YHMJT05JK12JO13JS13
TY21
MM-01 station number.png
SO-01 station number.png
B-20 station number.png
KK37
Yokohama Station

横浜駅
Yokohama sta. 2022.jpg
Yokohama Station viewed from above, January 2022
General information
Location1 Takashima (Keikyu)
2 Takashima (JR East)
1 Minami-Saiwai (Tokyu, Sotetsu, Subway)
Nishi-ku, Yokohama-shi, Kanagawa-ken
Japan
Coordinates35°27′57″N 139°37′22″E / 35.46583°N 139.62278°E / 35.46583; 139.62278Coordinates: 35°27′57″N 139°37′22″E / 35.46583°N 139.62278°E / 35.46583; 139.62278
Operated by
ConnectionsBus terminal
History
Opened7 May 1872
Services
JT JK JH JO JS KK
Sotetsu line symbol.svg
TY
Number prefix Minatomirai.svg
Yokohama Municipal Subway Blue Line symbol.svg
Preceding station
JR logo (east).svg
JR East
Following station
Atami
JT21
Terminus
Sunrise Izumo and Sunrise Seto Tokyo
TYOJT01
Terminus
Atami
JT21
towards Itō
Saphir Odoriko Shinagawa
SGWJT03
towards Tokyo
Musashi-Kosugi
MKGJS15
towards Shinjuku
Ōfuna
OFNJT07
towards Itō or Atami
Odoriko Kawasaki
KWSJT04
towards Tokyo
Totsuka
TTKJT06
towards Odawara
Tōkaidō Line
Rapid Acty
Kawasaki
One-way operation
Totsuka
TTKJT06
towards Atami
Tōkaidō Line
Local
Kawasaki
KWSJT04
towards Tokyo
through to Negishi Line Keihin–Tōhoku Line
  Rapid
Local
Higashi-Kanagawa
JK13
towards Ōmiya
Sakuragichō
JK11
towards Ōfuna
Negishi Line through to Keihin–Tōhoku Line
Terminus Yokohama Line
  Rapid
Higashi-Kanagawa
JH13
towards Hachiōji
Sakuragichō
One-way operation
Yokohama Line
Local
Totsuka
TTKJO10
towards Ōfuna
Narita Express Musashi-Kosugi
MKGJO15
Hodogaya
JO12
towards Kurihama
Yokosuka Line Shin-Kawasaki
JO14
towards Tokyo
Totsuka
TTKJS10
towards Odawara
Shōnan–Shinjuku Line
  Special Rapid
  Rapid
Musashi-Kosugi
MKGJS15
towards Maebashi or Takasaki
Hodogaya
JS12
towards Zushi
Shōnan–Shinjuku Line
  Rapid
  Local
Shin-Kawasaki
JS14
towards Utsunomiya
Preceding station Keikyu logo small.svg Following station
Kamiōoka
KK44
towards Horinouchi
Main Line
Limited Express (Kaitoku)
Keikyū Kawasaki
KK20
towards Sengakuji
Kamiōoka
KK44
towards Uraga
Main Line
Limited Express (Tokkyū)
Kanagawa-shimmachi
KK34
towards Sengakuji
Hinodechō
KK39
Main Line
Airport Express
Keikyū Higashi-kanagawa
KK35
towards Sengakuji
Tobe
KK38
towards Uraga
Main Line
Local
Kanagawa
KK36
towards Sengakuji
Preceding station
SOTETSU logomark.svg
Sotetsu
Following station
Nishiya
SO-08 station number.png
towards Ebina
Main Line
Limited Express
Terminus
Nishiya
One-way operation
Main Line
Commuter Limited Express
Futamatagawa
SO-10 station number.png
towards Ebina
Main Line
Express
Nishiya
One-way operation
Main Line
Commuter Express
Hoshikawa
SO-05 station number.png
towards Ebina
Main Line
Rapid
Hiranumabashi
SO-02 station number.png
towards Ebina
Main Line
Local
Preceding station
Tokyu Railways.svg
 Tokyū Railways
Following station
Minatomirai
MM-03 station number.png
S-Train
(weekends and national holidays)
Jiyūgaoka
TY07
F Liner Kikuna
TY16
towards Hannō or Ogawamachi
through to Minatomirai Line Tōyoko Line
Limited Express
Commuter Express
Express
Kikuna
TY16
towards Shibuya
Tōyoko Line
Local
Tammachi
TY20
towards Shibuya
Preceding station
YMRC logomark.svg
Yokohama Minatomirai
Following station
Minatomirai
MM-03 station number.png
Minatomirai Line
Limited Express
Commuter Express
Express
through to Tōyoko Line
Shin-Takashima
MM-02 station number.png
Minatomirai Line
Local
Preceding station
Yokohama Municipal Subway Logo.svg
Yokohama Municipal Subway
Following station
Sakuragichō
B-18 station number.png
towards Shonandai
Blue Line
Rapid
Shin-Yokohama
B-25 station number.png
towards Azamino
Takashimachō
B-19 station number.png
towards Shonandai
Blue Line
Local
Mitsuzawa-Shimochō
B-21 station number.png
towards Azamino
Location
Yokohama Station is located in Kanagawa Prefecture
Yokohama Station
Yokohama Station
Location within Kanagawa Prefecture

