This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.Find sources: "Tsu, Mie" – news · newspapers · books · scholar · JSTOR (December 2013) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
Tsu
津市
Tsu Castle Tsu Kannon Mie Gokoku Jinja Tsu Station sign Tsu Nagisamachi
Tsu CastleTsu Kannon
Mie Gokoku JinjaTsu Station sign
Tsu Nagisamachi
Flag of Tsu
Official seal of Tsu
Map
Location of Tsu in Mie Prefecture
Location of Tsu
Tsu is located in Japan
Tsu
Tsu
 
Coordinates: 34°43′6.4″N 136°30′20.6″E / 34.718444°N 136.505722°E / 34.718444; 136.505722
CountryJapan
RegionKansai (Tōkai)
PrefectureMie
Government
 • -MayorYasuyuki Maeba (since May 2011)
Area
 • Total711.11 km2 (274.56 sq mi)
Population
 (August 2021)
 • Total274,879
 • Density390/km2 (1,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)
Symbols 
• TreeZelkova serrata
• FlowerAzalea
• BirdJapanese bush warbler
Phone number059-229-3110
Address23-1 Nishi-Marunouchi, Tsu-shi, Mie-ken 514-8611
WebsiteOfficial website
Tsu City Hall
Skyline of Tsu City
Downtown of Tsu City
Tsu Castle from the air

Tsu (津市, Tsu-shi) is the capital city of Mie Prefecture, Japan. As of 31 July 2021, the city had an estimated population of 274,879 in 127,273 households and a population density of 390 persons per km².[1] The total area of the city is 711.11 square kilometres (274.56 sq mi). Although the second largest city in the prefecture in terms of population, its designation as the prefectural capital and its holding of a large concentration of national government offices and educational facilities make the city the administrative and educational center of Mie Prefecture.

Geography

Tsu is located in east-central Kii Peninsula, in central Mie Prefecture. It is the largest city in Mie Prefecture in terms of area and stretches the width of Mie Prefecture, and is bordered by Ise Bay on the Pacific Ocean to the east, and Nara Prefecture to the west. Parts of the city are within the limits of the Murō-Akame-Aoyama Quasi-National Park.

Neighboring municipalities

Climate

Tsu has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa) characterized by warm summers and cool winters with light to no snowfall. The average annual temperature in Tsu is 15.6 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1931 mm with September as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 26.7 °C, and lowest in January, at around 5.0 °C.[2] Precipitation is significant throughout the year, but is heaviest from May to September.

Climate data for Tsu (1991−2020 normals, extremes 1889−present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 19.0
(66.2)
22.8
(73.0)
25.9
(78.6)
31.0
(87.8)
33.9
(93.0)
36.7
(98.1)
39.1
(102.4)
39.5
(103.1)
37.7
(99.9)
31.0
(87.8)
27.2
(81.0)
23.7
(74.7)
39.5
(103.1)
Mean daily maximum °C (°F) 9.5
(49.1)
10.0
(50.0)
13.4
(56.1)
18.6
(65.5)
23.1
(73.6)
26.2
(79.2)
30.4
(86.7)
31.6
(88.9)
28.0
(82.4)
22.6
(72.7)
17.1
(62.8)
12.0
(53.6)
20.2
(68.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) 5.7
(42.3)
5.9
(42.6)
9.0
(48.2)
14.2
(57.6)
19.0
(66.2)
22.7
(72.9)
26.8
(80.2)
27.9
(82.2)
24.4
(75.9)
18.8
(65.8)
13.2
(55.8)
8.1
(46.6)
16.3
(61.3)
Mean daily minimum °C (°F) 2.4
(36.3)
2.4
(36.3)
5.2
(41.4)
10.2
(50.4)
15.4
(59.7)
19.7
(67.5)
24.0
(75.2)
25.0
(77.0)
21.4
(70.5)
15.5
(59.9)
9.5
(49.1)
4.6
(40.3)
12.9
(55.2)
Record low °C (°F) −7.8
(18.0)
−7.0
(19.4)
−5.6
(21.9)
−3.0
(26.6)
3.0
(37.4)
9.0
(48.2)
14.6
(58.3)
14.6
(58.3)
8.7
(47.7)
2.3
(36.1)
−1.4
(29.5)
−6.4
(20.5)
−7.8
(18.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 48.5
(1.91)
57.1
(2.25)
104.5
(4.11)
129.0
(5.08)
167.3
(6.59)
201.8
(7.94)
173.9
(6.85)
144.5
(5.69)
276.6
(10.89)
186.1
(7.33)
76.4
(3.01)
47.2
(1.86)
1,612.9
(63.50)
Average snowfall cm (inches) 2
(0.8)
3
(1.2)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
1
(0.4)
6
(2.4)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.5 mm) 6.4 7.5 10.5 9.8 10.9 12.8 12.3 9.8 12.3 10.1 6.8 6.5 115.7
Average relative humidity (%) 61 61 62 64 68 74 75 73 72 69 65 63 67
Mean monthly sunshine hours 162.9 156.2 186.1 192.7 197.8 146.9 180.2 220.7 165.3 164.5 163.7 171.5 2,108.6
Source: Japan Meteorological Agency[3]

