Nagano
長野市
From top of left, Zenkoji, Mount Togakushi, Kinasa village, Nagano Big Hat arena, Aerial in Kawanakajima, Oku-Subana Valley, headquarters of Marukome (famous miso manufacturing company) in Nagano, Oyaki Japanese sweets, Togakushi ski resort, and Matsushiro Castle
From top of left, Zenkoji, Mount Togakushi, Kinasa village, Nagano Big Hat arena, Aerial in Kawanakajima, Oku-Subana Valley, headquarters of Marukome (famous miso manufacturing company) in Nagano, Oyaki Japanese sweets, Togakushi ski resort, and Matsushiro Castle
Flag of Nagano
Official seal of Nagano
Location of Nagano in Nagano Prefecture
Location of Nagano
Nagano is located in Japan
Nagano
Nagano
 
Coordinates: 36°38′55″N 138°11′41″E / 36.64861°N 138.19472°E / 36.64861; 138.19472Coordinates: 36°38′55″N 138°11′41″E / 36.64861°N 138.19472°E / 36.64861; 138.19472
CountryJapan
RegionChūbu (Kōshin'etsu)
PrefectureNagano
Government
 • MayorKenji Ogiwara[1]
Area
 • Total834.81 km2 (322.32 sq mi)
Population
 (June 1, 2019)
 • Total370,632
 • Density440/km2 (1,100/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)
Phone number026-226-4911
Address1613 Midori-chō, Nagano-shi, Nagano-ken 380-8512
ClimateCfa/Dfa
WebsiteOfficial website
Symbols
FlowerApple
TreeJapanese Lime (Tilia japonica)
Nagano City Hall
Nagano City Hall

Nagano (長野市, Nagano-shi, pronounced [nagaꜜno ɕi]) is the capital and largest city of Nagano Prefecture, located in the Nagano Basin (Zenkoji Daira) in the central Chūbu region of Japan. Nagano is categorized as a core city of Japan. Nagano City is the highest prefectural capital in Japan, with an altitude of 371.4 meters (1,219 ft).[2] The city is surrounded by mountains, near the confluence of the Chikuma River - the longest and widest river in Japan - and the Sai River. As of 1 June 2019, the city had an estimated population of 370,632 in 160,625 households, and a population density of 444 persons per km2.[3] The total area of the city is 834.81 square kilometres (322.32 sq mi).

Nagano City, located in the former Shinano Province, developed from the Nara period (AD 710 to 794) as a temple town (monzen machi). The city of Nagano is home to Zenkō-ji, a 7th-century Buddhist temple that is listed as a Japanese national treasure. Zenkō-ji was established in its current location in 642 AD. The location of Zenkō-ji is approximately 2 kilometers from the present-day central Nagano Station. During the Sengoku Period, the Age of Warring States, Nagano was the site of a series of battles, the Battles of Kawanakajima, between 1553 and 1564. During the Edo period (1603 and 1868), as the city developed, Nagano became an important post station (shukuba) on the Hokkoku Kaidō highway which connected Edo (present day Tokyo) with the Sea of Japan coast. Following the Meiji restoration, Nagano became the first established modern town in Nagano prefecture on April 1, 1897.

The city of Nagano and several surrounding communities hosted the 1998 Winter Olympics and the 1998 Winter Paralympics. Nagano City is an important historical location, an industrial center, as well as a travel destination and a center for accessing surrounding sightseeing spots, including Japan's onsen-bathing snow monkeys in Yamanouchi and world-class ski resorts of Hakuba, Shiga Kogen and Nozawaonsen - throughout the year.

History

Nagano is located in former Shinano Province and developed from the Nara period as a temple town at the gate of the famous Zenkō-ji, a 7th-century Buddhist temple which was relocated to this location in 642 AD, and as a post station on the Hokkoku Kaidō highway connecting Edo with the Sea of Japan coast. In the southern section of Nagano City are a series of over 500 burial mounds at Ōmuro Kofun - a National historic site - dating from the 5th-8th centuries.

During the Sengoku period (c. 1467 – c. 1600), the area was hotly contested between the forces of the Uesugi clan based in Echigo Province and the Takeda clan based in Kai Province. The several Battles of Kawanakajima between Uesugi Kenshin and Takeda Shingen were fought near here. During the Edo period (1603 and 1868), much of the area came under the control of the Sanada clan based at Matsushiro Domain. The area suffered from flooding in 1742, and from a destructive earthquake in 1847.

