|Industry||Transportation (Tram, Transit bus) / Real estate|
|Founded||December 25, 1900|
|Headquarters||Fujisawa, Kanagawa, Japan|
Number of employees
The Enoshima Electric Railway or Enoden (江ノ島電鉄, Enoshima dentetsu) is a private railway in Japan which connects Kamakura Station in Kamakura with Fujisawa Station in Fujisawa, Kanagawa. Stations en route include Hase, the stop closest to Kōtoku-in, the temple with the colossal outdoor statue of Amida Buddha. The railway is fully owned by the Odakyu Group of companies.
The route is 10 kilometers (6.2 mi) long and has a rail gauge of 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in). It is single-track; however, five of the route's fifteen stations are equipped with passing loops, allowing for the operation of bi-directional traffic. Included in the route is a short (450-metre (1,480 ft)) section of street running between Koshigoe and Enoshima stations. However, the entire line is governed under the Railway Business Act (鉄道事業法, Tetsudō Jigyō Hō) of the Japanese government, being granted an exception to allow for street running (the only other examples of street-running 'railways' being the Keihan Keishin Line, Keihan Ishiyama-Sakamoto Line and the Kumamoto Electric Railway). Trains are electrically powered from 600 V DC overhead lines. The section from Kamakura Station to Koshigoe is in the city of Kamakura; that from Enoshima to Fujisawa Station is in the city of Fujisawa.
As of 1 April 2015[update], Enoden operates a fleet of 15 two-car electric multiple unit (EMU) train types as shown below.
|Type||Car numbers||Manufacturer||Date built||Notes|
|300 series||305||355||Toyoko Sharyo||May 1960||Rebuilt from former Keio DeHa 2000.|
|1000 series||1001||1051||Tokyu Car||November 1979|
|1002||1052||Tokyu Car||November 1979|
|1100 series||1101||1151||Tokyu Car||December 1981|
|1200 series||1201||1251||Tokyu Car||December 1983|
|1500 series||1501||1551||Tokyu Car||November 1979|
|1502||1552||Tokyu Car||November 1979|
|2000 series||2001||2051||Tokyu Car||March 1990|
|2002||2052||Tokyu Car||March 1991|
|2003||2053||Tokyu Car||July 1991|
|10 series||10||50||Tokyu Car||March 1997|
|20 series||21||61||Tokyu Car||March 2002||Used running gear from former 500 series.|
|22||62||Tokyu Car||March 2003||Used running gear from former 500 series.|
|500 series||501||551||Tokyu Car||March 2006|
|502||552||Tokyu Car||March 2008|
Enoden also operates bus service in the area.
The original Enoshima Electric Railway opened the line on 1 September 1902.
The company subsequently went through a series of ownership changes: Yokohama Electric Railway Co. in 1911, Tokyo Electric Power Co. in 1921, (second) Enoshima Electric Railway Co. in 1926, Tokyu Corporation in 1938, Enoshima Kamakura Tourist Co. in 1949, and Odakyu Electric Railway Co. in 1953. The (third) Enoshima Electric Railway Co. was formed on 1 September 1981 as a subsidiary of Odakyu.
Gokurakuji Station is one of the settings for the 2015 film Our Little Sister.[unreliable source?]
Japanese alternative rock band Asian Kung-Fu Generation's fifth studio album, Surf Bungaku Kamakura (released 2008), had each track named after a stop on the railway line starting with Fujisawa and ending with Kamakura. The band has since announced a continuation of this album for the rest of the stations that did not orginally have a song, starting withYanagikōji Parallel Universe releasing as a B-side track in 2022.
This article incorporates material from the corresponding article in the Japanese Wikipedia.