.mw-parser-output .hidden-begin{box-sizing:border-box;width:100%;padding:5px;border:none;font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .hidden-title{font-weight:bold;line-height:1.6;text-align:left}.mw-parser-output .hidden-content{text-align:left}@media all and (max-width:500px){.mw-parser-output .hidden-begin{width:auto!important;clear:none!important;float:none!important))You can help expand this article with text translated from the corresponding article in Japanese. (March 2024) Click [show] for important translation instructions. Machine translation, like DeepL or Google Translate, is a useful starting point for translations, but translators must revise errors as necessary and confirm that the translation is accurate, rather than simply copy-pasting machine-translated text into the English Wikipedia. Consider adding a topic to this template: there are already 3,688 articles in the main category, and specifying|topic= will aid in categorization. Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality. If possible, verify the text with references provided in the foreign-language article. You must provide copyright attribution in the edit summary accompanying your translation by providing an interlanguage link to the source of your translation. A model attribution edit summary is Content in this edit is translated from the existing Japanese Wikipedia article at [[:ja:PASMO]]; see its history for attribution. You may also add the template ((Translated|ja|PASMO)) to the talk page. For more guidance, see Wikipedia:Translation.
PASMO
LocationUsable nationwide
Distributed in the Greater Tokyo Area
LaunchedMarch 18, 2007
Technology
ManagerPASMO Co., Ltd.[1]
CurrencyJapanese yen (¥20,000 maximum load)
Stored-valuePay as you go
Credit expiryTen years after last use[2]
Retailed
Variants
  • PASMO
  • PASMO PASSPORT
Websitewww.pasmo.co.jp
PASMO Card (reverse)
Pasmo-compatible ticket gates at Otorii Station (Keikyu Line)
KANACHU bus touch sensor for Suica and Pasmo IC cards next to the driver's seat and fare box

Pasmo (パスモ, Pasumo, stylized as PASMO) is a rechargeable contactless smart card electronic money system. It is primarily used for public transport in Tokyo, Japan, where it was introduced on 18 March 2007. Pasmo can also be used as a payment card for vending machines and stores. In 2013, Pasmo became usable in all major cities across Japan as part of the Nationwide Mutual Usage Service.[3]

Pasmo is a development of the Passnet system used by many non-JR railway lines in the Greater Tokyo Area. The system offers interoperability with the JR East Suica system, as well as integrating private bus companies into the former Passnet network.

The technology is based on an RFID technology developed by Sony known as FeliCa. As of April 2009, there are over 11 million cards in circulation.[4]

Companies and organizations accepting Pasmo

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Railways

Most railway operators introduced the system simultaneously when Pasmo started.

Buses and tramways

Bus and tramway operators have been introducing Pasmo readers on their systems gradually.

Popularity

On April 11, 2007, it was announced that sales of Pasmo fare cards would be limited to commuter rail pass purchases until August due to extremely high demand. It was originally predicted that approximately 2 million Pasmo cards would be sold in the first month, but actual sales numbers totaled approximately about 3 million. Due to depleting stock, regular Pasmo card sales were suspended and only commuter passes were sold. Sales resumed on September 10, 2007.[5]

Mobile devices

A version for mobile phones known as Mobile Pasmo (モバイルPASMO, Mobairu Pasumo), which uses Mobile FeliCa and Osaifu-Keitai functionality, was launched in March 2020.[6]

Interoperation

Interoperation map

Through collaboration with JR East, passengers became able to use Pasmo interchangeably with Suica to ride nearly any railway, metro, or bus in the Tokyo metropolitan area in 2007. Transit systems/lines outside the Pasmo system but usable with the Pasmo card included JR East lines in the Kanto, Niigata and Sendai area, the Tokyo Monorail, Saitama New Urban Transit (New Shuttle), Sendai Airport Transit, Tokyo Waterfront Area Rapid Transit (Rinkai Line), and JR Bus Kanto (local buses in the Mito area).

In 2013, interoperation was extended country-wide, and Pasmo became usable across Japan as part of the Nationwide Mutual Usage Service.[7]

In July 22, 2014, Nintendo added support for Suica and Pasmo in the Nintendo eShop through the NFC function of the Wii U GamePad[8] and the New Nintendo 3DS.[9] The service was discontinued in January 18, 2022.[10]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Company Profile". PASMO. Retrieved March 28, 2024.
  2. ^ "Rules for Using PASMO". PASMO. Retrieved March 28, 2024.
  3. ^ Ito, Etsuro (October 2013). "Launch of Nationwide Interoperable Transport System IC Cards" (PDF). East Japan Railway Culture Foundation. Japan Railway & Transport Review. pp. 6–15. Retrieved March 7, 2024.
  4. ^ "Suica, Pasmoの合計発売枚数が" [The total number of Suica and PASMO sold] (PDF) (in Japanese). April 13, 2009. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 24, 2009. Retrieved June 15, 2022.
  5. ^ "Pasmo fare card selling out too fast". The Japan Times. April 12, 2007. Archived from the original on May 19, 2008. Retrieved June 15, 2022.
  6. ^ "モバイルPASMO". PASMO (in Japanese). Retrieved March 8, 2024.
  7. ^ Ito, Etsuro (October 2013). "Launch of Nationwide Interoperable Transport System IC Cards" (PDF). East Japan Railway Culture Foundation. Japan Railway & Transport Review. pp. 6–15. Retrieved March 7, 2024.
  8. ^ "交通系電子マネーを使ってWii Uのチャージに挑戦、手軽さが魅力的". インサイド (in Japanese). July 22, 2014. Retrieved December 12, 2021.
  9. ^ "Nintendo Shows Off NFC eShop Payments for New Nintendo 3DS in Japan". Nintendo Life. December 9, 2014. Retrieved December 12, 2021.
  10. ^ "ニンテンドー3DSシリーズおよびWii U内のニンテンドーeショップにおけるクレジットカードと交通系電子マネーのご利用取扱い終了について" [Regarding the termination of use of credit cards and transportation electronic money at the Nintendo 3DS series and the Nintendo eShop in Wii U]. nintendo.co.jp (in Japanese). July 20, 2021. Retrieved June 15, 2022.