This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.Find sources: "Kagawa Prefecture" – news · newspapers · books · scholar · JSTOR (October 2018) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)

Kagawa Prefecture
香川県
Japanese transcription(s)
 • Japanese香川県
 • RōmajiKagawa-ken
Flag of Kagawa Prefecture
Official logo of Kagawa Prefecture
Anthem: Kagawa kenminka
Location of Kagawa Prefecture
Country Japan
RegionShikoku
IslandShikoku
CapitalTakamatsu
SubdivisionsDistricts: 5, Municipalities: 17
Government
 • GovernorKeizō Hamada
Area
 • Total1,876.80 km2 (724.64 sq mi)
 • Rank47th
Population
 (September 1, 2020)[2]
 • Total949,358
 • Rank40th
 • Density510/km2 (1,300/sq mi)
ISO 3166 codeJP-37
Websitewww.pref.kagawa.jp
Symbols
BirdLesser cuckoo (Cuculus poliocephalus)
FlowerOlive (Olea europaea)
TreeOlive (Olea europaea)

Kagawa Prefecture (香川県, Kagawa-ken) is a prefecture of Japan located on the island of Shikoku.[3] Kagawa Prefecture has a population of 949,358 (as of 2020)[2] and is the smallest prefecture by geographic area at 1,877 square kilometres (725 sq mi).[1] Kagawa Prefecture borders Ehime Prefecture to the southwest and Tokushima Prefecture to the south.

Takamatsu is the capital and largest city of Kagawa Prefecture,[4] with other major cities including Marugame, Mitoyo, and Kan'onji. Kagawa Prefecture is located on the Seto Inland Sea across from Okayama Prefecture on the island of Honshu, which is connected by the Great Seto Bridge. Kagawa Prefecture includes Shōdoshima, the second-largest island in the Seto Inland Sea, and the prefecture's southern land border with Tokushima Prefecture is formed by the Sanuki Mountains.

History

See also: Historic Sites of Kagawa Prefecture

Kagawa was formerly known as Sanuki Province.[5]

For a brief period between August 1876 and December 1888, Kagawa was made a part of Ehime Prefecture.[6]

Battle of Yashima

Located in Kagawa's capital city, Takamatsu, the mountain of Yashima was the battlefield for one of the best-known struggles between the Heike and Genji clans.

Geography

Kagawa comprises the northeast corner of Shikoku, bordering Ehime Prefecture on the west and Tokushima Prefecture on the south, with a coastline on the Seto Inland Sea facing Okayama Prefecture and the Kansai. The Sanuki Mountains run along the southern border.

Kagawa is currently the smallest prefecture, by area, in Japan. Kagawa is a relatively narrow prefecture located between the mountains of Shikoku and the sea.

As of April 1, 2012, 11% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks, namely Setonaikai National Park and Ōtaki-Ōkawa Prefectural Natural Park.[7]

Cities

See also: List of cities in Kagawa Prefecture by population

Map of Kagawa Prefecture.     City      Town
Map of Kagawa Prefecture.
     City      Town
Takamatsu
Takamatsu
Marugame
Marugame
Kotohira
Kotohira

Eight cities are located in Kagawa Prefecture:

Place name Area (km2)[1] Population (2020)[2] Map
Rōmaji Kanji
Flag of Higashikagawa, Kagawa.svg
Higashikagawa
東かがわ市 152.86 28,305
Higashikagawa in Kagawa Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Kanonji Kagawa.JPG
Kan'onji
観音寺市 117.83 56,639
Kan
Flag of Marugame, Kagawa.svg
Marugame
丸亀市 111.83 109,165
Marugame in Kagawa Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Mitoyo, Kagawa.svg
Mitoyo
三豊市 222.70 61,839
Mitoyo in Kagawa Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Sakaide, Kagawa.svg
Sakaide
坂出市 92.49 50,577
Sakaide in Kagawa Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Sanuki, Kagawa.svg
Sanuki
さぬき市 158.63 46,723
Sanuki in Kagawa Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Takamatsu, Kagawa.svg
Takamatsu (capital)
高松市 375.42 417,814
Kagawa-takamatsu-city.svg
Flag of Zentsuji.svg
Zentsūji
善通寺市 39.93 31,620
Zentsuji in Kagawa Prefecture Ja.svg

