Ishikawa Prefecture
石川県
Japanese transcription(s)
 • Japanese石川県
 • RōmajiIshikawa-ken
Kenroku-en Landscape Garden in Kanazawa City, Ishikawa Prefecture. The pine trees are covered by the yukitsuri, preventing them from falling in winter when it snows heavily
Kenroku-en Landscape Garden in Kanazawa City, Ishikawa Prefecture. The pine trees are covered by the yukitsuri, preventing them from falling in winter when it snows heavily
Flag of Ishikawa Prefecture
Official logo of Ishikawa Prefecture
Anthem: Ishikawa kenmin no uta
Location of Ishikawa Prefecture
Coordinates: 36°35′42″N 136°37′30″E / 36.595°N 136.625°E / 36.595; 136.625
Country Japan
RegionChūbu
Hokuriku
IslandHonshu
CapitalKanazawa
SubdivisionsDistricts: 5, Municipalities: 19
Government
 • GovernorHiroshi Hase (from March 2022)
Area
 • Total4,186.09 km2 (1,616.26 sq mi)
 • Rank35th
Population
 (October 31, 2019)
 • Total1,140,573
 • Rank34th
 • Density272.47/km2 (705.7/sq mi)
 • Dialects
Kaga・Noto
GDP
 • TotalJP¥ 4,779 billion
US$ 43.8 billion (2019)
ISO 3166 codeJP-17
Website[1]
Symbols of Japan
BirdGolden eagle (Aquila chrysaetos)
FlowerBlack lily (Fritillaria camtschatcensis)
TreeHiba (Thujopsis dolabrata)

Ishikawa Prefecture (石川県, Ishikawa-ken) is a prefecture of Japan located in the Chūbu region of Honshu island.[2] Ishikawa Prefecture has a population of 1,140,573 (31 October 2019) and has a geographic area of 4,186 km2 (1,616 sq mi). Ishikawa Prefecture borders Toyama Prefecture to the east, Gifu Prefecture to the southeast, and Fukui Prefecture to the south.

Kanazawa is the capital and largest city of Ishikawa Prefecture, with other major cities including Hakusan, Komatsu, and Kaga.[3] Ishikawa is located on the Sea of Japan coast and features the most of the Noto Peninsula which forms Toyama Bay, one of the largest bays in Japan. Ishikawa Prefecture is part of the historic Hokuriku region and formerly an important populated center that contained some of the wealthiest han (domains) of the Japanese feudal era. Ishikawa Prefecture is home to Kanazawa Castle, Kenroku-en one of the Three Great Gardens of Japan, Nyotaimori ("body sushi"), and Kutani ware.

History

See also: Historic Sites of Ishikawa Prefecture

Ishikawa was formed in 1872 from the merger of Kaga Province and the smaller Noto Province.[4]

Geography

Ishikawa is on the Sea of Japan coast. The northern part of the prefecture consists of the narrow Noto Peninsula, while the southern part is wider and consists mostly of mountains with the prefecture's chief city, Kanazawa, located in the coastal plain. The prefecture also has some islands, including Notojima, Mitsukejima, Hegurajima.

As of 1 April 2012, 13% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks, namely the Hakusan National Park; Echizen-Kaga Kaigan and Noto Hantō Quasi-national parks; and five prefectural natural parks.[5]


Municipalities

The cities of Ishikawa are:

Towns are grouped into five districts, which are geographical and not governmental:

Ishikawa Prefecture is located in Ishikawa Prefecture
Hakui羽咋市
Hakui羽咋市
Hakusan白山市
Hakusan白山市
Kaga加賀市
Kaga加賀市
Kahokuかほく市
Kahokuかほく市
Kanazawa (capital)金沢市
Kanazawa (capital)金沢市
Komatsu小松市
Komatsu小松市
Nanao七尾市
Nanao七尾市
Nomi能美市
Nomi能美市
Nonoichi野々市市
Nonoichi野々市市
Suzu珠洲市
Suzu珠洲市
Wajima輪島市
Wajima輪島市
Anamizu穴水町
Anamizu穴水町
Hōdatsushimizu宝達志水町
Hōdatsushimizu宝達志水町
Kawakita川北町
Kawakita川北町
Nakanoto中能登町
Nakanoto中能登町
Noto能登町
Noto能登町
Shika志賀町
Shika志賀町
Tsubata津幡町
Tsubata津幡町
Uchinada内灘町
Uchinada内灘町
Municipalities in Ishikawa Prefecture      City      Town

Mergers

Main article: List of mergers in Ishikawa Prefecture

Economy

Ishikawa's industry is dominated by the textile industry, particularly artificial fabrics, and the machine industry, particularly construction machinery.

