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Games of the XXXIII Olympiad
Emblem of the 2024 Summer Olympics
Host cityParis, France
MottoGames wide open
(French: Ouvrons grand les Jeux)[1][2]
Athletes10,500 (quota limit)[3]
Events329 in 32 sports
Opening26 July 2024
Closing11 August 2024
StadiumJardins du Trocadéro and the Seine
(opening ceremony)
Stade de France
(athletics competition, closing ceremony)[4]
Summer
Winter
2024 Summer Paralympics

The 2024 Summer Olympics (French: Jeux olympiques d'été de 2024), officially the Games of the XXXIII Olympiad (French: Jeux de la XXXIIIe Olympiade) and commonly known as Paris 2024, is an upcoming international multi-sport event scheduled to take place from 26 July to 11 August 2024 in France, with Paris as the main host city and 16 other cities spread across metropolitan France, plus one subsite in Tahiti—an island within the French overseas country and overseas collectivity of French Polynesia.[5]

Paris was awarded the Games at the 131st IOC Session in Lima, Peru, on 13 September 2017. After multiple withdrawals that left only Paris and Los Angeles in contention, the International Olympic Committee (IOC) approved a process to concurrently award the 2024 and 2028 Summer Olympics to the two cities. Having previously hosted in 1900 and 1924, Paris will become the second city, after London (who were the hosts in 1908, 1948 and 2012) to host the Summer Olympics three times. Paris 2024 will mark the centenary of Paris 1924, and these Olympic Games will be the sixth hosted by France (three in summer and three in winter), and the first French Olympics since the 1992 Winter Olympics in Albertville. Following Paris 2024, the Summer Games will return to the traditional four-year Olympiad cycle, as the 2020 Summer Olympics in Tokyo was delayed by a year due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

Paris 2024 will feature the debut of breaking (also known as breakdancing)[6] as an Olympic event, and it will be the final Olympic Games held during the presidency of IOC President Thomas Bach.[7] The Games will be the first to feature identical number of athletes between men and women. The Games are expected to cost €8.3 billion.[8]

Bidding process

Further information: Bids for the 2024 and 2028 Summer Olympics

The five candidate cities were Paris, Hamburg, Budapest, Rome, and Los Angeles. The bidding process was slowed by withdrawals, political uncertainty and deterring costs.[9] Hamburg withdrew its bid on 29 November 2015 after holding a referendum.[10] Rome withdrew on 21  September 2016, citing fiscal difficulties.[11] Budapest withdrew on 22  February 2017, after a petition against the bid collected more signatures than necessary for a referendum.[12][13][14]

Following these withdrawals, the IOC Executive Board met on 9 June 2017 in Lausanne, Switzerland, to discuss the 2024 and 2028 bid processes.[15][16] The International Olympic Committee formally proposed electing the 2024 and 2028 Olympic host cities at the same time in 2017, a proposal which an Extraordinary IOC Session approved on 11 July 2017 in Lausanne.[16] The IOC set up a process whereby the LA 2024 and Paris 2024 bid committees met with the IOC to discuss which city would host the Games in 2024 and 2028, and whether it was possible to select the host cities for both at the same time.[17]

Following the decision to award the two Games simultaneously, Paris was understood to be the preferred host for 2024. On 31 July 2017, the IOC announced Los Angeles as the sole candidate for 2028,[18][19] enabling Paris to be confirmed as host for 2024. Both decisions were ratified at the 131st IOC Session on 13 September 2017.[20]

Host city election

Paris was elected as the host city on 13 September 2017 at the 131st IOC Session in Lima, Peru. The two French IOC members, Guy Drut and Tony Estanguet, were ineligible to vote under the rules of the Olympic Charter.

2024 Summer Olympics
bidding results
City Nation Votes
Paris  France Unanimous

Development and preparations

Venues

Most of the Olympic events will be held in the city of Paris and its metropolitan region, including the neighbouring cities of Saint-Denis, Le Bourget, Nanterre, Versailles, and Vaires-sur-Marne.[21][22]

The handball tournaments will be held in Lille, which is 225 km (140 mi) from the host city; the sailing and some football games will be held in the Mediterranean city of Marseille, which is 777 km (483 mi) from the host city; meanwhile, the surfing events are expected to be held in Teahupo'o village in the overseas territory of French Polynesia, which is 15,716 km (9,765 mi) from the host city. Football will also be hosted in another five cities, which are Bordeaux, Décines-Charpieu (Lyon), Nantes, Nice and Saint-Étienne, some of which are home to Ligue 1 clubs.

