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II Olympic Winter Games
1928 Winter Olympics poster.jpg
Hugo Laubi's poster for the 1928 Winter Olympics
Host citySt. Moritz, Switzerland
Nations25
Athletes464 (438 men, 26 women)
Events14 in 4 sports (8 disciplines)
Opening11 February 1928
Closing19 February 1928
Opened by
StadiumSt. Moritz Olympic Ice Rink
Winter
Summer

The 1928 Winter Olympics, officially known as the II Olympic Winter Games (French: IIes Jeux olympiques d'hiver; German: II. Olympische Winterspiele; Italian: II Giochi olimpici invernali; Romansh: II Gieus olimpics d'enviern) and commonly known as St. Moritz 1928 (French: Saint-Moritz 1928; Romansh: San Murezzan 1928), was an international winter multi-sport event that was celebrated from 11 to 19 February 1928 in St. Moritz, Switzerland.

The 1928 Games were the first true Winter Olympics to be held as a stand-alone event, not in conjunction with a Summer Olympics. The preceding 1924 Winter Games were retroactively renamed the inaugural Winter Olympics, although they had in fact been organised alongside the 1924 Summer Olympics in France. Before 1924, the winter events were included in the schedule of the Summer Games and there were no separate Winter Games. The 1928 Winter Games also replaced the now redundant Nordic Games, which had been held at varying intervals since early in the 20th century.

The hosts were challenged by fluctuating weather conditions; the opening ceremony was held in a blizzard, while warm weather conditions plagued sporting events throughout the rest of the Games.[1] The 10,000 metre speed-skating event was controversially abandoned and officially cancelled.[2] Filmed footage of the games exists in a silent, feature-length documentary, The White Stadium.

Highlights

Events

Medals were awarded in 14 events contested in 4 sports (8 disciplines).

Demonstration sports

Venues

Main article: Venues of the 1928 Winter Olympics

Participating nations

Athletes from 25 nations competed at these Games, up from 16 in 1924. Nations making their first appearance at the Winter Olympic Games were Argentina (first participation of a delegation coming from a country belonging to the Southern Hemisphere), Estonia, Germany, Japan, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Mexico, the Netherlands, and Romania.

Participating National Olympic Committees

Number of athletes by National Olympic Committees

Medal count

Main article: 1928 Winter Olympics medal table

  *   Host nation (Switzerland)

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1 Norway64515
2 United States2226
3 Sweden2215
4 Finland2114
5 Canada1001
 France1001
7 Austria0314
8 Belgium0011
 Czechoslovakia0011
 Germany0011
 Great Britain0011
 Switzerland*0011
Totals (12 nations)14121541

Podium sweeps

Date Sport Event NOC Gold Silver Bronze
14 February Cross-country skiing Men's 50 kilometre  Sweden Per-Erik Hedlund Gustaf Jonsson Volger Andersson
17 February Cross-country skiing Men's 18 kilometre  Norway Johan Grøttumsbråten Ole Hegge Reidar Ødegaard
18 February Nordic combined Individual  Norway Johan Grøttumsbråten Hans Vinjarengen Jon Snersrud

See also

References

  1. ^ Findling, John E.; Pelle, Kimberly D. (2004). Encyclopedia of the Modern Olympic Movement. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press. p. 290. ISBN 0-313-32278-3.
  2. ^ "1928 Sankt Moritz Winter Games". Sports Reference LLC. Archived from the original on 17 April 2020. Retrieved 12 March 2009.
  3. ^ "St. Moritz 1928". International Olympic Committee. Retrieved 5 March 2010.
  4. ^ Horvitz, Peter S. (2007). The Big Book of Jewish Sports Heroes: An Illustrated Compendium of Sports History and The 150 Greatest Jewish Sports Stars. ISBN 9781561719075. Retrieved February 27, 2011.
  5. ^ Siegman, Joseph M. (September 15, 1906). The International Jewish Sports Hall ... ISBN 9781561710287. Retrieved February 27, 2011.
External video
video icon The St. Moritz 1948 Official Olympic Film on YouTube
Winter Olympics Preceded byChamonix II Olympic Winter GamesSt. Moritz 1928 Succeeded byLake Placid