Demographics

Ishikawa prefecture population pyramid in 2020

Ishikawa Prefecture has an area of 4,186.09 km2 and, as of 1 April 2011, it has a population of 1,166,643 persons.[citation needed]

Data Unit Statistics
Area km2 4,186.09
Population Persons 1,166,643
Population density Persons per km2 278.72
Number of households Households 441,980
Income per person Thousand yen 2,707
Power consumed Kwh per household 6,446
Number of doctors Physicians per

100,000 people

249

List of governors of Ishikawa Prefecture

2024 Earthquake

In january 1st of 2024, there is a 7.5 Magnitude earthquake hit japan in the Ishikawa prefecture, specifically on the Noto Peninsula. Ishikawa reported 232 fatalities and 22 missing people. overall it is estimated that there are over 1,200 people dead across different prefecture [7]


Culture

Kanazawa Castle

The area is noted for arts and crafts and other cultural traditions:

Tourism

Winter in Kenrokuen
Shirayone Senmaida, designated as a World Agricultural Heritage site in Wajima

The most popular destination in Ishikawa is Kanazawa. Tourists can get to Ishikawa by plane via either the Komatsu or Noto airports. Popular sites include:

Prefectural symbols

Notable people

Universities

Ishikawa has a number of universities:

Transport

Rail

Kanazawa Station

Road

Expressways and toll roads

National highways

Ports

Airports

Regional policies

Politics

The prefectural assembly building in the prefectural government building complex in Kanazawa

The current governor of Ishikawa is Hiroshi Hase who was first elected in 2022. He defeated six time incumbent Masanori Tanimoto.[9] Prior to his defeat, Tanimoto was one of two governors who were in their sixth term nationwide, the other being Masaru Hashimoto of Ibaraki. Hase is only the fifth governor of Ishikawa since 1947 when prefectural governors became elected offices, as Tanimoto had held the governorship for twenty eight years, first coming to office in 1994, succeeding Yōichi Nakanishi, who had served from 1963 until his death in 1994.

The Ishikawa Prefectural Assembly [ja] has 43 members and is elected in unified local elections (last round: 2011) in 15 SNTV electoral districts – six single-member, five two-member, one three-member, two four-member districts and the Kanazawa City district that elects 16 members. As of February 26, 2014, the LDP prefectural assembly caucus has 25 members and no other group has more than four members.[10]

In the National Diet, Ishikawa is represented by three directly elected members of the House of Representatives and two (one per election) of the House of Councillors. Additional members from the prefecture may be elected in the proportional representation segments of both houses: the Hokuriku-Shin'etsu proportional representation block in the lower house, the proportional election to the upper house is nationwide. After the Diet elections of 2010, 2012 and 2013, the five directly elected members from Ishikawa districts are all Liberal Democrats, namely:

See also

Notes

  1. ^ "2020年度国民経済計算(2015年基準・2008SNA) : 経済社会総合研究所 – 内閣府". 内閣府ホームページ (in Japanese). Archived from the original on September 24, 2023. Retrieved May 18, 2023.
  2. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Chūbu" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 126, p. 126, at Google Books.
  3. ^ Nussbaum, "Kanazawa" in p. 467, p. 467, at Google Books.
  4. ^ Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" in p. 780, p. 780, at Google Books.
  5. ^ "General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture" (PDF). Ministry of the Environment. Archived (PDF) from the original on April 21, 2012. Retrieved July 2, 2012.
  6. ^ "Hase wins governor's race in Ishikawa after LDP split, grudge". Asahi Shimbun. Archived from the original on April 3, 2022. Retrieved May 21, 2022.
  7. ^ 2024 Noto earthquake
  8. ^ "The Fourth High School Memorial Museum of Cultural Exchange, Ishikawa" (PDF). pref.ishikawa.jp. Archived (PDF) from the original on April 24, 2018. Retrieved February 6, 2018.
  9. ^ "Hase wins governor's race in Ishikawa after LDP split, grudge | the Asahi Shimbun: Breaking News, Japan News and Analysis". Archived from the original on April 3, 2022.
  10. ^ Ishikawa Prefectural Assembly: members by caucus Archived March 16, 2014, at the Wayback Machine (in Japanese)

References