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Odakyu Electric Railway Co., Ltd.
Native name
Odakyū Dentetsu kabushiki gaisha
Company typePublic (kabushiki gaisha)
IndustryPublic transport
PredecessorOdawara Express Railway Co., Ltd.
FoundedShinjuku, Tokyo, Japan (1 June 1948 (1948-06-01))
Key people
Koji Hoshino [jp], (President & CEO)
Revenue¥166.445 billion (FY2016)
¥39.824 billion (FY2016)
OwnerDai-ichi Life (5.55%)
Yamanashi Chuo Bank (0.50%)
Tokyu Corporation (0.26%)
Keikyu (0.15%)
JR East (0.12%)
Keio Corporation (0.09%)
Seibu Holdings (0.05%)
Number of employees
3,593 (as of 2016/8/1)

The Odakyu Electric Railway Company, Ltd. (小田急電鉄株式会社, Odakyū Dentetsu kabushiki gaisha), commonly known as Odakyū or Odawara Kyuko, is a major railway company based in Tokyo, Japan, best known for its Romancecar series of limited express trains from Tokyo to Odawara, Enoshima, Tama New Town, and Hakone.

The Odakyu Electric Railway Company forms the core of the Odakyu Group, which comprises 101 companies (as of July 14, 2017) and includes the Enoshima Electric Railway, Hakone Tozan Railway, Odakyu Bus [ja], Odakyu Department Store [ja], and Hyatt Regency Tokyo [ja] hotel. It is listed on the Tokyo Stock Exchange and is a constituent of the Nikkei 225.



Former Odakyu Head Office Building near Minami-Shinjuku station

The 83 km (52 mi) line from Shinjuku to Odawara opened for service on 1 April 1927. Unlike the Odawara line, rarely were pre-World War II Japanese private railways constructed with double-track and fully electrified from the first day of operation. Two years later, on 1 April 1929, the Enoshima Line was added.

The original full name of the railroad was Odawara Express Railway Company, Ltd. (小田原急行鉄道株式会社, Odawara Kyūkō Tetsudō kabushiki gaisha),[1] but this was often shortened to Odawara Kyūkō (小田原急行, "Odawara Express"). The abbreviation Odakyu was made popular by the title song of the 1929 movie Tōkyō kōshinkyoku and eventually became the official name of the railroad on March 1, 1941.[2][page needed]

On 1 May 1942, Odakyu merged with the Tokyo-Yokohama Electric Railway company (now Tokyu Corporation), which controlled all private railway services west and south of Tokyo by the end of World War II.


Odakyu 5000 series EMU near Mukōgaoka-Yūen Station

The company regained its independence on June 1, 1948, and it obtained a large amount of Hakone Tozan Railway stocks, instead of separating Keio Inokashira Line for Keio Corporation. Odakyu restarted Non-stop Limited Express service between Shinjuku and Odawara in 1948. In 1950, Odakyu trains ran through to Hakone-Yumoto on Hakone Tozan Line. Odakyu uses 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in) narrow gauge tracks, but the Hakone Tozan Railway is 1,435 mm (4 ft 8+12 in) standard gauge, so one track of the section from Odawara to Hakone-Yumoto (6.1 km (3.8 mi)) was changed to a dual gauge system. Odakyu operated the first Romancecar (1710 series) limited express in 1951.

After the 1950s, due to rapid Japanese economic growth, Odakyu was faced with an explosive increase of population along with its lines. Commuter passengers had to use very crowded trains every morning, and complained strongly with the delay of improvements from the railway company. Odakyu began construction on the - "Shinjuku Station Great Improvement Project" setting 5 lines and 10 platforms long enough for 10 standard commuter cars with service on the Chiyoda Line, among others. Plans for a four-track system in 1964 were prevented by residents of Setagaya Ward in Tokyo, as such the system remains uncompleted. The Setagaya Residents' opposition set the stage for a long-term and remarkable case in the courts and legislature. Odakyu could not take main part of transport from Tama New Town Area, though Odakyu started the operation of Tama Line in 1974. To serve its Mukōgaoka-Yūen Amusement Park, Odakyu operated the Mukōgaoka-Yūen Monorail Line between Mukōgaoka-Yūen and Mukōgaoka-Yūen-Seimon (1.1 km (0.68 mi), 2 stations) beginning in 1966 using a Lockheed Corporation style monorail system; the system was closed in 2001 when the amusement park was shut down.


