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Yokohama Line
JH
Series-E233-6000-H002.jpg
A Yokohama Line E233-6000 series EMU
Overview
Native name横浜線
LocaleKanagawa Prefecture, Tokyo
TerminiHachiōji
Higashi-Kanagawa
Stations20
Service
TypeHeavy rail
Operator(s)JR East
Rolling stockE233-6000 series
Daily ridership840,200 (daily 2015)[1]
History
Opened1908
Technical
Line length42.6 km (26.5 mi)
Track gauge1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)
Electrification1,500 V DC overhead catenary
Operating speed95 km/h (59 mph)
Route map
JR Yokohama Line linemap.svg

The Yokohama Line (Japanese: 横浜線, Japanese pronunciation: [Yokohama-sen]) is a Japanese railway line of the East Japan Railway Company (JR East) connecting Higashi-Kanagawa Station in Yokohama, Kanagawa and Hachiōji Station in Hachiōji, Tokyo. The line forms part of what JR East refers to as the "Tokyo Mega Loop" (Japanese: 東京メガループ) around Tokyo, consisting of the Keiyo Line, Musashino Line, Nambu Line, and Yokohama Line.[2] The line's name comes from the section between Nagatsuta and Higashi-Kanagawa that runs through the city of Yokohama. Nicknamed the Hama-sen (浜線) by locals,[3] the line serves commuters in the southwestern suburbs of Tokyo and northeastern suburbs of Yokohama.

History

A Yokohama Line 103 series at Higashi-Kanagawa Station marking the first anniversary of JR East, April 1988
A Yokohama Line 103 series at Higashi-Kanagawa Station marking the first anniversary of JR East, April 1988

The line was opened by the private Yokohama Railway (横浜鉄道, Yokohama Tetsudō) on 23 September 1908 and leased to the government in 1910.[4] The line was nationalized on 1 October 1917.[4]

The Higashi-Kanagawa to Haramachida (now Machida) section was electrified on 1 October 1932, with the Haramachida to Hachiōji section electrified on 14 April 1941.[4]

The Higashi-Kanagawa to Kozukue section was double-tracked by 1968, extended to Aihara by 1980, and completed to Hachiōji on 6 March 1988.[4]

Through service trains from the Sagami Line began on 16 March 1991, when that line was fully electrified. The through service operation ended on 11 March 2022.[5]

Operation

Despite the line's name, only approximately half of all trains run as far as Yokohama Station. Rapid (快速, Kaisoku) trains operate every 20 minutes during the daytime.

Stations

No. Station Japanese Distance (km) Rapid Transfers Location
Between
stations
Total
JH13 Higashi-Kanagawa 東神奈川 - 0.0 Keihin-Tohoku Line (through to Yokohama and Ōfuna via the Negishi Line)
Keikyu Main Line (Keikyū Higashi-kanagawa)
Kanagawa-ku, Yokohama Kanagawa
JH14 Ōguchi 大口 2.2 2.2  
JH15 Kikuna 菊名 2.6 4.8 Tokyu Toyoko Line Kōhoku-ku, Yokohama
JH16 Shin-Yokohama 新横浜 1.3 6.1 Tokaido Shinkansen
Yokohama Municipal Subway Blue Line (B25)
JH17 Kozukue 小机 1.7 7.8  
JH18 Kamoi 鴨居 3.1 10.9   Midori-ku, Yokohama
JH19 Nakayama 中山 2.6 13.5 Yokohama Municipal Subway Green Line (G01)
JH20 Tōkaichiba 十日市場 2.4 15.9  
JH21 Nagatsuta 長津田 2.0 17.9 Tokyu Den-en-toshi Line, Kodomonokuni Line
JH22 Naruse 成瀬 2.3 20.2   Machida Tokyo
JH23 Machida 町田 2.7 22.9 Odakyu Odawara Line
JH24 Kobuchi 古淵 2.8 25.7   Minami-ku, Sagamihara Kanagawa
JH25 Fuchinobe 淵野辺 2.7 28.4   Chūō-ku, Sagamihara
JH26 Yabe 矢部 0.8 29.2  
JH27 Sagamihara 相模原 1.8 31.0  
JH28 Hashimoto 橋本 2.8 33.8 Sagami Line
Keio Sagamihara Line
Midori-ku, Sagamihara
JH29 Aihara 相原 1.9 35.7   Machida Tokyo
JH30 Hachiōji-Minamino 八王子みなみ野 2.9 38.6   Hachiōji
JH31 Katakura 片倉 1.4 40.0 Keiō Takao Line (Keiō-Katakura)
JH32 Hachiōji 八王子 2.6 42.6 Chuo Main Line, Hachiko Line
Keio Line (Keiō-Hachiōji)

