SapporoHakodate, HokkaidōAsahikawa, HokkaidōAomoriHachinoheMorioka, IwateSendaiAkitaYamagata, YamagataFukushima, FukushimaKōriyama, FukushimaIwaki, FukushimaMito, IbarakiTsukuba, IbarakiUtsunomiya, TochigiMaebashi, GunmaTakasaki, GunmaIsesaki, GunmaŌta, GunmaSaitama, SaitamaKawagoe, SaitamaKumagaya, SaitamaKawaguchi, SaitamaTokorozawa, SaitamaKasukabe, SaitamaSōkaKoshigaya, SaitamaChibaFunabashi, ChibaKashiwa, ChibaHachiōji, TokyoYokohamaKawasaki, KanagawaYokosuka, KanagawaHiratsuka, KanagawaOdawara, KanagawaChigasaki, KanagawaSagamiharaAtsugi, KanagawaYamato, KanagawaNiigataNagaoka, NiigataJōetsu, NiigataToyama, ToyamaKanazawa, IshikawaFukuiKōfu, YamanashiNagano, NaganoMatsumoto, NaganoGifuShizuoka, ShizuokaHamamatsuNumazu, ShizuokaFuji, ShizuokaNagoyaToyohashi, AichiOkazaki, AichiIchinomiya, AichiKasugai, AichiToyota, AichiYokkaichi, MieŌtsu, ShigaKyotoOsakaSakai, OsakaKishiwada, OsakaToyonaka, OsakaSuitaTakatsuki, OsakaHirakata, OsakaIbaraki, OsakaYao, OsakaNeyagawa, OsakaHigashiōsaka, OsakaKobeHimeji, HyōgoAmagasakiAkashi, HyōgoNishinomiyaKakogawa, HyōgoTakarazuka, HyōgoNara, NaraWakayamaTottoriMatsue, ShimaneOkayamaKurashiki, OkayamaHiroshimaKure, HiroshimaFukuyama, HiroshimaShimonosekiTakamatsu, KagawaMatsuyama, EhimeKōchi, KōchiKitakyushuFukuokaKurume, FukuokaSagaNagasakiSasebo, NagasakiKumamotoŌitaMiyazakiKagoshimaNaha, Okinawa
(Circle click-able)

― Designated cities

― Core cities

― Special cities

A core city (中核市, Chūkakushi) is a class or category of Japanese cities. It is a local administrative division created by the national government.[1] Core cities are delegated many functions normally carried out by prefectural governments, but not as many as designated cities. To become a candidate for core city status, a city must have a population greater than 300,000 and an area greater than 100 square kilometers, although special exceptions may be made by order of the cabinet for cities with populations under 300,000 but over 200,000.[2] After the abolition of special city status on April 1, 2015, any city with a population above 200,000 may apply for core city status.[3]

Application for designation is made by a city with the approval of both the city and prefectural assemblies.

History

The term "core city" was created by the first clause of Article 252, Section 22 of the Local Autonomy Law of Japan.[4]

List of core cities

As of 1 April 2021, 62 cities have been designated core cities:[3]

