Okayama Prefecture
岡山県
Japanese transcription(s)
 • Japanese岡山県
 • RōmajiOkayama-ken
Flag of Okayama Prefecture
Official logo of Okayama Prefecture
Anthem: Okayama-ken no uta
Location of Okayama Prefecture
Country Japan
RegionChūgoku (Sanyō)
IslandHonshu
CapitalOkayama
SubdivisionsDistricts: 10, Municipalities: 27
Government
 • GovernorRyūta Ibaragi
Area
 • Total7,114.50 km2 (2,746.92 sq mi)
 • Rank17th
Population
 (February 1, 2018)
 • Total1,906,464
 • Rank21st
 • Density270/km2 (690/sq mi)
ISO 3166 codeJP-33
Websitewww.pref.okayama.jp
Symbols
BirdLesser cuckoo (Cuculus poliocephalus)
FlowerPeach blossom (Prunus persica var. vulgaris)
TreeRed pine (Pinus densiflora)

Okayama Prefecture (岡山県, Okayama-ken) is a prefecture of Japan located in the Chūgoku region of Honshu.[1] Okayama Prefecture has a population of 1,906,464 (1 February 2018) and has a geographic area of 7,114 km2 (2,746 sq mi). Okayama Prefecture borders Tottori Prefecture to the north, Hyōgo Prefecture to the east, and Hiroshima Prefecture to the west.

Okayama is the capital and largest city of Okayama Prefecture, with other major cities including Kurashiki, Tsuyama, and Sōja.[2][3][4] Okayama Prefecture's south is located on the Seto Inland Sea coast across from Kagawa Prefecture on the island of Shikoku, which are connected by the Great Seto Bridge, while the north is characterized by the Chūgoku Mountains.

History

See also: Historic Sites of Okayama Prefecture

Prior to the Meiji Restoration of 1868, the area of present-day Okayama Prefecture was divided between Bitchū, Bizen and Mimasaka Provinces. Okayama Prefecture was formed and named in 1871 as part of the large-scale administrative reforms of the early Meiji period (1868–1912), and the borders of the prefecture were set in 1876.[3][5]

Geography

Map of Okayama Prefecture     Government Ordinance Designated City      City      Town      Village
Map of Okayama Prefecture
     Government Ordinance Designated City      City      Town      Village

Okayama Prefecture borders Hyōgo Prefecture, Tottori Prefecture, and Hiroshima Prefecture.[3] It faces Kagawa Prefecture in Shikoku across the Seto Inland Sea and includes 90 islands in the sea.

Okayama Prefecture is home to the historic town of Kurashiki. Most of the population is concentrated around Kurashiki and Okayama. The small villages in the northern mountain region are aging and declining in population - more than half of the prefecture's municipalities are officially designated as depopulated.[6]

As of 1 April 2014, 11% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks, namely the Daisen-Oki and Setonaikai National Parks; the Hyōnosen-Ushiroyama-Nagisan Quasi-National Park; and seven Prefectural Natural Parks.[7]

Cities

See also: List of cities in Okayama Prefecture by population

Okayama City
Okayama City
Tsuyama
Tsuyama
Takahashi
Takahashi
Niimi
Niimi

Fifteen cities are located in Okayama Prefecture:

Name Area (km2) Population Map
Rōmaji Kanji
Flag of Akaiwa, Okayama.svg
Akaiwa
赤磐市 209.43 44,498
Akaiwa in Okayama Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Asakuchi Okayama.JPG
Asakuchi
浅口市 66.46 35,022
Asakuchi in Okayama Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Bizen Okayama.JPG
Bizen
備前市 258.23 35,610
Bizen in Okayama Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Ibara, Okayama.svg
Ibara
井原市 243.36 41,460
Ibara in Okayama Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Kasaoka, Okayama.svg
Kasaoka
笠岡市 136.03 50,160
Kasaoka in Okayama Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Kurashiki, Okayama.svg
Kurashiki
倉敷市 355.63 483,576
Kurashiki in Okayama Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Maniwa, Okayama.svg
Maniwa
真庭市 828.43 44,265
Maniwa in Okayama Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Mimasaka Okayama.JPG
Mimaska
美作市 429.19 28,502
Mimasaka in Okayama Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Niimi Okayama.JPG
Niimi
新見市 793.27 30,583
Niimi in Okayama Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Okayama, Okayama.svg
Okayama (capital)
岡山市 789.92 720,841
Okayama in Okayama Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Setouchi Okayama.JPG
Setouchi
瀬戸内市 125.51 37,934
Setouchi in Okayama Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Sōja, Okayama.svg
Sōja
総社市 212 67,059
Soja in Okayama Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Takahashi Okayama.JPG
Takahashi
高梁市 547.01 31,556
Takahashi in Okayama Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Tamano Okayama.JPG
Tamano
玉野市 103.61 60,101
Tamano in Okayama Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Tsuyama, Okayama.svg
Tsuyama
津山市 506.36 102,294
Tsuyama in Okayama Prefecture Ja.svg

Towns and villages

These are the towns and villages in each district:

Name Area (km2) Population District Type Map
Rōmaji Kanji
Flag of Hayashima Okayama.svg
Hayashima
早島町 7.62 12,671 Tsukubo District Town
Hayashima in Okayama Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Kaganino Okayama.JPG
Kagamino
鏡野町 419.69 14,651 Tomata District Town
Kagamino in Okayama Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Kibichuo Okayama.JPG
Kibichūō
吉備中央町 268.73 11,989 Kaga District Town
Kibichuo in Okayama Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Kumenan Okyama.JPG
Kumenan
久米南町 78.65 4,962 Kume District Town
Kumenan in Okayama Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Misaki Okayama.JPG
Misaki
美咲町 232.15 17,776 Kume District Town
Misaki in Okayama Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Nagi Okayama.JPG
Nagi
奈義町 69.54 5,861 Katsuta District Town
Nagi in Okayama Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Nishiawakura Okayama.JPG
Nishiawakura
西粟倉村 57.93 1,437 Aida District Village
Nishiawakura in Okayama Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Satosho Okayama.JPG
Satoshō
里庄町 12.23 11,204 Asakuchi District Town
Satosho in Okayama Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Shinjo Okayama.JPG
Shinjō
新庄村 67.1 951 Maniwa District Village
Shinjo in Okayama Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Shoo Okayama.png
Shōō
勝央町 54.09 11,237 Katsuta District Town
Shouou in Okayama Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Wake Okayama.svg
Wake
和気町 144.21 14,191 Wake District Town
Wake in Okayama Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Yakage Okayama.JPG
Yakage
矢掛町 90.62 14,041 Oda District Town
Yakage in Okayama Prefecture Ja.svg

Mergers

Main article: List of mergers in Okayama Prefecture

Demographics

Per Japanese census data,[8] and,[9] Okayama prefecture has had continual negative population growth since 2005

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1920 1,218,000—    
1930 1,284,000+5.4%
1940 1,329,000+3.5%
1950 1,661,000+25.0%
1960 1,670,000+0.5%
1970 1,707,000+2.2%
1980 1,871,000+9.6%
1990 1,926,000+2.9%
2000 1,950,828+1.3%
2010 1,945,276−0.3%
2020 1,920,739−1.3%

Education

Universities

High schools

Transportation

Rail

Tramways

Roads

Expressways

National highways

Airport

Culture

Association with Momotarō legend

Okayama Prefecture is closely associated with the folklore hero, Momotarō. This tale is said to have roots in the legendary story of Kibitsuhiko-no-mikoto and Ura which explains that the Prince Ura of Kudara used to live in Kinojo (castle of the devil) and was a cause of trouble for the people living in the village. The emperor's government sent Kibitsuhiko-no-mikoto (Momotarō) to defeat Ura. The city of Okayama holds an annual Momotarō-matsuri, or Momotarō Festival.[4][11]

Sports

City Light Stadium.

The sports teams listed below are based in Okayama.

Football

Volleyball

Basketball

Tourism

Okayama Korakuen Park and Okayama Castle
Okayama Korakuen Park and Okayama Castle
Hiruzen Plateau and Hiruzen Joyful Park in Maniwa
Hiruzen Plateau and Hiruzen Joyful Park in Maniwa
Hinase Island and Seto Inlandsea in Bizen
Hinase Island and Seto Inlandsea in Bizen
Bitchu Matsuyama Castle in Takahashi
Bitchu Matsuyama Castle in Takahashi

Some tourist attractions are:

Notable people

Notes

  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Okayama-ken" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 745, p. 745, at Google Books; "Chūgoku" at p. 127, p. 127, at Google Books.
  2. ^ Nussbaum, "Okayama" at p. 745, p. 745, at Google Books.
  3. ^ a b c "Okayama Prefecture". Encyclopedia of Japan. Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2012. OCLC 56431036. Archived from the original on August 25, 2007. Retrieved 2012-08-01.
  4. ^ a b "岡山(県)" [Okayama Prefecture]. Nihon Daihyakka Zensho (Nipponika) (in Japanese). Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2012. OCLC 153301537. Archived from the original on August 25, 2007. Retrieved 2012-08-15.
  5. ^ Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" at p. 780, p. 780, at Google Books.
  6. ^ Okayama official website Archived 2013-01-02 at the Wayback Machine accessed Nov. 2007
  7. ^ "General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture" (PDF). Ministry of the Environment. 1 April 2014. Archived (PDF) from the original on 21 April 2012. Retrieved 19 February 2015.
  8. ^ "Okayama (Japan): Prefecture, Major Cities & Towns - Population Statistics, Maps, Charts, Weather and Web Information". www.citypopulation.de.
  9. ^ "Japan Prefectures Population from 1920 and Area". www.demographia.com.
  10. ^ "岡山県作陽高等学校". www.sakuyo-h.ed.jp. Archived from the original on 11 January 2018. Retrieved 24 April 2018.
  11. ^ "Okayama History". Archived from the original on 22 May 2012. Retrieved 24 June 2012.
  12. ^ "Yuko Arimori's profile".
  13. ^ "Shin Koyamada's IMDB Biography". Archived from the original on 2013-03-27.

References

Coordinates: 34°42′N 133°51′E / 34.700°N 133.850°E / 34.700; 133.850