Subaru Corporation
Native name
Kabushiki-gaisha SUBARU
FormerlyFuji Heavy Industries, Ltd. (1953–2017)
Company typePublic K.K.
IndustryAutomotive, transportation equipment manufacturing, defense
PredecessorNakajima Aircraft Company
Founded15 July 1953; 70 years ago (1953-07-15)
Key people
  • Tomomi Nakamura [jp] (Chairman)[1]
  • Atsushi Osaki [jp] (Pres. and CEO)[1]
ProductsAutomobiles, aircraft, industrial engines, garbage trucks
RevenueIncrease ¥3,344.11 billion[note 1][2] (FY2020)
Increase ¥210.32 billion[2] (FY2020)
Increase ¥152.59 billion[2] (FY2020)
Total assetsIncrease ¥3,293.91 billion[2] (FY2020)
Total equityIncrease ¥1,720.12 billion[2] (FY2020)

Subaru Corporation (株式会社SUBARU(スバル), Kabushiki-gaisha Subaru), formerly Fuji Heavy Industries, Ltd. (富士重工業株式会社, Fuji Jūkōgyō Kabushiki gaisha), is a Japanese multinational corporation and conglomerate primarily involved in both terrestrial and aerospace transportation manufacturing. It is best known for its line of Subaru automobiles. Founded in 1953, the company was named Fuji Heavy Industries until 2017. The company's aerospace division is a defense contractor to the Japanese government, manufacturing Boeing and Lockheed Martin helicopters and airplanes under license. This same division is a global development and manufacturing partner to both companies.


Fuji Heavy Industries traces its roots to the Nakajima Aircraft Company, a leading supplier of airplanes to the Japanese government during World War II. At the end of World War II, Nakajima was broken up by the Allied Occupation government under keiretsu legislation, and by 1950 part of the separated operation was already known as Fuji Heavy Industries.[citation needed]

FHI was incorporated on July 15, 1953, when five Japanese companies, known as Fuji Kogyo, Fuji Jidosha Kogyo, Omiya Fuji Kogyo, Utsunomiya Sharyo, and Tokyo Fuji Sangyo, joined to form one of Japan's largest manufacturers of transportation equipment.[citation needed]

By late 1980s, the company was a major supplier of military, aerospace and railroad equipment in Japan, but 80% of its sales came from automobiles. Sales in 1989 fell 15% to US$4.3 billion.[3] In 1990, the company faced a loss of over US$500 million. Industrial Bank of Japan Ltd., the main bank of the company, asked Nissan Motor, which owned 4.2% of the company, to step in. Nissan sent Isamu Kawai, the president of Nissan Diesel Motor Co., to take charge of FHI.[4] In 1991, FHI started contract-manufacturing Nissan Pulsar (Nissan Sunny in Europe) sedans and hatchbacks.[5]

Currently, the Subaru Corporation makes Subaru brand cars, and its aerospace division makes utility and attack helicopters for the Japanese Self Defense Force, trainers, unmanned aerial vehicles, and the center wings of Boeing 777 and Boeing 787 jets. In the past, FHI made parts for the Hawker Beechcraft and Eclipse Aviation business jets.

In 2003, the company adopted the logo of its Subaru automobile division as its worldwide corporate symbol.[6]

On October 5, 2005 Toyota purchased 8.7% of FHI shares from General Motors, which had owned 20.1% since 1999.[7] GM later divested its remaining 11.4% stake on the open market to sever all ties with FHI. FHI previously stated there might have been 27 million shares (3.4%) acquired before the start of trading by an unknown party on October 6, 2005, and speculation suggested a bank or perhaps another automaker was involved. After the purchase, Toyota announced a contract with Subaru on March 13, 2006, to use the underutilized Subaru manufacturing facility in Lafayette, Indiana, as well as plans to hire up to 1,000 workers and set aside an assembly line for the Camry, beginning in the second quarter of 2007.[citation needed]

In June 2014, the company entered into a contract with Boeing Commercial Airplanes, as one of five major Japanese companies contracted, to build parts for Boeing's 777X aircraft.[8]

In May 2016, Fuji Heavy Industries announced that it would change its name to Subaru Corporation, with the change effective on April 1, 2017.[9][10][11]


Subaru has two main divisions:

Former divisions


Small automobiles

Further information: Subaru and Category:Subaru vehicles

Bus models

A 5E body with Isuzu Cubic chassis
A 7E body articulated bus with Volvo B10M chassis
A 1M body with Nissan Diesel Space Arrow chassis


JGSDF AH-64D (DJP) attached to the 1st Airborne Brigade January 2012

Railway rolling stock

Some products were built in Utsunomiya Sharyo Era(1950-1955).

Further information: ja:Category:富士重工業製の鉄道車両


31 [ja], 32 [ja], 37 [ja], 54 [ja] types
Passenger Car




  1. ^ The FY2020 (Fiscal Year 2020) in this article is from April 1, 2019 to March 31, 2020.


  1. ^ a b "Directors of the Board / Executive Officers". Retrieved January 8, 2024.
  2. ^ a b c d e "Annual Report 2020" (PDF). Subaru. Retrieved March 16, 2021.
  3. ^ "Former Nissan Executive Will Head Fuji". Los Angeles Times, June 29, 1990
  4. ^ "For Bankrupt Companies, Happiness Is a Warm Keiretsu" by Robert Neff, Bloomberg, Oct 25, 1992
  5. ^ "Fuji to Build Nissan Models", Chicago Tribune, January 27, 1991.
  6. ^ "Fuji Heavy Industries Adopts Subaru's Six-Star Emblem as New Corporate Symbol" (Press release). Fuji Heavy Industries. July 15, 2003. Archived from the original on February 28, 2009. Retrieved June 11, 2008.
  7. ^ Shimizu, Kaho (October 6, 2005). "Toyota to buy Fuji shares in GM selloff". The Japan Times.
  8. ^ "Boeing enters pact with Japanese consortium for supply of 777X plane parts". Chicago Chronicle. Archived from the original on July 27, 2014. Retrieved June 12, 2014.
  9. ^ Alexander Stoklosa (May 12, 2016). "Subaru Parent Fuji Heavy Industries Changes Its Name to Subaru Corp". Car and Driver. Archived from the original on April 28, 2019.
  10. ^ "News Release" (PDF). Subaru Corporation (Press release). March 31, 2017. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 13, 2021. Retrieved October 3, 2022.
  11. ^ "株式会社SUBARU(スバル)企業情報サイト". 株式会社SUBARU(スバル)企業情報サイト (in Japanese). Archived from the original on April 4, 2017.
  12. ^ Aircraft Maintainers Demonstrate MV-22B Osprey Systems at Atsugi April 23, 2016 DVIDS Retrieved November 14, 2016
  13. ^ Osprey noise levels measured at GSDF’s Kisarazu camp in Chiba Prefecture October 25, 2016 Japan Times Retrieved November 14, 2016
  14. ^ "Polaris and Fuji: A Long History of a Powerful Partnership".
  15. ^ "Corporate Profile". Subaru Corporation.
  16. ^ Kelly, Tim; Kubo, Nobuhiro (June 11, 2014). "Foreign firms bid for $2 billion chopper deal". Reuters. Retrieved October 10, 2014 – via The Japan Times.