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Envoy Air Inc.
Envoy Air logo
IATA ICAO Callsign
Founded1984 (1984) (as American Eagle Airlines)[1]
AOC #SIMA586A[2]
Hubs Phoenix–Sky Harbor
Frequent-flyer programAAdvantage
AllianceOneworld (affiliate)
Fleet size152
Parent companyAmerican Airlines Group[3]
HeadquartersIrving, Texas, United States
Key people

Envoy Air is an American regional airline headquartered in Irving, Texas, in the Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex. The airline is a wholly owned subsidiary of the American Airlines Group and it is paid by fellow group member American Airlines to staff, operate and maintain aircraft used on American Eagle flights that are scheduled, marketed and sold by American Airlines.

Envoy Air operates a fleet consisting of exclusively Embraer regional jet aircraft. The company has a team of more than 18,000 employees, operating more than 1,000 daily flights to over 150 destinations in the United States, Canada, Mexico, Caribbean and South America.

Envoy was formerly known as American Eagle Airlines and was formed when American's parent company merged several airlines owned by the group and operating regional flights. The name was changed to avoid confusion with other regional carriers that operate on behalf of American Eagle. The name "American Eagle Airlines" was also used between April 1980 and April 1981 by an unrelated air charter service that suspended operations and filed bankruptcy before flying any scheduled operations.[6]


A Saab 340BPlus formerly operated by American Eagle at Los Angeles International Airport. (2007)

Envoy began as a collection of regional carriers with contracts to carry the American Eagle brand name. The first American Eagle flight was operated by Metroflight Airlines, which was a wholly owned subsidiary of Metro Airlines (formerly Houston Metro Airlines), on 1 November 1984, from Fayetteville, Arkansas, and Fort Smith, Arkansas, to Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport. Metroflight utilized Convair 580 turboprop aircraft that had been formerly operated by Frontier Airlines.

Other carriers that have flown in American Eagle livery include Executive Airlines, Command Airways, Air Virginia, Simmons Airlines, Chaparral Airlines and Wings West Airlines. Among other aircraft in its fleet, Chaparral flew Grumman I-C turboprops which were stretched, 37 passenger regional airliner versions of Grumman's successful propjet business aircraft and was one of only a few air carriers to ever operate the type in scheduled passenger service.

Until 1987 these third-party carriers flew under contract with American Airlines to provide regional feed to its hubs. During 1987 and 1988 AMR Corp. acquired its regional carriers, starting with Simmons Airlines. AMR's final airline d.b.a. American Eagle acquisition was Executive Airlines in 1989.[7]

By mid-1991 AMR had consolidated the number of carriers to four. The May 15, 1998, merger of Wings West and Flagship into Simmons (and the name change of Simmons Airlines to American Eagle Airlines) reduced the number of carriers flying as American Eagle under separate operating certificates to two: American Eagle Airlines and Executive Airlines.

American Eagle Airlines launched its regional jet service in May 1998 using Embraer ERJ 145 aircraft.

AMR struck a codesharing deal with Trans World Airlines (TWA), allowing TWA to sell American Eagle Airlines flights feeding into Los Angeles and later New York's JFK Airports. These services were branded by TWA as Trans World Connection flights.[8] These American Eagle Airlines/Trans World agreements were forged well in advance of AMR's acquisition of TWA in 2001.

During 2007, AMR began studying ways to spin American Eagle Airlines off into a separate company, including, but not limited to, the possibility of selling the company to stockholders or an unaffiliated third party. In 2008, AMR said any plans had been put on hold until the airline industry stabilized after the worldwide financial crisis. In July 2011, AMR announced the spin-off of American Eagle Airlines, but those plans were again shelved when AMR filed for bankruptcy in November 2011.

