Miyazaki Prefecture
宮崎県
Japanese transcription(s)
 • Japanese宮崎県
 • RōmajiMiyazaki-ken
Panoramic view of the Kakutō Basin in Ebino City, Miyazaki Prefecture. The Ebino Interchange between the Kyushu and Miyazaki Expressways can be seen
Panoramic view of the Kakutō Basin in Ebino City, Miyazaki Prefecture. The Ebino Interchange between the Kyushu and Miyazaki Expressways can be seen
Flag of Miyazaki Prefecture
Official logo of Miyazaki Prefecture
Anthem: Miyazaki kenminka
Location of Miyazaki Prefecture
Country Japan
RegionKyushu
IslandKyushu
CapitalMiyazaki (city)
SubdivisionsDistricts: 6, Municipalities: 26
Government
 • GovernorShunji Kōno
Area
 • Total7,735.32 km2 (2,986.62 sq mi)
 • Rank14th
Population
 (June 1, 2019)
 • Total1,073,054
 • Rank36th
 • Density140/km2 (360/sq mi)
ISO 3166 codeJP-45
Websitewww.pref.miyazaki.lg.jp
Symbols
BirdIjima copper pheasant (Phasianus soemmerringii ijimae)
FlowerHamayu (Crinum asiaticum var. japonicum)
TreePhoenix palm (Phoenix canariensis)

Miyazaki Prefecture (宮崎県, Miyazaki-ken) is a prefecture of Japan located on the island of Kyūshū.[1] Miyazaki Prefecture has a population of 1,073,054 (1 June 2019) and has a geographic area of 7,735 km2 (2,986 sq mi). Miyazaki Prefecture borders Ōita Prefecture to the north, Kumamoto Prefecture to the northwest, and Kagoshima Prefecture to the southwest.

Miyazaki is the capital and largest city of Miyazaki Prefecture, with other major cities including Miyakonojō, Nobeoka, and Hyūga. Miyazaki Prefecture is located in southeastern Kyūshū on Japan's Pacific coast, with its coastline extending from Nobeoka near the entrance to the Bungo Channel to Shibushi Bay in Kushima.

History

See also: History of Miyazaki Prefecture and Historic Sites of Miyazaki Prefecture

Historically, after the Meiji Restoration, Hyūga Province was renamed Miyazaki Prefecture.[2]

In Japan, Miyazaki Prefecture was first created in 1873 when Mimitsu Prefecture was merged with parts of Miyakonojō Prefecture. The first Miyazaki existed only until 1876 when it was merged (back) into Kagoshima Prefecture. Under public pressure and demands in the prefectural assembly of Kagoshima, Miyazaki became finally independent from Kagoshima in 1883.[3]

Geography

Miyazaki Prefecture is on the eastern coast of the island of Kyushu, surrounded by the Pacific Ocean to the south and east, Ōita Prefecture to the north, and Kumamoto and Kagoshima prefectures to the west. It is one of only two locations on Earth where the fungus Chorioactis geaster is found.[4] Miyazaki is the home of the hyuganatsu fruit. It is also home to two virgin forests of the palm Livistona chinensis, one of which, on the islet of Aoshima, Miyazaki, is the northernmost reproducing population of its native range.[5]

As of 31 March 2019, 12% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks, namely the Kirishima-Kinkōwan National Park; Kyūshū Chūō Sanchi, Nichinan Kaigan, Nippō Kaigan, and Sobo-Katamuki Quasi-National Parks; and Mochio-Sekinoo, Osuzu, Saitobaru-Sugiyasukyō, Sobo Katamuki, Wanitsuka, and Yatake Kōgen Prefectural Natural Parks.[6][7]

Ōyodo River in Miyazaki City
Ōyodo River in Miyazaki City
Cape Toi, habitat of Cycas revoluta (Sotetsu)
Cape Toi, habitat of Cycas revoluta (Sotetsu)
Takachiho Valley
Takachiho Valley

Cities

See also: List of cities in Miyazaki Prefecture by population

Map of Miyazaki Prefecture     City      Town      Village
Map of Miyazaki Prefecture
     City      Town      Village

Nine cities are in Miyazaki Prefecture:

Name Area (km2) Population Map
Rōmaji Kanji
Flag of Ebino Miyazaki.JPG
Ebino
えびの市 282.93 18,337
Ebino in Miyazaki Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Hyuga.svg
Hyūga
日向市 336.94 60,037
Hyuga in Miyazaki Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Kobayashi Miyazaki.JPG
Kobayashi
小林市 562.95 44,154
Kobayashi in Miyazaki Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Kushima Miyazaki.JPG
Kushima
串間市 295.16 17,457
Kushima in Miyazaki Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Miyakonojo, Miyazaki.svg
Miyakonojō
都城市 653.36 161,137
Miyakonojo in Miyazaki Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Miyazaki, Miyazaki.svg
Miyazaki (capital)
宮崎市 643.67 398,215
Miyazaki in Miyazaki Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Nichinan, Miyazaki.svg
Nichinan
日南市 536.11 51,241
Nichinan in Miyazaki Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Nobeoka, Miyazaki.svg
Nobeoka
延岡市 868.02 119,521
Nobeoka in Miyazaki Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Saito Miyazaki.svg
Saito
西都市 438.79 29,262
Saito in Miyazaki Prefecture Ja.svg

