|Host city||Paris, France|
|Motto||Games wide open|
(French: Ouvrons grand les Jeux)
|Athletes||10,500 (quota limit)|
|Events||329 in 32 sports (48 disciplines)|
|Opening||26 July 2024|
|Closing||11 August 2024|
|Stadium||Stade de France (Athletics competition, closing ceremony) |
Jardins du Trocadéro and River Seine (Opening ceremony)
2024 Summer Paralympics
|Part of a series on|
|2024 Summer Olympics|
The 2024 Summer Olympics (French: Jeux olympiques d'été de 2024), officially the Games of the XXXIII Olympiad (French: Jeux de la XXXIIIe Olympiade) and commonly known as Paris 2024, is a forthcoming international multi-sport event that is scheduled to take place from 26 July to 11 August 2024 with Paris as its main host city and 16 cities spread across metropolitan France and one in Tahiti—an island within the French overseas country and overseas collectivity of French Polynesia—as a subsite.
Paris was awarded the Games at the 131st IOC Session in Lima, Peru, on 13 September 2017. Due to multiple withdrawals that left only Paris and Los Angeles in contention, the International Olympic Committee (IOC) approved a process to concurrently award the 2024 and 2028 Summer Olympics to the two cities. Having previously hosted in 1900 and 1924, Paris will become the second city (after London) to host the Summer Olympics three times. Paris 2024 will mark the centenary of Paris 1924, be the sixth Olympic games hosted by France (three in summer and three in winter), and the first Olympic Games in France since the 1992 Winter Olympics in Albertville.
The Games will feature the debut of breaking (also known as breakdancing) as an Olympic event, and it will be the final Olympic Games held during the presidency of IOC President Thomas Bach.
The preparation for the Games has been marred by the ongoing controversy surrounding the potential participation of Russian and Belarusian athletes. The Paris Olympics are expected to cost €8.3 billion.
Further information: Bids for the 2024 and 2028 Summer Olympics
Paris, Hamburg, Budapest, Rome, and Los Angeles were the five candidate cities. The process was slowed by withdrawals, political uncertainty, and deterring costs. Hamburg withdrew its bid on 29 November 2015 after holding a referendum. Rome withdrew on 21 September 2016 citing fiscal difficulties. On 22 February 2017, Budapest withdrew after a petition against the bid collected more signatures than necessary for a referendum.
Following these withdrawals, the IOC Executive Board met in Lausanne, Switzerland, to discuss the 2024 and 2028 bid processes on 9 June 2017. The International Olympic Committee formally proposed electing the 2024 and 2028 Olympic host cities at the same time in 2017, a proposal which an Extraordinary IOC Session approved on 11 July 2017 in Lausanne. The IOC set up a process whereby the LA 2024 and Paris 2024 bid committees met with the IOC to discuss who would host the Games in 2024 and 2028, and whether it was possible to select the host cities for both at the same time.
Following the decision to award the two Games simultaneously, Paris was understood as the preferred host for 2024. On 31 July 2017, the IOC announced Los Angeles as the sole candidate for 2028, enabling Paris to be confirmed as host for 2024. Both decisions were ratified at the 131st IOC Session on 13 September 2017.
Paris was elected as the host city on 13 September 2017 at the 131st IOC Session in Lima, Peru. The two French IOC members, Guy Drut and Tony Estanguet, were ineligible to vote under the rules of the Olympic Charter.
Most of the Olympic events will be held in the city of Paris and its metropolitan region, including the neighbouring cities of Saint-Denis, Le Bourget, Nanterre, Versailles, and Vaires-sur-Marne. The handball tournaments will be held in Lille, which is 225 km from the host city; the sailing and some football games will be held in the Mediterranean city of Marseille, which is 777 km from the host city; meanwhile, the surfing events are expected to be held in Teahupo'o village in the overseas territory of French Polynesia, which is 15,716 km from the host city. Football will also be hosted in another five cities, which are Bordeaux, Décines-Charpieu, Nantes, Nice and Saint-Étienne, some of which are home to Ligue 1 clubs.