Towns

Kagawa has eight towns organized into five districts. Many were created after 1999 through mergers, as part of a national effort to reduce the number of small towns and villages.[8]

Place name Area (km2)[1] Population (2020)[2] District[9] Map
Rōmaji Kanji
Flag of Auagawa Kagawa.svg
Ayagawa
綾川町 109.75 22,730 Ayauta
Ayagawa in Kagawa Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Kotohira, Kagawa.svg
Kotohira
琴平町 8.47 8,466 Nakatado
Kotohira in Kagawa Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Manno Kagawa.JPG
Mannō
まんのう町 194.45 17,324 Nakatado
Manno in Kagawa Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Miki, Kagawa.JPG
Miki
三木町 75.78 26,859 Kita
Miki in Kagawa Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Naoshima Kagawa.JPG
Naoshima
直島町 14.22[a] 3,026 Kagawa
Naoshima in Kagawa Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Shodoshima Kagawa.JPG
Shōdoshima
小豆島町 95.59 13,646 Shōzu
Shodoshima in Kagawa Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Tadotsu, Kagawa.svg
Tadotsu
多度津町 24.39 22,813 Nakatado
Tadotsu in Kagawa Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Tonosho, Kagawa.svg
Tonoshō
土庄町 74.38 12,915 Shōzu
Tonosho in Kagawa Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Utazu, Kagawa.svg
Utazu
宇多津町 8.10 18,897 Ayauta
Utazu in Kagawa Prefecture Ja.svg

Mergers

Main article: List of mergers in Kagawa Prefecture

Economy

Kagawa has a nominal GDP of approximately 3,802 billion yen.[10] Kagawa's major export industries, in order of export value, include: transportation equipment, electrical equipment, chemical products, general machinery, mineral fuels, manufactured goods, raw materials, and foodstuff.[11]

Foods

People queuing for udon in Kagawa
People queuing for udon in Kagawa

Sanuki udon (a type of udon noodle) is the most famous local food of Kagawa Prefecture. In 2008, there were over 700 udon restaurants in this prefecture alone.[12]

Aside from udon, Kagawa is also famous for "hone-tsuki-dori", seasoned chicken thigh cooked on the bone. Originating from Marugame City, the dish has now become a popular dish in izakaya restaurants across the country.

Olives and olive-related products have also come to be recognized as Kagawa foods. As the first place in Japan to successfully cultivate olives, Kagawa has been producing olive-related products since 1908. As well as winning both domestic and international awards for the quality of its olive oil, Kagawa has also created two offshoot food brands from its olive industry - "olive beef" and "olive yellowtail". Waste organic matter from olive pressing is used as feed for cattle and the Yellowtail Amberjack. Due to the high amount of polyphenol in the olive waste, the flesh of the respective meats does not oxidize or lose color easily.

Other local specialties include wasanbon sugar sweets, sōmen noodles and shōyu soy sauce. Rare sugar researches are thriving and have discovered mass production culture enzymes. D-tagatose 3-epimerase is an enzyme that catalyzes the reversible epimerization reaction of the 3rd carbon of ketose.

Demographics

As of October 2020, Kagawa Prefecture had an estimated population of 950,244. This was .54% lower than the population in the 2000 census, being 1,022,890. The area of the prefecture is 1,877km, and the population density is 506.3/km.[13]

Education

Universities

Sports

Pikara Stadium in Marugame.

The sports teams listed below are based in Kagawa.