Following the Meiji restoration and the creation of the municipalities system on April 1, 1889, the modern town of Nagano was established. Nagano was elevated to city status on April 1, 1897. During World War II, construction of the Matsushiro Underground Imperial Headquarters as the last redoubt for the Japanese government following the projected American invasion of Japan was started in 1944, but was aborted in 1945 due to the end of war. It was the first city founded in Nagano Prefecture and the 43rd city in Japan. Nagano hosted the 1998 Winter Olympics, 1998 Winter Paralympics, and the 2005 Special Olympics World Winter Games.

Growth of the city

The city borders expanded on July 1, 1923, with the annexation of the neighbouring town of Yoshida and villages of Sarita, Miwa and Komaki. The city again expanded on April 1, 1954, by annexing neighbouring villages of Asahi, Furusato, Yanagihara, Wakatsuki, Asakawa, Naganuma, Amori, Odagiri, Imoi and Mamejima. In 1959, due to the flooding of Chikuma River, 71 people died or were missing and 20,000 homes were flooded. On October 16, 1966, the city again expanded by annexing the neighbouring towns of Kawanakajima, Matsushiro and Wakaho, and villages of Shinonoi, Kohoku, Shinko, and Naniai. During the 1985 Matsushiro earthquake, 27 people died and 60 homes were destroyed or badly damaged due to landslides. In 1999, Nagano was designated as a core city (中核市, Chūkakushi), a category of Japanese city. Nagano continued to expand on January 1, 2005, by absorbing the municipalities of Toyono, and the village of Togakushi, and Kinasa (from Kamiminochi District), and the village of Ōoka (from Sarashina District). On January 1, 2010, Nagano absorbed the town of Shinshūshinmachi and the village of Nakajō from Kamiminochi District.[4]

1998 Winter Olympics and Paralympics

Stylized manhole cover displaying the Nagano Olympics emblem, with tactile paving
Stylized manhole cover displaying the Nagano Olympics emblem, with tactile paving
Asagawa Loop Line to Iizuna Kogen Ski Area built in preparations for the 1998 Winter Olympics
Asagawa Loop Line to Iizuna Kogen Ski Area built in preparations for the 1998 Winter Olympics

Main articles: 1998 Winter Olympics and 1998 Winter Paralympics

Nagano, along with the neighboring communities of Hakuba village, Nozawaonsen, Yamanouchi, Iizuna, and Karuizawa hosted the 1998 Winter Olympics from February 7 to February 22 and the Paralympics from March 5 to March 14. This was the third Olympic Games and second Winter Olympic Games to be held in Japan, after the 1964 Summer Olympics in Tokyo, and the 1972 Winter Olympics in Sapporo (the first Winter Games ever held in Asia). As of 2019, Nagano was the southernmost host of the Winter Olympic Games. The Nagano Olympic Commemorative Marathon is held annually to commemorate the occasion.

One important legacy of the Games was an improved transportation network. In order to improve access to Nagano in advance of the Games, Nagano was linked to the high-speed shinkansen train network. The Nagano Shinkansen, now the Hokuriku Shinkansen was inaugurated five months before the start of the Games, and during the Winter Olympics carried 655,000 passengers[5] In addition, both Nagano Station and Shinonoi Station were expanded, and Imai Station in the Kawanakajima area was built to access the Athletes village. Finally, the Nagano Expressway and the Jōshin-etsu Expressway were built in the Nagano region,[6] and another 114.9 kilometers of roads within Nagano Prefecture were improved.[7]

In addition to a transportation legacy, several world-class venues of the 1998 Winter Olympics were built, including M-Wave, Japan's first International Skating Union (ISU) standard indoor 400m double-track,[8] and which happens to be one of the largest hanging wooden roof structures in the world.[9] Finally, the Athletes Village beside the newly constructed Imai Station was built in advance of the Games by the city of Nagano as future public residential housing, and loaned to the Nagano Olympic Organizing Committee during the Games.[10] A Media Village, composed of a four-block 10-12 storey apartment complex named Asahi Danchi, was built in the Asahi district of Nagano, across the street from the M-Wave.[11][12] Asahi Danchi now includes private sector housing as well as housing for government employees.[13]

