.mw-parser-output .hidden-begin{box-sizing:border-box;width:100%;padding:5px;border:none;font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .hidden-title{font-weight:bold;line-height:1.6;text-align:left}.mw-parser-output .hidden-content{text-align:left}You can help expand this article with text translated from the corresponding article in German. (December 2021) Click [show] for important translation instructions. View a machine-translated version of the German article. Machine translation, like DeepL or Google Translate, is a useful starting point for translations, but translators must revise errors as necessary and confirm that the translation is accurate, rather than simply copy-pasting machine-translated text into the English Wikipedia. Consider adding a topic to this template: there are already 8,962 articles in the main category, and specifying|topic= will aid in categorization. Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality. If possible, verify the text with references provided in the foreign-language article. You must provide copyright attribution in the edit summary accompanying your translation by providing an interlanguage link to the source of your translation. A model attribution edit summary is Content in this edit is translated from the existing German Wikipedia article at [[:de:Thomas Bach]]; see its history for attribution. You should also add the template ((Translated|de|Thomas Bach)) to the talk page. For more guidance, see Wikipedia:Translation.
Thomas Bach
Bach in 2014
9th President of the International Olympic Committee
Assumed office
10 September 2013
Preceded byJacques Rogge
Personal details
Born (1953-12-29) 29 December 1953 (age 70)
Würzburg, Bavaria, Germany
Alma materUniversity of Würzburg (Dr. iur. utr.)
ProfessionLawyer
Signature
Sports career
Height171 cm (5 ft 7 in)
Weight65 kg (143 lb)
SportFencing
ClubFencing-Club Tauberbischofsheim[1]
Medal record
Representing  West Germany
Olympic Games
Gold medal – first place 1976 Montréal Foil, team
World Championships
Gold medal – first place 1977 Buenos Aires Foil, team
Silver medal – second place 1973 Gothenburg Foil, team
Bronze medal – third place 1979 Melbourne Foil, team

Thomas Bach OLY[2] (born 29 December 1953) is a German lawyer, former Olympic foil fencer, and foil team gold medalist. He has been serving as the ninth and current president of the International Olympic Committee since 2013, the first-ever Olympic champion to be elected to that position. Bach is also a former German Individual Foil Champion, and former member of the German Olympic Sports Confederation's executive board. Bach is a highly controversial figure due to: his extraordinarily well paid consulting activities for Siemens; his activities for the controversial Arab-German Chamber of Commerce; his ties with the undemocratic government of Azerbaijan, and his ties with Vladimir Putin.

Early life and education

Thomas Bach was born in Würzburg. He grew up in Tauberbischofsheim, where he lived with his parents until 1977. Bach earned a doctor of law (Dr. iur. utr.) degree in 1983 at the University of Würzburg.[3][4][5] In addition to his native German, he speaks fluent French, English and Spanish.[6]

Fencing career

Bach is a former foil fencer, who competed for West Germany. In 1971, at 17 years of age, he won the German national junior foil championship, and a bronze medal at the Junior World Fencing Championships in Chicago, Illinois.[7][8]

At the World Fencing Championships he also won a team silver medal in 1973 in Gothenburg, Sweden, a team gold medal in 1977 in Buenos Aires, Argentina, and a team bronze medal in 1979 in Melbourne. Australia.[9][10] Bach completed his last competitive international match on 26 October 1980 in Shanghai.[11]

He won a foil team gold medal at the 1976 Summer Olympics in Montreal, Canada.[1] On 11 November 2017, Bach was formally granted the use of the post-nominal letters "OLY".[12]

Nationally, Bach won the 1977 and 1978 German Individual Foil Championships.[9][7] He also won the 1978 European Cup of Champions of foil teams.[9]

DOSB Presidency

Sign at the house of Thomas Bach, where he lived in 1953–1977, at the Sonnenplatz in Tauberbischofsheim

Bach served as the President of the German Olympic Sports Confederation (DOSB), prior to becoming President of the International Olympic Committee (IOC). In order to run for IOC Presidency, he resigned as the head of the DOSB on 16 September 2013, having served in that position since 2006. He was replaced by Alfons Hörmann, and remained a member of the DOSB Executive Board. Additionally, he resigned as the head of Ghorfa Arab-German Chamber of Commerce and Industry. Bach would, however, continue serving as the head of Michael Weinig AG Company, a company in the industrial woodworking machinery industry that has its headquarters in Bach's hometown of Tauberbischofsheim.[13]

In 2012, Bach headed Munich's bid for the 2018 Winter Olympics.[14] In the host city election, Munich secured 25 votes as South Korea's Pyeongchang was elected as host city with 63 votes.