Grand Paris zone

Stade de France
Paris Aquatic Centre
Porte de La Chapelle Arena
Venue Events Capacity Status
Yves du Manoir Stadium Field hockey 15,000 Renovated
Stade de France Rugby Sevens 77,083 Existing
Athletics (track and field)
Closing Ceremony
Paris La Défense Arena Aquatics (swimming, water polo finals) 15,220
Porte de La Chapelle Arena Badminton 8,000 Additional
Gymnastics (rhythmic)
Paris Aquatic Centre[23][24] Aquatics (water polo preliminaries, diving, artistic swimming) 5,000
Le Bourget Climbing Venue Sport climbing 5,000 Temporary
Arena Paris Nord Boxing (preliminaries, quarterfinals) 6,000 Existing
Modern pentathlon (fencing rounds)

Paris Centre zone

Champ de Mars
Grand Palais
Les Invalides
Parc des Princes
Stade Roland Garros
Venue Events Capacity Status
Parc des Princes Football (preliminaries and finals) 48,583 Existing
Stade Roland Garros[25] Tennis 36,000
(15,000 + 12,000 + 9,000)
Boxing (finals)
South Paris Arena Volleyball 12,000
Table Tennis 6,000
Handball (preliminaries) 6,000
Weightlifting
Bercy Arena Gymnastics (artistic and trampoline) 15,000
Basketball (finals)
Grand Palais Fencing 8,000
Taekwondo
Place de la Concorde Basketball (3x3) 30,000 Temporary
Breakdancing
Cycling (BMX freestyle)
Skateboarding
Hôtel de Ville Athletics (marathon start)
Pont Alexandre III Aquatics (marathon swimming) 1,000
Triathlon
Cycling (time trial finish)
Trocadéro (Pont d'Iéna) Athletics (race walk) 13,000
(3,000 sitting)
Cycling (road race)
Eiffel Tower Stadium (Champ de Mars) Beach Volleyball 12,000
Grand Palais Éphémère Judo 9,000
Wrestling
Les Invalides Archery 8,000
Athletics (marathon finish)
Cycling (time trial start)

Versailles zone

Le Golf National
Vélodrome de Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines
Château de Versailles
Vaires-Torcy Nautical Centre
Venue Events Capacity Status
Gardens of the Palace of Versailles Equestrian 80,000
(22,000 + 58,000)
Temporary
Modern pentathlon
(excluding fencing rounds)
Le Golf National Golf 35,000 Existing
Élancourt Hill Cycling (Mountain biking) 25,000
Vélodrome de Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines Cycling (track) 5,000
Cycling (BMX racing) 5,000

Outlying venues

Parc Olympique Lyonnais
Marseille
Venue Events Capacity Status
Pierre Mauroy Stadium (Lille) Basketball (preliminaries) 26,000 Existing
Handball (finals)
National Olympic Nautical Stadium of Île-de-France (Vaires-sur-Marne) Rowing 22,000
Canoe-Kayak (slalom, sprint)
Stade Vélodrome (Marseille) Football (6 preliminaries, quarterfinals, women's and men's semi-final) 67,394
Parc Olympique Lyonnais (Lyon) Football (6 preliminaries, quarterfinals, men's and women's semi-final, women's 3rd place match) 59,186
Stade Matmut Atlantique (Bordeaux) Football (6 preliminaries, quarter-finals) 42,115
Stade Geoffroy-Guichard (Saint-Étienne) Football (6 preliminaries) 41,965
Allianz Riviera (Nice) Football (6 preliminaries) 35,624
Stade de la Beaujoire (Nantes) Football (6 preliminaries, quarterfinals, men's 3rd place) 35,322
Old Port of Marseille (Marseille) Sailing 5,000
Taiarapu-Ouest (Tahiti) Surfing 5,000
National Shooting Centre (Châteauroux) Shooting 3,000

Non-competitive

Venue Events Capacity Status
Jardins du Trocadéro and River Seine Opening Ceremony 330,000
(30,000 + 300,000)
Temporary
L'Île-Saint-Denis Olympic Village 18,000 Additional
Parc de l'Aire des Vents, Dugny Media Village Temporary
Le Bourget Exhibition Centre and Media Village IBC 15,000 Existing
Paris Congress Centre MPC


Medals

Paris 2024 president Tony Estanguet unveiled the Olympic and Paralympic medals for the Games in February 2024, which on the obverse featured embedded hexagon-shaped tokens of scrap iron that had been taken from the original construction of the Eiffel Tower, with the Games logo engraved into it.[26] Approximately 5,084 medals would be produced by the French mint Monnaie de Paris, and were designed by Chaumet, a luxury jewellery firm based in Paris.[27]

