The Big Egg, Tokyo Big Egg
|Location||3, Koraku 1-chome, Bunkyo, Tokyo, Japan|
|Owner||Tokyo Dome Corporation|
(Mitsui Fudosan (80%) and The Yomiuri Shimbun Holdings (20%))
|Field size||Facility Capacity Area
Site: 112,456 m2 (27.788 acres)
|Opened||March 17, 1988|
|Architect||Nikken Sekkei, Takenaka Corporation|
|Structural engineer||Nikken Sekkei, Geiger Engineers|
|Yomiuri Giants (NPB) (1988–present)|
Nippon-Ham Fighters (NPB) (1988–2003)
Tokyo Dome (東京ドーム, Tōkyō Dōmu) is an indoor stadium in Bunkyo, Tokyo, Japan. It was designed as a baseball stadium following its predecessor, Korakuen Stadium (whose former site is now occupied by the Tokyo Dome Hotel and a plaza for this stadium).
Construction on the stadium began on May 16, 1985, and it opened on March 17, 1988. It was built on the site of the Velodrome, adjacent to Korakuen Stadium and the Koishikawa-Kōrakuen garden. It has a maximum total capacity of 57,000 depending on configuration, with an all-seating configuration of 42,000.
Tokyo Dome's original nickname was "The Big Egg", with some calling it the "Tokyo Big Egg". Its dome-shaped roof is an air-supported structure, a cable-reinforced 0.8 mm flexible fiberglass membrane supported by slightly pressurizing the inside of the stadium with 150,000 m3/hour using independent blowers. It was developed by Nikken Sekkei and Takenaka Corporation, and modeled after the Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome.
It is the home field of the Yomiuri Giants baseball team. On March 18, 1988, the day after the Tokyo Dome opened, the Yomiuri Giants held a game which was the first event in the Tokyo Dome. The Yomiuri Giants host about 70 games a year at their home stadium, Tokyo Dome, and other Nippon Professional Baseball teams sometimes host several games a year at the Tokyo Dome. If the Yomiuri Giants advance to the Climax Series or the Japan Series, additional games will be held at Tokyo Dome. Interleague play, in which the Yomiuri Giants participate, will also be held at the Tokyo Dome. In 2021, the Tokyo Yakult Swallows advanced to the Japan Series, but they held the Japan Series at Tokyo Dome instead of their home stadium, Meiji Jingu Stadium. This was because the Japan Series had to be rescheduled due to the spread of COVID-19 infectious disease, and the dates overlapped with the game days of amateur baseball tournaments at Meiji Jingu Stadium. Tokyo Dome is also the location of the Japanese Baseball Hall of Fame which chronicles the history of baseball in Japan.
It has also hosted international baseball tournaments such as the World Baseball Classic and WBSC Premier12, Major League Baseball, music concerts, basketball, American football, and association football games, as well as puroresu (pro-wrestling) matches, mixed martial arts events, kickboxing events, and monster truck races. It became the first Japanese venue with an American football attendance above 50,000.
Main article: Tokyo Dome City
Tokyo Dome is part of a greater entertainment complex known as Tokyo Dome City, built of the grounds of the former Tokyo Koishikawa arsenal. Tokyo Dome City includes an amusement park and Tokyo Dome City Attractions (formerly Kōrakuen Grounds). This amusement park occupies the former Korakuen Stadium site and includes a roller coaster named Thunder Dolphin and a hubless Ferris wheel. The grounds also have an onsen called Spa LaQua, various shops, restaurants, video game centers, the largest JRA WINS horse race betting complex in Tokyo, and Oft Korakuen, which caters to rural horse races.
Tokyo Dome has been chosen as one of the baseball stadiums to hold international baseball tournaments since 2000s. The Tokyo Dome has been selected to host all five World Baseball Classics through 2023. It was also selected to host the finals of the WBSC Premier 12, which was held twice.
The Tokyo Dome has held various Major League Baseball games to open the seasons, with the first series—a two-game slate between the Chicago Cubs and New York Mets in 2000—being the first time American MLB teams have played regular season games in Asia. Four years later, the New York Yankees, featuring former Yomiuri Giants slugger/outfielder Hideki Matsui in their lineup, and the Tampa Bay Devil Rays played two games in the stadium to start the 2004 season. The Boston Red Sox and the Oakland Athletics opened the 2008 MLB season in Japan, and also competed against Japanese teams. To open the 2012 season the Seattle Mariners and the Athletics, the former of which had Ichiro Suzuki, played a two-game series on March 28–29. In game one Seattle – led by Ichiro's 4 hits – won 3–1 in 11 innings. The Mariners and Athletics returned to the Tokyo Dome for a two-game series to begin the 2019 Major League Baseball season, with Ichiro retiring from professional baseball after the second game.
