|Higashi-Nihon Ryokaku Tetsudō kabushiki gaisha|
lit. 'East Japan Passenger Railway Share Company'
|Type||Public (Kabushiki gaisha)|
|Predecessor||Japanese National Railways (JNR)|
|Founded||1 April 1987, privatization of JNR|
|Kanto and Tōhoku regions|
Niigata, Nagano, Yamanashi and Shizuoka prefectures
|Tetsuro Tomita (Chairman of the Board)|
Masaki Ogata (Vice Chairman of the Board)
Yuji Fukasawa (President, Representative Director)
|Products||Suica (a rechargeable contactless smart card)|
|Services||Passenger railways |
other related services
|Owner||JTSB investment trusts (8.21%)|
Mizuho Bank (4.07%)
TMTBJ investment trusts (3.97%)
MUFG Bank (2.75%)
Repurchased shares (2.67%)
(as of 30 September 2018)
Number of employees
|73,017 (as of 31 March 2013)|
|Divisions||Railway operations |
IT & Suica business
including Tokyo Monorail and J-TREC
|Footnotes / references|
|East Japan Railway Company|
|National railway||Japan Railways Group|
|Infrastructure company||Japan Railway Construction, Transport and Technology Agency|
|Ridership||6.169 billion per year|
|Passenger km||130.5 billion per year|
|Total||7,512.6 km (4,668.1 mi) |
|Double track||3,668 km (2,279 mi) (49%)|
|Electrified||5,512.7 km (3,425.4 mi) (73.2%)|
|High-speed||1,052.9 km (654.2 mi) (14.0%)|
|Main||1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)|
|High-speed||1,435 mm (4 ft 8+1⁄2 in)|
|Main||1,500 V DC overhead catenary 2,680.3 km (1,665.5 mi)|
|20 kV AC, 50 Hz||1,779.5 km (1,105.7 mi) |
Conventional lines in Tohoku
Joban Line (Fujishiro-Iwanuma)
|25 kV AC, 50/60 Hz overhead||1,052.9 km (654.2 mi) |
Tohoku Shinkansen (50 Hz)
Joetsu Shinkansen (50 Hz)
Hokuriku Shinkansen (50/60 Hz)
|Tunnel length||882 km (548 mi)|
|Longest tunnel||The Seikan Tunnel 53,850 m (176,670 ft) |
|Longest bridge||No.1 Kitakami River Bridge 3,868 m (12,690 ft) |
The East Japan Railway Company is a major passenger railway company in Japan and is the largest of the seven Japan Railways Group companies. The company name is officially abbreviated as JR-EAST or JR East in English, and as JR Higashi-Nihon (JR東日本, Jeiāru Higashi-Nihon) in Japanese. The company's headquarters are in Yoyogi, Shibuya, Tokyo, and next to Shinjuku Station. It is listed in the Tokyo Stock Exchange (it formerly had secondary listings in the Nagoya and Osaka stock exchanges), is a constituent of the TOPIX Large70 index, and is also one of the three only Japan Railways Group constituents of the Nikkei 225 index, the other being JR Central and JR West.
JR East was incorporated on 1 April 1987 after being spun off from the government-run Japanese National Railways (JNR). The spin-off was nominally "privatization", as the company was actually a wholly owned subsidiary of the government-owned JNR Settlement Corporation for several years, and was not completely sold to the public until 2002.
Following the breakup, JR East ran the operations on former JNR lines in the Greater Tokyo Area, the Tōhoku region, and surrounding areas.
Railway lines of JR East primarily serve the Kanto and Tohoku regions, along with adjacent areas in Kōshin'etsu region (Niigata, Nagano, Yamanashi) and Shizuoka prefectures.
JR East operates all of the Shinkansen, high-speed rail lines, north of Tokyo, except the Hokkaido Shinkansen, which is operated by JR Hokkaido.
The Tokyo–Osaka Tōkaidō Shinkansen is owned and operated by the Central Japan Railway Company (JR Central), although it stops at several JR East stations.
These lines have sections inside the Tokyo suburban area (Japanese: 東京近郊区間) designated by JR East. This does not necessarily mean that the lines are fully inside the Greater Tokyo Area.
Below is the full list of limited express and express train services operated on JR East lines as of 2022.
Main article: List of East Japan Railway Company stations
During fiscal 2017, the busiest stations in the JR East network by average daily passenger count were:
JR East co-sponsors the JEF United Chiba J-League football club, which was formed by a merger between the JR East and Furukawa Electric company teams.
JR East aims to reduce its carbon emissions by half, as measured over the period 1990–2030. This would be achieved by increasing the efficiency of trains and company-owned thermal power stations and by developing hybrid trains.
The Tokyo Metropolitan Police Department has stated that JR East's official union is a front for a revolutionary political organization called the Japan Revolutionary Communist League (Revolutionary Marxist Faction). An investigation of this is ongoing.[when?]
The East Japan Railway Culture Foundation is a non-profit organization established by JR East for the purpose of developing a "richer railway culture". The Railway Museum in Saitama is operated by the foundation.
JR East holds a 15% shareholding in West Midlands Trains with Abellio and Mitsui that commenced operating the West Midlands franchise in England in December 2017. The same consortium has also been listed to bid for the South Eastern franchise.