Geography

Nagano is located in north-central Nagano Prefecture, in the Nagano Basin (Zenkoji Daira), surrounding by mountains, near the confluence of the Chikuma River and the Sai River. The Sai River in Nagano should not be confused with the Sai River (Gifu) even though both rivers have the same kanji and reading, 犀川 (Saigawa). Other important rivers include the Susobana River, which originates in the Togakushi highland area; and the Torii River, which also originates in the Togakushi highland area. The Chikuma River is 367.0 km, with 29.5 km within the Nagano city limits; the Sai River is 157.7 km, with 44.2 km in Nagano; all 40.1 km of Susobana River are in Nagano City, and 10.4 km of the 34.8 km-long Torii River are in Nagano[14] Myōkō-Togakushi Renzan National Park, Jōshin'etsu-kōgen National Park and Chūbu-Sangaku National Park are each partially located within Nagano City.

The present-day core city of Nagano includes the districts and former towns of Nagano, Shinonoi, Matsushiro, Wakaho, Kawanakajima, Kohoku, Naniai, Shinkomachi, Toyono, Togakushi, Kinasa, Ooka, Shinshushincho, Nakajo.

Surrounding mountains

Along the route on Mt. Togakushi, Nagano, to Oku Shrine
Along the route on Mt. Togakushi, Nagano, to Oku Shrine
Mount Minakami
Mount Minakami
Iizuna Highlands
Iizuna Highlands

Surrounding municipalities

Hakuba Happo-one Winter Resort
Hakuba Happo-one Winter Resort

When we first went to Lake Nojiri, the International Village was like an island of affluence in a sea of poverty. But, as the Japanese economy recovered from the war, the scales tipped until we became an island of poverty in a sea of affluence.[15]

— Alden Matthews, My Three Worlds (2007)

Climate

Nagano has a hot-summer humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification Dfa) that borders on a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa). Its location in a sheltered inland valley means it receives less precipitation than any part of Japan except Hokkaidō. The city receives heavy winter snow totaling 2.57 metres (101 in) from December to March, but it is less gloomy during these cold months than the coast from Hagi to Wakkanai.

