Toyonaka
豊中市
Toyonaka City Hall
Toyonaka City Hall
Flag of Toyonaka
Official seal of Toyonaka
Map
Location of Toyonaka in Osaka Prefecture
Location of Toyonaka
Toyonaka is located in Japan
Toyonaka
Toyonaka
Location in Japan
Coordinates: 34°47′N 135°28′E / 34.783°N 135.467°E / 34.783; 135.467
CountryJapan
RegionKansai
PrefectureOsaka
Government
 • MayorShigeki Osanai (from May 2018)
Area
 • Total36.39 km2 (14.05 sq mi)
Population
 (May 1, 2023)
 • Total399,263
 • Density11,000/km2 (28,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+09:00 (JST)
City hall address3-1-1 Nakasakurazuka, Toyonaka-shi, Osaka-fu 561-8501
ClimateCfa
WebsiteOfficial website
Symbols
FlowerRose
TreeSweet Osmanthus
Hattori Ryokuchi Park

Toyonaka (豊中市, Toyonaka-shi) is a city in Osaka Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 May 2023, the city had an estimated population of 399,263 in 179651 households and a population density of 5700 persons per km2.[1] The total area of the city is 36.39 square kilometres (14.05 sq mi). It is a suburban city of Osaka City and a part of the Kyoto-Osaka-Kobe metropolitan area.

Geography

Toyonaka is located in northern Osaka Prefecture. Topographically, the northern part is high (facing the Senri Hills), and the southern part is low (facing the Osaka Plain). A gently sloping terrace of 20 to 50 meters above sea level distributed on the western edge of the city is called the Toyonaka Plateau, which forms the center of the urban area. With the exception of the buffered green zone around Osaka International Airport, the area of Toyonaka is almost urbanized.

Neighboring municipalities

Osaka Prefecture

Hyōgo Prefecture

Demographics

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1950 102,304—    
1955 127,678+24.8%
1960 199,065+55.9%
1965 291,936+46.7%
1970 368,498+26.2%
1975 398,384+8.1%
1980 403,174+1.2%
1985 413,213+2.5%
1990 409,837−0.8%
1995 398,908−2.7%
2000 391,726−1.8%
2005 386,623−1.3%
2010 389,359+0.7%
2015 395,479+1.6%
2020 401,558+1.5%
Toyonaka population statistics[2]

Climate

Toyonaka has a Humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa) characterized by warm summers and cool winters with light to no snowfall. The average annual temperature in Toyonaka is 16.4 °C (61.5 °F). The average annual rainfall is 1,326.3 mm (52.22 in) with July as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 28.7 °C (83.7 °F), and lowest in January, at around 5.1 °C (41.2 °F).[3]

Climate data for Toyonaka (1991−2020 normals, extremes 1977−present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 18.8
(65.8)
22.2
(72.0)
23.4
(74.1)
30.8
(87.4)
33.2
(91.8)
37.9
(100.2)
39.5
(103.1)
39.9
(103.8)
37.3
(99.1)
33.9
(93.0)
26.3
(79.3)
23.7
(74.7)
39.9
(103.8)
Mean daily maximum °C (°F) 9.6
(49.3)
10.4
(50.7)
14.1
(57.4)
19.9
(67.8)
25.0
(77.0)
28.1
(82.6)
31.8
(89.2)
33.8
(92.8)
29.6
(85.3)
23.8
(74.8)
17.8
(64.0)
12.1
(53.8)
21.3
(70.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) 5.1
(41.2)
5.7
(42.3)
9.1
(48.4)
14.5
(58.1)
19.5
(67.1)
23.3
(73.9)
27.4
(81.3)
28.7
(83.7)
24.7
(76.5)
18.7
(65.7)
12.7
(54.9)
7.4
(45.3)
16.4
(61.5)
Mean daily minimum °C (°F) 0.7
(33.3)
1.0
(33.8)
4.0
(39.2)
9.1
(48.4)
14.3
(57.7)
19.3
(66.7)
23.8
(74.8)
24.8
(76.6)
20.7
(69.3)
14.2
(57.6)
7.8
(46.0)
2.8
(37.0)
11.9
(53.4)
Record low °C (°F) −5.8
(21.6)
−6.3
(20.7)
−3.7
(25.3)
−0.4
(31.3)
4.6
(40.3)
9.9
(49.8)
15.7
(60.3)
17.3
(63.1)
10.8
(51.4)
3.9
(39.0)
0.0
(32.0)
−4.5
(23.9)
−6.3
(20.7)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 44.4
(1.75)
59.3
(2.33)
97.1
(3.82)
98.2
(3.87)
137.4
(5.41)
180.1
(7.09)
182.6
(7.19)
122.8
(4.83)
159.2
(6.27)
127.1
(5.00)
68.5
(2.70)
49.6
(1.95)
1,326.3
(52.22)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 5.4 6.2 9.2 8.8 9.7 11.1 10.6 7.2 9.9 8.5 5.8 6.0 98.4
Source: Japan Meteorological Agency[4][3]