The reverse of the medals features Nike, the Greek goddess of victory, inside the Panathenaic Stadium which hosted the first modern Olympics in 1896. Parthenon and the Eiffel Tower can also be seen in the background on both sides of the medal.[28] Each medal weighs 455–529 g (16–19 oz), has a diameter of 85 mm (3.3 in) and is 9.2 mm (0.36 in) thick.[29] The gold medals are made with 98.8 percent silver and 1.13 percent gold, while the bronze medals are made up with copper, zinc, and tin.[30]

Security

France reached an agreement with Europol and the UK Home Office to help strengthen security and "facilitate operational information exchange" and "international law enforcement cooperation" during the Games.[31] Within the agreements, it was planned to deploy more drones and sea barriers to prevent small boats from crossing the channel illegally.[32] Police in Paris held inspections and rehearsals within their bomb disposal unit before the Games, similar to their preparations for the 2023 Rugby World Cup at the Stade de France.[33] French president Emmanuel Macron stated France were prepared to switch the location of the opening ceremony depending on the security situation.[34]

As a part of Qatari Emir Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al-Thani visit to France, several agreements were signed between two nations to enhance security for the Olympics.[35] In preparation for the significant security demands and counterterrorist measures, Poland has pledged to contribute security troops, including sniffer dog handlers, to support international efforts aimed at ensuring the safety for the Olympic Games in Paris.[36][37]

Volunteers

The Paris 2024 volunteer platform for the Olympic and Paralympic Games was opened to the public in March 2023. There were expected to be 45,000 volunteers recruited worldwide for the Games.[38] Following the end of registration on 3 May 2023, over 300,000 applications had been submitted to the Paris Organizing Committee, exceeding the number of applicants for the previous two Olympics.[39] Applicants were notified of the outcome of their application between September and December 2023.[40] Over 800 applicants were excluded over security fears, among which 15 were flagged with Fiche S.[41]

Ceremonies

A viewing party for the 2020 Summer Olympics at Place du Trocadéro, which will host the official protocol for 2024.

In July 2021, Paris 2024 president Tony Estanguet stated that the COJOP2024 was conducting a feasibility study on hosting the opening and closing ceremonies outside of a traditional stadium setting, so that they could "marry the best of Paris–the iconic sites–to the possibility of engaging with hundreds of thousands of people, maybe more."[42] This concept of an "open Games" was exemplified in the Paris 2024 handover presentation during the Tokyo 2020 closing ceremony,[42] which featured a live segment from a viewing party at Place du Trocadéro.[43] Estanguet expected the sites for the ceremonies to be announced by the end of the year.[42]

On 13 December 2021, it was announced that the opening ceremony will feature athletes being transported by boat from Pont d'Austerlitz to Pont d'Iéna along the Seine river. The 6-kilometre (3.7-mile) route will pass landmarks such as the Louvre, Notre-Dame de Paris, and Place de la Concorde, and feature cultural presentations. The official protocol will take place at a 30,000 seat "mini-stadium" at the Trocadéro. Organisers stated that the ceremony would be the most "spectacular and accessible opening ceremony in Olympic history", with Estanguet stating that it would be free to attend, and estimating that it could attract as many as 600,000 spectators. Thus, the Games will return to its full spectator capacity after the 2020 Games in Tokyo were held mostly behind closed doors as a precaution against the COVID-19 pandemic.[44][45][46][47] In January 2024 organizers announced attendence would be closer to 300,000, with 220,000 free tickets distributed due to security concerns. [48]

On 23 September 2022, it was announced that the closing ceremonies would be conducted the traditional way, as they will take place at Stade de France.[49]

On 8 March 2024, the organizing committee announced that the opening ceremony would start at 7:30 PM (CEST, GMT+2), to enhance the ceremony, with Paris 2024 president Tony Estanguet saying, "We are delighted to launch an Opening Ceremony that beautifully illustrates the intersection between sport and the city. The natural light of the setting sun will add a truly poetic dimension to the event, inviting both athletes and the public to appreciate the natural beauty of the City of Lights."[50] On 19 March 2024 the IOC announced that Russian and Belarusian athletes will not take part in the opening ceremony.[51][52]

The Games

Sports

In accordance with the current rules of the International Olympic Committee, which have been in force since 2017, the program of the Summer Olympics consists of 28 mandatory "core" sports that persist between Games and a maximum of six optional sports that can be added for each edition of the Games.