|Date||Winning Team||Result||Losing Team||Attendance|
|March 29, 2000||Chicago Cubs||5–3||New York Mets||55,000|
|March 30, 2000||New York Mets||5–1||Chicago Cubs||55,000|
|March 30, 2004||Tampa Bay Devil Rays||8–3||New York Yankees||55,000|
|March 31, 2004||New York Yankees||12–1||Tampa Bay Devil Rays||55,000|
|March 25, 2008||Boston Red Sox||6–5||Oakland Athletics||44,628|
|March 26, 2008||Oakland Athletics||5–1||Boston Red Sox||44,735|
|March 28, 2012||Seattle Mariners||3–1||Oakland Athletics||44,227|
|March 29, 2012||Oakland Athletics||4–1||Seattle Mariners||43,391|
|March 20, 2019||Seattle Mariners||9–7||Oakland Athletics||45,787|
|March 21, 2019||Seattle Mariners||5–4||Oakland Athletics||46,451|
Tokyo Dome Co., Ltd. publishes a list of singers and music groups that have performed since its opening in 1988. The Alfee held its first concert at Tokyo Dome on March 19, 1988, and March 20, two days after the dome opened. On March 22, 1988, and March 23, Mick Jagger became the first non-Japanese to perform at the Tokyo Dome.
Concerts have been held at the Tokyo Dome for several dozen days each year since its opening, mainly by Japanese singers and music groups. According to official statistics from its opening in 1988 to May 2023, KinKi Kids held the most solo concerts at Tokyo Dome for 64 days, followed by Arashi for 58 days and Kanjani Eight for 41 days. All of them were male idol groups from Johnny & Associates. Among non-Japanese, The Rolling Stones and TVXQ held the most solo concerts for 28 days, followed by Michael Jackson and Paul McCartney for 21 days.
See also: Professional wrestling at the Tokyo Dome
New Japan Pro-Wrestling has held a flagship professional wrestling event at Tokyo Dome, currently titled Wrestle Kingdom, on January 4 of each year, since 1992. The event expanded in 2020 to two nights, with the second night on January 5. The event is the biggest in Japanese professional wrestling, and has been compared to WWE's flagship U.S. event WrestleMania in terms of size and significance. Other companies such as All Japan Pro Wrestling, Pro Wrestling NOAH, and WWE had previously held major events in the Tokyo Dome as well.
In boxing, Mike Tyson fought twice in Tokyo Dome — a successful undisputed title defense against Tony Tubbs in 1988, and in a loss considered to be one of the biggest upsets in sports history to James "Buster" Douglas in 1990.
The final round of the K-1 World Grand Prix kickboxing tournament was held at the Tokyo Dome from 1997 to 2006.
The Tokyo Dome hosted seven Pride FC mixed martial arts fights: Pride 1, Pride 4, Pride Grand Prix 2000 Opening Round, Pride Grand Prix 2000 Finals, Pride 17, Pride 23, and Pride Final Conflict 2003. The last event had an attendance of 67,451.
As part of the American Bowl, the Tokyo Dome held 13 National Football League preseason games between 1989 and 2005. In the 1996 game between the San Diego Chargers and Pittsburgh Steelers, three Japanese linebackers – Takuro Abe, Shigemasa Ito, and Takahiro Ikenoue of the World League of American Football – became the first Japanese players to participate in an NFL game; Abe and Ito sporadically appeared on special teams for the Chargers, while Ikenoue was part of the Steelers' defense.
|Date||Winning Team||Result||Losing Team||Attendance|
|August 6, 1989||Los Angeles Rams||16–13
|San Francisco 49ers||43,896|
|August 5, 1990||Denver Broncos||10–7||Seattle Seahawks||48,827|
|August 4, 1991||Miami Dolphins||19–17||Los Angeles Raiders||-|
|August 2, 1992||Houston Oilers||34–23||Dallas Cowboys||-|
|August 1, 1993||New Orleans Saints||28–16||Philadelphia Eagles||-|
|August 7, 1994||Minnesota Vikings||17–9||Kansas City Chiefs||49,555|
|August 6, 1995||Denver Broncos||24–10||San Francisco 49ers||-|
|July 28, 1996||San Diego Chargers||20–10||Pittsburgh Steelers||-|
|August 2, 1998||Green Bay Packers||27–24
|Kansas City Chiefs||42,018|
|August 6, 2000||Atlanta Falcons||27–24||Dallas Cowboys||-|
|August 2, 2003||Tampa Bay Buccaneers||30–14||New York Jets||-|
|August 6, 2005||Atlanta Falcons||27–21||Indianapolis Colts||45,203|
In 1993, Aston Villa played Verdy Kawasaki in a friendly match.
In 1989, the United States Hot Rod Association hosted one of the first monster truck rallies outside North America at the Tokyo Dome.
In December 2022, Japanese figure skater and two-time Olympic champion, Yuzuru Hanyu, announced to hold a solo ice show named Gift at the Tokyo Dome on February 26, 2023. His show marked the first time that an ice rink was set up at the multipurpose venue. The show was directed in collaboration with Japanese choreographer Mikiko.
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