On 14 January 2014, American Airlines Group officially announced the rebranding of its American Eagle subsidiary as Envoy. Aircraft operated by American Eagle continued to operate under the current American Eagle branding, but an "Operated by Envoy Air" label was added, similar to the label used by other contract airlines that fly aircraft with American Eagle livery.[9] This name change was created to avoid confusion when American Airlines announced that other regional carriers would operate on behalf of American. The term 'Envoy' is a reincarnation of the now deprecated Envoy Class of seating on US Airways aircraft.[10]

American Eagle carriers
Carrier Eagle service began Acquired by AMR Eagle service ended Notes
Metroflight Airlines (formerly Metro Airlines) November 1, 1984 May 28, 1993 May 28, 1993 Bankrupt; assets acquired by Simmons Airlines[11]
AVAir (formerly Air Virginia) May 15, 1985 May 1988 May 1988 Bankrupt; assets acquired by Nashville Eagle[12]
Simmons Airlines October 1, 1985 August 1, 1987 May 15, 1998 Merged with Flagship and Wings West to form American Eagle Airlines[13]
Command Airways April 27, 1986 September 28, 1988 June 1, 1991 Merged into Nashville Eagle to form Flagship Airlines[14]
Wings West June 1986 August 9, 1987 May 15, 1998 Merged into Simmons to form American Eagle Airlines, Inc.[15]
Executive Airlines November 1, 1986 1990[16] March 31, 2013 San Juan (SJU) American Eagle hub shut down with ATR-72 turboprop aircraft phased out of fleet
Nashville Eagle January 1988 January 1988 June 1, 1991 AMR Corp.’s first and only start-up airline, using equipment acquired from Air Midwest.[17] Merged with Command Airways to form Flagship Airlines[17]
Flagship Airlines June 1, 1991 June 1, 1991 May 15, 1998 Formed by the merger of Command Airways into Nashville Eagle; merged into Simmons to form American Eagle Airlines, Inc.[18]
American Eagle Airlines May 15, 1998 May 15, 1998 Apr 15, 2014 Formed by the merger of Wings West and Flagship into Simmons[13]
Envoy Air Apr 15, 2014 May 15, 1998 Still Operating American Eagle Airlines rebranded to Envoy
Business Express Airlines March 1999[19] Never flew under the American Eagle brand before being fully integrated into American Eagle Airlines, Inc. in December 2000.

Envoy merger tree
AVAirMetroflight Airlines
Command AirwaysNashville Eagle
Flagship AirlinesSimmons AirlinesWings West Airlines
Business Express AirlinesAmerican Eagle AirlinesExecutive Airlines

Corporate affairs

The headquarters for Envoy Air located at 4301 Regent Blvd. in Irving, TX. (2014)

Envoy Air's headquarters are in Irving, Texas,[20] in two buildings located north of the northeast portion of DFW Airport.[21]

American Eagle was previously headquartered at the American Airlines headquarters in Fort Worth, Texas, and had employees in several buildings: HDQ1, HDQ2, the Systems Operations Control (SOC) center, the DFW American Eagle hangar, the DFW-area warehouse CP-28, the Flight Academy, and the Flagship University. It was scheduled to consolidate operations and move 600 employees from the headquarters, SOC, and training divisions into the Irving offices in July 2014, which were formerly occupied by Epsilon.[21]


MQ hubs listed by departures (December 19, 2020)[22]
Rank Airport Flights
1 Dallas/Fort Worth, Texas 210
2 Chicago–O'Hare, Illinois 138
3 Miami, Florida 72


Crew bases

There were previously bases in Boston, Los Angeles, Nashville, New York,[28] Raleigh/Durham, and San Juan.[citation needed]


An American Eagle Embraer ERJ-145 parked at Joplin Regional Airport, Missouri (2014).
An American Eagle Embraer 175 on approach to Toronto Pearson International Airport, Ontario, Canada (2019).

As of April 2024, the Envoy Air fleet consists of the following aircraft:[29]

Aircraft In service Orders Passengers Notes
F Y+ Y Total
Embraer 170 38 12 20 34 66 Aircraft will use only 65 seats due to American Airlines' scope clause agreement.
Embraer 175 114 12 20 44 76
Total 152

In September 2009, AMR Corporation announced plans to add a First Class cabin to its fleet of 25 Bombardier CRJ700 regional jets and also signed a letter of intent with Bombardier, Inc. to exercise options for the purchase of 22 additional CRJ700 aircraft for delivery beginning in the middle of 2010.[30]

In January 2014, American Eagle's pilots' union reached an agreement with the regional carrier's management that guaranteed 60 of the 90 new Embraer 175 aircraft that American Airlines ordered in December were to be operated by Eagle. The deal included options for 90 other aircraft to be operated by the regional carrier. Delivery of the aircraft would begin in the first quarter of 2015. This deal was voted down by the pilots' union, the Air Line Pilots Association (ALPA).