The optional sports are selected by the relevant Organising Committee, and included in a list that must be sent to the International Olympic Committee not less than five years before each edition in order to improve local interest,[53][54] provided that the total number of participants does not exceed 10,500 athletes.[3]

During the 131st IOC Session in September 2017, the IOC approved the 28 sports of the 2016 program for Paris 2024, while also inviting the Paris Organising Committee to submit up to five additional sports for consideration.[55][56]

When Paris was bidding for the Games in August 2017, the Paris Organising Committee announced that it would hold talks with the IOC and professional esports organisations about the possibility of introducing competitive events in 2024.[57][58] In July 2018, the IOC confirmed that it would not consider esports for the 2024 Olympics.[59] On 21 February 2019, the Paris Organising Committee proposed the inclusion of breakdancing (breaking), along with skateboarding, sport climbing, and surfing - three sports that debuted at the then-upcoming 2020 Summer Olympics - as optional sports.[60][61][59]

All four additional sports were approved during the 134th IOC Session in Lausanne, Switzerland, on 24 June 2019.[61][59][62]

Scheduled to feature 32 sports encompassing 329 events, Paris 2024 will be the first Summer Olympics since 1960 to have fewer events than the previous edition. In the table below, the number of events in each discipline is noted in parentheses.

The disciplines of karate and baseball/softball have both been removed from the program since 2020, with the loss of 10 events in total, while four events have been dropped from the weightlifting discipline.

In canoeing, two sprint events have been replaced with two slalom events, keeping the overall total at 16. Introduced as a new discipline, breaking has added two events to the program, while in sport climbing, the previous "combined" event has been split up to create the separate events of "speed climbing" and "boulder-and-lead" for each gender.[63]

In February 2023, USA Boxing announced its decision to boycott the 2023 World Championships (organized by the International Boxing Association) where Russian and Belarusian athletes would compete with no restrictions, also accusing the IBA of attempting to sabotage IOC-approved qualification pathway for the 2024 Summer Olympics: Poland, Switzerland, the Netherlands, Great Britain, Ireland, the Czech Republic, Sweden and Canada later joined the U.S.[64]

2024 Summer Olympic Sports program

Participating National Olympic Committees

The following is a list of National Olympic Committees who have qualified at least one athlete for the 2024 Summer Olympics.

Following the Russian invasion of Ukraine, the IOC banned Russia and Belarus from the games for violating the Olympic Truce. Russian and Belarusian athletes may instead compete as "Individual Neutral Athletes" (AIN),[65] as long as they did not "actively" support the war.[66] Individual neutral athletes must be approved by each sport's international federation, but an international federation has the discretion not to approve any athletes in their sport.[67]

Participating National Olympic Committees

Number of athletes by National Olympic Committees

As of 4 April 2024

Calendar

The following schedule is correct as of the latest schedule released in March 2024. The exact schedule can change up until the end of the games.[68]

All times and dates use Central European Summer Time (UTC+2)
OC Opening ceremony Event competitions 1 Gold medal events CC Closing ceremony
July/August 2024 July August Events
24th
Wed
25th
Thu
26th
Fri
27th
Sat
28th
Sun
29th
Mon
30th
Tue
31st
Wed
1st
Thu
2nd
Fri
3rd
Sat
4th
Sun
5th
Mon
6th
Tue
7th
Wed
8th
Thu
9th
Fri
10th
Sat
11th
Sun
Ceremonies OC CC
Aquatics Artistic swimming 1 1 2
Diving 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 8
Marathon swimming 1 1 2
Swimming 4 3 5 3 5 4 3 4 4 35
Water polo 1 1 2
Archery 1 1 1 1 1 5
Athletics 2 1 5 3 4 5 5 5 8 9 1 48
Badminton 1 1 1 2 5
Basketball Basketball 1 1 2
3×3 Basketball 2 2
Boxing 1 2 2 4 4 13
Breaking 1 1 2
Canoeing Slalom 1 1 1 1 2 6
Sprint 3 4 3 10
Cycling Road cycling 2 1 1 4
Track cycling 1 1 2 2 2 1 3 12
BMX 2 2 4
Mountain biking 1 1 2
Equestrian
Dressage 1 1 2
Eventing 2 2
Jumping 1 1 2
Fencing 2 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 12
Field hockey 1 1 2
Football 1 1 2
Golf 1 1 2
Gymnastics Artistic 1 1 1 1 3 3 4 14
Rhythmic 1 1 2
Trampoline 2 2
Handball 1 1 2
Judo 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 1 15
Modern pentathlon 1 1 2
Rowing 2 4 4 4 14
Rugby sevens 1 1 2
Sailing 2 2 2 2 2 10
Shooting 1 2 2 2 1 1 1 2 1 2 15
Skateboarding 1 1 1 1 4
Sport climbing 1 1 1 1 4
Surfing 2 2
Table tennis 1 1 1 1 1 5
Taekwondo 2 2 2 2 8
Tennis 1 2 2 5
Triathlon 1 1 1 3
Volleyball Beach volleyball 1 1 2
Volleyball 1 1 2
Weightlifting 2 2 2 3 1 10
Wrestling 3 3 3 3 3 3 18
Daily medal events 14 13 18 12 19 18 23 27 20 18 15 21 25 34 39 13 329
Cumulative total 14 27 45 57 76 94 117 144 164 182 197 218 243 277 316 329
July/August 2024
24th
Wed
25th
Thu
26th
Fri
27th
Sat
28th
Sun
29th
Mon
30th
Tue
31st
Wed
1st
Thu
2nd
Fri
3rd
Sat
4th
Sun
5th
Mon
6th
Tue
7th
Wed
8th
Thu
9th
Fri
10th
Sat
11th
Sun
Total events
July August


