SapporoHakodate, HokkaidōAsahikawa, HokkaidōAomoriHachinoheMorioka, IwateSendaiAkitaYamagata, YamagataFukushima, FukushimaKōriyama, FukushimaIwaki, FukushimaMito, IbarakiTsukuba, IbarakiUtsunomiya, TochigiMaebashi, GunmaTakasaki, GunmaIsesaki, GunmaŌta, GunmaSaitama, SaitamaKawagoe, SaitamaKumagaya, SaitamaKawaguchi, SaitamaTokorozawa, SaitamaKasukabe, SaitamaSōkaKoshigaya, SaitamaChibaFunabashi, ChibaKashiwa, ChibaHachiōji, TokyoYokohamaKawasaki, KanagawaYokosuka, KanagawaHiratsuka, KanagawaOdawara, KanagawaChigasaki, KanagawaSagamiharaAtsugi, KanagawaYamato, KanagawaNiigataNagaoka, NiigataJōetsu, NiigataToyama, ToyamaKanazawa, IshikawaFukuiKōfu, YamanashiNagano, NaganoMatsumoto, NaganoGifuShizuoka, ShizuokaHamamatsuNumazu, ShizuokaFuji, ShizuokaNagoyaToyohashi, AichiOkazaki, AichiIchinomiya, AichiKasugai, AichiToyota, AichiYokkaichi, MieŌtsu, ShigaKyotoOsakaSakai, OsakaKishiwada, OsakaToyonaka, OsakaSuitaTakatsuki, OsakaHirakata, OsakaIbaraki, OsakaYao, OsakaNeyagawa, OsakaHigashiōsaka, OsakaKobeHimeji, HyōgoAmagasakiAkashi, HyōgoNishinomiyaKakogawa, HyōgoTakarazuka, HyōgoNara, NaraWakayamaTottoriMatsue, ShimaneOkayamaKurashiki, OkayamaHiroshimaKure, HiroshimaFukuyama, HiroshimaShimonosekiTakamatsu, KagawaMatsuyama, EhimeKōchi, KōchiKitakyushuFukuokaKurume, FukuokaSagaNagasakiSasebo, NagasakiKumamotoŌitaMiyazakiKagoshimaNaha, Okinawa
(Circle click-able)

― Designated cities

― Core cities

― Special cities

A core city (中核市, Chūkakushi) is a class or category of Japanese cities. It is a local administrative division created by the national government.[1] Core cities are delegated many functions normally carried out by prefectural governments, but not as many as designated cities. To become a candidate for core city status, a city must have a population greater than 300,000 and an area greater than 100 square kilometers, although special exceptions may be made by order of the cabinet for cities with populations under 300,000 but over 200,000.[2] After the abolition of special city status on April 1, 2015, any city with a population above 200,000 may apply for core city status.[3]

Application for designation is made by a city with the approval of both the city and prefectural assemblies.

History

The term "core city" was created by the first clause of Article 252, Section 22 of the Local Autonomy Law of Japan.[4]

List of core cities

As of 1 April 2021, 62 cities have been designated core cities:[3]

