Miyazaki
宮崎市
Location of Miyazaki in Miyazaki Prefecture
Miyazaki
Miyazaki
Location in Japan
Coordinates: 31°55′N 131°25′E / 31.917°N 131.417°E / 31.917; 131.417Coordinates: 31°55′N 131°25′E / 31.917°N 131.417°E / 31.917; 131.417
CountryJapan
RegionKyushu
PrefectureMiyazaki Prefecture
Government
 • MayorTadashi Tojiki
Area
 • Total643.67 km2 (248.52 sq mi)
Population
 (June 1, 2019)
 • Total398,215
 • Density620/km2 (1,600/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+09:00 (JST)
City hall address1-1-1 Tachibana-dōri Nishi, Miyazaki-shi, Miyazaki-ken
880-8505
Websitewww.city.miyazaki.miyazaki.jpn
Symbols
FlowerIris ensata, Camellia
TreeCinnamomum camphora
Miyazaki
Japanese name
Kanji宮崎
Hiraganaみやざき
Katakanaミヤザキ

Miyazaki (宮崎市, Miyazaki-shi, Japanese: [mijaꜜzaki]) is the capital city of Miyazaki Prefecture on the island of Kyushu in Japan. The city was founded on April 1, 1924.[1] As of 1 June 2019, the city had an estimated population of 398,215 and a population density of 619 persons per km2. The total area is 643.67 km2.

Miyazaki Airport and Miyazaki seaport serve[2] the city.

History

In 1870, Hyuga Province was renamed to Miyazaki Prefecture with Miyazaki being its capital. After the completion of the nationwide railroad system, many new people began to settle in the area.[3]

In 1940, the imperialist Shōwa regime constructed the 37 meter Hakkō Ichiu pillar upon the legendary site of Emperor Jimmu's palace. Located near Miyazaki, it was originally intended to symbolize the divine right of the Empire of Japan to "unify the eight corners of the world". The tower survived the war and is now the center piece of the Heiwadai-koen peace park.[4]

On January 1, 2006, the towns of Sadowara and Tano (both from Miyazaki District), and the town of Takaoka (from Higashimorokata District) were merged into Miyazaki.

On March 23, 2010, the town of Kiyotake (from Miyazaki District) was merged into Miyazaki. Miyazaki District was dissolved as a result of this merger.[5]

Surrounding municipalities

Miyazaki Prefecture

Economy

Skynet Asia Airways has its headquarters in Miyazaki.[6] Asiana Airlines operates a sales office on the sixth floor of the Miyazaki Daiichi Seimei Building in Miyazaki.[7] Dell Inc has their two call centers in Japan then had opened the one on the 5th floor of Carino Miyazaki Building in Miyazaki.

Points of interest

Transportation

The JR Kyushu Nichinan Line serves the area.

The Miyakoh Bus Company operates buses through Miyazaki City and surrounding towns. Website is available only in Japanese.[14]

The trains and buses accept payment through any IC card, however, some JR lines, such as the Nichinan Line, only accept cash.

The city is served by Miyazaki Airport.

Twin towns – sister cities

Miyazaki has five sister cities:[15]

National

International

Notable people

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Education

Climate

Miyazaki has a humid subtropical climate with hot, humid summers and cool winters. During the summer, the city is particularly prone to typhoons, one of which drenched the city with 587.2 millimetres (23.12 in) of rain in one day on 16 October 1939. The wettest month since records began has been September 1886 with 1,259.3 millimetres (49.58 in) and the driest December 1988, which stands as the only month with no measurable precipitation.