Marketing

Emblem

The emblem for the 2024 Summer Olympics and Paralympics was unveiled on 21 October 2019 at the Grand Rex. Inspired by Art Deco,[69][70] it is a representation of Marianne, the national personification of France, with a flame formed in negative space by her hair. The emblem also resembles a gold medal. Tony Estanguet explained that the emblem symbolised "the power and the magic of the Games", and the Games being "for people". The use of a female figure also serves as an homage to the 1900 Summer Olympics in Paris, which were the first to allow women to participate.[71] The emblem was designed by the French designer Sylvain Boyer[72] with the French design agencies Ecobranding & Royalties.[73][74][72]

The emblem for Paris 2024 was considered the biggest new logo release of 2019 by many design magazines.[75][76] An Opinion Way survey shows that 83 per cent of French people say they like the new Paris 2024 Games emblem. Approval ratings were high, with 82 per cent of those surveyed finding it aesthetically appealing and 78 per cent finding it to be creative.[77] It was met with some mockery on social media, one user commenting that the logo "would be better suited to a dating site or a hair salon".[71]

For the first time, the 2024 Summer Paralympics is sharing the same emblem as its corresponding Olympics, with no difference, reflecting a shared "ambition" between both events.[78]

Mascots

The Olympic Phryge (left), the official mascot of the 2024 Summer Olympics, and the Paralympic Phryge (right), the official mascot of the 2024 Summer Paralympics. Note that the lighter variant of the French flag is being used.

On 14 November 2022, The Phryges were unveiled as the mascots of the 2024 Summer Olympics and Paralympics; they are a pair of anthropomorphic Phrygian caps, a historic French symbol of freedom and liberty.[79][80] Marianne is commonly depicted wearing the Phrygian cap, including in the Eugène Delacroix painting, Liberty Leading the People.[81][82] The two mascots share a motto of "Alone we go faster, but together we go further".[83]

Poster

The Olympic poster for these games was revealed on 4 March 2024. Designed by Uga Gattoni, the poster uses a diptych design, with one half representing the Olympics and the other half representing the Paralympics. For the first time, the Olympic poster and Paralympic poster were designed together, as each one can work independently as halves, or be combined into one poster all together. The posters took 2,000 hours, across six months to complete.[84][85]

Corporate sponsorship

Belgian beverage company AB InBev became the first Worldwide Olympic Partner during the Games.[86]

Sponsors of the 2024 Summer Olympics [87][88]
Worldwide Olympic Partners
Premium Partners
Official Partners
Official Suppliers and Supporters

Broadcasting rights

Main article: List of 2024 Summer Olympics broadcasters

In France, domestic rights to the 2024 Summer Olympics are owned by Warner Bros. Discovery (formerly Discovery Inc.) via Eurosport, with free-to-air coverage sub-licensed to the country's public broadcaster France Télévisions.[95]

Concerns and controversies

Main article: Concerns and controversies at the 2024 Summer Olympics

There were various issues that caused concerns and controversies related to the Olympics.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b The local NOC is under sanctions imposed by the World Anti-Doping Agency for non-compliance; if the sanctions are not lifted by July 2024, their athletes would have to compete under a neutral name and flag.

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Summer Olympics Preceded byTokyo XXXIII OlympiadParis 2024 Succeeded byLos Angeles