Name Japanese Flag Emblem Area (km2) Population (2012) Date of designation Region Prefecture Map
Akashi 明石市
49.22 290,927 2018-04-01 Kansai Hyōgo
Akita 秋田市
906.07 322,224 1997-04-01 Tōhoku Akita
Amagasaki 尼崎市
49.77 451,353 2009-04-01 Kansai Hyōgo
Aomori 青森市
824.61 297,348 2006-10-01 Tōhoku Aomori
Asahikawa 旭川市
747.6 351,765 2000-04-01 Hokkaidō
Fukui 福井市
536.41 266,612 2019-04-01 Chūbu Fukui
Fukushima 福島市
767.72 289,355 2018-04-01 Tōhoku Fukushima
Fukuyama 福山市
518.14 462,144 1998-04-01 Chūgoku Hiroshima
Funabashi 船橋市
85.62 610,492 2003-04-01 Kantō Chiba
Gifu 岐阜市
203.60 412,718 1996-04-01 Chūbu Gifu
Hachinohe 八戸市
305.56 241,613 2017-01-01 Tōhoku Aomori
Hachiōji 八王子市
186.38 579,799 2015-04-01 Kantō Tokyo
Hakodate 函館市
677.89 279,056 2005-10-01 Hokkaidō
Higashiōsaka 東大阪市
61.78 508,267 2005-04-01 Kansai Osaka
Himeji 姫路市
534.43 536,218 1996-04-01 Kansai Hyōgo
Hirakata 枚方市
65.08 407,997 2014-04-01 Kansai Osaka
Ichinomiya 一宮市
113.82 379,654 2021-04-01 Chūbu Aichi
Iwaki いわき市
1,232.02 332,994 1999-04-01 Tōhoku Fukushima
Kagoshima 鹿児島市
547.58 607,257 1996-04-01 Kyushu Kagoshima
Kashiwa 柏市
114.74 404,863 2008-04-01 Kantō Chiba
Kanazawa 金沢市
468.64 462,796 1996-04-01 Chūbu Ishikawa
Kawagoe 川越市
109.13 345,361 2003-04-01 Kantō Saitama
Kawaguchi 川口市
61.95 561,788 2018-04-01 Kantō Saitama
Kōchi 高知市
309.22 342,568 1998-04-01 Shikoku Kōchi
Kōfu 甲府市
212.47 197,318 2019-04-01 Chūbu Yamanashi
Kōriyama 郡山市
757.20 331,140 1997-04-01 Tōhoku Fukushima
Koshigaya 越谷市
60.24 328,079 2015-04-01 Kantō Saitama
Kurashiki 倉敷市
355.63 477,086 2002-04-01 Chūgoku Okayama
Kure 呉市
352.80 236,595 2016-04-01 Chūgoku Hiroshima
Kurume 久留米市
229.96 301,821 2008-04-01 Kyushu Fukuoka
Maebashi 前橋市
311.59 338,481 2009-04-01 Kantō Gunma
Matsue 松江市
572.99 208,160 2018-04-01 Chūgoku Shimane
Matsumoto 松本市
978.47 239,466 2021-04-01 Chūbu Nagano
Matsuyama 松山市
429.40 516,823 2000-04-01 Shikoku Ehime
Mito 水戸市
217.32 269,162 2020-04-01 Kantō Ibaraki
Miyazaki 宮崎市
643.67 402,289 1998-04-01 Kyushu Miyazaki
Morioka 盛岡市
886.47 299,734 2008-04-01 Tōhoku Iwate
Naha 那覇市
39.98 321,695 2013-04-01 Kyushu Okinawa
Nagano 長野市
834.81 380,581 1999-04-01 Chūbu Nagano
Nagasaki 長崎市
240.71 440,911 1997-04-01 Kyushu Nagasaki
Nara 奈良市
276.84 365,421 2002-04-01 Kansai Nara
Neyagawa 寝屋川市
24.73 238,819 2019-04-01 Kansai Osaka
Nishinomiya 西宮市
99.96 483,878 2008-04-01 Kansai Hyōgo
Ōita 大分市
502.38 476,008 1997-04-01 Kyushu Ōita
Okazaki 岡崎市
387.20 374,085 2003-04-01 Chūbu Aichi
Ōtsu 大津市
464.51 339,469 2009-04-01 Kansai Shiga
Sasebo 佐世保市
426.06 259,676 2016-04-01 Kyushu Nagasaki
Shimonoseki 下関市
716.14 277,937 2005-10-01 Chūgoku Yamaguchi
Suita 吹田市
36.11 357,917 2020-04-01 Kansai Osaka
Takamatsu 高松市
375.41 420,356 1999-04-01 Shikoku Kagawa
Takasaki 高崎市
459.16 371,820 2011-04-01 Kantō Gunma
Takatsuki 高槻市
105.31 355,840 2003-04-01 Kansai Osaka
Tottori 鳥取市
765.31 196,538 2018-04-01 Chūgoku Tottori
Toyama 富山市
1,241.77 421,393 2005-04-01 Chūbu Toyama
Toyohashi 豊橋市
261.86 375,804 1999-04-01 Chūbu Aichi
Toyonaka 豊中市
36.38 390,457 2012-04-01 Kansai Osaka
Toyota 豊田市
918.32 420,680 1998-04-01 Chūbu Aichi
Utsunomiya 宇都宮市
416.85 513,722 1996-04-01 Kantō Tochigi
Wakayama 和歌山市
210.25 368,684 1997-04-01 Kansai Wakayama
Yamagata 山形市
381.58 254,519 2019-04-01 Tōhoku Yamagata
Yao 八尾市
41.71 270,735 2018-04-01 Kansai Osaka
Yokosuka 横須賀市
100.7 415,259 2001-04-01 Kantō Kanagawa