Demographics

Per Japanese census data,[4] the population of Tsu has been relatively stable over the past 40 years.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1960 226,065—    
1970 242,000+7.0%
1980 265,443+9.7%
1990 280,384+5.6%
2000 286,521+2.2%
2010 285,728−0.3%

History

This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (December 2013) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)

Origin

Tsu originally developed as a port town known as Anotsu (安濃津) in the Nara and Heian periods.

The port was destroyed by a tsunami in the 1498 Meiō Nankaidō earthquake.

Edo Period

The town was rebuilt as a castle town and a post station by the Tōdō clan, daimyō of Tsu Domain under the Tokugawa shogunate. During the Edo period, it became a popular stopping point for travelers to Ise Grand Shrine, about 40 km to the southeast.

Modern Tsu

Following the Meiji Restoration, Tsu became the capital of Mie Prefecture in 1871. With the establishment of then modern municipalities on April 1, 1889, Tsu was one of the original 31 cities to be proclaimed. The city borders gradually expanded, with Tsu annexing the neighboring villages of Tatebe and Tosa in 1909, Shinmachi in 1934, Fujimi in 1936, Takachaya in 1939 and Anto, Kanbe and Kushigata in 1943. During World War II, Allied air raids on July 24 and July 28, 1945, destroyed most of the city and killed 1,239 people. In 1953, Tsu annexed the neighboring villages of Kumozu in 1953, Isshinden, Shiratsuka, Kurima, and Katada in 1954 and Toyosato in 1973.

On January 1, 2006, the neighboring city of Hisai, the towns of Anō, Geinō and Kawage, and the village of Misato (all in Age District), the towns of Hakusan, Ichishi and Karasu, and the village of Misugi (all in Ichishi District) were merged into Tsu. As a result of the merger, the city became the second largest in Mie by population behind Yokkaichi, and the largest in Mie by area ahead of Matsusaka.

Government

Tsu has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral city council of 34 members. Tsu contributes seven members to the Mie Prefectural Assembly. In terms of national politics, the city is part of Mie 1st district of the lower house of the Diet of Japan.

Economy

This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (February 2016)
Hyakugo Bank

Imuraya Confectionery, a confectionery company,[5] and ZTV, a cable television operator, are headquartered in Tsu.[6]

Education

Colleges and universities

Primary and secondary education

Transportation

Tsu Station
Hisai Interchange
Port of Tsu-Matsusaka

Railway

JR TōkaiKisei Main Line

JR TōkaiMeishō Line

Kintetsu Railway -Nagoya Line

Kintetsu Railway -Osaka Line

Ise Railway - Ise Railway Ise Line

Highway

Expressway

Japan National Route

Sea Ports

Sister city relations

Local attractions

Tsu is famous for its Tōjin Odori (唐人踊り), a festival commemorating the arrival of the Joseon Tongsinsa delegation from Korea during the feudal period.[8] There are two other cities that celebrate Tōjin Odori: Suzuka city in Mie Prefecture and Ushimado-chō in Okayama Prefecture.[9]

The ruins of Tsu Castle have been made into a downtown city park.

Kitabatake Shrine and Yūki Shrine are notable local Shinto shrines.

Culture

Sports

Baseball

Volleyball

Notable people

This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (December 2013) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)

References

  1. ^ "Tsu city official statistics" (in Japanese). Japan.
  2. ^ Tsu climate data
  3. ^ 気象庁 / 平年値(年・月ごとの値). Japan Meteorological Agency. Retrieved May 19, 2021.
  4. ^ Tsu population statistics
  5. ^ "Corporate profile." Imuraya Confectionery. March 30, 2008. Retrieved on January 11, 2010.
  6. ^ Home page. ZTV. Retrieved on October 2, 2009.
  7. ^ a b "International Exchange". List of Affiliation Partners within Prefectures. Council of Local Authorities for International Relations (CLAIR). Archived from the original on 5 February 2016. Retrieved 21 November 2015.
  8. ^ http://www.searchnavi.com/~hp/tojin/eng/ Toujin House
  9. ^ http://www006.upp.so-net.ne.jp/asao/toujin.htm 唐人踊り (Tōjin Odori)