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Meguro
目黒区
Meguro City
Cherry trees along the Meguro River, near Nakameguro
Cherry trees along the Meguro River, near Nakameguro
Flag of Meguro
Official seal of Meguro
Location of Meguro in Tokyo Metropolis
Location of Meguro in Tokyo Metropolis
Meguro is located in Japan
Meguro
Meguro
Location in Japan
Coordinates: 35°38′N 139°41′E / 35.633°N 139.683°E / 35.633; 139.683Coordinates: 35°38′N 139°41′E / 35.633°N 139.683°E / 35.633; 139.683
CountryJapan
RegionKantō
PrefectureTokyo Metropolis
Government
 • MayorEiji Aoki
Area
 • Total14.67 km2 (5.66 sq mi)
Population
 (May 1, 2015)
 • Total277,171
 • Density18,890/km2 (48,900/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+09:00 (JST)
Websitewww.city.meguro.tokyo.jp
Symbols
BirdGreat tit
FlowerLespedeza
TreeCastanopsis

Meguro (目黒区, Meguro-ku) is a special ward in Tokyo, Japan. The English translation of its Japanese self-designation is Meguro City.[1][2] The ward was founded on March 15, 1947.

Meguro is predominantly residential in character, but is also home to light industry, corporate head offices, the Komaba campus of University of Tokyo as well as fifteen foreign embassies and consulates. Residential neighborhoods include, Jiyugaoka, Kakinokizaka, and Nakameguro. As of May 1, 2015, the ward has an estimated population of 277,171 and a population density of 18,890 persons per km2. The total area is 14.67 km2.

Meguro is also used to refer to the area around Meguro Station, which is not located in Meguro ward, but in neighboring Shinagawa's Kamiōsaki district.

History

The Higashiyama shell mound in the north of the ward contains remains from the paleolithic, Jōmon, Yayoi, and Kofun periods.

The area now known as Meguro was formerly two towns, Meguro proper and Hibusuma, all parts of the former Ebara District of Musashi Province. The two were merged into a Meguro ward for Tokyo City in 1932 and since then the ward has remained with no alterations to its territory.

The name "Meguro", meaning "black eyes", derives from the Meguro Fudō (Black-eyed Fudō-myōō) of Ryūsenji. The Meguro Fudō was one of five Fudō-myōō statues placed at strategic points on the outskirts of Edo in the early seventeenth century by the abbot Tenkai, an advisor to Tokugawa Ieyasu, to provide protection for the new capital of the Tokugawa shogunate.[3] Each statue had eyes of a different color. (Mejiro, a district in Toshima ward, is named for the white-eyed Fudō-myōō).

Geography

Hokusai ukiyo-e of a view of Mount Fuji from Shimomeguro
Hokusai ukiyo-e of a view of Mount Fuji from Shimomeguro

Four other special wards surround Meguro. They are Shibuya (to the northeast), Setagaya (to the west), Ōta (to the south), and Shinagawa (to the southeast).

Districts and neighborhoods

Politics and government

Meguro Ward Government Offices
Meguro Ward Government Offices

Meguro ward government is led by the city assembly with 36 elected members with current terms from May 1, 2011 to April 30, 2015. The chairman of the council is Yoshiaki Ito.[citation needed] The mayor is Eiji Aoki, an independent. His term lasts until April 24, 2016.[citation needed]

Elections

Sightseeing and local landmarks

Meguro Sky Garden
Persimmon Hall, Meguro
Persimmon Hall, Meguro
Grilled Pacific saury at the Meguro Autumn Sanma Festival
Grilled Pacific saury at the Meguro Autumn Sanma Festival

Green spaces

Cultural institutions

Religious institutions

Transportation

Further information: Transportation in Greater Tokyo

Naka-Meguro Station

Rail

Highways

Education

University of Tokyo, Komaba Campus

Colleges and universities

Public schools

Public elementary and junior high schools are operated by the Meguro City Board of Education. Public high schools are operated by the Tokyo Metropolitan Government Board of Education.

In addition the metropolis operates a consolidated junior and senior high school called Ōshūkan Secondary School.

International schools

Economy

Company headquarters

Notable people from Meguro

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Notable residents

References

  1. ^ 目黒区方式ホームページ [Official Homepage of Meguro City, Japanese]. Retrieved 2011-04-26.
  2. ^ "English: Meguro City (Official English webpage for Meguro City)". Meguro City. Archived from the original on 2008-11-03.
  3. ^ Paul Waley, Tokyo: City of Stories (Tokyo: Weatherhill, 1991), 237.
  4. ^ トップページ ― めぐろパーシモンホール/中目黒GTプラザホール. Persimmon.or.jp. Retrieved 2014-04-07.
  5. ^ "Himonya Catholic Church". Home.m06.itscom.net. Retrieved 2014-04-07.
  6. ^ "Katholische Deutschsprachige Gemeinde". Sankt Michael Tokyo. Retrieved 23 April 2014.
  7. ^ 日本聖公会東京教区聖パウロ教会. Nskk.org. Retrieved 2014-04-07.
  8. ^ "Headquarters & Main Contacts Archived 2011-08-03 at the Wayback Machine." Books Kinokuniya. Retrieved on July 25, 2011. "Dept.General Affairs Dept. 3-7-10 Shimomeguro Meguro-ku, Tokyo 153-8504"
  9. ^ "事業所・営業所 | Makino". www.makino.co.jp.
  10. ^ "Corporate overview." Stanley Electric. Retrieved on March 7, 2019.
  11. ^ "プロフィール | HALCALI | ソニーミュージックオフィシャルサイト". Sony Music.