Envoy was awarded 40 new Embraer 175 aircraft with 90 options. Deliveries began on November 13, 2015.[31][32]

In October 2016, Envoy announced that they had taken delivery of two additional Embraer 175 aircraft.

In May 2018, Envoy announced that they had taken delivery of fifteen additional Embraer 175 aircraft between March and November 2019 bringing the total of E175's to 69 by the end of 2019.[33]

In November 2018, Envoy announced that they had taken delivery of an additional fifteen Embraer 175 aircraft totaling 84 by mid-2020.

In December 2019, Envoy transferred all of the remaining Bombardier CRJ700 aircraft to PSA Airlines.

In March 2020, it was announced that all twenty of the Embraer 175 aircraft operated by Compass Airlines would be transferred to Envoy upon their closure in April 2020.

In February 2021, American Airlines announced that the remaining ERJ140 fleet belonging to Envoy would end service on May 5, 2021.[34]

On March 1, 2021, Envoy ordered six Embraer 170 jets, expected to enter the fleet in 2021.[35]

On June 20, 2023 at the Paris Air Show, the American Airlines Group ordered seven Embraer 175 jets, on behalf of Envoy Air.[36]

Historical turboprop fleet

The American Eagle brand operated a variety of twin turboprop aircraft over the years via its various regional and commuter airline partners, including the ATR 42 and ATR 72; Beechcraft Model 99; British Aerospace Jetstream 31 and 32 models; CASA C-212 Aviocar; Convair 580; Fairchild Swearingen Metroliner; Grumman Gulfstream I (stretched G-IC model); NAMC YS-11; Short 330 and Short 360; and the Saab 340.