Yokohama Station (横浜駅, Yokohama-eki) is a major interchange railway station in Nishi-ku, Yokohama, Japan. It is the busiest station in Kanagawa Prefecture and the fifth-busiest in the world as of 2013,[1] serving 760 million passengers a year.

Lines

Yokohama Station is served by the following lines:

(JR Central's Tokaido Shinkansen passes through Shin-Yokohama Station, not Yokohama Station.)

Station layout

Relative positions of platforms at Yokohama station
Relative positions of platforms at Yokohama station

Keikyu and JR East

The JR East and Keikyu platforms are located in the main above-ground portion of Yokohama Station. Keikyu's section consists of platforms 1 to 2, JR East operates platforms 3 to 10.

1 KK Keikyū Main Line for Kamiōoka, Yokosuka-chūō, Uraga, Miurakaigan, and Misakiguchi
2 KK Keikyū Main Line for Keikyū Kamata, Haneda Airport (Terminal 3 and Terminal 1·2), Shinagawa, and Sengakuji
A Toei Asakusa Line for Shimbashi, Asakusa and Oshiage
KS Keisei Main Line for Keisei Funabashi, Keisei Narita, and Narita Airport (Terminal 2·3 and Terminal 1)
KS Narita Sky Access Line for Narita Airport
HS Hokusō Line for Imba Nihon-idai
3 JK Negishi Line for Sakuragichō, Kannai, Ishikawachō, Isogo, and Ōfuna
4 JK Keihin-Tōhoku Line for Tokyo, Ueno, Minami-Urawa, and Ōmiya
JH Yokohama Line for Shin-Yokohama, Nagatsuta, Machida, Hashimoto, and Hachiōji
5-6 JT Tōkaidō Line for Totsuka, Ōfuna, Fujisawa, Chigasaki, Hiratsuka, Kōzu, Odawara, and Atami
Super View Odoriko/Odoriko for Izukyu-Shimoda and Shuzenji
Sleeper Ltd. Express Sunrise Izumo for Okayama and Izumoshi
Sleeper Ltd. Express Sunrise Seto for Okayama and Takamatsu
7-8 JT Tōkaidō Line
(Ueno-Tokyo Line)
for Kawasaki, Shinagawa, Shimbashi, Tokyo, Ueno, Ōmiya, Utsunomiya (via Utsunomiya Line), and Takasaki (via Takasaki Line)
9 JO Yokosuka Line for Ōfuna, Kamakura, Yokosuka, and Kurihama
JS Shōnan-Shinjuku Line Ōfuna, Fujisawa, Chigasaki, Hiratsuka, Kōzu, and Odawara (to the JT Tōkaidō Line)
Ōfuna, Kamakura, and Zushi (to the JO Yokosuka Line)
10 JO Yokosuka Line for Musashi-Kosugi, Tokyo, Tsudanuma, Chiba, Narita Airport (Terminal 2·3 and Terminal 1), Kimitsu, and Kazusa-Ichinomiya
Narita Express for Narita Airport
JS Shōnan-Shinjuku Line Shibuya, Shinjuku, Ikebukuro, Ōmiya, Utsunomiya (via Utsunomiya Line), and Takasaki (via Takasaki Line)

Tokyu and Minatomirai

Tokyu Corporation and the Yokohama Minatomirai Railway Company share the same underground station located in the 5th underground level of Yokohama Station, to the west of the JR platforms.

1
MM
 Minatomirai Line
for Minatomirai and Motomachi-Chūkagai
2 TY Tōkyū Tōyoko Line for Musashi-Kosugi, Jiyūgaoka, Naka-Meguro, and Shibuya
F Tokyo Metro Fukutoshin Line for Shinjuku-sanchome, Ikebukuro, Kotake-mukaihara, and Wakoshi
SeibuIkebukuro.svg
Seibu Ikebukuro Line for Hannō
TJ Tōbu Tōjō Line for Shinrinkōen

Yokohama Municipal Subway

The Yokohama Municipal Subway is located on the 3rd basement level, west of the main station.