Districts

These are the towns and villages of each district:

Name Area (km2) Population District Type Map
Rōmaji Kanji
Flag of Aya Miyazaki.svg
Aya
綾町 95.19 7,023 Higashimorokata District Town
Aya in Miyazaki Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Gokase Miyazaki.JPG
Gokase
五ヶ瀬町 171.73 3,537 Nishiusuki District Town
Gokase in Miyazaki Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Hinokage Miyazaki.JPG
Hinokage
日之影町 277.67 3,656 Nishiusuki District Town
Hinokage in Miyazaki Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Kadogawa, Miyazaki.svg
Kadogawa
門川町 120.52 17,526 Higashiusuki District Town
Kadogawa in Miyazaki Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Kawaminami Miyazaki.svg
Kawaminami
川南町 90.12 15,372 Koyu District Town
Kawaminami in Miyazaki Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Kijo Miyazaki.JPG
Kijō
木城町 145.96 5,008 Koyu District Town
Kijo in Miyazaki Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Kunitomi Miyazaki.JPG
Kunitomi
国富町 130.63 18,717 Higashimorokata District Town
Kunitomi in Miyazaki Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Mimata Miyazaki.JPG
Mimata
三股町 110.02 25,379 Kitamorokata District Town
Mimata in Miyazaki Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Misato Miyazaki.JPG
Misato
美郷町 448.84 4,823 Higashiusuki District Town
Misato in Miyazaki Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Morotsuka Miyazaki.JPG
Morotsuka
諸塚村 187.56 1,532 Higashiusuki District Village
Morotsuka in Miyazaki Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Nishimera Miyazaki.JPG
Nishimera
西米良村 271.51 1,013 Koyu District Village
Nishimera in Miyazaki Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Shiiba Miyazaki.svg
Shiiba
椎葉村 537.29 2,579 Higashiusuki District Village
Shiiba in Miyazaki Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Shintomi Miyazaki.JPG
Shintomi
新富町 61.53 16,663 Koyu District Town
Shintomi in Miyazaki Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Takachiho, Miyazaki.svg
Takachiho
高千穂町 237.54 11,959 Nishiusuki District Town
Takachiho in Miyazaki Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Tahaharu Miyazaki.JPG
Takaharu
高原町 85.39 8,709 Nishimorokata District Town
Takaharu in Miyazaki Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Takanabe, Miyazaki.svg
Takanabe
高鍋町 43.8 20,185 Koyu District Town
Takanabe in Miyazaki Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Tsuno Miyazaki.JPG
Tsuno
都農町 102.11 10,028 Koyu District Town
Tsuno in Miyazaki Prefecture Ja.svg

Mergers

Main article: List of mergers in Miyazaki Prefecture

Sports

The sports teams/events listed below are based in Miyazaki.

Football (soccer)

Basketball (Bj League)

Golf (Japan Golf Tour)

Press Media

Newspaper

The Miyazaki Nichi-Nichi Shimbun is a local newspaper covering the entire area of Miyazaki Prefecture.

The Yomiuri / Asahi / Daily newspapers handle the Miyazaki edition, and the Nishi-Nippon Shimbun handles articles in the prefecture within Minami Kyushu Wide (two prefectures in Miyazaki and Kagoshima). The Minami Nihon Shimbun is a local newspaper in Kagoshima Prefecture, but it is also sold in the western part of the prefecture (prefectures). The Nishi Nihon Shimbun ended its publication in both Miyazaki and Kagoshima prefectures on March 31, 2018 (the same applies to West Japan Sports).

Telecast

TV station Status

In this prefecture, even after many broadcasting stations (Heisei New Station) opened in other prefectures and the number of channels increased, private broadcasting as the target area of broadcasting is the Fuji TV series main TV Miyazaki (UMK) and TBS series There are only two stations of Miyazaki Broadcasting (MRT). In the 1990s, a third commercial TV station was scheduled to be created, but it has been abandoned, and there are no plans or plans for the opening of a new station (see details in the separate section).