An Odakyu 50000 series VSE Romancecar near Shin-Yurigaoka station

Since 2000, Odakyū has been adding track in both directions from Izumi-Tamagawa Station, on Tama River, the border station of Tokyo, to just outside Setagaya-Daita Station for expanding the availability of express trains, especially for morning commuter service. The lines between Setagaya-Daita and Higashi-Kitazawa Station are still under construction, however. Odakyu announced that the bottle-neck will be resolved by 2013.

All of its lines are double- or quadruple-tracked within Tokyo Metropolis as of March 2018, a project first decided in December 1964 but due to NIMBY land acquisition difficulties, complex and expensive workarounds were constructed and finished, taking a half century. The main or Odawara Line acts as a bypass route for the Tōkaidō Main Line from Tokyo to western Kanagawa. The Romancecar 3000 series "SE" was tested at speeds of up to 145 km/h (90 mph) in 1957, achieving a world record for narrow gauge 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in) lines at the time. These tests also provided important data on high-speed electric multiple units (EMU), which Japanese National Railways (JNR) used for its limited express EMUs, 151 series, and 0 Series Shinkansen introduced in the early 1960s.

Odakyu celebrated its 80th anniversary in April 2007. The 50th anniversary of the Romancecar was celebrated in September 2007.

Station numbers were introduced to all Odakyū Line stations in 2014, with stations numbered using the prefix "OH".[3][4]

Odakyu are the current shirt sponsors of football club Machida Zelvia.

On 6 August 2021, a mass stabbing incident occurred on one of its commuter services when a man stabbed nine passengers, seriously injuring a woman before trying to ignite a fire on the compartment. The man escaped and was arrested hours later.[5]


Odakyu owns three railway lines directly, and another three lines via subsidiaries. It also operates trains onto the Tokyo Metro Chiyoda Line, JR East Jōban Line, and JR Central Gotemba Line.

Line Section Length (km) Stations Date opened
Odawara Line Shinjuku - Odawara 82.5 47 April 1, 1927
Enoshima Line Sagami-Ōno - Katase-Enoshima 27.4 17 April 1, 1929
Tama Line Shin-Yurigaoka - Karakida 10.6 8 June 1, 1974 (in part)
March 27, 1990 (full)
Total 3 lines 120.5 70  

Train classification

(As of March 17, 2018 timetable revision)

Color Classification Japanese Runs between Line(s)
  Limited Express 特急 Shinjuku, Kita-Senju, and Shin-Kiba to Hakone-Yumoto, Katase-Enoshima, Karakida or Numazu Odakyū Odawara, Enoshima, Tama; Hakone Tozan; JR Central Gotemba; and Tokyo Metro Chiyoda and Yūrakuchō lines
  Rapid Express 快速急行 Shinjuku to Odawara or Fujisawa (one service on weekdays to Katase-Enoshima) Odakyū Odawara and Enoshima lines
  Express 急行 Shinjuku to Odawara, Katase-Enoshima or Karakida Odakyū Odawara, Enoshima, and Tama lines
  Commuter Express 通勤急行 All services operate in the weekday morning rush hour for Shinjuku from Karakida on the Odakyu Tama Line Odakyū Odawara, Tama Lines
  Commuter Semi Express 通勤準急 All Services operate in the weekday morning rush hour for Yoyogi-Uehara through to the Chiyoda Line from Hon-Atsugi Odakyu Odawara Line, Chiyoda Line, Joban Line
  Semi Express 準急 All services operate between Yoyogi-Uehara and Isehara during the offpeak and evening rush hour Odakyū Odawara Line, Chiyoda Line, Joban Line
  Local 各駅停車 In all sections, includes to/from Hakone-Yumoto on Hakone Tozan Line (occasionally between Odawara and Shin-Matsuda) Odakyū Odawara, Enoshima, Tama; and Hakone Tozan lines

Romancecar limited express services require a supplementary surcharge.