Name Japanese Flag Emblem Area (km2) Population (2012) Date of designation Region Prefecture Map
Akashi 明石市
Flag of Akashi, Hyogo.svg
Emblem of Akashi, Hyogo.svg
49.22 290,927 2018-04-01 Kansai Hyōgo
Akashi in Hyogo Prefecture Ja.svg
Akita 秋田市
Flag of Akita, Akita.svg
Symbol of Akita, Akita.svg
906.07 322,224 1997-04-01 Tōhoku Akita
Akita in Akita Prefecture Ja.svg
Amagasaki 尼崎市
Flag of Amagasaki, Hyogo.svg
Emblem of Amagasaki, Hyogo.svg
49.77 451,353 2009-04-01 Kansai Hyōgo
Amagasaki in Hyogo Prefecture Ja.svg
Aomori 青森市
Flag of Aomori, Aomori.svg
Aomori City Emblem.svg
824.61 297,348 2006-10-01 Tōhoku Aomori
Aomori in Aomori Prefecture Ja.svg
Asahikawa 旭川市
Flag of Asahikawa, Hokkaido.svg
Emblem of Asahikawa, Hokkaido.svg
747.6 351,765 2000-04-01 Hokkaidō
Asahikawa in Hokkaido Prefecture Ja.svg
Fukui 福井市
Flag of Fukui, Fukui.svg
Emblem of Fukui, Fukui.svg
536.41 266,612 2019-04-01 Chūbu Fukui
Fukui in Fukui prefecture Ja.svg
Fukushima 福島市
Flag of Fukushima, Fukushima.svg
Emblem of Fukushima, Fukushima.svg
767.72 289,355 2018-04-01 Tōhoku Fukushima
Fukushima in Fukushima Prefecture Ja.svg
Fukuyama 福山市
Flag of Fukuyama, Hiroshima.svg
Symbol of Fukuyama Hiroshima.svg
518.14 462,144 1998-04-01 Chūgoku Hiroshima
Fukuyama in Hiroshima Prefecture Ja.svg
Funabashi 船橋市
Flag of Funabashi, Chiba.svg
Emblem of Funabashi, Chiba.svg
85.62 610,492 2003-04-01 Kantō Chiba
Funabashi in Chiba Prefecture Ja.svg
Gifu 岐阜市
Flag of Gifu, Gifu.svg
Emblem of Gifu, Gifu.svg
203.60 412,718 1996-04-01 Chūbu Gifu
Gifu in Gifu Prefecture Ja.svg
Hachinohe 八戸市
Flag of Hachinohe, Aomori.svg
Symbol of Hachinohe Aomori.svg
305.56 241,613 2017-01-01 Tōhoku Aomori
Hachinohe in Aomori Prefecture Ja.svg
Hachiōji 八王子市
Flag of Hachioji, Tokyo.svg
Emblem of Hachiōji, Tokyo.svg
186.38 579,799 2015-04-01 Kantō Tokyo
Hachioji in Tokyo Prefecture Ja.svg
Hakodate 函館市
Flag of Hakodate, Hokkaido.svg
Symbol of Hakodate, Hokkaido.svg
677.89 279,056 2005-10-01 Hokkaidō
Hakodate in Hokkaido Prefecture Ja.svg
Higashiōsaka 東大阪市
Flag of Higashiosaka, Osaka.svg
Emblem of Higashiosaka.svg
61.78 508,267 2005-04-01 Kansai Osaka
Himeji 姫路市
Flag of Himeji, Hyogo.svg
Symbol of Himeji, Hyogo.svg
534.43 536,218 1996-04-01 Kansai Hyōgo
Himeji in Hyogo Prefecture Ja.svg
Hirakata 枚方市
Flag of Hirakata, Osaka.svg
Emblem of Hirakata, Osaka.svg
65.08 407,997 2014-04-01 Kansai Osaka
Hirakata in Osaka Prefecture Ja.svg
Ichinomiya 一宮市
Flag of Ichinomiya, Aichi.svg
Emblem of Ichinomiya, Aichi.svg
113.82 379,654 2021-04-01 Chūbu Aichi
Ichinomiya in Aichi Prefecture Ja.svg
Iwaki いわき市
Flag of Iwaki, Fukushima.svg
Symbol of Iwaki Fukushima.svg
1,232.02 332,994 1999-04-01 Tōhoku Fukushima
Iwaki in Fukushima Prefecture Ja.svg
Kagoshima 鹿児島市
Flag of Kagoshima, Kagoshima.svg
Symbol of Kagoshima, Kagoshima.svg
547.58 607,257 1996-04-01 Kyushu Kagoshima
Location of Kagoshima city Kagoshima prefecture Japan.svg
Kashiwa 柏市
Flag of Kashiwa, Chiba.svg
千葉県柏市市章.svg
114.74 404,863 2008-04-01 Kantō Chiba
Kashiwa in Chiba Prefecture Ja.svg
Kanazawa 金沢市
Flag of Kanazawa, Ishikawa.svg
