Tottori Prefecture
鳥取県
Japanese transcription(s)
 • Japanese鳥取県
 • RōmajiTottori-ken
Coordinates: 35°27′N 133°46′E / 35.450°N 133.767°E / 35.450; 133.767Coordinates: 35°27′N 133°46′E / 35.450°N 133.767°E / 35.450; 133.767
CountryJapan
RegionChūgoku (San'in)
IslandHonshu
CapitalTottori
SubdivisionsDistricts: 5, Municipalities: 19
Government
 • GovernorShinji Hirai
Area
 • Total3,507.05 km2 (1,354.08 sq mi)
Area rank41st
Population
 (June 1, 2016)
 • Total570,569
 • Rank47th
 • Density163/km2 (420/sq mi)
ISO 3166 codeJP-31
Websitewww.pref.tottori.lg.jp
Symbols
BirdMandarin duck (Aix galericulata)
FlowerNijisseiki nashi pear blossom (Pyrus pyrifolia)
TreeDaisenkyaraboku (Taxus cuspidata)
The Tottori Sand Dunes

Tottori Prefecture (鳥取県, Tottori-ken) is a prefecture of Japan located in the Chūgoku region of Honshu.[1] Tottori Prefecture is the least populous prefecture of Japan at 570,569 (2016) and has a geographic area of 3,507 km2 (1,354 sq mi). Tottori Prefecture borders Shimane Prefecture to the west, Hiroshima Prefecture to the southwest, Okayama Prefecture to the south, and Hyōgo Prefecture to the east.

Tottori is the capital and largest city of Tottori Prefecture, with other major cities including Yonago, Kurayoshi, and Sakaiminato.[2] Tottori Prefecture is home to the Tottori Sand Dunes, the largest sand dunes system in Japan, and Mount Daisen, the highest peak in the Chūgoku Mountains.

Etymology

The word "Tottori" in Japanese is formed from two kanji characters. The first, , means "bird" and the second, means "to get". Early residents in the area made their living catching the region's plentiful waterfowl. The name first appears in the Nihon shoki in the 23rd year of the Emperor Suinin (213 AD) when Yukuha Tana, an elder from the Izumo, visits the emperor. The imperial Prince Homatsu-wake was unable to speak, despite being 30 years of age.

"Yukuha Tana presented the swan to the emperor. Homatsu-wake no Mikoto played with this swan and at last learned to speak. Therefore, Yukaha Tana was liberally rewarded, and was granted the title of Tottori no Miyakko." (Aston, translation)[3]

History

See also: Historic Sites of Tottori Prefecture

Sanbutsu-ji

Early history

Tottori Prefecture was settled very early in the prehistoric period of Japan, as evidenced by remains from the Jōmon period (14,000 – 300 BC).[4] The prefecture has the remains of the largest known Yayoi period (300 BC – 250 AD) settlement in Japan, the Mukibanda Yayoi remains, located in the low foothills of Mount Daisen[5] in the cities of Daisen and Yonago.[6] Numerous kofun tumuli from the Kofun period (250 – 538) are located across the prefecture.[7] In 645, under the Taika reforms, the area in present-day Tottori Prefecture became two provinces, Hōki and Inaba.[8]

Later history

During the Genpei War (1180–1185) between the Taira and Minamoto clans in the late-Heian period, Tottori became a base for anti-Taira forces, specifically at two temples, Daisen-ji and Sanbutsu-ji. By the beginning of the Kamakura period (1185–1333) shōen estates were established to directly support the Imperial court and various temples. Successive clans controlled the region during the Sengoku period (15th to 17th century), most notably the Yamana clan, but after the Battle of Sekigahara in 1600 the region was pacified. The Tokugawa shogunate installed the Ikeda clan at Tottori Castle. The clan retained control of the area until throughout the Edo period (1603–1868) and the resources of the area financially and materially supported the shogunate.[9]

Modern history

The two provinces remained in place until the Meiji Restoration in 1868, and the boundaries of Tottori Prefecture were established in 1888.[4] After the occupation of Korea and Taiwan in the 20th century, and the establishment of the Manchukuo puppet state in 1932, Tottori's harbors on the Japan Sea served as an active transit point for goods between Japan and the colonial areas. Before the end of World War II the prefecture was hit by a massive magnitude 7.2 earthquake, the 1943 Tottori earthquake, which destroyed 80% of the city of Tottori, and greatly damaged the surrounding area. In the postwar period land reform was carried out in the prefecture, resulting in a great increase of agricultural production.[9]

Geography

Map of Tottori Prefecture     City      Town      Village
Map of Tottori Prefecture
     City      Town      Village

See also: List of cities in Tottori Prefecture by population

Cities in Tottori Prefecture
1
Kurayoshi
2
Sakaiminato
3
Tottori(capital)
4
Yonago
Tottori City
Tottori City
Sakaiminato
Sakaiminato

Tottori is home to the Tottori Sand Dunes, Japan's only large dune system. As of 1 April 2012, 14% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks, namely the Daisen-Oki and Sanin Kaigan National Parks; Hiba-Dōgo-Taishaku and Hyōnosen-Ushiroyama-Nagisan Quasi-National Parks; and Misasa-Tōgōko, Nishi Inaba, and Okuhino Prefectural Natural Parks.[10]

Mount Misumi is located within the former area of Mochigase that was merged into the city of Tottori in 2004.

