Kansai International Airport


Kansai Kokusai Kūkō
Kansai International Airport (August 2022)
Airport typePublic
OwnerNew Kansai International Airport Company [ja] (NKIAC)[1]
OperatorKansai Airports[2]
(Orix and Vinci Airports)
LocationIzumisano, Sennan, & Tajiri
Osaka Prefecture
Opened4 September 1994; 29 years ago (1994-09-04)
Hub for
Elevation AMSL5 m / 17 ft
Coordinates34°25′50″N 135°13′49″E / 34.43056°N 135.23028°E / 34.43056; 135.23028
RJBB is located in Osaka Prefecture
Location in Osaka Prefecture
RJBB is located in Japan
Location in Japan
RJBB is located in Asia
Location in Asia
Direction Length Surface
m ft
06R/24L 3,500 11,483 Asphalt concrete
06L/24R 4,000 13,123 Asphalt concrete
Statistics (2017)
Passenger movements27,987,564
(Increase 11%)
International passenger movements21,138,928
(Increase 13%)
Aircraft movements185,174
(Increase 5%)
Freight volume in tonnes824,485
(Increase 14%)
International Freight volume in tonnes814,704
(Increase 15%)

Kansai International Airport (Japanese: 関西国際空港, romanizedKansai Kokusai Kūkō), commonly known as 関空 (Kankū) (IATA: KIX, ICAO: RJBB), is the primary international airport in the Greater Osaka Area of Japan and the closest international airport to the cities of Osaka, Kyoto, and Kobe. It is located on an artificial island (Kankūjima (関空島)) in the middle of Osaka Bay off the Honshu shore, 38 km (24 mi) southwest of Ōsaka Station,[4] located within three municipalities, including Izumisano (north),[5] Sennan (south),[6] and Tajiri (central),[7] in Osaka Prefecture. The airport's 1st airport island covers approximately 510 hectares and the 2nd airport island covers approximately 545 hectares, for a total of 1,055 hectares (2,600 acres).[8]

Kansai opened on 4 September 1994 to relieve overcrowding at Osaka International Airport, also called Itami Airport, which is closer to the city of Osaka. It consists of two terminals: Terminal 1 and Terminal 2. Terminal 1, designed by Italian architect Renzo Piano, is the longest airport terminal in the world with a length of 1.7 km (1+116 mi). The airport serves as an international hub for All Nippon Airways, Japan Airlines, and Nippon Cargo Airlines, and also serves as a hub for Peach, the first international low-cost carrier in Japan.[citation needed]

In 2016, 25.2 million passengers used the airport, making it the 30th busiest airport in Asia and third busiest in Japan. The freight volume was 802,162 tonnes total: 757,414 t international (18th in the world) and 44,748 t domestic.[9] The 4,000 m × 60 m (13,120 ft × 200 ft) second runway was opened on 2 August 2007. As of June 2014, Kansai Airport has become an Asian hub, with 780 weekly flights to Asia and Australasia (including 119 freight), 59 weekly flights to Europe and the Middle East (5 freight), and 80 weekly flights to North America (42 freight).[10]

In 2020, Kansai received Skytrax's awards for Best Airport Staff in Asia, World's Best Airport Staff, and World's Best Airport for Baggage Delivery.[11][12]


Third floor boarding lobby, within the longest airport terminal in the world

In the 1960s, when the Kansai region was rapidly losing trade to Tokyo, planners proposed a new airport near Kobe and Osaka. The city's original international airport, Itami Airport, located in the densely populated suburbs of Itami and Toyonaka, was surrounded by buildings; it could not be expanded, and many of its neighbours had filed complaints because of noise pollution problems.[13]

After the protests surrounding New Tokyo International Airport (now Narita International Airport), which was built with expropriated land in a rural part of Chiba Prefecture, planners decided to build the airport offshore. The new airport was part of a number of new developments to revitalize Osaka, which had been losing economic and cultural ground to Tokyo for most of the century.[14]

Initially, the airport was planned to be built near Kobe, but the city of Kobe refused the plan, so the airport was moved to a more southerly location on Osaka Bay.[citation needed] There it could be open 24 hours per day, unlike its predecessor in the city.[citation needed]


Satellite photo of Kansai Airport (lower-right island) in Osaka Bay. Kobe Airport is being built on the unfinished island near the middle of the photo. Central Osaka is in the upper-right corner, along with Osaka International.
Airport map