Emblem of Kanazawa, Ishikawa.svg
468.64 462,796 1996-04-01 Chūbu Ishikawa
Kanazawa in Ishikawa Prefecture Ja.svg
Kawagoe 川越市
Flag of Kawagoe, Saitama.svg
Emblem of Kawagoe, Saitama.svg
109.13 345,361 2003-04-01 Kantō Saitama
Kawagoe in Saitama Prefecture Ja.svg
Kawaguchi 川口市
Flag of Kawaguchi, Saitama.svg
埼玉県川口市市章.svg
61.95 561,788 2018-04-01 Kantō Saitama
Kawaguchi in Saitama Prefecture Ja.svg
Kōchi 高知市
Flag of Kochi, Kochi.svg
Emblem of Kochi, Kochi.svg
309.22 342,568 1998-04-01 Shikoku Kōchi
Kochi in Kochi Prefecture Ja.svg
Kōfu 甲府市
Flag of Kofu, Yamanashi.svg
山梨県甲府市市章.svg
212.47 197,318 2019-04-01 Chūbu Yamanashi
Kofu in Yamanashi Prefecture Ja.svg
Kōriyama 郡山市
Flag of Koriyama, Fukushima.svg
Symbol of Koriyama Fukushima.svg
757.20 331,140 1997-04-01 Tōhoku Fukushima
Koriyama in Fukushima Prefecture Ja.svg
Koshigaya 越谷市
Flag of Koshigaya, Saitama.svg
Emblem of Koshigaya, Saitama.svg
60.24 328,079 2015-04-01 Kantō Saitama
Koshigaya in Saitama Prefecture Ja.svg
Kurashiki 倉敷市
Flag of Kurashiki, Okayama.svg
Kurashiki Okayama chapter.JPG
355.63 477,086 2002-04-01 Chūgoku Okayama
Kurashiki in Okayama Prefecture Ja.svg
Kure 呉市
Flag of Kure, Hiroshima.svg
Emblem of Kure, Hiroshima.svg
352.80 236,595 2016-04-01 Chūgoku Hiroshima
Kure in Hiroshima Prefecture Ja.svg
Kurume 久留米市
Flag of Kurume, Fukuoka.svg
Emblem of Kurume, Fukuoka.svg
229.96 301,821 2008-04-01 Kyushu Fukuoka
Kurume in Fukuoka Prefecture Ja.svg
Maebashi 前橋市
Flag of Maebashi, Gunma.svg
Symbol of Maebashi, Gunma.svg
311.59 338,481 2009-04-01 Kantō Gunma
Maebashi in Gunma Prefecture Ja.svg
Matsue 松江市
Flag of Matsue, Shimane.svg
Emblem of Matsue, Shimane.svg
572.99 208,160 2018-04-01 Chūgoku Shimane
Matsue in Shimane Prefecture Ja.svg
Matsumoto 松本市
Flag of Matsumoto, Nagano.svg
Symbol of Matsumoto, Nagano.svg
978.47 239,466 2021-04-01 Chūbu Nagano
Matsumoto in Nagano Prefecture Ja.svg
Matsuyama 松山市
Flag of Matsuyama, Ehime.svg
Emblem of Matsuyama, Ehime.svg
429.40 516,823 2000-04-01 Shikoku Ehime
Ehime-matsuyama-city.svg
Mito 水戸市
Flag of Mito, Ibaraki.svg
Symbol of Mito Ibaraki.svg
217.32 269,162 2020-04-01 Kantō Ibaraki
Mito in Ibaraki Prefecture Ja.svg
Miyazaki 宮崎市
Flag of Miyazaki, Miyazaki.svg
Emblem of Miyazaki, Miyazaki.svg
643.67 402,289 1998-04-01 Kyushu Miyazaki
Miyazaki in Miyazaki Prefecture Ja.svg
Morioka 盛岡市
Flag of Morioka, Iwate.svg
Emblem of Morioka, Iwate.svg
886.47 299,734 2008-04-01 Tōhoku Iwate
Morioka in Iwate Prefecture Ja.svg
Naha 那覇市
Flag of Naha, Okinawa.svg
Symbol of Naha, Okinawa.svg
39.98 321,695 2013-04-01 Kyushu Okinawa
Naha in Okinawa Prefecture Ja.svg
Nagano 長野市
Flag of Nagano, Nagano.svg
Symbol of Nagano Nagano.svg
834.81 380,581 1999-04-01 Chūbu Nagano
Nagano in Nagano Prefecture Ja.svg
Nagasaki 長崎市
Flag of Nagasaki, Nagasaki.svg
Nagasaki Nagasaki chapter.svg
240.71 440,911 1997-04-01 Kyushu Nagasaki
Nagasaki in Nagasaki Prefecture Ja.svg
Nara 奈良市
Flag of Nara, Nara.svg
Emblem of Nara, Nara.svg
276.84 365,421 2002-04-01 Kansai Nara
Nara in Nara Prefecture Ja.svg
Neyagawa 寝屋川市