1
Yokohama Municipal Subway Blue Line symbol.svg
 Blue Line
for Sakuragichō, Kannai, Kamiōoka, Shōnandai
2
Yokohama Municipal Subway Blue Line symbol.svg
 Blue Line
for Shin-Yokohama, Center-Kita, and Azamino

Sotetsu

Sagami Railway is an above-ground structure to the west of the main station, connected to the Sotetsu Department Store.

1-3
Sotetsu line symbol.svg
 Sotetsu Main Line
for Futamatagawa, Yamato, Ebina, and Shōnandai
Time table display laying out the weekday schedule.
Time table display laying out the weekday schedule.

Bus services

Expressway bus (daytime)

Expressway bus (overnight)

Local routes

Surrounding area

Yokohama Station from Landmark Tower
Yokohama Station from Landmark Tower

The west and east have a complex underground business district which spans over several floors and is directly connected with the buildings which surround the station. Yokohama station has three bus terminals, and two other bus terminals are located near the station.

East entrance

Yokohama City Air Terminal
Yokohama City Air Terminal

West entrance

Yokohama Station west exit
Yokohama Station west exit

History

First station

See also: Sakuragichō Station

On 7 May 1872 (12 June in Gregorian calendar), Yokohama Station (original station, now Sakuragichō Station) opened as one of the first railway stations in Japan.

On 11 July 1887, the railway was extended from Yokohama to Kōzu Station. Through trains between Shimbashi Station and Kōzu Station required a switchback at Yokohama Station. On 1 August 1898, a line bypassing Yokohama Station was opened to avoid the switchback. Through trains stopped at Kanagawa Station or Hodogaya Station instead of Yokohama Station, and shuttle trains connected Yokohama and Hodogaya until Hiranuma Station opened near present-day Hiranumabashi Station on 10 October 1901.[12] Hiranuma Station had no connection to public transport such as trams, so that major part of the passengers for the city continued to use trains that stopped at Yokohama Station.[13]

Second station

The second station, built in 1915, behind an elevated freight line
The second station, built in 1915, behind an elevated freight line

On 15 August 1915, the second Yokohama Station opened close to the present day Takashimachō Station to allow Tōkaidō Main Line trains to call at Yokohama Station. The original Yokohama Station was renamed Sakuragichō Station. JR East uses this date as the opening date of the current Yokohama Station.[14] The terminal of the Keihin Line (present-day Keihin-Tōhoku Line) had been in Takashimachō since 1914 and was merged to the new station. The government-run electric line was later this year extended to Sakuragichō.

On 1 September 1923, the station was destroyed by a fire in the 1923 Great Kantō earthquake. Six days later, the station reopened with a temporary building. The city of Yokohama and the Ministry of Railways agreed in February 1924 that the station would be relocated.[15]

On 18 May 1928, the Tokyo Yokohama Railway (now the Tokyu Toyoko Line) extended from its former terminal of Kanagawa Station was connected to the station. The extension line passed through the construction site of the new Yokohama Station of the government railways.[16]

Third station

The third station, completed in 1928
The third station, completed in 1928
The elevated Toyoko Line platforms, closed in 2004
The elevated Toyoko Line platforms, closed in 2004

On 15 October 1928, the third (current) Yokohama Station opened on the north side of the second station. The Tōkaidō Main Line also moved to its current route, which was the route of the bypass line opened in 1898. The government railways and the Toyoko Line shared the station from the beginning.[17] On 5 February 1930, the Keihin Electric Railway (now the Keikyu Main Line) was connected to the station. On December 27, 1933, the Jinchū Railway (now the Sotetsu Main Line) was connected to the station. On 9 December 1957, the north side underground entrance opened. On 1 December 1965, the MARS on-line ticket reservation system was introduced at the station. On 4 September 1976, the Yokohama City Subway Line No. 3 was connected to Yokohama Station. On 7 November 1980, the new east station building and east-west passage opened. On 31 January 2004, The Tōkyū Tōyoko Line platform reopened underground, and on 1 February 2004, the Minatomirai Line opened.