Former core cities

Name Japanese Flag Emblem Area (km2) Population Date of designation Date of reclassification Region Prefecture Map
Hamamatsu 浜松市
1,558.06 795,350 1996-04-01 2007-04-01 (Designated city) Chūbu Shizuoka
Kumamoto 熊本市
390.32 737,812 1996-04-01 2012-04-01 (Designated city) Kyushu Kumamoto
Niigata 新潟市
726.45 807,450 1996-04-01 2007-04-01 (Designated city) Chūbu Niigata
Okayama 岡山市
789.95 720,841 1996-04-01 2009-04-01 (Designated city) Chūgoku Okayama
Sagamihara 相模原市
328.91 720,986 2003-04-01 2010-04-01 (Designated city) Kantō Kanagawa
Sakai 堺市
149.82 833,544 1996-04-01 2006-04-01 (Designated city) Kansai Osaka
Shizuoka 静岡市
1,411.90 697,578 1996-04-01 2005-04-01 (Designated city) Chūbu Shizuoka

Scheduled to become a core city

Name Japanese Flag Emblem Area (km2) Population (2012) Scheduled date Region Prefecture Map
Chigasaki 茅ヶ崎市
35.71 236,222 2020-04-01 Kantō Kanagawa
Fuji 富士市
244.95 253,455 TBD Chūbu Shizuoka
Kishiwada 岸和田市
72.68 198,615 2020-04-01 Kansai Osaka
Odawara 小田原市
113.79 197,413 2020-04-01 Kantō Kanagawa
Tsukuba つくば市
283.72 216,221 TBD Kantō Ibaraki
Tokorozawa 所沢市
72.11 342,321 TBD Kantō Saitama
Yokkaichi 四日市市
206.44 307,599 2020 (aiming) Kansai Mie

Cities that meet the requirements but have not yet been nominated

The following cities have populations greater than 200,000 but have not yet been nominated. (Cities planning to apply for core city status are not shown.)

Name Japanese Flag Emblem Area (km2) Population Region Prefecture Map
Ageo 上尾市
45.51 229,517 Kantō Saitama
Chōfu 調布市
21.58 240,668 Kantō Tokyo
Fuchū 府中市
29.43 260,891 Kantō Tokyo
Fujisawa 藤沢市
69.57 420,254 Kantō Kanagawa
Ichihara 市原市
368.17 274,117 Kantō Chiba
Ichikawa 市川市
56.39 491,804 Kantō Chiba
Machida 町田市
71.80 429,040 Kantō Tokyo
Matsudo 松戸市
61.38 498,575 Kantō Chiba
Tokushima 徳島市
191 258,554 Shikoku Tokushima
Tsu 津市
711.11 279,304 Kansai Mie

See also

References

  1. ^ Web-Japan.org, "Local self-government," p. 3; retrieved 2012-11-28.
  2. ^ 日本財団図書館(電子図書館) Revised Local Autonomy Law. nippon.zaidan.info.
  3. ^ a b 日本總務省 - 中核市・施行時特例市. soumo.go.jp (in Japanese).
  4. ^ 日本財団図書館(電子図書館) Revised Local Autonomy Law. nippon.zaidan.info.