Flag of Neyagawa, Osaka.svg
Symbol of Neyagawa, Osaka.svg
24.73 238,819 2019-04-01 Kansai Osaka
Neyagawa in Osaka Prefecture Ja.svg
Nishinomiya 西宮市
Flag of Nishinomiya, Hyogo.svg
Emblem of Nishinomiya, Hyogo.svg
99.96 483,878 2008-04-01 Kansai Hyōgo
Nishinomiya in Hyogo Prefecture Ja.svg
Ōita 大分市
Flag of Oita, Oita.svg
Symbol of Oita Oita.svg
502.38 476,008 1997-04-01 Kyushu Ōita
Oita in Oita Prefecture Ja.svg
Okazaki 岡崎市
Flag of Okazaki, Aichi.svg
Emblem of Okazaki, Aichi.svg
387.20 374,085 2003-04-01 Chūbu Aichi
Okazaki in Aichi Prefecture Ja.svg
Ōtsu 大津市
Flag of Otsu, Shiga.svg
Emblem of Ōtsu, Shiga.svg
464.51 339,469 2009-04-01 Kansai Shiga
Otsu in Shiga Prefecture Ja.svg
Sasebo 佐世保市
Flag of Sasebo, Nagasaki.svg
Emblem of Sasebo, Nagasaki.svg
426.06 259,676 2016-04-01 Kyushu Nagasaki
Sasebo in Nagasaki Prefecture Ja.svg
Shimonoseki 下関市
Flag of Shimonoseki, Yamaguchi.svg
Emblem of Shimonoseki, Yamaguchi.svg
716.14 277,937 2005-10-01 Chūgoku Yamaguchi
Shimonoseki in Yamaguchi Prefecture Ja.svg
Suita 吹田市
Flag of Suita, Osaka.svg
Suita Osaka chapter.JPG
36.11 357,917 2020-04-01 Kansai Osaka
Suita in Osaka Prefecture Ja.svg
Takamatsu 高松市
Flag of Takamatsu, Kagawa.svg
Emblem of Takamatsu, Kagawa.svg
375.41 420,356 1999-04-01 Shikoku Kagawa
Kagawa-takamatsu-city.svg
Takasaki 高崎市
Flag of Takasaki, Gunma.svg
群馬県高崎市市章.svg
459.16 371,820 2011-04-01 Kantō Gunma
Takasaki in Gunma Prefecture Ja.svg
Takatsuki 高槻市
Flag of Takatsuki, Osaka.svg
Emblem of Takatsuki, Osaka.svg
105.31 355,840 2003-04-01 Kansai Osaka
Takatsuki in Osaka Prefecture Ja.svg
Tottori 鳥取市
Flag of Tottori, Tottori.svg
Emblem of Tottori, Tottori.svg
765.31 196,538 2018-04-01 Chūgoku Tottori
Tottori City in Tottori Prefecture Ja.svg
Toyama 富山市
Flag of Toyama, Toyama.svg
Symbol of Toyama, Toyama.svg
1,241.77 421,393 2005-04-01 Chūbu Toyama
Toyama in Toyama Prefecture Ja.svg
Toyohashi 豊橋市
Flag of Toyohashi, Aichi.svg
Emblem of Toyohashi, Aichi.svg
261.86 375,804 1999-04-01 Chūbu Aichi
Toyohashi in Aichi Prefecture Ja.svg
Toyonaka 豊中市
Flag of Toyonaka, Osaka.svg
Emblem of Toyonaka, Osaka.svg
36.38 390,457 2012-04-01 Kansai Osaka
Toyonaka in Osaka Prefecture Ja.svg
Toyota 豊田市
Flag of Toyota, Aichi.svg
Emblem of Toyota, Aichi.svg
918.32 420,680 1998-04-01 Chūbu Aichi
Toyota in Aichi Prefecture Ja.svg
Utsunomiya 宇都宮市
Flag of Utsunomiya, Tochigi.svg
Emblem of Utsunomiya, Tochigi.svg
416.85 513,722 1996-04-01 Kantō Tochigi
Utsunomiya in Tochigi Prefecture Ja.svg
Wakayama 和歌山市
Flag of Wakayama, Wakayama.svg
Symbol of Wakayama, Wakayama.svg
210.25 368,684 1997-04-01 Kansai Wakayama
Wakayama in Wakayama Prefecture Ja.svg
Yamagata (city) 山形市
Flag of Yamagata, Yamagata.svg
Emblem of Yamagata, Yamagata.svg
381.58 254,519 2019-04-01 Tōhoku Yamagata
Yamagata in Yamagata Prefecture Ja.svg
Yao 八尾市
Flag of Yao, Osaka.svg
Emblem of Yao, Osaka.svg
41.71 270,735 2018-04-01 Kansai Osaka
Yao in Osaka Prefecture Ja.svg
Yokosuka 横須賀市
Flag of Yokosuka, Kanagawa.svg
神奈川県横須賀市市章.svg
100.7 415,259 2001-04-01 Kantō Kanagawa
Yokosuka in Kanagawa Prefecture Ja.svg