2020

On 26 August 2010, JR East announced the development of a new station building to replace the current West Entrance, tentatively named the Yokohama Station West Station Building (横浜駅 西口駅ビル, Yokohama-eki Nishiguchi-eki biru).[18] It opened in 2020 before the Tokyo 2020 Summer Olympics. The development includes a 26-story retail and office building, Station-front tower (駅前棟, Ekimae-tō), on the site of the current West Entrance and a nine-story building to the north-east, Tsuruya-cho tower (鶴屋町棟, Tsuruyamachi-tō), which includes parking and childcare facilities.[19]

Passenger statistics

In fiscal 2013, the JR East station was used by an average of 406,594 passengers daily (boarding passengers only), making it the busiest JR East station in Kanagawa Prefecture and the fourth-busiest on the JR East network as a whole.[20]

The JR East passenger figures for previous years are as shown below.

Fiscal year Daily average
2000 385,023[21]
2005 384,594[22]
2010 398,052[23]
2011 394,900[24]
2012 400,655[25]
2013 406,594[20]

See also

References

  1. ^ "The 51 Busiest Train Stations in the World". Rocketnews24.com. 2013-01-30. Retrieved 23 December 2013.
  2. ^ Yokohama City Air Terminal index
  3. ^ Keikyu Limousine Haneda Airport Express
  4. ^ Airport Transport Service
  5. ^ Keikyu Bus TDR Line Archived October 23, 2013, at the Wayback Machine (in Japanese)
  6. ^ Keikyu Bus Hakone Tōgendai Line
  7. ^ a b JR Bus Group (in Japanese)
  8. ^ Transportation Bureau, City of Yokohama
  9. ^ Sotetsu Bus Information (in Japanese)
  10. ^ Kanachu Bus Information (in Japanese)
  11. ^ Keikyu Bus Route Information Archived October 23, 2013, at the Wayback Machine (in Japanese)
  12. ^ Ishino, Tetsu; et al., eds. (1998). 停車場変遷大事典 国鉄・JR編 [Station Transition Directory – JNR/JR] (in Japanese). Vol. II. Tokyo: JTB Corporation. p. 13. ISBN 4-533-02980-9.
  13. ^ 「地図」で探る横浜の鉄道 [Explore Railways in Yokohama with Maps] (in Japanese). Museum of Yokohama Urban History. 2011. p. 20. ISBN 978-4-9905683-0-6.
  14. ^ "JR東日本:各駅情報(横浜駅)" (in Japanese). Retrieved August 16, 2013.
  15. ^ 「地図」で探る横浜の鉄道 [Explore Railways in Yokohama with Maps] (in Japanese). Museum of Yokohama Urban History. 2011. p. 64. ISBN 978-4-9905683-0-6.
  16. ^ Yamada, Akira. 横浜・川崎の鉄道 [Railways of Yokohama and Kawasaki]. The Railway Pictorial (in Japanese). Denkisha Kenkyūkai Tetsudōtosho Kankōkai. 875 (May 2013): 14.
  17. ^ Tōkyō Kyūkō Dentetsu, ed. (1943). 東京横浜電鉄沿革史 [History of Tokyo Yokohama Electric Railway] (in Japanese). p. 533.
  18. ^ "Commencement of Environmental Impact Assessment Procedures for the Yokohama Station West Exit Station Building Plan (Tentative Name)". East Japan Railway Company.
  19. ^ "Yokohama Station West Exit Building Plan (Tentative Name)" (PDF). East Japan Railway Company. Retrieved 27 September 2015.
  20. ^ a b 各駅の乗車人員 (2013年度) [Station passenger figures (Fiscal 2013)] (in Japanese). Japan: East Japan Railway Company. Archived from the original on 2001-05-06. Retrieved 31 August 2014.
  21. ^ 各駅の乗車人員 (2000年度) [Station passenger figures (Fiscal 2000)] (in Japanese). Japan: East Japan Railway Company. Retrieved 19 October 2013.
  22. ^ 各駅の乗車人員 (2005年度) [Station passenger figures (Fiscal 2005)] (in Japanese). Japan: East Japan Railway Company. Retrieved 19 October 2013.
  23. ^ 各駅の乗車人員 (2010年度) [Station passenger figures (Fiscal 2010)] (in Japanese). Japan: East Japan Railway Company. Retrieved 19 October 2013.
  24. ^ 各駅の乗車人員 (2011年度) [Station passenger figures (Fiscal 2011)] (in Japanese). Japan: East Japan Railway Company. Retrieved 19 October 2013.
  25. ^ 各駅の乗車人員 (2012年度) [Station passenger figures (Fiscal 2012)] (in Japanese). Japan: East Japan Railway Company. Archived from the original on 2014-10-07. Retrieved 31 August 2014.