An artificial island, 4 km (2+12 mi) long and 2.5 km (1+12 mi) wide, was proposed. Engineers needed to overcome the extremely high risks of earthquakes and typhoons (with storm surges of up to 3 m or 10 ft). The water depth is 18 metres (59 ft) on top of 20 metres (66 ft) of soft Holocene clay which holds 70% water.[15][16][17][18] A million sand drains were built into the clay to remove water and solidify the clay.[17][18]

Construction started in 1987. The sea wall was finished in 1989 (made of rock and 48,000 tetrapods). Three mountains were excavated[19] for 21 million cubic metres (27 million cubic yards),[citation needed] and 180 million cubic metres (240 million cubic yards) was used to construct island 1.[16] Over three years, 10,000 workers using 80 ships took 10 million man-hours to complete the 30-or-40-metre (100 or 130 ft)[16] layer of earth over the sea floor and inside the sea wall. In 1990, a three-kilometre (1.9 mi) bridge was completed to connect the island to the mainland at Rinku Town, at a cost of $1 billion.[citation needed] Completion of the artificial island increased the area of Osaka Prefecture just enough so that it is no longer the smallest prefecture in Japan (Kagawa Prefecture is now the smallest).[citation needed]

The bidding and construction of the airport was a source of international trade friction during the late 1980s and early 1990s. Prime Minister Yasuhiro Nakasone responded to American concerns, particularly from Senator Frank Murkowski, that bids would be rigged in Japanese companies' favour by providing special offices for prospective international contractors,[20] which ultimately did little to ease the participation of foreign contractors in the bidding process.[21] Later, foreign airlines complained that two-thirds of the departure hall counter space had been allocated to Japanese carriers, disproportionately to the actual carriage of passengers through the airport.[22]

The island had been predicted to sink 5.7 m (18 ft 8 in) by the most optimistic estimate as the weight of the material used for construction compressed the seabed silts. However, by 1999, the island had sunk 8.2 m (26 ft 11 in) – almost 50% more than predicted. The project became the most expensive civil works project in modern history after twenty years of planning, three years of construction and US$15bn of investment. Much of what was learned went into the successful artificial islands in silt deposits for New Kitakyushu Airport, Kobe Airport, and Chubu Centrair International Airport. The lessons of Kansai Airport were also applied in the construction of Hong Kong International Airport.[23]

In 1991, the terminal construction commenced. To compensate for the sinking of the island, adjustable columns were designed to support the terminal building. These are extended by inserting thick metal plates at their bases. Government officials proposed reducing the length of the terminal to cut costs, but architect Renzo Piano insisted on keeping the terminal at its full planned length.[24] The airport was opened on 4 September 1994.[25]

On 17 January 1995, Japan was struck by the Great Hanshin earthquake, the epicenter of which was about 20 km (12 mi) away from KIX and killed 6,434 people on Japan's main island of Honshū. Its earthquake engineering, particularly the use of sliding joints, allowed the airport to emerge unscathed. Even the glass in the windows remained intact. On 22 September 1998, the airport survived a typhoon with wind speeds over 60 m/s (130 mph).[26]

On 19 April 2001, the airport was one of ten structures given the "Civil Engineering Monument of the Millennium" award by the American Society of Civil Engineers.[27]

As of 2008, the total cost of Kansai Airport was $20 billion including land reclamation, two runways, terminals, and facilities. Most additional costs were initially due to the island's sinking, caused by the soft soils of Osaka Bay, which was anticipated by designers. The sink rate fell from 50 cm (20 in) per year during 1994 to 7 cm (3 in) per year in 2008.[28]


Kansai International Airport with the terminal building in the background
4th floor ticketing hall, illustrating the terminal's airfoil roof

Opened on 4 September 1994, the airport serves as a hub for several airlines such as All Nippon Airways, Japan Airlines, and Nippon Cargo Airlines. It is the international gateway for Japan's Kansai region, which contains the major cities of Kyoto, Kobe, and Osaka. Other Kansai domestic flights fly from the older but more conveniently located Osaka International Airport in Itami, or from the newer Kobe Airport.[citation needed]

The airport had been deeply in debt, losing $560 million in interest every year. Airlines had been kept away by high landing fees (about $7,500 for a Boeing 747), the second most expensive in the world after Narita's. In the early years of the airport's operation, excessive terminal rent and utility bills for on-site concessions also drove up operating costs: some estimates before opening held that a cup of coffee would have to cost US$10.[29] Osaka business owners pressed the government to take a greater burden of the construction cost to keep the airport attractive to passengers and airlines.[30]