IOC Presidency

Like his predecessors Juan Antonio Samaranch and Jacques Rogge, Thomas Bach stays in the Lausanne Palace when he is in Lausanne[15]

On 9 May 2013, Bach confirmed that he would run for President of the International Olympic Committee.[16][17]

2013 IOC presidential election

Bach was elected to an eight-year term as IOC President at the 125th IOC Session in Buenos Aires on 10 September 2013. He secured 49 votes in the final round of voting, giving him the majority needed to be elected. He succeeded Jacques Rogge, who had served as IOC President from 2001 to 2013.[18] Bach would be eligible to run for a second four-year term at the 134th IOC Session in 2019 until 2025.[19]

Bach's successful election came against five other candidates: Sergey Bubka, Richard Carrión, Ng Ser Miang, Denis Oswald and Wu Ching-Kuo.[19] The result of the election was as follows:

Election of the 9th IOC President[20]
Candidate Round 1[21] Round 2
Germany Thomas Bach 43 49
Ukraine Sergey Bubka 8 4
Puerto Rico Richard Carrión 23 29
Singapore Ng Ser Miang 6 6
Switzerland Denis Oswald 7 5
Chinese Taipei Wu Ching-kuo 6

Bach officially moved into the IOC presidential office at the IOC headquarters in Lausanne, Switzerland, on 17 September 2013, a week after being elected president.[22]

At a meeting of the 137th session of the International Olympic Committee on 10 March 2021, Bach was re-elected to an additional four-year term as President. Bach, 67, was re-elected by a 93–1 vote from 94 valid votes during the session which was held virtually due to the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic.[23] This is Bach's final term as IOC President, as the organization's rules limit the president's term to eight years with one renewal of four years.[24]

Olympic Agenda 2020

This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (June 2018)

Following his election as IOC President, Bach indicated his desire to change the Olympic bidding process and make sustainable development a priority. He stated that the current bidding process "asks too much, too early".[25] These forty proposed reforms became known as Olympic Agenda 2020; they were all unanimously approved at the 127th IOC Session in Monaco.

Olympic host city elections

The first bidding process over which Thomas Bach presided was for the 2022 Winter Olympics. Bids were due in November 2013, and the host city, Beijing, was elected to host the 2022 Winter Olympics at the 128th IOC Session in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, in July 2015. Lausanne was elected to host the 2020 Winter Youth Olympics during that same session.

During the bidding process for the 2024 Summer Olympics in 2017, President Bach proposed a joint awarding of the 2024 and 2028 Summer Olympics after several bidders withdrew. The IOC later approved a plan to award the 2024 Olympics to Paris, with Los Angeles securing the right to host the 2028 Olympics. President Bach presided over the electoral procedures at the 131st IOC Session in Lima, Peru. Both cities were unanimously elected.

Milan and Cortina d'Ampezzo were elected to host the 2026 Winter Olympics at the 134th IOC Session in Lausanne, Switzerland, in 2019.

COVID-19 pandemic

On 5 March 2020, Bloomberg News reported that Bach had stated "Neither the word 'cancellation' nor the word 'postponement' were even mentioned" regarding the upcoming 2020 Summer Olympics in Tokyo amidst the COVID-19 pandemic at the IOC's executive board meeting the previous day.[26] On 22 March 2020, the IOC announced that within four weeks a decision would be made on whether Tokyo 2020 is going to be staged as planned or whether a postponement is necessary.[27][28][29] Later that month, the IOC reversed the course and rescheduled the 2020 Games to 23 July–8 August 2021.[30]