Climate data for Miyazaki (1991−2020 normals, extremes 1886−present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 25.1
(77.2)
25.4
(77.7)
28.1
(82.6)
31.7
(89.1)
34.3
(93.7)
36.2
(97.2)
37.7
(99.9)
38.0
(100.4)
36.9
(98.4)
32.7
(90.9)
30.3
(86.5)
25.0
(77.0)
38.0
(100.4)
Average high °C (°F) 13.0
(55.4)
14.1
(57.4)
17.0
(62.6)
21.1
(70.0)
24.6
(76.3)
26.7
(80.1)
31.3
(88.3)
31.6
(88.9)
28.5
(83.3)
24.7
(76.5)
19.8
(67.6)
15.0
(59.0)
22.3
(72.1)
Daily mean °C (°F) 7.8
(46.0)
8.9
(48.0)
12.1
(53.8)
16.4
(61.5)
20.3
(68.5)
23.2
(73.8)
27.3
(81.1)
27.6
(81.7)
24.7
(76.5)
20.0
(68.0)
14.7
(58.5)
9.7
(49.5)
17.7
(63.9)
Average low °C (°F) 3.0
(37.4)
4.0
(39.2)
7.4
(45.3)
11.7
(53.1)
16.3
(61.3)
20.1
(68.2)
24.1
(75.4)
24.5
(76.1)
21.4
(70.5)
15.8
(60.4)
10.1
(50.2)
5.0
(41.0)
13.6
(56.5)
Record low °C (°F) −7.5
(18.5)
−6.6
(20.1)
−4.1
(24.6)
−1.5
(29.3)
3.1
(37.6)
9.2
(48.6)
16.0
(60.8)
16.4
(61.5)
9.7
(49.5)
2.6
(36.7)
−2.7
(27.1)
−7.2
(19.0)
−7.5
(18.5)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 72.7
(2.86)
95.8
(3.77)
155.7
(6.13)
194.5
(7.66)
227.6
(8.96)
516.3
(20.33)
339.3
(13.36)
275.5
(10.85)
370.9
(14.60)
196.7
(7.74)
105.7
(4.16)
74.9
(2.95)
2,625.5
(103.37)
Average snowfall cm (inches) 0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.5 mm) 6.6 8.1 11.5 11.2 11.4 17.2 12.8 13.1 13.6 9.2 8.1 6.1 128.9
Average relative humidity (%) 66 67 68 70 74 82 78 80 80 76 74 69 74
Mean monthly sunshine hours 192.6 170.8 185.6 186.0 179.7 119.4 198.0 208.6 156.5 173.6 167.0 183.9 2,121.7
Source: Japan Meteorological Agency[17]

References

  1. ^ "Miyazaki City Official Website". Archived from the original on 2014-10-15. Retrieved 2014-11-05.
  2. ^ "Miyazaki Car Ferry Routes and Timetables". Archived from the original on 2014-11-13. Retrieved 2014-11-13.
  3. ^ Schellinger, Paul; Salkin, Robert, eds. (1996). International Dictionary of Historic Places, Volume 5: Asia and Oceania. Chicago: Fitzroy Dearborn Publishers. pp. 592–594. ISBN 1-884964-04-4.
  4. ^ Travelogue of Hakko Ichiu at 31°56′54″N 131°24′52″E / 31.9483°N 131.41457°E / 31.9483; 131.41457
  5. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-06-29. Retrieved 2008-09-13.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  6. ^ "Archived copy" 会社概要/会社案内. Skynet Asia Airways. Archived from the original on December 17, 2008. Retrieved May 20, 2009.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  7. ^ "Worldwide Offices Japan." Asiana Airlines. Retrieved on January 19, 2009.
  8. ^ http://www.miyazaki-city-zoo.jp/univ/en/ Miyazaki-city
  9. ^ "Hiking in Beautiful Kaeda Valley - Miyazaki".
  10. ^ http://miyazaki-spokyo.jp
  11. ^ "32nd Aoshima Taiheiyo Marathon 2018 | SPORTS ENTRY -Find and register for sports events in Japan-".
  12. ^ http://www.miyazaki-city.tourism.or.jp/en/sightseeing/spcat03/spot18.html
  13. ^ "AEON MALL | AEON MALL Miyazaki".
  14. ^ https://www.miyakoh.co.jp/
  15. ^ "Sister cities on Miyazaki City Official Website". Archived from the original on 2014-11-05. Retrieved 2015-01-28.
  16. ^ "About Sky Brown, Inc". Penguin Random House. Retrieved 27 August 2020.
  17. ^ 気象庁 / 平年値(年・月ごとの値). Japan Meteorological Agency. Retrieved May 19, 2021.