On 17 February 2005, Chubu Centrair International Airport opened in Nagoya, just east of Osaka. The opening of the airport was expected to increase competition between Japan's international airports. Despite this, passenger totals were up 11% in 2005 over 2004, and international passengers increased to 3.06 million in 2006, up 10% over 2005. Adding to the competition were the opening of Kobe Airport, less than 25 km (16 mi) away, in 2006 and the lengthening of the runway at Tokushima Airport in Shikoku in 2007. The main rationale behind the expansions was to compete with Incheon International Airport and Hong Kong International Airport as a gateway to Asia, as Tokyo area airports were severely congested. Kansai saw a 5% year-on-year increase in international traffic in summer 2013, largely supported by low-cost carrier traffic to Taiwan and Southeast Asia overcoming a decrease in traffic to China and South Korea.[31]

The airport authority was allotted four billion yen in government support for fiscal year 2013, and the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, and Transport and the Ministry of Finance agreed to reduce this amount in stages through fiscal year 2015, although local governments in the Kansai region have pressed for continued subsidies.[32]

Kansai has been marketed as an alternative to Narita Airport for international travelers from the Greater Tokyo Area. By flying to Kansai from Haneda Airport and connecting to international flights there, travelers can save the additional time required to get to Narita: up to one and a half hours for many residents of Kanagawa Prefecture and southern Tokyo.


Second phase of Kansai International Airport under construction

The airport was at its limit during peak times, owing especially to freight flights, so a portion of Phase II expansion—the second runway—was made a priority.[33] Thus, in 2003, believing that the sinking problem was almost over, the airport operators started to construct a 4,000 m (13,000 ft) second runway and terminal.[citation needed]

The second runway opened on 2 August 2007, but with the originally planned terminal portion postponed. This lowered the project cost to JPY¥910 billion (approx. US$8 billion), saving ¥650 billion from the first estimate.[34] The additional runway development, which was opened in time for the IAAF World Athletics Championships in Osaka, has expanded the airport size to 10.5 square kilometres (2,600 acres). The second runway is used for landings and when there are incidents prohibiting takeoff from runway A. The new runway allowed the airport to start 24-hour operations in September 2007.[35][36]

A new terminal building opened in late 2012.[37] There are additional plans for several new aprons, a third runway (06C/24C) with a length of 3,500 m (11,483 ft), a new cargo terminal and expanding the airport size to 13 km2 (5 sq mi). However, the Japanese government has currently postponed these plans for economic reasons.[citation needed]

Relationship with Itami Airport

Since July 2008, Osaka Prefecture governor Toru Hashimoto has been a vocal critic of Itami Airport, arguing that the Chuo Shinkansen maglev line will make much of its domestic role irrelevant, and that its domestic functions should be transferred to Kansai Airport in conjunction with upgraded high-speed access to Kansai from central Osaka.[38] In 2009, Hashimoto also publicly proposed moving the functions of Marine Corps Air Station Futenma to Kansai Airport as a possible solution for the political crisis surrounding the base.[39]

In May 2011, the Diet of Japan passed legislation to form a new Kansai International Airport Corporation using the state's existing equity stake in Kansai Airport and its property holdings at Itami Airport. The move was aimed at offsetting Kansai Airport's debt burden.[40]

The merger of the Itami and Kansai airport authorities was completed in July 2012. Shortly following the merger, Kansai Airport announced a 5% reduction in landing fees effective October 2012, with additional reductions during overnight hours when the airport is underutilized, and further discounts planned for the future, including subsidies for new airlines and routes. As of October 2012 these moves were intended to bring Kansai's fees closer to the level of Narita International Airport, where landing fees were around 20% lower than Kansai's, and to improve competitiveness with other Asian hubs such as Incheon International Airport in South Korea.[41]

Since its formation, the new operating company has also made efforts toward international expansion, bidding for operating concessions at Yangon International Airport and Hanthawaddy International Airport in Myanmar.[42]

KIAC conducted a public tender to sell the operating rights for Kansai and Itami Airport in May 2015. Orix and Vinci Airports were the sole bidders for the 45-year contract, at a price of around $18 billion.[43] The new operating company, Kansai Airports, took over on 1 April 2016.[44] It is 80% owned by Orix and Vinci, with the remaining 20% owned by Kansai-based enterprises such as Hankyu Hanshin Holdings and Panasonic.[45]