|Yves du Manoir Stadium||Field hockey||15,000||Renovated|
|Stade de France||Rugby 7s||77,083||Existing|
|Athletics (track and field)|
|Paris La Défense Arena[a]||Aquatics (swimming, water polo finals)||15,220|
|Porte de La Chapelle Arena||Badminton||8,000||Additional|
|Paris Aquatic Centre||Aquatics (water polo preliminaries and playoffs, diving, artistic swimming)||5,000|
|Le Bourget Climbing Venue||Sport climbing||5,000||Temporary|
|Arena Paris Nord||Boxing (preliminaries, quarterfinals)||6,000||Existing|
|Modern pentathlon (fencing rounds)|
|Parc des Princes||Football (preliminaries and finals)||48,583||Existing|
|Roland Garros Stadium||Tennis||34,000|
|Philippe Chatrier Court (with retractable roof)||Boxing||15,000|
|Court Suzanne Lenglen (with retractable roof)||Tennis||10,000|
|Court Simonne Mathieu and secondary courts||9,000 (5,000+2,000+8x250)|
|Paris Expo Porte de Versailles||Volleyball||12,000|
|Bercy Arena||Gymnastics (artistic and trampoline)||15,000|
|Place de la Concorde||Basketball (3x3)||30,000||Temporary|
|Cycling (BMX freestyle)|
|Pont d'Iéna||Aquatics (marathon swimming)||13,000|
|Athletics (marathon, race walk)|
|Cycling (road, time trial)|
|Eiffel Tower Stadium||Beach Volleyball||12,000|
|Grand Palais Éphémère||Judo||8,000|
|Gardens of the Palace of Versailles||Equestrian||80,000
(22,000 + 58,000)
|Modern pentathlon (excluding fencing rounds)|
|Le Golf National||Golf||35,000||Existing|
|Élancourt Hill||Cycling (Mountain biking)||25,000|
|Vélodrome de Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines||Cycling (track)||5,000|
|Cycling (BMX racing)||5,000|
|Pierre Mauroy Stadium (Lille)||Basketball (preliminaries)||26,000||Existing|
|National Olympic Nautical Stadium of Île-de-France (Vaires-sur-Marne)||Rowing||22,000|
|Stade Vélodrome (Marseille)||Football (6 preliminaries, women's quarter-final and one men's semi-final)||67,394|
|Parc Olympique Lyonnais (Lyon)||Football (6 preliminaries, men's quarter-final and one women's semi-final)||59,186|
|Stade Matmut Atlantique (Bordeaux)||Football (6 preliminaries, women's quarter-final, men's bronze medal match)||42,115|
|Stade Geoffroy-Guichard (Saint-Étienne)||Football (6 preliminaries, men's quarter-final, women's bronze medal match)||41,965|
|Allianz Riviera (Nice)||Football (6 preliminaries, quarterfinals)||35,624|
|Stade de la Beaujoire (Nantes)||Football (6 preliminaries, quarterfinals)||35,322|
|Old Port of Marseille (Marseille)||Sailing||5,000|
|National Shooting Centre (Châteauroux)||Shooting||3,000|
|Jardins du Trocadéro and River Seine||Opening Ceremony||600,000||Temporary|
|Le Bourget||Media Village||–||Temporary|
In July 2021, Paris 2024 president Tony Estanguet stated that the COJOP2024 was conducting a feasibility study on hosting the opening and closing ceremonies outside of a traditional stadium setting, so that they could "marry the best of Paris–the iconic sites–to the possibility of engaging with hundreds of thousands of people, maybe more." This concept of an "open Games" was exemplified in the Paris 2024 handover presentation during the Tokyo 2020 closing ceremony, which featured a live segment from a viewing party at Place du Trocadéro. Estanguet expected the sites for the ceremonies to be announced by the end of the year.
On 13 December 2021, it was announced that the opening ceremony will feature athletes being transported by boat from Pont d'Austerlitz to Pont d'Iéna along the Seine river. The 6 km (3.7 miles) route will pass landmarks such as the Louvre, Notre-Dame de Paris, and Place de la Concorde, and feature cultural presentations. The official protocol will take place at a 30,000 seat "mini-stadium" at the Trocadéro. Organisers stated that the ceremony would be the most "spectacular and accessible opening ceremony in Olympic history", with Estanguet stating that it would be free to attend, and estimating that it could attract as many as 600,000 spectators.
