Matsushima Air Field

松島飛行場

Matsushima Hikōjō
Matsushima Air Base Gate.JPG
Summary
Airport typeMilitary
OperatorJapan Air Self-Defense Force
LocationHigashimatsushima, Japan
Elevation AMSL7 ft / 2 m
Coordinates38°24′11″N 141°12′43″E / 38.40306°N 141.21194°E / 38.40306; 141.21194Coordinates: 38°24′11″N 141°12′43″E / 38.40306°N 141.21194°E / 38.40306; 141.21194
Map
RJST is located in Japan
RJST
RJST
Location in Japan
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
07/25 2,700 8,858 Concrete
15/33 1,500 4,921 Concrete
Source: Japanese AIP at AIS Japan[1]

JASDF Matsushima Air Base (松島基地, Matsushima Kichi) (ICAO: RJST) is a military aerodrome of the Japan Air Self-Defense Force located in Higashimatsushima, 6.6 NM (12.2 km; 7.6 mi) west[1] of Ishinomaki in the Miyagi Prefecture, Japan. Headquarters for the 4th Air Wing (JASDF), the base is primarily used for training, and is the home of the JASDF 21st Fighter Training Squadron, currently equipped with Mitsubishi F-2B fighters. It is also the home base for the "Blue Impulse" JASDF acrobatic display team.

History

The base was established on 7 June 1937 as a base for the Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service during the Second Sino-Japanese War. The Matsushima Naval Air Group was a shore-based unit equipped with Mitsubishi G3M and Mitsubishi G4M bombers and participated in the Battle of Okinawa during World War II. The base was bombed five times during the ending stages of the war, on 14 July, 15 July, 17 July, 9 August and 10 August 1945.

In the early post-war era, the American occupation forces started to revive the Japanese military with the creation of the National Safety Forces. In 1954, "Camp Matsushima" was renamed "Matsushima Air Field" and training operations for the fledgling Japan Air Self-Defense Force began using North American T-6 Texan trainers.

In 1971 an F-86F Sabre on a training mission from this base collided with All Nippon Airways Flight 58, causing 162 deaths.[2]

During the 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami, the base was flooded with seawater, and eighteen Mitsubishi F-2Bs belonging to 21st Squadron, as well as other aircraft, were damaged or destroyed.[3][4]

Units

Senior Airman Ramon Mortensen looks at damaged F-2B aircraft after landing 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami
Senior Airman Ramon Mortensen looks at damaged F-2B aircraft after landing 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami

References

  1. ^ a b AIS Japan Archived 2016-05-17 at the Portuguese Web Archive
  2. ^ "Accident description, ANA Boeing 727-281 JA8329 near Shizukuishi, Japan". aviation-safety.net. Flight Safety Foundation. Retrieved 16 July 2016.
  3. ^ "Massive Tsunami Submerges Towns, Washes Away Houses, Cars". Nikkei. March 12, 2011.
  4. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-10-19. Retrieved 2011-09-28.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)