Climate data for Nagano (1991−2020 normals, extremes 1889−present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 18.1
(64.6)
22.5
(72.5)
24.4
(75.9)
30.8
(87.4)
34.2
(93.6)
35.6
(96.1)
37.9
(100.2)
38.7
(101.7)
36.3
(97.3)
32.2
(90.0)
26.2
(79.2)
22.0
(71.6)
38.7
(101.7)
Average high °C (°F) 3.8
(38.8)
5.3
(41.5)
10.3
(50.5)
17.4
(63.3)
23.2
(73.8)
26.1
(79.0)
29.7
(85.5)
31.1
(88.0)
26.2
(79.2)
19.7
(67.5)
13.4
(56.1)
6.9
(44.4)
17.8
(64.0)
Daily mean °C (°F) −0.4
(31.3)
0.4
(32.7)
4.3
(39.7)
10.6
(51.1)
16.4
(61.5)
20.4
(68.7)
24.3
(75.7)
25.4
(77.7)
21.0
(69.8)
14.4
(57.9)
7.9
(46.2)
2.3
(36.1)
12.3
(54.1)
Average low °C (°F) −3.9
(25.0)
−3.7
(25.3)
−0.5
(31.1)
4.9
(40.8)
10.9
(51.6)
16.1
(61.0)
20.5
(68.9)
21.5
(70.7)
17.2
(63.0)
10.3
(50.5)
3.4
(38.1)
−1.5
(29.3)
7.9
(46.2)
Record low °C (°F) −17.0
(1.4)
−16.4
(2.5)
−14.6
(5.7)
−6.5
(20.3)
−1.8
(28.8)
3.9
(39.0)
10.2
(50.4)
10.7
(51.3)
5.5
(41.9)
−1.9
(28.6)
−11.4
(11.5)
−15.2
(4.6)
−17.0
(1.4)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 54.6
(2.15)
49.1
(1.93)
60.1
(2.37)
56.9
(2.24)
69.3
(2.73)
106.1
(4.18)
137.7
(5.42)
111.8
(4.40)
125.5
(4.94)
100.3
(3.95)
44.4
(1.75)
49.4
(1.94)
965.1
(38.00)
Average snowfall cm (inches) 63
(25)
50
(20)
17
(6.7)
2
(0.8)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
1
(0.4)
30
(12)
163
(64)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.5 mm) 12.7 11.0 11.3 9.8 9.6 11.6 13.5 10.8 10.6 9.2 8.6 11.2 130.0
Average relative humidity (%) 79 74 68 61 63 71 75 73 74 75 76 79 72
Mean monthly sunshine hours 128.4 140.2 173.3 199.4 214.8 167.4 168.8 201.1 151.2 152.1 142.3 131.1 1,969.9
Source: Japan Meteorological Agency[17]
Climate data for Shinshūshinmachi, Nagano (1991−2020 normals, extremes 1978−present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 15.3
(59.5)
21.0
(69.8)
25.8
(78.4)
30.1
(86.2)
34.6
(94.3)
35.8
(96.4)
36.6
(97.9)
38.6
(101.5)
35.2
(95.4)
29.8
(85.6)
24.4
(75.9)
21.6
(70.9)
38.6
(101.5)
Average high °C (°F) 3.6
(38.5)
4.9
(40.8)
9.9
(49.8)
17.1
(62.8)
22.8
(73.0)
25.8
(78.4)
29.2
(84.6)
30.4
(86.7)
25.4
(77.7)
19.1
(66.4)
13.2
(55.8)
6.8
(44.2)
17.3
(63.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) −1.4
(29.5)
−0.8
(30.6)
3.1
(37.6)
9.3
(48.7)
15.1
(59.2)
19.2
(66.6)
22.9
(73.2)
23.9
(75.0)
19.5
(67.1)
13.0
(55.4)
6.6
(43.9)
1.2
(34.2)
11.0
(51.8)
Average low °C (°F) −5.5
(22.1)
−5.4
(22.3)
−2.1
(28.2)
2.8
(37.0)
8.5
(47.3)
14.1
(57.4)
18.8
(65.8)
19.5
(67.1)
15.5
(59.9)
8.8
(47.8)
2.0
(35.6)
−2.7
(27.1)
6.2
(43.1)
Record low °C (°F) −15.3
(4.5)
−13.4
(7.9)
−10.3
(13.5)
−5.8
(21.6)
−1.5
(29.3)
4.1
(39.4)
11.6
(52.9)
11.2
(52.2)
4.3
(39.7)
−0.6
(30.9)
−4.6
(23.7)
−12.3
(9.9)
−15.3
(4.5)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 56.2
(2.21)
52.4
(2.06)
76.3
(3.00)
76.4
(3.01)
88.7
(3.49)
123.2
(4.85)
146.5
(5.77)
111.2
(4.38)
148.7
(5.85)
122.8
(4.83)
53.8
(2.12)
51.3
(2.02)
1,107.4
(43.60)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 10.4 8.8 10.8 9.4 9.5 11.0 13.4 9.9 10.4 9.1 7.6 10.3 120.6
Mean monthly sunshine hours 123.2 139.5 171.6 200.4 209.3 158.7 158.1 192.1 137.1 145.0 139.5 124.8 1,899.1
Source: Japan Meteorological Agency[18][19]

Politics

Nagano has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral city legislature of 39 members. The city and neighboring towns of Shinano, Iizuna, and Ogawa contribute 11 members to the 57-member Nagano Prefectural Assembly. In terms of national politics, parts of Nagano can be found in one of two national districts, Nagano 1st District, which consists of Iiyama, Nagano (except for the recently annexed areas in District 2), Nakano, and Suzaka, as well as the Kamitakai, Shimominochi, and Shimotakai, and Nagano 2nd District, which consists of Matsumoto and Ōmachi, as well as the Higashichikuma, Kamiminochi, Kitaazumi, Minamiazumi, and several areas annexed into Nagano city, specifically the Sarashina as well as the former towns of Kinasa, Togakushi, and Toyono, in the lower house of the National Diet.