Baseball

Basketball

Football (Soccer)

Volleyball

Ice Hockey

Tourism

Kanamaruza Kabuki Theatre
Kanamaruza Kabuki Theatre
Benesse House, Naoshima
Benesse House, Naoshima
Manno Lake
Manno Lake
Sanuki Manno National Park
Sanuki Manno National Park
Kankakei

Based on its ancient name, Sanuki, Kagawa is famous for its Sanuki udon (wheat noodles). Recent years have seen an interest in Sanuki udon across Japan[citation needed], and many Japanese now take day-trips to taste the many Sanuki udon restaurants in Kagawa.

Transportation

Railroad

Bus

Departure from Takamatsu

Road

Expressway

National Highway

Port

Airport

In popular culture

The novel Battle Royale by Koushun Takami was set in the fictional town of Shiroiwa ('Castle Rock') in Kagawa Prefecture. Okishima, the fictional island on which much of the novel takes place is placed in the Seto Inland Sea. The manga also places Shiroiwa in Kagawa Prefecture, while the film moves Shiroiwa to Kanagawa Prefecture.

Takamatsu, Kagawa Prefecture is also the main setting of the book "Kafka on the Shore" by Haruki Murakami.

Kagawa Prefecture is also the setting of the anime Poco's Udon World, My Bride is a Mermaid, and Yuki Yuna is a Hero.

In the asymmetrical horror video game, Dead by Daylight, The Spirit, also known as Rin Yamaoka, lives here.

Tonosho Town is the setting of the manga and anime Karakai Jōzu no Takagi-san (Teasing Master Takagi-san). Native creator Sōichirō Yamamoto was also raised in Tonosho Town.

Notes

  1. ^ a b Estimate. Part of boundary between Okayama and Kagawa is undefined.[1]

References

  1. ^ a b c d e "全国都道府県市区町村別面積調 (10月1日時点) [Areas of prefectures, cities, towns and villages (October 1)]" (PDF). Geospatial Information Authority of Japan. Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport, and Tourism. October 1, 2020. p. 66. Retrieved March 18, 2021.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  2. ^ a b c d "香川県推計人口及び人口移動(令和2年9月1日現在推計)". 香川県 (Kagawa Prefecture). Kagawa Prefectural Government. September 1, 2020. Retrieved February 17, 2021.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  3. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Kagawa prefecture" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 446, p. 446, at Google Books
  4. ^ Nussbaum, "Takamatsu" at p. 934, p. 934, at Google Books.
  5. ^ Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" at p. 780, p. 780, at Google Books.
  6. ^ Ikatachōshi Editing Committee, ed. (March 31, 1987). Ikatachōshi 伊方町誌 [Ikata Town History] (in Japanese). Town of Ikata, printed by DAI-ICHI HOKI Publishing.
  7. ^ "General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture" (PDF). Ministry of the Environment. Retrieved August 19, 2012.
  8. ^ "「『平成の合併』について」の公表 [Heisei era mergers]" (PDF). Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications. March 5, 2010. Retrieved March 25, 2021.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  9. ^ "香川県の郵便番号 ("Postal Codes of Kagawa Prefecture)". Japan Post. Retrieved March 15, 2021.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  10. ^ "Kagawa Regional Information - Investing In..." Japan External Trade Organization. Retrieved September 21, 2021.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  11. ^ 日 本 貿 易 振 興 機 構 ( J E T R O ); 香 川 貿 易 情 報 セ ン タ ー (March 2020). "香川県貿易実態調査 2020 年(令和 2 年)3 月" (PDF). 香川県貿易実態調査: 155.
  12. ^ "Kagawa 香川". Zipango. 2017.
  13. ^ Kagawa, Prefecture Demographics. "Japan: Kagawa". www.citypopulation.de. Retrieved May 17, 2022.
  14. ^ "続日本100名城" (in Japanese). 日本城郭協会. November 29, 2017. Retrieved July 25, 2019.

Coordinates: 34°16′N 133°57′E / 34.267°N 133.950°E / 34.267; 133.950