There are other prefectures (Fukui Prefecture and Yamanashi Prefecture) where there are only two commercial broadcasters, but these prefectures are areas where broadcast stations in the neighboring prefectures can watch by means of public hearing facilities, cable TV (CATV) or direct reception outside the area. Is the majority. On the other hand, in this prefecture, as will be described later, the penetration rate of cable TV is low for the number of private broadcasters, and the reception outside the area is also limited to Kagoshima Prefecture in parts of Ebino City, Miyakonojo City, Kushima City, Mimata Town There is a relative disparity in information in Japan because the broadcast area is limited to the broadcast area where Kumamoto Prefecture is the broadcast area in some areas such as Gokase-cho. It is said that.

Until the opening of NHK Miyazaki Broadcasting Station in July 1960, the Kagoshima Station was received in Miyazaki City, and before the Kagoshima Station was opened, the Hiroshima Station was received using ionospheric reflection, as well as Gokase Town and Shiiba Village. Then Kumamoto station was watched. See Gokase Relay Station for the situation in Gokase Town.

On the other hand, as described above, there are only two channels that can be directly viewed in Miyazaki Prefecture as described above (this is not the case if you can watch stations in neighboring prefectures). There are also locations that receive broadcasts from neighboring prefectures (mainly Kagoshima and Kumamoto Prefectures) that perform full networks of the ANN (TV Asahi) series and NNS / NNN (Nippon TV) series, which are sub-affiliated sub-series. (Refer to the separate section for details.)

Proposed TV Station

In 1990, the third private broadcasting station was assigned (Miyazaki 21ch), and about 400 licenses were filed. Among them, NTV had a plan to set up a broadcasting station with Okinawa (see Southwest Broadcasting for Okinawa), but it was necessary to inject funds into satellite broadcasting due to the effects of the recession after the collapse of the bubble economy and satellite broadcasting.

By April 1993, “The program will be provided free of charge, but it will not support the opening of the station and will not be given any compensation for the network” (meaning that you have to search for sponsors yourself), and will advance to Miyazaki as a key station. Abandoned. For this reason, there was a plan to use TV Asahi as a key station later, but the TV Asahi side showed disappointment, thus the idea of setting up the third station was on the reef and on September 6, 2000. The radio wave assignment has been canceled. The land reserved for the new Miyazaki station later became a parking lot.

Former Governor Hideo Higashikokubaru also posted an extension of the TV station in the manifesto, but this was not necessarily a terrestrial commercial release, but also an image of Internet TV. On the other hand, the Institute for Manifest Research at Waseda University has judged this manifest as a C evaluation (minimum of the three stages of A, B, and C), which is “substantially delayed or policy change".

Miyazaki Method

The Miyazaki system for TV transmitters means that the local government that is the beneficiary bears a part of the installation cost of the relay station.

As a private broadcasting station, the coverage rate in the prefecture is almost 100% just by setting up a plan station, so the installation of a relay station in a mountainous area was not expected to be cost-effective. This was the direction of installation due to the fact that the local government in the Irago district (current Misato-cho, Togo-cho, Hyuga-shi, Morozuka-mura, Shiiba-mura) applied to the broadcasting station for a part of the installation cost in 1973. . As a result, relay stations were set up in Irago, Hinata Saigo, Togo (1973), Kita Morozuka, Minami Morozuka, Shiiba (1974). Since then, this method has basically been adopted for relay stations installed in Miyazaki Prefecture.

Radio

In Miyazaki City, there was a community FM station, Miyazaki City FM (City FM77), which was closed on October 31, 2005.

Transportation

Rail

Bus

Airport

Miyazaki Airport
Miyazaki Airport

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Miyazaki prefecture" at Annales des empereurs du japon, p. 651, p. 651, at Google Books.
  2. ^ Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" at p. 780, p. 780, at Google Books.
  3. ^ Prefectural government of Miyazaki (2013): 宮崎県 置県130年 (Miyazaki-ken chiken 130-nen, "Miyazaki Prefecture – 130 years [since/after] the establishment of the prefecture"), retrieved September 1, 2020.
  4. ^ Nagao H, Kurogi S, Kiyota E, Sasatomi K (2009). "Kumanasamuha geaster sp. nov., an anamorph of Chorioactis geaster from Japan". Mycologia. 101 (6): 871–877. doi:10.3852/08-121. PMID 19927753. S2CID 27704164.
  5. ^ "Exploring for Palms in Japan" (PDF). 14 February 2017. University of California Division of Agriculture and Natural Resources. Retrieved 24 December 2021
  6. ^ 自然公園都道府県別面積総括 [General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture] (PDF) (in Japanese). Ministry of the Environment. 31 March 2019. Retrieved 12 August 2019.
  7. ^ 宮崎の国定公園・県立自然公園 [Quasi-National and Prefectural Natural Parks of Miyazaki] (in Japanese). Miyazaki Prefecture. Retrieved 12 August 2019.

References

Video Footage

The following travel- and tourism-related videos were shot and provided by video artist egawauemon.

Coordinates: 32°1′N 131°21′E / 32.017°N 131.350°E / 32.017; 131.350