On 26 July 2023, Swiss watchmaker Omega SA, the Official Timekeeper of the Olympic Games, initiated the one-year countdown with the unveiling of a new countdown clock beneath the Eiffel Tower in Paris. The event, attended by Omega CEO Raynald Aeschlimann, International Olympic Committee President Thomas Bach,and COJOP 2024 President Tony Estanguet, marked the beginning of the final year of preparations for the Games.
On 23 September 2022, the ceremonies' creative director Thomas Jolly announced that Stade de France would host the closing ceremony.
The Mayor of Paris Anne Hidalgo will hand the Olympic flag to IOC President Thomas Bach and then in turn to hand it over to the Mayor of Los Angeles Karen Bass.
As per the current rules of the International Olympic Committee, which have been in force since 2017, the programme of the Summer Olympics consists of 28 mandatory "core" sports that persist between Games, and that up to 6 optional sports can be added in each edition of the Summer Olympics. They are selected by the Organizing Committee of each edition and must be included in a list that will be sent to the International Olympic Committee within 5 years before each edition, in order to improve local interest, provided that the total number of participants does not exceed 10,500 athletes. During the 131st IOC Session in September 2017, the IOC approved the 28 sports of the 2016 programme for Paris 2024, while also inviting the Paris Organising Committee to submit up to five additional sports for consideration.
When Paris was bidding for the games in August 2017, the Paris Organising Committee announced that it would hold talks with the IOC and professional esports organisations about the possibility of introducing competitive events in 2024. In July 2018, the IOC confirmed it would not consider esports for the 2024 Olympics. On 21 February 2019, the Paris Organising Committee announced they would propose the inclusion of breakdancing (breaking), as well as skateboarding, sport climbing, and surfing—three sports which debuted at the then-upcoming 2020 Summer Olympics as optional sports. All four sports were approved during the 134th IOC Session in Lausanne, Switzerland on 24 June 2019.
The 2024 Summer Olympic program is scheduled to feature 32 sports encompassing 329 events, the first Summer Olympics since 1960 to have fewer events than the preceding edition. The number of events in each discipline is noted in parentheses. Disciplines that lost events from 2020 included karate (8) and baseball/softball (2), which were dropped from the program, and weightlifting, which lost 4 events. In canoeing, 2 sprint events were replaced with 2 slalom events, keeping the overall total at 16. Sports that gained events were breaking (2), introduced as a new discipline, and sports climbing, where the distinct events of speed climbing, and 'boulder & lead' were disaggregated from the previous 'combined' event to create 2 new events.
In February 2023, USA Boxing announced its decision to boycott the 2023 World Championships (organized by the International Boxing Association) where Russian and Belarusian athletes would compete with no restrictions, also accusing the IBA of attempting to sabotage IOC-approved qualification pathway for the 2024 Summer Olympics. Poland, Switzerland, the Netherlands, Great Britain, Ireland, Czechia, Sweden and Canada later joined the U.S.
|2024 Summer Olympic Sports program|
*The following is a list of National Olympic Committees who have qualified at least one athlete for the 2024 Olympics.
|Participating National Olympic Committees|
Number of athletes by National Olympic Committee
As of 10 September 2023[update]
|67||United Arab Emirates||3|
|76||Trinidad and Tobago||2|
|92||Bosnia and Herzegovina||1|
|92||British Virgin Islands||1|
The following schedule is correct as of the press release by COJOP2024 in July 2022. The exact schedule may change in due time.
|OC||Opening ceremony||●||Event competitions||1||Gold medal events||CC||Closing ceremony|
|Daily medal events||14||13||18||14||17||19||22||28||20||16||15||21||27||33||39||13||329|
The emblem for the 2024 Summer Olympics and Paralympics was unveiled on 21 October 2019 at the Grand Rex. Inspired by Art Deco, it is a representation of Marianne, the national personification of France, with a flame formed in negative space by her hair. The emblem also resembles a gold medal. Tony Estanguet explained that the emblem symbolised "the power and the magic of the Games", and the Games being "for people". The use of a female figure also serves as an homage to the 1900 Summer Olympics in Paris, which were the first to allow women to participate. The emblem was designed by the French designer Sylvain Boyer with the French design agencies Ecobranding & Royalties.