Former core cities

Name Japanese Flag Emblem Area (km2) Population Date of designation Date of reclassification Region Prefecture Map
Hamamatsu 浜松市
Flag of Hamamatsu, Shizuoka.svg
Symbol of Hamamatsu Shizuoka chapter.svg
1,558.06 795,350 1996-04-01 2007-04-01 (Designated city) Chūbu Shizuoka
Hamamatsu in Shizuoka Prefecture Ja.svg
Kumamoto 熊本市
Flag of Kumamoto, Kumamoto.svg
Emblem of Kumamoto, Kumamoto.svg
390.32 737,812 1996-04-01 2012-04-01 (Designated city) Kyushu Kumamoto
Kumamoto in Kumamoto Prefecture Ja.svg
Niigata 新潟市
Flag of Niigata, Niigata.svg
Emblem of Niigata, Niigata.svg
726.45 807,450 1996-04-01 2007-04-01 (Designated city) Chūbu Niigata
Niigata in Niigata Prefecture Ja.svg
Okayama 岡山市
Flag of Okayama, Okayama.svg
Emblem of Okayama, Okayama.svg
789.95 720,841 1996-04-01 2009-04-01 (Designated city) Chūgoku Okayama
Okayama in Okayama Prefecture Ja.svg
Sagamihara 相模原市
Flag of Sagamihara, Kanagawa.svg
神奈川県相模原市市章.svg
328.91 720,986 2003-04-01 2010-04-01 (Designated city) Kantō Kanagawa
Sagamihara in Kanagawa Prefecture Ja.svg
Sakai 堺市
Flag of Sakai, Osaka.svg
Emblem of Sakai, Osaka.svg
149.82 833,544 1996-04-01 2006-04-01 (Designated city) Kansai Osaka
Sakai in Osaka Prefecture Ja.svg
Shizuoka 静岡市
Flag of Shizuoka, Shizuoka.svg
Emblem of Shizuoka, Shizuoka.svg
1,411.90 697,578 1996-04-01 2005-04-01 (Designated city) Chūbu Shizuoka
Location of Shizuoka city Shizuoka prefecture Japan.svg