Typhoon Jebi

The airport, flooded by Typhoon

On 4 September 2018, the airport was hit by Typhoon Jebi. The airport had to pause operations after seawater surges inundated the island; runways were hit, and the water reached up to the engines of some aircraft.[46] The situation was further exacerbated when a large tanker crashed into the bridge that links the airport to the mainland, effectively stranding the people remaining at the airport.[47] All flights at the airport were canceled until 6 September, at which date Prime Minister Shinzō Abe announced the airport would partially resume domestic operations.[48][49]

Train services to the airport resumed from 18 September 2018 after repair works to the Kansai Airport Line and Nankai Airport Line were completed, and the airport resumed regular operations on 1 October 2018. Repairs to the damaged section of the Sky Gate Bridge R were finally completed on 8 April 2019, restoring traffic both to and from the mainland completely.


Kansai International Airport's roof
Terminal 1 interior escalator
Terminal 2 departures lobby
Terminal 2 restricted area shops

Terminal 1

The main KIX passenger terminal, Terminal 1, is a single four-storey building designed by Renzo Piano Building Workshop (Renzo Piano and Noriaki Okabe), and has a gross floor space of 296,043 square metres (3,186,580 sq ft). As of 2018, at a total length of 1.7 km (1.1 mi) from end to end, Terminal 1 is the longest airport terminal in the world.[50] It has a sophisticated people mover system called the Wing Shuttle, which moves passengers from one end of the pier to the other.

The terminal's roof is shaped like an airfoil. This shape is used to promote air circulation through the building: giant air conditioning ducts blow air upwards at one side of the terminal, circulate the air across the curvature of the ceiling, and collect the air through intakes at the other side. Mobiles are suspended in the ticketing hall to take advantage of the flowing air.

The ticketing hall overlooks the international departures concourse, and the two are separated by a glass partition. During Kansai's early days, visitors were known to throw objects over the partition to friends in the corridor below. The partition was eventually modified to halt this practice.

On 23 June 2017, at the terminal's promotion space, a game experience area known as "Nintendo Check In" opened. In this game experience area, guests arriving at Terminal 1 can play Nintendo Switch games free of charge. There is a statue of Mario at the experience area, along with Super Mario Cappy caps from Super Mario Odyssey for passengers to take photos with. There also Amiibo figurines on display there. In the northern and southern arrival routes of Terminal 1, there are decorations of Nintendo characters like Mario, Luigi, Princess Peach, and others welcoming arriving passengers.[51]

Terminal 2

Terminal 2 is a low-cost carrier (LCC) terminal designed to attract more LCCs by providing lower landing fees than Terminal 1. It is exclusively occupied by Peach, Spring Airlines, and Jeju Air. Other LCCs serving Kansai, such as Jetstar Airways, Jetstar Japan, and Cebu Pacific, use the main Terminal 1.[52]

Peach requested that Terminal 2 have a simplified design in order to minimize operating costs.[53] The terminal is a single-story building, thus eliminating the cost of elevators. Passageways to aircraft have no air conditioning.[54] The terminal also has no jet bridges, having one boarding gate for domestic departures and one boarding gate for international departures. In case of rain, passengers are lent umbrellas to use as they walk to the aircraft.[55]

Terminal 2 is not directly connected to Terminal 1 or to Kansai Airport Station. Free shuttle buses run between the two terminals, and between Terminal 2 and the railway and ferry stations. It is also possible to walk between the terminals through the KIX Sora Park, a four-hectare park located adjacent to Terminal 2.[56]


Graphs are unavailable due to technical issues. There is more info on Phabricator and on MediaWiki.org.
Annual passenger traffic at KIX airport. See Wikidata query.