The emblem for Paris 2024 was considered the biggest new logo release of 2019 by many design magazines. An Opinion Way survey shows that 83 per cent of French people say they like the new Paris 2024 Games emblem. Approval ratings were high, with 82 per cent of those surveyed finding it aesthetically appealing and 78 per cent finding it to be creative. It was met with some mockery on social media, one user commenting that the logo "would be better suited to a dating site or a hair salon".
For the first time, the 2024 Summer Paralympics is sharing the same emblem as its corresponding Olympics, with no difference, reflecting a shared "ambition" between both events.
On 14 November 2022, The Phryges were unveiled as the mascots of the 2024 Summer Olympics and Paralympics; they are a pair of anthropomorphic Phrygian caps, a historic French symbol of freedom and liberty. Marianne is commonly depicted wearing the Phrygian cap, including in the Eugène Delacroix painting, Liberty Leading the People. The two mascots share a motto of "Alone we go faster, but together we go further".
|Sponsors of the 2024 Summer Olympics|
|Worldwide Olympic Partners|
|Official Suppliers and Supporters
In France, domestic rights to the 2024 Summer Olympics are owned by Warner Bros. Discovery (formerly Discovery Inc.) via Eurosport, with free-to-air coverage sub-licensed to the country's public broadcaster France Télévisions.
French newspaper Libération reported that workers were being paid around €80 ($86.7) per day without any official declaration, social security, or resting day. Some workers expressed anger and dissatisfaction as they never receive the salary guaranteed on the contract, while some said that there are no proper safety materials for them when doing high risk jobs.
A The Times report cited an analysis by Dragonfly, a security and geopolitical firm, by which the level of terror threats for Paris 2024 Games remains "severe", including the potential use of bombing drone attacks. It was also reported that the British Olympic Association will provide an app to athletes and staff so they can have access to instant help and share their whereabouts.
The potential participation of Russian and Belarusian athletes has remained controversial amid the Russian invasion of Ukraine. In February 2022, the International Olympic Committee (IOC) recommended sports federations to ban Russian and Belarusian athletes and officials from participating in international tournaments, citing the violation of the Olympic Truce.
In January 2023, the IOC announced plans to introduce Russian and Belarusian athletes as neutrals. In response, Poland's sport and tourism minister stated that up to 40 countries would consider boycotting the 2024 Olympics if the Russians and Belarusians are not excluded. On 3 February 2023, the National Olympic and Paralympic Committees of the five Nordic countries (Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden) issued a joint statement opposing the participation of Russian and Belarusian athletes at the 2024 Summer Olympics in Paris. Countries which have threatened a boycott include Denmark, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland and Ukraine. Among the other countries where there is speculation about a boycott include the United Kingdom, Canada, Japan, New Zealand and South Korea.
On 1 February 2023, the United Nations released a report, commending the IOC for considering reinstating Russian and Belarusian athletes, and urged the organization to go further and make sure that "no athlete should be required to take sides in the conflict", urging the IOC to "take more steps to align its recommendations with international human rights standards on non-discrimination." The UN also stated that the IOC should "[ensure] the non-discrimination of any athlete on the basis of their nationality. The report summarized that "[the condition to condemn Russia's invasion] opens the door to pressure and interpretation. The same rules must apply to all athletes, whatever their nationality. This includes the rule that any advocacy of national, racial or religious hatred that constitutes incitement to discrimination, hostility or violence shall be prohibited". The UN Special Rapporteur Alexandra Xanthaki was accused of using Soviet propaganda tactics, namely whataboutism, while advocating for the full reinstatement of Russian and Belarusian athletes; when pressed on the matter of close links between athletes and state agencies in these countries, she referenced wars in Iraq, Libya, Syria and Israel, questioning the lack of similar discourse surrounding those conflicts. She also stated that all nation states of the Global South support Russia's return.
On 26 January 2023, The Olympic Council of Asia invited Russian and Belarusian athletes to compete in 2022 Hangzhou Asian Games, under a neutral flag and without possibility to win medals and win Asian quota places on Olympic Games. Russian Deputy Sport Minister Alexey Morozov claimed that similar statement was made by "African Countries". On 2 February 2023, the United States welcomed the return of Russian and Belarusian athletes, but only under a neutral designation with strict criteria. On 3 February, Czech Republic confirmed it will not join a potential boycott. On 8 February, Greece spoke out against boycotts of any kind, as well as the politicization of the Olympics, affirming their participation in the Games. In March 2023, Australia and Germany indicated they would welcome Russia, although Germany noted it is not something they like.