Rolling stock

Local and Rapid services

Yokohama Line E233-6000 series EMU, October 2020
Yokohama Line E233-6000 series EMU, October 2020

Former

  • 72 series EMU, July 1984
    72 series EMU, July 1984
  • 103 series EMU at Fuchinobe Station, circa 1988
    103 series EMU at Fuchinobe Station, circa 1988
  • A Yokohama Line 205 series EMU, March 2007
    A Yokohama Line 205 series EMU, March 2007
  • Sagami Line 205-500 series EMU, November 2021
    Sagami Line 205-500 series EMU, November 2021
  • Sagami Line E131-500 series EMU, November 2021
    Sagami Line E131-500 series EMU, November 2021

Sagami Line through services

8-car 205 series EMU trains were introduced in 1988.[9] In these sets, the second car from the Higashi-Kanagawa end had six pairs of doors on each side to allow rapid boarding and disembarking during peak periods. The last 205 series set on the Yokohama Line ran on 23 August 2014.[10]

References

  1. ^ "平成27年 大都市交通センサス 首都圏報告書" (PDF). P.92. 国土交通省.
  2. ^ Saka, Masayuki (August 2014). 東京メガループ 車両・路線の沿革と現況 [Tokyo Megaloop: History and current situation of trains and line]. Tetsudō Daiya Jōhō Magazine (in Japanese). Vol. 43, no. 364. Japan: Kōtsū Shimbun. pp. 28–39.
  3. ^ Aizawa, Masao (1996). Hamasen chimei arekore yokohama-hen. 230 Club Shinbunsha. ISBN 978-4-931353-24-4.
  4. ^ a b c d "横浜線開業100周年~その2: 開業から現在までの他線との接続の歴史". Japan Railfan Magazine. Vol. 49, no. 574. February 2009. pp. 98–99.
  5. ^ "2022年3月ダイヤ改正について(八王子支社)" [March 2022 timetable revision, Hachioji Branch] (PDF) (in Japanese). 17 December 2021. Archived (PDF) from the original on 11 March 2022. Retrieved 15 March 2022.
  6. ^ "E233系6000番台が営業運転を開始" [E233-6000 series enter revenue service]. Japan Railfan Magazine (in Japanese). Japan: Koyusha Co., Ltd. 17 February 2014. Archived from the original on 3 October 2016. Retrieved 17 February 2014.
  7. ^ "横浜線開業100周年~その1: バトンタッチしてきた車両たち". Japan Railfan Magazine. Vol. 49, no. 574. February 2009. pp. 94–97.
  8. ^ "相模線E131 系営業運転開始について" [About the entry of service of the Sagami Line E131 series] (PDF). Japan Railfan Magazine Online (in Japanese). 17 September 2021. Archived (PDF) from the original on 20 November 2021. Retrieved 15 March 2022.
  9. ^ "JR東日本 横浜線にE233系6000番代を投入" [JR East to introduce E233-6000 series on Yokohama Line]. Tetsudō Daiya Jōhō Magazine (in Japanese). Vol. 42, no. 356. Japan: Kōtsū Shimbun. December 2013. p. 60.
  10. ^ "横浜線用の205系が営業運転を終了" [End of 205 series revenue operations on Yokohama Line]. Japan Railfan Magazine Online (in Japanese). Japan: Koyusha Co., Ltd. 24 August 2014. Archived from the original on 15 April 2021. Retrieved 15 March 2022.