|Anthem: Miyazaki kenminka|
|Subdivisions||Districts: 6, Municipalities: 26|
|• Governor||Shunji Kōno|
|• Total||7,735.32 km2 (2,986.62 sq mi)|
(June 1, 2019)
|• Density||140/km2 (360/sq mi)|
|ISO 3166 code||JP-45|
|Bird||Ijima copper pheasant (Phasianus soemmerringii ijimae)|
|Flower||Hamayu (Crinum asiaticum var. japonicum)|
|Tree||Phoenix palm (Phoenix canariensis)|
Miyazaki Prefecture (宮崎県, Miyazaki-ken) is a prefecture of Japan located on the island of Kyūshū. Miyazaki Prefecture has a population of 1,073,054 (1 June 2019) and has a geographic area of 7,735 km2 (2,986 sq mi). Miyazaki Prefecture borders Ōita Prefecture to the north, Kumamoto Prefecture to the northwest, and Kagoshima Prefecture to the southwest.
Miyazaki is the capital and largest city of Miyazaki Prefecture, with other major cities including Miyakonojō, Nobeoka, and Hyūga. Miyazaki Prefecture is located in southeastern Kyūshū on Japan's Pacific coast, with its coastline extending from Nobeoka near the entrance to the Bungo Channel to Shibushi Bay in Kushima.
Historically, after the Meiji Restoration, Hyūga Province was renamed Miyazaki Prefecture.
In Japan, Miyazaki Prefecture was first created in 1873 when Mimitsu Prefecture was merged with parts of Miyakonojō Prefecture. The first Miyazaki existed only until 1876 when it was merged (back) into Kagoshima Prefecture. Under public pressure and demands in the prefectural assembly of Kagoshima, Miyazaki became finally independent from Kagoshima in 1883.
Miyazaki Prefecture is on the eastern coast of the island of Kyushu, surrounded by the Pacific Ocean to the south and east, Ōita Prefecture to the north, and Kumamoto and Kagoshima prefectures to the west. It is one of only two locations on Earth where the fungus Chorioactis geaster is found. Miyazaki is the home of the hyuganatsu fruit. It is also home to two virgin forests of the palm Livistona chinensis, one of which, on the islet of Aoshima, Miyazaki, is the northernmost reproducing population of its native range.
As of 31 March 2019, 12% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks, namely the Kirishima-Kinkōwan National Park; Kyūshū Chūō Sanchi, Nichinan Kaigan, Nippō Kaigan, and Sobo-Katamuki Quasi-National Parks; and Mochio-Sekinoo, Osuzu, Saitobaru-Sugiyasukyō, Sobo Katamuki, Wanitsuka, and Yatake Kōgen Prefectural Natural Parks.
Nine cities are in Miyazaki Prefecture:
These are the towns and villages of each district:
Main article: List of mergers in Miyazaki Prefecture
The sports teams/events listed below are based in Miyazaki.
The Miyazaki Nichi-Nichi Shimbun is a local newspaper covering the entire area of Miyazaki Prefecture.
The Yomiuri / Asahi / Daily newspapers handle the Miyazaki edition, and the Nishi-Nippon Shimbun handles articles in the prefecture within Minami Kyushu Wide (two prefectures in Miyazaki and Kagoshima). The Minami Nihon Shimbun is a local newspaper in Kagoshima Prefecture, but it is also sold in the western part of the prefecture (prefectures). The Nishi Nihon Shimbun ended its publication in both Miyazaki and Kagoshima prefectures on March 31, 2018 (the same applies to West Japan Sports).
In this prefecture, even after many broadcasting stations (Heisei New Station) opened in other prefectures and the number of channels increased, private broadcasting as the target area of broadcasting is the Fuji TV series main TV Miyazaki (UMK) and TBS series There are only two stations of Miyazaki Broadcasting (MRT). In the 1990s, a third commercial TV station was scheduled to be created, but it has been abandoned, and there are no plans or plans for the opening of a new station (see details in the separate section).
There are other prefectures (Fukui Prefecture and Yamanashi Prefecture) where there are only two commercial broadcasters, but these prefectures are areas where broadcast stations in the neighboring prefectures can watch by means of public hearing facilities, cable TV (CATV) or direct reception outside the area. Is the majority. On the other hand, in this prefecture, as will be described later, the penetration rate of cable TV is low for the number of private broadcasters, and the reception outside the area is also limited to Kagoshima Prefecture in parts of Ebino City, Miyakonojo City, Kushima City, Mimata Town There is a relative disparity in information in Japan because the broadcast area is limited to the broadcast area where Kumamoto Prefecture is the broadcast area in some areas such as Gokase-cho. It is said that.
Until the opening of NHK Miyazaki Broadcasting Station in July 1960, the Kagoshima Station was received in Miyazaki City, and before the Kagoshima Station was opened, the Hiroshima Station was received using ionospheric reflection, as well as Gokase Town and Shiiba Village. Then Kumamoto station was watched. See Gokase Relay Station for the situation in Gokase Town.
On the other hand, as described above, there are only two channels that can be directly viewed in Miyazaki Prefecture as described above (this is not the case if you can watch stations in neighboring prefectures). There are also locations that receive broadcasts from neighboring prefectures (mainly Kagoshima and Kumamoto Prefectures) that perform full networks of the ANN (TV Asahi) series and NNS / NNN (Nippon TV) series, which are sub-affiliated sub-series. (Refer to the separate section for details.)
In 1990, the third private broadcasting station was assigned (Miyazaki 21ch), and about 400 licenses were filed. Among them, NTV had a plan to set up a broadcasting station with Okinawa (see Southwest Broadcasting for Okinawa), but it was necessary to inject funds into satellite broadcasting due to the effects of the recession after the collapse of the bubble economy and satellite broadcasting.
By April 1993, “The program will be provided free of charge, but it will not support the opening of the station and will not be given any compensation for the network” (meaning that you have to search for sponsors yourself), and will advance to Miyazaki as a key station. Abandoned. For this reason, there was a plan to use TV Asahi as a key station later, but the TV Asahi side showed disappointment, thus the idea of setting up the third station was on the reef and on September 6, 2000. The radio wave assignment has been canceled. The land reserved for the new Miyazaki station later became a parking lot.
Former Governor Hideo Higashikokubaru also posted an extension of the TV station in the manifesto, but this was not necessarily a terrestrial commercial release, but also an image of Internet TV. On the other hand, the Institute for Manifest Research at Waseda University has judged this manifest as a C evaluation (minimum of the three stages of A, B, and C), which is “substantially delayed or policy change＂.
The Miyazaki system for TV transmitters means that the local government that is the beneficiary bears a part of the installation cost of the relay station.
As a private broadcasting station, the coverage rate in the prefecture is almost 100% just by setting up a plan station, so the installation of a relay station in a mountainous area was not expected to be cost-effective. This was the direction of installation due to the fact that the local government in the Irago district (current Misato-cho, Togo-cho, Hyuga-shi, Morozuka-mura, Shiiba-mura) applied to the broadcasting station for a part of the installation cost in 1973. . As a result, relay stations were set up in Irago, Hinata Saigo, Togo (1973), Kita Morozuka, Minami Morozuka, Shiiba (1974). Since then, this method has basically been adopted for relay stations installed in Miyazaki Prefecture.
In Miyazaki City, there was a community FM station, Miyazaki City FM (City FM77), which was closed on October 31, 2005.