In February 2023, the IOC confirmed that it has not entered official discussions as to whether Russian and Belarusian athletes could compete, but the head of the IOC, Thomas Bach, has stated that it should not be up to national governments to decide who gets to participate in international sporting tournaments, indicating that he was also against the banning of athletes from Russia and Belarus. On 22 March 2023, Bach further reiterated his support for reinstating Russian and Belarusian athletes, expressing opposition to political influence on sports and "any suggestion that Russians should be treated as if they have collective guilt".
The IOC published a statement stating that it supported the return of Russian and Belarusian athletes, as long as they did not "actively" support the war and as long as their flag, anthem, colours, and organizations were excluded (thus preventing them from competing under the Russian Olympic Committee as in Tokyo 2020 and Beijing 2022). The IOC additionally stated that they "appreciated" the Olympic Council of Asia giving Russian/Belarusian athletes access to Asian competitions, and compared the situation to the Independent Olympic Participants at the 1992 Summer Olympics. The IOC stated that "the IOC’s exploration enjoys the overwhelming support of the International Federations, their umbrella body (the Association of Summer Olympic International Federations (ASOIF)), the National Olympic Committees (NOCs), including all the five Continental Associations (Association of NOCs of Africa, European Olympic Committees, Olympic Council of Asia, Oceania National Olympic Committees and Panam Sports) plus the Association of National Olympic Committees (ANOC), representing all 206 National Olympic Committees."
The UN and IOC statements provoked an angry reaction from Ukrainian officials, who accused them of appeasing Russia.
On 4 March 2023, the Association of National Olympic Committees of Africa announced their support for the IOC's decision to reinstate Russian and Belarusian athletes as neutrals, as well as the countries' participation in the Olympics.
On 10 March 2023, the International Fencing Federation (FIE) became the first Olympic governing body to officially reinstate Russian and Belarusian athletes and officials, in time for the start of the qualification for the 2024 Games. Protesting this decision, Denmark, France, Germany, and Poland cancelled upcoming World Cup fencing events to prevent Russians and Belarusians from participating. In April 2023, it was revealed that the European Fencing Confederation had sent a critical letter to the FIE, outlining their opposition to the FIE's plans to strip the countries, that had indicated they would not grant visas to Russians and Belarusians, from hosting rights and impose sanctions on them.
As of May 2023, after the International Canoe Federation (ICF) reinstated Russian and Belarusian athletes, the number of summer sport international federations to do so had risen to 10.
In July 2023, the IOC stated that while Russia and Belarus would not be formally invited, their athletes would be allowed to compete as neutrals in a similar manner to Wimbledon after it reversed its ban of Russians and Belarusians that year.
Since July 1, 2020 (and reconfirmed by FIE public notices in September 2020 and January 2021), by public written notice the FIE had replaced its previous handshake requirement with a "salute" by the opposing fencers, and written in its public notice that handshakes were "suspended until further notice." Nevertheless, in July 2023 Ukrainian four-time world fencing individual sabre champion Olga Kharlan was disqualified at the World Fencing Championships by the Fédération Internationale d'Escrime for not shaking the hand of her defeated Russian opponent, though Kharlan instead offered a tapping of blades in acknowledgement; Bach stepped in the next day. As President of the IOC, he sent a letter to Kharlan in which he expressed empathy for her, and wrote that in light of the situation she was being guaranteed a spot in the 2024 Summer Olympics. He wrote further: "as a fellow fencer, it is impossible for me to imagine how you feel at this moment. The war against your country, the suffering of the people in Ukraine, the uncertainty around your participation at the Fencing World Championships ... and then the events which unfolded yesterday - all this is a roller coaster of emotions and feelings. It is admirable how you are managing this incredibly difficult situation, and I would like to express my full support to you. Rest assured that the IOC will continue to stand in full solidarity with the Ukrainian athletes and the Olympic community of Ukraine."
The 10,500-athlete quota set for Paris 2024, including new sports, will lead to an overall reduction in the number of athletes
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