Airlines and destinations


9 Air Guangzhou[57]
Aero K Cheongju[58]
AirAsia X Kuala Lumpur–International[59]
Air Busan Busan, Seoul–Incheon[60]
Air Canada Seasonal: Toronto–Pearson (resumes 18 June 2024),[61] Vancouver[62]
Air China Beijing–Capital,[63] Hangzhou,[64] Shanghai–Pudong,[63] Tianjin[65]
Air France Paris–Charles de Gaulle
Air Macau Macau
Air Seoul Seoul–Incheon[66]
All Nippon Airways Beijing–Capital, Dalian, Ishigaki, Miyako, Naha, Qingdao, Sapporo–Chitose, Shanghai–Pudong, Tokyo–Haneda
ANA Wings Naha, Sapporo–Chitose, Tokyo–Haneda
Seasonal: Miyako
Asiana Airlines Seoul–Gimpo,[67] Seoul–Incheon
Seasonal: Saipan
Batik Air Malaysia Kuala Lumpur–International, Taipei–Taoyuan[68]
Beijing Capital Airlines Hangzhou,[63] Hefei,[69] Shijiazhuang[69]
Cathay Pacific Hong Kong, Taipei–Taoyuan[70]
Cebu Pacific Manila
China Airlines Kaohsiung,[71] Taipei–Taoyuan
China Eastern Airlines Beijing–Daxing, Qingdao,[63] Shanghai–Pudong[63]
China Express Airlines Chongqing[72]
China Southern Airlines[63] Beijing–Daxing, Dalian, Guangzhou, Harbin, Shanghai–Pudong, Shenyang
Eastar Jet Seoul–Incheon[73]
Emirates Dubai–International
Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi[74]
EVA Air Kaohsiung,[75] Taipei–Taoyuan
Finnair Helsinki[76]
Greater Bay Airlines Hong Kong[77]
Hainan Airlines Beijing–Capital[78]
Hawaiian Airlines Honolulu
HK Express Hong Kong
Hong Kong Airlines Hong Kong
Japan Airlines Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Honolulu, Los Angeles, Sapporo–Chitose, Shanghai–Pudong, Taipei–Taoyuan,[79] Tokyo–Haneda
Japan Transocean Air Ishigaki, Naha
Jeju Air Busan, Seoul–Gimpo, Seoul–Incheon
Seasonal: Muan[80]
Jetstar Brisbane,[81] Cairns, Sydney[82]
Jetstar Asia Manila, Singapore[83]
Jetstar Japan Fukuoka, Kōchi-Ryoma,[84] Kumamoto,[85] Naha, Sapporo–Chitose, Shimojishima,[86] Taipei–Taoyuan, Tokyo–Narita
Jin Air Busan, Seoul–Incheon
Juneyao Air Beijing–Daxing,[87] Changsha,[88] Changzhou,[89] Harbin,[89] Nanjing,[90] Qingdao,[91] Shanghai–Pudong, Wenzhou,[89] Wuhan, [89] Wuxi (begins 1 July 2024)[92]
KLM Amsterdam
Korean Air Seoul–Gimpo, Seoul–Incheon
Loong Air Hangzhou[93]
Lufthansa Munich[94]
Malaysia Airlines Kuala Lumpur–International
MIAT Mongolian Airlines Seasonal: Ulaanbaatar[95]
Okay Airways Changsha,[96] Hangzhou,[97] Linyi[98]
Peach Amami Oshima, Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi,[99] Fukuoka, Hong Kong,[100] Ishigaki, Kagoshima, Kaohsiung, Kushiro,[101] Memanbetsu, Miyazaki, Nagasaki, Naha, Niigata,[102] Sapporo–Chitose, Sendai, Seoul–Incheon, Shanghai–Pudong, Taipei–Taoyuan, Tokyo–Narita
Philippine Airlines Cebu (resumes 1 July 2024),[103] Manila
Philippines AirAsia Manila
Qatar Airways Doha[104]
Ruili Airlines Wuxi[105]
Scoot Singapore[106]
Shandong Airlines Jinan,[107] Qingdao[63]
Shanghai Airlines Shanghai–Pudong[108]
Shenzhen Airlines Nanjing,[109] Shenzhen, Wuxi[63]
Sichuan Airlines Chengdu–Tianfu[110]
Singapore Airlines Singapore
Spring Airlines Dalian, Guiyang, Ningbo, Shanghai–Pudong,[63] Shenyang[111]
StarFlyer Tokyo–Haneda
Starlux Airlines Taipei–Taoyuan[112]
Thai AirAsia X Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi[113]
Thai Airways International Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi
Thai VietJet Air Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi,[114] Chiang Mai,[115] Taipei–Taoyuan[114]
Tianjin Airlines Tianjin
Tigerair Taiwan Kaohsiung,[116] Taipei–Taoyuan
Turkish Airlines Istanbul[117]
T'way Air Busan,[118] Cheongju,[119] Daegu,[118] Jeju,[118] Seoul–Incheon
United Airlines Guam, San Francisco[120]
VietJet Air Hanoi,[121] Ho Chi Minh City[122]
Vietnam Airlines Da Nang,[123] Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City
XiamenAir Chongqing,[124] Fuzhou,[124] Hangzhou,[125] Xiamen[63]


