Marubeni Corporation
丸紅株式会社
FormerlyMarubeni-Iida (1955–1972)
TypePublic (K.K)
TYO: 8002
IndustryGeneral trading company
Founded1858; 164 years ago (1858)
Headquarters
Chiyoda, Tokyo
,
Japan
Key people
Fumiya Kokubu
(Chairman)
Masumi Kakinoki
(President and CEO)
RevenueIncrease ¥6,332 billion (Mar. 31 2021)
Increase ¥225 billion (Mar. 2021)
Total assetsIncrease ¥6,938 billion (Mar. 2021)
Total equityIncrease ¥1,912 billion (Mar. 2021)
OwnerThe Master Trust Bank of Japan Ltd. (Trust Account) (15.43%)
Custody Bank of Japan, Ltd,(Trust Account) (6.86%)
BNYM AS AGT/CLTS NON TREAT JASDEC](6.01%)
Meiji Yasuda Life Insurance Company (2.41%)
Mizuho Bank, Ltd(1.73%)
STATE STREET BANK WEST CLIENT-TREATY 505234 (1.52%)
The Dai-ichi Life Insurance Company (1.35%)
JPMorgan Securities Japan Co., Ltd.(1.23%) (1.35%)
Number of employees
45,470 including subsidiaries (Mar. 2021)
Websitemarubeni.com

Marubeni Corporation (丸紅株式会社, Marubeni Kabushiki-gaisha) (TYO: 8002, OSE: 8002, NSE: 8002) is a sōgō shōsha (general trading company) headquartered in Nihonbashi, Chuo, Tokyo, Japan.[1] It is one of the largest sogo shosha and has leading market shares in cereal and paper pulp trading as well as a strong electrical and industrial plant business.[2] Marubeni is a member of the Mizuho keiretsu.

History

Marubeni was founded in 1858, where the founder Chubei Itoh moved out of the family business and started a linen trading business with his uncle. It was established in 1918 as Itochu Shoten, Ltd. in a spin-off of certain sales divisions of C. Itoh & Co. (Itochu) into a separate entity. Itochu Shoten merged with Itoh Chobei Shoten in 1921 to form Marubeni Shoten, Ltd. under the leadership of Chobei Itoh IX.[3] Marubeni started out as a textile trading firm and expanded to trade in other consumer and industrial goods during the 1920s.[4]

Marubeni was re-combined with Itochu during World War II to form Sanko Kabushiki Kaisha Ltd. (1941–44) and Daiken Company, Ltd. (1944–48). This conglomerate was dismantled in the wake of the war and Marubeni again emerged as a separate trading company in 1949.[3] Post-war Marubeni was predominantly a textile trading firm at its outset, but diversified into machinery, metals and chemicals, with textiles barely forming a majority of its business by the end of the decade.[4]

Marubeni merged with Takashimaya-Iida, a trading company that owned the Takashimaya department store chain, in 1955, changing its name to Marubeni-Iida from 1955 to 1972.[4] The merger was orchestrated by Fuji Bank in order to create a stronger trading company partner for the bank's corporate customers. Marubeni and Fuji Bank developed a network of corporate clients which was formalized as the Fuyo Group keiretsu in the 1960s, paralleling the development of the DKB Group and Sanwa Group.[5] The Fuyo Group included Hitachi, Nissan, Canon, Showa Denko, Kubota and Nippon Steel.[4]

Marubeni, like other sogo shosha, was hit hard by the collapse of the Japanese asset price bubble in the early 1990s and recorded its first annual net loss in 1998. The company again booked massive losses as part of a restructuring in 2001, with its stock price plummeting to 58 yen per share in December 2001.[6]

Marubeni acquired a large minority stake in the Daiei supermarket chain in 2006, which it sold to Æon Group in 2013.[7]

The Tokyo Stock Exchange recognized Marubeni as the best Japanese company at increasing enterprise value in 2013, citing management's efforts to maximize return on equity.[8]

In September 2018, The Russian Direct Investment Fund (RDIF), Marubeni Corporation and Russia's AEON Corporation agreed to develop an industrial facility in Volgograd. The total investment is estimated at over $800 million with construction due to start in 2020.[9]

In September 2018, Marubeni announced to shift from coal to renewable energy resources.[10][11]

Berkshire Hathaway acquired over 5% of the stock in the company, along with four other Japanese trading houses, over the 12-month period ending in August 2020.[12]

In October 2021, Marubeni invested in B2U Storage Solutions, a Santa Monica-based startup which reuses EV batteries to a battery storage system.[13]

In January 2022, Marubeni has won the sea bed right of the Scotland to construct an off shore wind farm. They have partnered with SSE Renewables and Copenhagen Infrastructure Partners. Aside of Scotland, Marubeni is working on Japan’s first off shore wind farm as well as floating turbine demonstrations. [14]

Offices

Previous head office in Nihonbashi, Chuo, Tokyo, Japan
Previous head office in Nihonbashi, Chuo, Tokyo, Japan

Marubeni's head office moved to the Tokyo Nihombashi Tower (ja) in 2016.[1] The company constructed a new dedicated head office building in 2021 and moved back to the original place in Chiyoda.[15]

Previous Osaka Office in Hommachi, Chuo-ku, Osaka, Japan
Previous Osaka Office in Hommachi, Chuo-ku, Osaka, Japan

The company has a total of twelve offices in Japan, 58 overseas offices and 29 overseas subsidiaries with 33 offices.[16]

Business

Marubeni Corporation and its consolidated subsidiaries use their broad business networks, both within Japan and overseas, to conduct importing and exporting (including third country trading), as well as domestic business, encompassing a diverse range of business activities across wide-ranging fields including lifestyle, ICT & real estate business, forest products, food, agri business, chemicals, energy, metals & mineral resources, power business, infrastructure project, aerospace & ship, finance & leasing business, construction, industrial machinery & mobility, and next generation business development. Additionally, the Marubeni Group offers a variety of services, makes internal and external investments, and is involved in resource development throughout all of the above industries.