Incidents and accidents

See also


  1. ^ "History of American Airlines". American Airlines Inc. 2015. Archived from the original on May 26, 2012. Retrieved December 28, 2015.
  2. ^ Federal Aviation Administration. "Airline Certificate Information - Detail View". U.S. Department of Transportation. Archived from the original on January 5, 2016. Retrieved December 28, 2015.
  3. ^ a b c d "Our Company". Envoy Air Inc. Archived from the original on January 5, 2016. Retrieved December 28, 2015.
  4. ^ "Leadership". Envoy Air Inc. Archived from the original on January 5, 2016. Retrieved December 28, 2015.
  5. ^ "American Airlines Group Executive Leadership Team". American Airlines, Inc. 2015. Archived from the original on March 16, 2016. Retrieved December 28, 2015.
  6. ^ Tom W Norwood (1996). "1980". Deregulation Knockouts, Round One. Airways. p. 33. ISBN 0-9653993-0-3.
  7. ^ Pettus, Michael L. (June 19, 2017). Growth from Chaos: Developing Your Firm's Resources to Achieve Profitability Without Cost Cutting. Greenwood Publishing Group. ISBN 9781567206333. Retrieved June 19, 2017 – via Google Books.
  8. ^ "Before the Department of Transportation, Washington, D.C." (PDF). Trans World Air Lines, Inc. Retrieved October 14, 2012.[permanent dead link]
  9. ^ Envoy is picked as new name for American Eagle Airlines | Dallas News - Business Archived March 7, 2016, at the Wayback Machine. The Dallas Morning News. Retrieved on 2014-01-14.
  10. ^ "American Eagle: Where every seat is Envoy Class - Wandering Aramean". January 14, 2014. Archived from the original on January 16, 2014. Retrieved December 28, 2015.
  11. ^ [1][dead link]
  12. ^ [2][dead link]
  13. ^ a b [3][dead link]
  14. ^ [4][dead link]
  15. ^ [5][dead link]
  16. ^ [6][dead link]
  17. ^ a b [7][dead link]
  18. ^ [8][dead link]
  19. ^ "Company News: American Eagle Air buying Business Express." The New York Times. December 5, 1998 "?". New York Times. December 5, 1998.
  20. ^ Home page Archived May 12, 2014, at the Wayback Machine. Envoy Air. Retrieved on January 8, 2017. "4301 Regent Boulevard Irving, TX 75063"
  21. ^ a b Maxon, Terry (April 9, 2014). "American Eagle to move 600+ employees into Irving offices in summer 2014". The Dallas Morning News. Archived from the original on May 20, 2014. Retrieved January 8, 2017.
  22. ^ "Flight Stats". September 14, 2017. Archived from the original on April 7, 2014.
  23. ^ "Major Hubs". Envoy Air | The Largest Regional Carrier for American Airlines. Envoy Air, Inc. Archived from the original on May 12, 2014. Retrieved March 22, 2020.
  24. ^ "American Airlines Group". Archived from the original on August 1, 2017. Retrieved April 27, 2021.
  25. ^ Maxon, Terry (October 3, 2014). "American Airlines to put larger regional jets into Miami, reduce Envoy Air operations there". Dallas News. Archived from the original on April 27, 2021. Retrieved April 27, 2021.
  26. ^ "Envoy to Re-Open a Crew Base in Miami". Aviation Tribune. May 23, 2017. Archived from the original on April 27, 2021. Retrieved April 27, 2021.
  27. ^ "Envoy to open Phoenix Crew and Maintenance Base". September 7, 2022. Archived from the original on May 11, 2023. Retrieved May 11, 2023.
  28. ^ Rucinski, Tracy (September 10, 2020). "American Airline's Envoy to close New York City bases, memo shows". Reuters. Archived from the original on April 27, 2021. Retrieved April 27, 2021.
  29. ^ "Envoy Fleet Details and History". Archived from the original on July 20, 2020. Retrieved July 29, 2022.
  30. ^ "AMR Corporation Takes Significant Steps to Face Near-Term Challenges". American Airlines Newsroom. September 17, 2009. Archived from the original on February 2, 2014. Retrieved January 30, 2014.
  31. ^ "New Eagle pilots contract would increase flying options but freeze pay". January 15, 2014. Archived from the original on February 2, 2014. Retrieved January 30, 2014.
  32. ^ "American Airlines Signs Multibillion-Dollar Jet Deals". December 12, 2013. Archived from the original on September 24, 2015. Retrieved January 30, 2014.
  33. ^ "American Airlines makes two jet purchases valued at more than $1.4B". May 3, 2018. Archived from the original on August 9, 2020. Retrieved May 7, 2021.
  34. ^ "Texas's Envoy Air to retire E140s in mid-2Q21". ch-aviation. Archived from the original on February 13, 2021. Retrieved February 12, 2021.
  35. ^ "Six more birds are coming to Envoy". March 14, 2023. Archived from the original on May 11, 2023. Retrieved May 11, 2023.
  36. ^ "Embraer Secures Deals For 32 Aircraft At Paris Air Show". Simple Flying. June 20, 2023. Archived from the original on June 20, 2023. Retrieved June 20, 2023.
  37. ^ NTSB Safety Recommendation July 10, 2006. Addressed to Honorable Marion Blakey, Commissioner, Federal Aviation Administration, pp. 1-4. Retrieved February 15, 2009.
  38. ^ "NTSB Identification: LAX06IA076". National Transportation Safety Board. January 2, 2006. LAX06IA076. Archived from the original on July 26, 2020. Retrieved October 14, 2012.
  39. ^ "Safety Recommendation" (PDF). Federal Aviation Administration. National Transportation Safety Board. July 10, 2006. pp. 1–4. Archived (PDF) from the original on February 10, 2017. Retrieved February 15, 2009.
  40. ^ "Investigation: 200402415 - Saab Aircraft Co SF-340A, VH-KEQ". Australian Transport Safety Bureau. Archived from the original on October 21, 2009. Retrieved October 14, 2012.
  41. ^ Ranter, Harro. "ASN Aircraft accident Embraer EMB-145LR (ERJ-145LR) N619AE Chicago-O'Hare International Airport, IL (ORD)". Aviation Safety Network. Archived from the original on July 25, 2020. Retrieved May 6, 2020.
  42. ^ "Montgomery, Alabama, airport worker dies on ramp in incident involving American Airlines regional jet". Archived from the original on January 2, 2023. Retrieved January 2, 2023.