Olga Kharlan incident

Since July 1, 2020 (and reconfirmed by FIE public notice in September 2020 and in January 2021), by public written notice the FIE had replaced its previous handshake requirement with a "salute" by the opposing fencers, and written in its public notice that handshakes were "suspended until further notice."[31][32][33][34][35] Nevertheless, in July 2023 when Ukrainian four-time world fencing individual sabre champion Olga Kharlan was disqualified at the World Fencing Championships by the Fédération Internationale d'Escrime for not shaking the hand of her defeated Russian opponent, though Kharlan instead offered a tapping of blades in acknowledgement, Bach stepped in the next day.[36][37] As President of the IOC, he sent a letter to Kharlan in which he expressed empathy for her, and wrote that in light of the situation she was being guaranteed a spot in the 2024 Summer Olympics.[38][39] He wrote further: "as a fellow fencer, it is impossible for me to imagine how you feel at this moment. The war against your country, the suffering of the people in Ukraine, the uncertainty around your participation at the Fencing World Championships ... and then the events which unfolded yesterday - all this is a roller coaster of emotions and feelings. It is admirable how you are managing this incredibly difficult situation, and I would like to express my full support to you. Rest assured that the IOC will continue to stand in full solidarity with the Ukrainian athletes and the Olympic community of Ukraine."[40]

Criticism

Consultancy contract for Siemens

Thomas Bach came under criticism when it became known in April 2008 that he had a consulting contract with Siemens from the turn of the millennium, which was remunerated with 400,000 Euros in 2008 and provided for additional expenses of 5,000 Euros per day. Bach is said to have organized invitations from the Arab world for the Siemens Group. Siemens supervisory board members criticized that with such high fees, additional daily payment was "absolutely unusual." They also criticized a possible conflict of interest, because Siemens profited from contracts related to sports, and overlaps between his professional activities and his work as a sports official.[41][42][43]

President of the Ghorfa

Bach has been criticized for his work as president of Ghorfa Arab-German Chamber of Commerce and Industry (Ghorfa). Ghorfa legalizes trade documents of companies that want to export to Arab countries. It does so by certifying that the products do not contain parts from Israel. The practice was introduced in the 1970s as part of the Arab League's boycott of Israel.[44][45]

Controversies surrounding Russia

Thomas Bach and Russian President Vladimir Putin at the 2014 Winter Olympics in Sochi

One of the biggest challenges Bach has been faced with as IOC President is having to deal with Russia's state-sponsored doping scandal. This program did begin prior to his presidency, but nonetheless it has become a pressing issue during his tenure. It had been discovered that Russia tampered with the anti-doping lab at the 2014 Winter Olympics in Sochi and that the government had overseen mass doping among the Russian Olympic athletes for many years.[46][47] Speaking at the opening ceremony of the 2018 Winter Olympics, Bach's call to "respect the rules and stay clean" was widely interpreted as a reference to the Russian scandal.[48] Bach was harshly criticized for what many see as turning a blind eye to Russia's state-sponsored Olympic doping effort. Jim Walden, attorney for whistleblower Dr. Grigory Rodchenkov, called Bach's move to reinstate the Russian Olympic Committee following the 2018 Winter Olympics, despite the failed drug tests during the Games, "weakness in the face of evil".[49]

There was wide speculation that Vladimir Putin's support was a key factor in Thomas Bach's election as IOC president in September 2013.[50] It was reported that Putin had congratulated Bach by phone only a few minutes after his election.[51] These facts might have raised a few eyebrows, but can be explained by Russia's interests as hosts of the 2014 Winter Olympics in Sochi.

Bach has been criticized by German media for his perceived friendliness towards Russia.[52] He was even seen as instrumental in lifting the World Anti-Doping Agency's ban on Russian athletes in 2018.[53] Bach has also expressed support for participation of Russian and Belarusian athletes at the 2024 Summer Olympics, despite the ongoing Russo-Ukrainian War. Responding to opposition from several nation states, he said that it should not be up to national governments to decide who gets to participate in international sporting tournaments.[54] On 22 March 2023, Bach further reiterated his support for reinstating Russian and Belarusian athletes, expressing opposition to political influence on sports and "any suggestion that Russians should be treated as if they have collective guilt".[55]

