October 30, 2016.
  11. ^ Gara, Antoine. "Republic Airways CEO Says Bankruptcy Filing Will Take Airline To New Heights". Forbes. Retrieved October 30, 2016.
  12. ^ "Republic Airways Files Plan of Reorganization, Intends to Emerge from Chapter 11 in Q1-2017". businesswire.com. November 17, 2016.
  13. ^ "Republic Airways: Bases & Routes". Retrieved October 8, 2022.
  14. ^ "Republic Airlines Fleet Details and History". Planespotters.net. November 5, 2023. Retrieved November 6, 2023.
  15. ^ Flight International March 13–19, 2007
  16. ^ "FARNBOROUGH: Republic signs for 24 more Embraer 190s". July 21, 2010. Retrieved July 21, 2010.
  17. ^ "Republic Agrees To Take Over Q400 Flying for Pinnacle". May 15, 2012. Retrieved February 15, 2013.
  18. ^ "Republic Airways, Caesars Entertainment Sign Three-Year Flight Agreement". businesswire.com. October 25, 2012. Retrieved February 15, 2013.
  19. ^ "Republic Airlines To Start Flying E-175 Out Of Miami For American Airlines October 2". Airchive. Archived from the original on October 20, 2014. Retrieved September 15, 2014.
  20. ^ "Republic Airways, Embraer sign firm order of 100 aircraft". businesswire.com. December 20, 2018. Retrieved February 25, 2019.
  21. ^ Hemmerdinger, Jon. "Republic to fly 30 more E175s as Delta overhauls regional set-up". Flight Global.
  22. ^ Ranter, Harro. "ASN Aircraft accident Embraer ERJ 170LR (ERJ-170-100 LR) N876RW Columbus-John Glenn International Airport, OH (CMH)". aviation-safety.net.
  23. ^ "Search". rzjets.net.