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Air China Cargo Beijing–Capital, Shanghai–Pudong
ANA Cargo Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Dalian, Naha, Qingdao, Shanghai–Pudong, Tianjin, Tokyo–Narita
Asiana Cargo Seoul–Incheon
Cargolux Italia Hong Kong, Milan-Malpensa
Cathay Cargo Hong Kong, Seoul–Incheon
Central Airlines Yantai
China Airlines Cargo Anchorage, Los Angeles, Taipei–Taoyuan
China Cargo Airlines Shanghai–Pudong
China Postal Airlines Dalian, Nanjing, Shanghai–Pudong, Shenzhen, Yiwu
DHL Aviation Hong Kong
EVA Air Cargo Anchorage, Atlanta, Taipei–Taoyuan
FedEx Express Anchorage, Beijing–Capital, Guangzhou, Hong Kong, Indianapolis, Memphis, Oakland, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Singapore, Shanghai–Pudong, Taipei–Taoyuan, Tokyo–Narita
Garuda Cargo Jakarta–Soekarno-Hatta
Korean Air Cargo Seoul–Incheon
Longhao Airlines Hefei, Jinan, Ningbo, Shenzhen, Yantai, Zhengzhou
Lufthansa Cargo Frankfurt, Krasnoyarsk, Seoul–Incheon[126]
Qatar Cargo Doha, Hong Kong
SF Airlines Changsha,[127] Shenzhen, Wuhan[128]
Sichuan Airlines Cargo Nantong
Silk Way West Airlines Baku, Seoul–Incheon
Suparna Airlines Cargo Shanghai–Pudong
Tianjin Air Cargo Yancheng
UPS Airlines Anchorage, Shanghai–Pudong, Shenzhen, Tokyo–Narita, Louisville

Ground transportation

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Kansai International Airport is connected only by the Sky Gate Bridge R, a combined road and railroad bridge, to Rinku Town and the mainland. The lower level of the bridge is used by two railroad operators: JR West and Nankai Electric Railway.

JR West operates the Haruka limited express train services from Kansai Airport Station to Tennōji, Ōsaka, Shin-Ōsaka, and Kyoto Station, with Kansai Airport Rapid [ja] services available from Kansai Airport Station to Ōsaka, Kyōbashi and several stations on the way. Connecting train service to Wakayama is available at Hineno Station. Various connections, such as buses, subways, trams, and other railroads, are available at each station.

Nankai operates the rapi:t, a limited express train service to Namba Station on the southern edge of downtown Osaka. Osaka Metro connections are available at Namba and Tengachaya Station.

Rail connections to and from Kansai Airport are expected to further improve access to and from Umeda with the opening of the Naniwasuji Line in 2031.[129]


Kansai Airport Transportation Enterprise[130] and other bus operators offer scheduled express bus services, called "Airport Limousines", for Kansai International Airport.


Two six storey parking structures, called P1 and P2, are located above a railroad terminal station, while the other two level parking facilities, called P3 and P4, are situated next to "Aeroplaza", a hotel complex.

The airport is only accessible from the Sky Gate Bridge R, a part of Kansai Airport Expressway. The expressway immediately connects to Hanshin Expressways Route 5, "Wangan Route", and Hanwa Expressway.

Ferry service

In July 2007, high-speed ferry service began. OM Kobe operates "Bay Shuttle" between Kobe Airport and KIX. The journey takes about thirty minutes.