Mayors: Non-direct election

Mayors: Direct election

Demographics

The population of Nagano City has declined by 10,000 since the mid-1990s. As of April 1, 2019, the city had a total population of 376,080 people, made up of 193,982 women and 182,098 men in 160,625 households.[21]

Historical populations

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1920 212,182—    
1925 222,141+4.7%
1930 234,503+5.6%
1935 239,513+2.1%
1940 241,716+0.9%
1945 295,090+22.1%
1950 300,756+1.9%
1955 303,435+0.9%
1960 303,458+0.0%
1965 310,399+2.3%
1970 322,825+4.0%
1975 342,120+6.0%
1980 358,173+4.7%
1985 369,023+3.0%
1990 377,261+2.2%
1995 387,359+2.7%
2000 387,911+0.1%
2005 386,572−0.3%
2010 381,511−1.3%
2015 377,598−1.0%

Population of districts of the current Core City of Nagano

The growth and decline of the population within the various districts of Nagano City has been uneven over the past 70 years[22]

Sortable table
Year Total Nagano Shinonoi Matsushiro Wakaho Kawanakajima Kohoku Naniai Shinkomachi Toyono Togakushi Kinasa Ooka Shinshushincho Nakajo
1947 295,348 136,353 30,318 27,906 13,242 11,053 12,783 4,891 6,500 9,930 10,205 6,170 4,670 14,240 7,087
1950 300,756 143,494 30,068 27,131 13,063 10,794 12,807 4,911 6,385 9,869 10,281 6,209 4,560 14,040 7,144
1955 303,684 152,547 29,062 25,485 12,312 10,432 12,655 4,870 6,067 9,787 9,697 6,007 4,351 13,511 6,901
1960 303,458 160,522 29,329 22,626 11,938 10,403 12,331 4,419 5,503 9,604 8,709 5,373 4,035 12,354 6,312
1965 310,399 172,836 29,304 21,451 11,404 10,975 14,228 3,962 4,964 9,110 7,547 4,397 3,405 11,324 5,456
1970 322,825 187,216 30,633 20,496 11,739 12,551 14,630 3,571 4,519 9,283 6,475 3,763 2,924 10,188 4,837
1975 342,120 198,224 34,493 19,968 12,317 16,102 18,140 3,190 4,203 9,539 6,225 3,603 2,477 9,323 4,316
1980 358,173 208,703 36,432 20,786 12,766 17,314 21,321 2,995 4,043 9,633 6,074 3,223 2,249 8,616 4,018
1985 369,023 216,306 37,516 21,224 12,934 18,473 23,609 3,053 3,848 9,701 5,866 2,864 2,103 7,881 3,635
1995 377,261 223,191 38,444 21,110 12,646 19,790 25,418 2,866 3,561 9,700 5,608 2,686 1,753 7,143 3,345
1995 387,359 229,952 39,601 20,790 12,687 21,624 27,928 2,633 3,301 9,819 5,218 2,523 1,602 6,596 3,085
2000 387,911 228,431 39,233 19,904 12,503 24,997 29,599 2,399 3,046 10,005 4,938 2,333 1,544 6,093 2,886
2005 386,572 227,758 39,981 18,873 12,661 25,669 30,879 2,118 2,768 10,016 4,467 1,983 1,389 5,535 2,525
2010 381,511 223,787 40,380 18,161 12,570 26,416 32,075 1,873 2,434 9,825 3,986 1,700 1,154 4,892 2,258
2015 377,598 221,404 41,340 17,100 12,201 26,881 33,486 1,622 2,051 9,609 3,499 1,393 960 4,135 1,917

Foreign and non-Japanese residents

The following table shows the population of foreigners and non-Japanese residents since 2014[23]

Sortable table
Year Total Chinese Korean Filipino Vietnamese Thai Other
2014 3,394 1,619 587 301 136 219 532
2015 3,475 1,612 571 320 195 226 551
2016 3,475 1,595 542 319 248 239 552
2017 3,576 1,576 536 336 314 241 573
2018 3,715 1,563 557 344 392 242 617

Education

Universities and colleges

Nagano is home to several private and public universities. Four of the ten universities recognized as major universities in the prefecture have campuses in the city, including the newest prefectural university, The University of Nagano.[24]

Public

The University of Nagano Main Entrance
The University of Nagano Main Entrance

Private

Seisen Jogakuin College at Nagano Station, East Exit

Former schools

Primary and secondary education

Nagano has 55 public elementary schools and 24 public middle schools operated by the city government, along with one public middle school operated by the national government and four private middle schools. The city has 12 public high schools operated by the Nagano Prefectural Board of Education, of which three are vocational, one public high school operated by the city government, and five private high schools. In addition, the city has four special education schools.