Limited express service

Shinjuku Station routes

Commuter service is shown on each line's page.

Station Japanese Distance (km) Super Hakone [ja] Hakone [ja] Sagami [ja] Mt. Fuji Enoshima Home Way Lines
Shinjuku 新宿 - Odakyū Odawara Line
Noborito 登戸 15.8
Shin-Yurigaoka 新百合ヶ丘 21.5
Machida 町田 30.8
Sagami-Ōno 相模大野 32.3
Ebina 海老名 45.4
Hadano 秦野 61.7
Shin-Matsuda 新松田 71.8
Odawara 小田原 82.5
Hakone-Yumoto 箱根湯本 88.6   Hakone Tozan Line
Yamato 大和 39.9       Odakyū Enoshima Line
Fujisawa 藤沢 55.4      
Katase-Enoshima 片瀬江ノ島 59.9      
Odakyū-Nagayama 小田急永山 28.3         Odakyū Tama Line
Odakyū-Tama-Center 小田急多摩センター 30.6        
Karakida 唐木田 32.1        
Matsuda 松田 71.8           JR Central Gotemba Line
Suruga-Oyama 駿河小山 86.2          
Gotemba 御殿場 97.1          

Tokyo Metro routes

Commuter services are shown on each line's page.

Station Japanese Distance (km) Metro Homeway Metro Hakone Metro Sagami Bay Resort Lines
Shin-Kiba 新木場         Tokyo Metro Yūrakuchō Line
Toyosu 豊洲        
Kita-Senju 北千住 0.0 Tokyo Metro Chiyoda Line
Ōtemachi 大手町 9.9
Kasumigaseki 霞ヶ関 12.1
Omotesandō 表参道 16.2
Yoyogi-Uehara 代々木上原 19.3 * * * *
Odakyū Odawara Line
Seijōgakuen-Mae 成城学園前 27.4
Shin-Yurigaoka 新百合ヶ丘 37.3
Machida 町田 46.6
Hon-Atsugi 本厚木 61.2
Odawara 小田原 98.3    
Hakone Tozan Line
Hakone-Yumoto 箱根湯本 104.4    
Odakyū-Nagayama 小田急永山 44.1       Odakyū Tama Line
Odakyū-Tama-Center 小田急多摩センター 46.4      
Karakida 唐木田 47.9      


Symbol Definition
all trains stop
some trains stop
all trains pass
trains do not travel through this section

Rolling stock

Romancecar sets


Commuter sets


Odakyu Electric Railway in media

This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (January 2023) (Learn how and when to remove this message)

The Odakyu Railway has been included in several Japanese language train simulator programs as well as the English language Microsoft Train Simulator program. Microsoft Train Simulator includes the railway's Odawara and Hakone Tozan lines, collectively referred to as the "Tokyo-Hakone" route, with the 2000 series commuter trainset and the 7000 series "LSE" Romancecar trainset being player driveable. Several "activities", or scenarios, are included.

Various Odakyu add-ins are available for the BVE Train Simulator, a freeware cab view train simulator for Microsoft Windows.


  1. ^ Ubukata, Yoshio & Morokawa, Hisashi (1988). Odakyu – Color Books No. 768 (in Japanese). Osaka: Hoikusha. p. 148.
  2. ^ Seidensticker, Edward (1990). Tokyo Rising: the city since the great earthquake. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, Inc. ISBN 0-394-54360-2.
  3. ^ "2014年1月から駅ナンバリングを順次導入します!" [From January 2014, station numbering will be introduced sequentially!] (PDF). (in Japanese). 24 December 2013. Archived from the original (PDF) on 26 October 2022. Retrieved 9 January 2023.
  4. ^ "小田急グループ、鉄道から海賊船まで通しの駅番号…2014年1月から順次導入" [Odakyu Group, station numbers from railways to pirate ships, Introduced sequentially from January 2014]. Response Automotive Media (in Japanese). 28 December 2013. Archived from the original on 22 June 2020. Retrieved 10 January 2023.
  5. ^ "9 passengers stabbed or punched on Tokyo train, suspect detained". Kyodo News. 7 August 2021. Retrieved 8 August 2021.