Scheduled to become a core city

Name Japanese Flag Emblem Area (km2) Population (2012) Scheduled date Region Prefecture Map
Chigasaki 茅ヶ崎市
Flag of Chigasaki, Kanagawa.svg
神奈川県茅ヶ崎市市章.svg
35.71 236,222 2020-04-01 Kantō Kanagawa
Chigasaki in Kanagawa Prefecture Ja.svg
Fuji 富士市
Flag of Fuji, Shizuoka.svg
Emblem of Fuji, Shizuoka.svg
244.95 253,455 TBD Chūbu Shizuoka
Fuji in Shizuoka Prefecture Ja.svg
Kishiwada 岸和田市
Flag of Kishiwada, Osaka.svg
Emblem of Kishiwada, Osaka.svg
72.68 198,615 2020-04-01 Kansai Osaka
Kishiwada in Osaka Prefecture Ja.svg
Odawara 小田原市
Flag of Odawara, Kanagawa.svg
神奈川県小田原市市章.svg
113.79 197,413 2020-04-01 Kantō Kanagawa
基礎自治体位置図 14206.svg
Tsukuba つくば市
Flag of Tsukuba, Ibaraki.svg
Symbol of Tsukuba Ibaraki.svg
283.72 216,221 TBD Kantō Ibaraki
Tsukuba in Ibaraki Prefecture Ja.svg
Tokorozawa 所沢市
Flag of Tokorozawa, Saitama.svg
Emblem of Tokorozawa, Saitama.svg
72.11 342,321 TBD Kantō Saitama
Tokorozawa in Saitama Prefecture Ja.svg
Yokkaichi 四日市市
Flag of Yokkaichi, Mie.svg
Emblem of Yokkaichi, Mie.svg
206.44 307,599 2020 (aiming) Kansai Mie
Yokkaichi in Mie Prefecture Ja.svg

Cities that meet the requirements but have not yet been nominated

The following cities have populations greater than 200,000 but have not yet been nominated. (Cities planning to apply for core city status are not shown.)

Name Japanese Flag Emblem Area (km2) Population Region Prefecture Map
Ageo 上尾市
Flag of Ageo, Saitama.svg
Emblem of Ageo, Saitama.svg
45.51 229,517 Kantō Saitama
Ageo in Saitama Prefecture Ja.svg
Chōfu 調布市
Flag of Chofu, Tokyo.svg
Emblem of Chōfu, Tokyo.svg
21.58 240,668 Kantō Tokyo
Chofu in Tokyo Prefecture Ja.svg
Fuchū 府中市
Flag of Fuchu, Tokyo.svg
東京都府中市市章.svg
29.43 260,891 Kantō Tokyo
Fuchu in Tokyo Prefecture Ja.svg
Fujisawa 藤沢市
Flag of Fujisawa, Kanagawa.svg
神奈川県藤沢市市章.svg
69.57 420,254 Kantō Kanagawa
Fujisawa in Kanagawa Prefecture Ja.svg
Ichihara 市原市
Flag of Ichihara, Chiba.svg
Emblem of Ichihara, Chiba.svg
368.17 274,117 Kantō Chiba
Ichihara in Chiba Prefecture Ja.svg
Ichikawa 市川市
Flag of Ichikawa, Chiba.svg
千葉県市川市市章.svg
56.39 491,804 Kantō Chiba
Ichikawa in Chiba Prefecture Ja.svg
Machida 町田市
Flag of Machida, Tokyo.svg
Emblem of Machida, Tokyo.svg
71.80 429,040 Kantō Tokyo
Machida in Tokyo Prefecture Ja.svg
Matsudo 松戸市
Flag of Matsudo, Chiba.svg
Matsudo Chiba chapter.svg
61.38 498,575 Kantō Chiba
Matsudo in Chiba Prefecture Ja.svg
Tokushima 徳島市
Flag of Tokushima, Tokushima.svg
Emblem of Tokushima, Tokushima.svg
191 258,554 Shikoku Tokushima
Tokushima in Tokushima Prefecture Ja.svg
Tsu 津市
Flag of Tsu, Mie.svg
Emblem of Tsu, Mie.svg
711.11 279,304 Kansai Mie
Tsu in Mie prefecture Ja.svg

See also

References

  1. ^ Web-Japan.org, "Local self-government," p. 3; retrieved 2012-11-28.
  2. ^ 日本財団図書館(電子図書館) Revised Local Autonomy Law. nippon.zaidan.info.
  3. ^ a b 日本總務省 - 中核市・施行時特例市. soumo.go.jp (in Japanese).
  4. ^ 日本財団図書館(電子図書館) Revised Local Autonomy Law. nippon.zaidan.info.