Other facilities

Kensetsu-to, the headquarters of Peach Aviation and the Kansai International Airport Land Development Co., Ltd.
Sky Gate Bridge to the mainland

See also


  1. ^ "New Kansai International Airport Company, Ltd". New Kansai International Airport Company, Ltd. Retrieved 16 October 2022.
  2. ^ "New Management Setup of Kansai Airport" (PDF). Kansai Airports. 1 April 2016. Retrieved 24 April 2016.
  3. ^ "FedEx Opens North Pacific Regional Hub at Kansai International Airport". newswit.com. 3 July 2014. Archived from the original on 9 October 2019. Retrieved 3 July 2014.
  4. ^ "AIS Japan". 22 July 2011. Archived from the original on 22 July 2011. Retrieved 15 July 2018.
  5. ^ a b Home Archived 8 August 2011 at the Wayback Machine. Hotel Nikko Kansai Airport. Retrieved on 23 July 2011. "Hotel Nikko Kansai Airport 1, Senshu-kuko Kita, Izumisano-shi, Osaka, 549-0001, Japan "
  6. ^ a b "OSAKA KANSAI (Kansai International Airport)." JAL Cargo. Retrieved on 23 July 2011. "Departure JAL Export Cargo Bldg. 1 Senshu Airport Minami, Sennan, Osaka Arrival JALKAS Import Cargo Bldg. 1 Senshu Airport Minami, Sennan, Osaka"
  7. ^ 航空運送事業の許可について(Peach・Aviation 株式会社). Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport, and Tourism. 7 July 2011. Retrieved 21 July 2011. 1.本社所在地 大阪府泉南郡田尻町泉州空港中1番地(関西空港内)
  8. ^ "KIX Airport Facts and Figures". kansai-airports.co.jp. Retrieved 6 October 2023.
  9. ^ Kansai International Airport Statistics Archived 29 May 2012 at the Wayback Machine – Kansai International Airport Co., Ltd.
  10. ^ Kansai International Airport 2014 summer Flight Schedules – Kansai International Airport Co., Ltd.
  11. ^ "The World's Best Airports in 2020 are announced". SKYTRAX. 11 May 2020. Retrieved 15 May 2020.
  12. ^ Cripps, Karla (11 May 2020). "The world's best airports for 2020, according to Skytrax". CNN. Retrieved 15 May 2020.
  13. ^ Shigeto Tsuru (1999). The Political Economy of the Environment: The Case of Japan. UBC Press. p. 107. ISBN 978-0-7748-0763-0. Retrieved 19 April 2020.
  14. ^ Weisman, Steven R. (9 December 1989). "Osaka Journal; Impatient City's Mission: Steal Tokyo's Thunder". The New York Times.
  15. ^ Rice, Peter (4 September 1994). "Kansai International Airport terminal building". Engineering Timelines / Arup Group. Retrieved 24 March 2017.
  16. ^ a b c Mesri, Gholamreza (February 2015). "Settlement of the Kansai International Airport Islands". Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering. 141 (2). ASCE Library: 04014102. doi:10.1061/(asce)gt.1943-5606.0001224.
  17. ^ a b "Kansai International Airport Land Co., Ltd - Technical Information - Land Settlement - Why Sett". Retrieved 24 March 2017.
  18. ^ a b "Kansai International Airport Land Co., Ltd - Technical Information - Approach to Settlement - Condition of the Settlement". Kansai. Retrieved 24 March 2017.
  19. ^ Swinbanks, David (1 September 1990). "First mud and then mortars". Nature. 347 (6288): 7. Bibcode:1990Natur.347R...7S. doi:10.1038/347007b0. S2CID 34901510.
  20. ^ Farnsworth, Clyde H. (2 May 1987). "SOME MINOR GAINS ON TRADE CONFLICTS". The New York Times.
  21. ^ Bradsher, Keith (27 October 1993). "U.S. CANCELS A PLAN TO BEGIN SANCTIONS AFTER JAPAN ACTS". The New York Times.
  22. ^ Osaka Notebook, International Herald Tribune, 24 August 1992.
  23. ^ Zuckerman, Laurence (22 January 1982). "Sinking Feeling at Hong Kong Airport". International Herald Tribune. Archived from the original on 26 October 2005.
  24. ^ Sterngold, James (3 July 1991). "Osaka Journal; Huge Airport Has Its Wings Clipped". The New York Times.
  25. ^ 関西空港の施設・設備 (in Japanese). Retrieved 29 October 2019.
  26. ^ Steven R. Talley (14 March 2000). Super Structures of the World: Kansai International Airport (documentary). Learning Channel Productions.
  27. ^ U.S. Engineering Society names Kansai International Airport a Civil Engineering Monument of the Millennium Archived 13 October 2009 at the Wayback Machine – Press release from American Society of Civil Engineers
  28. ^ "Kansai International Airport Land Co., Ltd - Technical Information - Approach to Settlement - Condition of the Settlement". Retrieved 4 June 2015.
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Further reading