Prefectural high schools

Municipal high schools

Private high schools

Public facilities

Nagano City Library
Nagano City Library

Transportation

Railway

A Nagano Shinkansen E2 Series "J" set in February 1998 built for the 1998 Winter Olympics
A Nagano Shinkansen E2 Series "J" set in February 1998 built for the 1998 Winter Olympics
Nagano Station Zenkō-ji exit at night.
Nagano Station Zenkō-ji exit at night.
Nagano Electric Railway 1000 Series Train at Hongō Station

The city's main railway hub is Nagano Station. The coming of the 1998 Winter Olympics saw important changes to the transportation systems. Nagano Station and the smaller Shinonoi Station were expanded, and with the construction of the Athletes village for the Games in the Kawanakajima area, Imai Station was opened. Finally, the Hokuriku Shinkansen, initially named the Nagano Shinkansen, connecting Nagano to Takasaki, Gunma where it merges with the Jōetsu Shinkansen and continues to Ōmiya Station and Tokyo Station, opened in 1997 to accommodate the expected increase in travelers to Nagano. This reduced by half the travel time between Tokyo and Nagano, to 79 minutes for 221 kilometers.[28] As the main railway hub of the region, Nagano Station connects JR East, Shinano Railway, and Nagano Electric Railway in the city center. The JR trains carry 36,612 passengers per day with private rail carrying another 15,082 (and buses carry 20,229 passengers).[29]

Bus

Buses for the Kawanakajima Bus and the Nagano Dentetsu Bus Co. service the city and surrounding areas, departing both Nagano Station and the Nagano Bus Terminal just west of the station. Local bus provider, Alpico Kōtsū, departs from a dedicated office across the street from the Zenkō-ji Exit of Nagano Station. Long-distance highway bus services depart from the East Exit of Nagano Station. There is also a daily bus to Narita Airport.

Gururin-go is a central district bus that runs in a circular loop from Nagano Station to Zennoji, passing Zenkō-ji, the Nagano Prefectural Office, and the Nagano Bus Terminal. Regardless of where you board or disembark, the fare is 150 yen.[30]

Airport

The nearest airport is Matsumoto Airport, connected via a 70-minute express bus from Nagano City.

Highways

Government

Nagano National Government Building No.1
Nagano National Government Building No.1

National

Prefectural

Economy

The gross value of goods and services of the economy in the city of Nagano in 2016 was estimated to be 4,438,580,046,000 yen, approximately US$40.5 billion.[31] The largest percentage of this, 41.8%, was related to wholesale and retail, followed by healthcare and welfare, 25.9%, manufacturing, was 13.7%.[32]

In 2016, Nagano City had 183,710 people in employment, with 21.1% of workers in wholesale or retail, 14.%% in healthcare and welfare, and 11.6% are in manufacturing.[33] Other major employers include hotels and restaurants, 9% of employees, and construction industry, 7.9%; farming and forestry workers comprised 1.1% of the working population.[34]

Major companies with headquarters in Nagano City

Other major companies in Nagano City

Mass Media

Regional newspapers

Television

NHK Studio in the Wakasato District of Nagano
NHK Studio in the Wakasato District of Nagano

Relations

International

Domestic

Local attractions

Nagano is surrounded by mountains which boast excellent hiking, camping, and cycling. In addition, the city includes 46 national-designated cultural assets, 55 prefectural-designated cultural assets, 298 municipal-designated cultural assets, and finally 59 national-registered structures and 7 monuments in Nagano city.[36]

Temples and Shrines

Route to Togakushi Shrine
Route to Togakushi Shrine

Historical Sites

The  Taishō era the Fujiya Gohonjin Hotel and Restaurant (built in 1925) in Daimon-cho.
The Taishō era the Fujiya Gohonjin Hotel and Restaurant (built in 1925) in Daimon-cho.
Matsushiro Castle moats and reconstructed gate
Matsushiro Castle moats and reconstructed gate
The Battle of Kawanakajima - Takeda Shingen on the left and Uesugi Kenshin on the right
The Battle of Kawanakajima - Takeda Shingen on the left and Uesugi Kenshin on the right

Other sites

Kitano Museum of Art

Events

Sports

Notable people from Nagano

Gallery

References

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Hanazawa, Nahomi (1999). The Shinano Mainichi Shimbun (ed.). Official Report of the 1998 Winter Olympic Games, Vol. 2: Sixteen Days of Glory (PDF). Translated by Norman Kong. Nagano (Japan): NAOC. p. 319. ISBN 4784098267.