Marubeni's business is organized in six groups(as of March 2022):

Notable people

Scandals and Incidents

In the early 1970s Marubeni was accused of hoarding rice on the black market for profiteering purposes. In 1976, numerous Marubeni and All Nippon Airways executives were arrested in connection with the bribery of Japanese government officials to support the sales of Lockheed aircraft in Japan; the scandal also led to several suicides and the arrest of Prime Minister Kakuei Tanaka. In 1986, Marubeni was found to have bribed Filipino President Ferdinand Marcos and several of his friends and associates in connection with Japanese ODA work in the Philippines.[4]

In January 2012, Marubeni Corporation agreed to pay a US$54.6 million criminal penalty to settle multiple US Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (FCPA) charges relating to its work as an agent for the TSKJ joint venture. The TSKJ joint venture comprising Technip, Snamprogetti Netherlands, Kellogg Brown & Root (KBR) and JGC Corporation hired Marubeni to bribe lower-level Nigerian government officials to help it achieve contracts to build LNG facilities on Bonny Island in Nigeria.[23] TSKJ paid Marubeni US$51 million which was intended, in part, to be used toward Nigerian officials.[24] Two years later, and just months after its final settlement in the Nigerian case, Marubeni was charged under the FCPA for bribing Indonesian officials in order to secure a $118 million power project contract for a joint venture between Marubeni and Alstom; it agreed to pay an $88 million fine in connection with this case.[25]

References

  1. ^ a b "Head Office Map | Marubeni Corporation". www.marubeni.com. Retrieved 2018-07-25.
  2. ^ "丸紅(株) 企業情報". Yahoo Finance. Retrieved 22 April 2014.
  3. ^ a b "Corporate Chronology with Photos". Marubeni. Retrieved 22 April 2014.
  4. ^ a b c d e "Marubeni Corporation History". International Directory of Company Histories, Vol. 24. St. James Press, 1999. Retrieved 22 April 2014.
  5. ^ Suzuki, Shinichi (2006). The Japanese Main Bank System: A Transaction Cost Approach. pp. 108–109. ISBN 9780542875380.
  6. ^ "Vol.3 2001". Marubeni Corporation. Retrieved 22 April 2014.
  7. ^ "Aeon to take over Daiei in bid for dominance". The Japan Times. Kyodo. 31 March 2013. Retrieved 9 June 2015.
  8. ^ "企業価値高める経営表彰、丸紅を大賞に選定 東証". Nihon Keizai Shimbun. 26 December 2013. Retrieved 30 April 2014.
  9. ^ "Russia, Japan agree to develop industrial facility for $800 million". Reuters. 2018-09-10. Retrieved 2022-04-18.
  10. ^ "This Is Huge! Marubeni Shifts From Coal To Renewables | CleanTechnica". cleantechnica.com. 24 September 2018. Retrieved 2018-10-02.
  11. ^ "Japanese energy giant Marubeni just gave up coal for renewables — Quartz". qz.com. Retrieved 2018-10-02.
  12. ^ "Warren Buffett takes 5% stake in 5 Japanese trading companies". Nikkei Asian Review. 2020-08-31. Retrieved 2020-08-31.
  13. ^ "B2U's Plan to Transform More Depleted Electric Car Batteries into Solar Storage". dot.LA. 2021-11-05. Retrieved 2022-03-08.
  14. ^ "SSE, Marubeni, CIP Team Up for ScotWind Leasing". Offshore Wind. 2020-11-13. Retrieved 2022-03-03.
  15. ^ "Notification of Tokyo Head Office Relocation". Retrieved 2021-03-01.
  16. ^ "Company Profile". Marubeni Corporation. Retrieved 9 June 2015.
  17. ^ "Food & Consumer Products Group". Marubeni Corporation. Retrieved 9 June 2015.
  18. ^ "Chemical & Forest Products Group". Marubeni Corporation. Retrieved 9 June 2015.
  19. ^ "Energy & Metals Group". Marubeni Corporation. Retrieved 9 June 2015.
  20. ^ "Power Projects & Plant Group". Marubeni Corporation. Retrieved 9 June 2015.
  21. ^ "Transportation & Industrial Machinery Group". Marubeni Corporation. Retrieved 9 June 2015.
  22. ^ "Our history | RRG Group". www.rrg-group.com. Retrieved 2018-09-17.
  23. ^ Cassin, Richard L. (17 January 2012). "Marubeni Pays $54.6 Million To Settle TSKJ Nigeria Case". The FCPA Blog.
  24. ^ Rubenfeld, Samuel (17 January 2012). "Marubeni Corp. Agrees To Pay $54.6 Million To Settle FCPA Probe". WSJ Corruption Currents.
  25. ^ Ensign, Rachel Louise (19 March 2014). "Marubeni to Pay $88 Million Over Foreign-Bribery Charges". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 9 June 2015.