|Stations||16 (Main Line)|
3 (Airport Branch)
10 (Abiko Branch)
|Opened||19 January 1897|
|Track gauge||1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)|
|Electrification||1,500 V DC overhead|
The Narita Line (Japanese: 成田線, Japanese pronunciation: [Narita-sen]) is the name for a combination of three railway lines located in Chiba Prefecture, Japan, operated by the East Japan Railway Company (JR East).
The main line connects Sakura Station and Matsugishi Station (as an alternate route to the Sōbu Main Line), and is sometimes referred to as the Samatsu Line (Japanese: 佐松線, Japanese pronunciation: [Samatsu-sen]). A branch line from Abiko Station to Narita Station is often called the Abiko Line (Japanese: 我孫子線, Japanese pronunciation: [Abiko-sen]), and a second branch, known as the Airport Line (Japanese: 空港線, Japanese pronunciation: [Kūkō-sen]) connects Narita to Narita Airport Terminal 1 Station. The first two lines are owned and operated by JR East; the Airport Line is owned by a separate company, Narita Airport Rapid Railway, which allows JR East and Keisei Railway to use the line for passenger services.
All stations are located in Chiba Prefecture.
|Line name||No.||Station||Japanese||Distance (km)||Stops||Transfers||Location|
|Sōbu Main Line||Chiba||千葉||From
|Tsuga||都賀||4.2||●||●||Chiba Urban Monorail Line 2||Wakaba-ku, Chiba|
|Sakura||佐倉||16.1||●||●||■ Sōbu Main Line (for Narutō)||Sakura|
|Sawara||佐原||40.0||■ Kashima Line|
|Katori||香取||43.6||■ Kashima Line|
|Matsugishi||松岸||75.4||■ Sōbu Main Line|
|Sōbu Main Line||From|
|Chōshi||銚子||120.5||Chōshi Electric Railway Line|
|Narita Airport Terminal 2·3||空港第２ビル||9.8||●||●|
|Narita Airport Terminal 1||成田空港||10.8||●||●|
Narita Express trains travel on the Narita Line but stop only at Narita Airport Terminal 2·3 and Narita Airport Terminal 1 stations, except during morning and evening rush hours when some trains stop at Narita Station.
Rapid commuter trains run between Tokyo and Narita Airport Terminal 1, stopping at all stations between Tsuga and Narita Airport Terminal 1.
All services on the Abiko branch line are local trains stopping at all stations. Some trains travel through onto the Jōban Line (Rapid) to Ueno and Shinagawa.
Abiko Branch Line, Jōban Line through service
Sōbu Line (Rapid) through service
The Sakura - Narita - Namegawa section of the line was opened on 19 January 1897, by Sobu Railway, extended to Sawara the following year. The Narita to Abiko branch opened in 1901. The company was nationalised in 1920, and the Sawara to Matsugishi section opened between 1931 and 1933.
The Sakura to Narita section was electrified (at 1,500 V DC overhead) in 1968. The Abiko branch was electrified from 1 October 1973. The Narita to Matsugishi section was electrified in 1974, and freight services ceased between 1984 and 1986.
The Sakura to Narita section was double-tracked in 1986, and the Airport branch opened in 1991 as an electrified, CTC-signalled line.
In the early hours of 10 March 2011, a day before 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami occurred, a freight train carrying ethylene oxide derailed and overturned on the Narita Line near Namegawa Station.