History

The area of Toyonaka was part of ancient Settsu Province. The village of Toyonaka was established with the creation of the modern municipalities system on April 1, 1889. It was raised to town status on April 1, 1927, and to city status on October 15, 1936. On April 1, 2001, Toyonaka was designated a Special city with increased local autonomy. It was further promoted to a core city on April 1, 2012.

Government

Toyonaka has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral city council of 34 members. Toyonaka contributes four members to the Osaka Prefectural Assembly. In terms of national politics, the city is part of Osaka 8th district of the lower house of the Diet of Japan.

Economy

Toyonaka is a regional commercial center and distribution hub for Osaka. Due to its proximity to the Osaka metropolitan area, it is also a commuter town, and includes Senri New Town and other large-scale housing developments. Manufacturing industry is concentrated in the south. Economically, the city has a long-standing relationship with Hankyu Corporation. Therefore, many of the core companies of the Hankyu and Hanshin group are headquartered in Toyonaka.

Education

Toyonaka has 41 public elementary schools and 17 public middle schools operated by the city government and five public high school operated by the Osaka Prefectural Department of Education. There are also one private elementary school, one private middle school and four private high schools. The prefecture also operates two special education schools for the handicapped. The Osaka College of Music is located in Toyonaka.

Transportation

Airports

Osaka International Airport is partially located in Toyonaka including its terminal, although it is more commonly associated with the city of Itami.

Railway

Kita-Osaka Kyūkō Railway

Hankyu Railway Hankyu Takarazuka Line

Osaka Monorail - Main Line

Highway

Sister city relations

The Consulate-General of Russia in Osaka is located in Toyonaka.[6]

Local attractions

Notable people from Toyonaka

References

  1. ^ "Toyonaka city official statistics" (in Japanese). Japan.
  2. ^ Toyonaka population statistics
  3. ^ a b 気象庁 / 平年値(年・月ごとの値). JMA. Retrieved April 12, 2022.
  4. ^ 観測史上1~10位の値(年間を通じての値). JMA. Retrieved April 12, 2022.
  5. ^ "San Mateo and Toyonaka Celebrate 50 Years" in the 2013 Late Summer Edition Archived June 30, 2014, at the Wayback Machine of the San Mateo City Newsletter. Retrieved on February 18, 2016.
  6. ^ "List of Consulates in Kansai Area Archived 2008-09-23 at the Wayback Machine." Creation Core Higashi Osaka. Retrieved on January 15, 2009.
  7. ^ http://www.nihon-kankou.or.jp.e.wp.hp.transer.com/osaka/detail/27203ba2212055492[dead link]
  8. ^ 株式会社スポーツニッポン新聞社マルチメディア事業本部. 宝生舞 ~タレント名鑑~ ― スポニチ Sponichi Annex 芸能. www.sponichi.co.jp (in Japanese). Retrieved 2016-02-20.