Cities

Four cities are located in Tottori Prefecture:

Name Area (km2) Population Map
Rōmaji Kanji
Kurayoshi
倉吉市 272.06 48,558
Sakaiminato
境港市 29.02 33,888
Tottori (capital)
鳥取市 765.31 192,912
Yonago
米子市 132.42 148,720

Towns and villages

These are the towns and villages in each district:

Name Area (km2) Population District Type Map
Rōmaji Kanji
Chizu
智頭町 224.61 7,031 Yazu District Town
Daisen
大山町 189.83 16,357 Saihaku District Town
Hiezu
日吉津村 4.2 3,439 Saihaku District Village
Hino
日野町 133.98 3,202 Hino District Town
Hōki
伯耆町 139.44 11,071 Saihaku District Town
Hokuei
北栄町 56.94 14,718 Tōhaku District Town
Iwami
岩美町 122.32 11,382 Iwami District Town
Kōfu
江府町 124.52 2,950 Hino District Town
Kotoura
琴浦町 139.97 17,219 Tōhaku District Town
Misasa
三朝町 233.52 6,407 Tōhaku District Town
Nanbu
南部町 114.03 10,888 Saihaku District Town
Nichinan
日南町 340.96 4,665 Hino District Town
Wakasa
若桜町 199.31 3,209 Yazu District Town
Yazu
八頭町 206.71 16,985 Yazu District Town
Yurihama
湯梨浜町 77.94 16,837 Tōhaku District Town

Mergers

Main article: List of mergers in Tottori Prefecture

Demographics

Per Japanese census data,[11][12] Tottori is the least populated prefecture in Japan.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1920 455,000—    
1930 489,000+7.5%
1940 484,000−1.0%
1950 600,000+24.0%
1960 599,000−0.2%
1970 569,000−5.0%
1980 604,000+6.2%
1990 616,000+2.0%
2000 613,289−0.4%
2010 588,667−4.0%
2020 560,517−4.8%

Economy

Tottori Prefecture is heavily agricultural and its products are shipped to the major cities of Japan. Some of the famous products are the nashi pear, nagaimo yam, Japanese scallion, negi, and watermelon. The prefecture is also a major producer of rice.

Language

Historically, the region had extensive linguistic diversity. While the standard Tokyo dialect of the Japanese language is now used in Tottori Prefecture, several other dialects are also used. Many of them are grouped with Western Japanese, and include the Chugoku and Umpaku dialects.[13]

Sports

Axis Bird Stadium.

The sports teams listed below are based in Tottori.

Education

Universities

Colleges

Noted places

Tottori City

Sunaba Coffee House, a well known Coffeehouse in Tottori
Sunaba Coffee House, a well known Coffeehouse in Tottori

Daisen

Panoramic view of Mount Daisen, Yonago
Panoramic view of Mount Daisen, Yonago

Daisen and Yonago

Yonago and Sakaiminato

View of Sakaiminato Mizuki Shigeru Memorial Hall and Character's Statue
View of Sakaiminato Mizuki Shigeru Memorial Hall and Character's Statue

Misasa

Sakaiminato

Iwami

Chizu

Nanbu

Transportation

Rail

Roads

Expressway and toll roads

National highways

Ports

Airports

Prefectural symbols

The symbol is derived from the first mora in Japanese for "" combined with the picture of a flying bird, and symbolizes peace, liberty, and the advancement of the Tottori prefecture. It was enacted in 1968 to celebrate the 100th year from the first year of the Meiji Era.

Notes

  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Tottori Prefecture" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 990, p. 990, at Google Books; "Chūgoku" at p. 127, p. 127, at Google Books.
  2. ^ Nussbaum, "Tottori" at p. 990, p. 990, at Google Books.
  3. ^ Aston, W. G., translator., ed. (1972), "XXX", Nihongi; chronicles of Japan from the earliest times to A.D. 697 (1st Tuttle ed.), Rutland, Vt.: C.E. Tuttle Co., p. 175, ISBN 978-0-8048-0984-9, OCLC 354027
  4. ^ a b "Tottori Prefecture". Encyclopedia of Japan. Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2012. Archived from the original on 2007-08-25. Retrieved 2012-04-07.
  5. ^ Muki-Banda Remains Archived 2012-09-04 at archive.today
  6. ^ "Mukibanda-iseki (妻木晩田遺跡)". Nihon Rekishi Chimei Taikei (日本歴史地名大系) (in Japanese). Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2012. Archived from the original on 2007-08-25. Retrieved 2012-04-07.
  7. ^ "Tottori Plain". Encyclopedia of Japan. Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2012. Archived from the original on 2007-08-25. Retrieved 2012-04-07.
  8. ^ Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" in p. 780, p. 780, at Google Books.
  9. ^ a b "Tottori-ken (鳥取県)". Nihon Daihyakka Zensho (Nipponika) (日本大百科全書(ニッポニカ) (in Japanese). Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2012. Archived from the original on 2007-08-25. Retrieved 2012-04-07.
  10. ^ "General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture" (PDF). Ministry of the Environment. Retrieved 31 August 2012.
  11. ^ Tottori 1995-2020 population statistics
  12. ^ Tottori 1920-2000 population statistics
  13. ^ "Tottori-ken: seikatsu bunka (鳥取(県): 生活文化)". Nihon Daihyakka Zensho (Nipponika) (日本大百科全書(ニッポニカ) (in Japanese). Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2012. Archived from the original on 2007-08-25. Retrieved 2012-04-07.

References