2020 Summer Olympics

While Bach was in Tokyo in July 2021 to promote a safe launch of the postponed 2020 Summer Olympics, he referred to the Japanese people as "Chinese", triggering a backlash on social media.[56] Bach's visit to Hiroshima Peace Memorial Park was opposed by survivor groups, some of which accused Bach of using the historic place politically to "justify holding of the Olympics by force under the pandemic".[57][58] Furthermore, the Hiroshima prefectural and municipal governments had to cover some 3.79 million yen (roughly $34,000) in security costs for Bach after the IOC refused to pay.[59] As The Washington Post had called Bach "Von Ripper-off", the translated term "Bottakuri danshaku (ぼったくり男爵)" became his nickname, and made the top 10 in 2021's Buzzwords of the Year in Japan.[60][61][62]

Peng Shuai and 2022 Winter Olympics

Later in 2021, Chinese tennis star Peng Shuai was suspected have been forcibly disappeared after she accused Zhang Gaoli, a top official of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), of sexual assault. Following international outcry, the CCP offered an apparent "proof-of-life" video. Bach served as an interviewer in the video, in which Peng stated that she was safe and well. Zhang and Bach had met and worked together on the 2022 Winter Olympics in Beijing.[63][64][65][66] After the interview, Global Athlete, an athlete advocacy group, said the IOC had demonstrated "an abhorrent indifference to sexual violence and the well-being of female athletes".[67] Peng attended several events at the 2022 Winter Olympics and had a meeting with Bach and other IOC officials, where she announced her intention to travel to Europe after the COVID-19 pandemic is over.[68]

Other issues

Bach was criticised by journalist Marina Hyde in The Guardian for comparing the IOC positively to FIFA with regard to corruption.[69] Also in The Guardian, Owen Gibson accused Bach of hypocrisy for agreeing to be involved with the 2015 European Games hosted in Azerbaijan.[70] Twenty-nine journalists signed an open letter to Bach calling for him to condemn Azerbaijan's jailing of dissenters and attacks on freedom of expression.[71]

In 2017, Bach faced a backlash for his decision to rename synchronized swimming as artistic swimming. The name change spurred a petition signed by over 11,000 people from 88 countries with one signitary declaring "'Artistic Swimming' sounds like something society ladies did with their bosom friends at garden parties or after tea in the early 20th century".[72]

Honours

State honours

Honorary doctorates

Awards

Notes and references

  1. ^ a b Evans, Hilary; Gjerde, Arild; Heijmans, Jeroen; Mallon, Bill; et al. "Thomas Bach". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Archived from the original on 18 April 2020. Retrieved 16 April 2011.
  2. ^ "WOA Leadership". World Olympians Association. Retrieved 16 August 2021.
  3. ^ "Mr Thomas BACH – Deutscher Olympischer Sportbund, IOC Member since 1991". Olympic.org. 29 December 1953. Retrieved 22 August 2016.
  4. ^ "Vita Thomas Bach : Olympiasieger im Fechten, DOSB-Präsident" (PDF). Dosb.de. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 22 August 2016.
  5. ^ "Rechtsanwalt Dr. iur. utr. Peter Zimmermann – About me – Dr. iur. utr". Zimm-recht.com. Archived from the original on 9 August 2021. Retrieved 22 August 2016.
  6. ^ "Lord of the Rings: new IOC chief Thomas Bach | Sports | DW.COM | 10 September 2013". Dw.de. Retrieved 22 August 2016.
  7. ^ a b "One for all and all for one: Thomas Bach reflects on a golden moment at Montreal 1976"
  8. ^ "The Biographies o f all IOC Members"
  9. ^ a b c "Thomas Bach," Olympics.com.
  10. ^ Fechten – Weltmeisterschaften (Herren – Florett). sport-komplett.de
  11. ^ 袁虹衡; 李远飞 (10 October 2018). "奥运冠军吴静钰和国际奥委会主席巴赫及夫人 在青奥会上"家人团聚"" (in Chinese). 京报体育. Retrieved 1 March 2022. 最终侯琨发现了这本详细记录当年巴赫主席作为前西德运动员,随击剑队来华访问的中文资料,并与巴赫主席确认,他最后一场比赛的时间为1980年10月26日,地点在上海
  12. ^ "Athletes guilty of doping or bringing sport into disrepute will be barred from "OLY" lettering, WOA reveal". www.insidethegames.biz. 13 November 2017. Archived from the original on 18 May 2019. Retrieved 18 May 2019.
  13. ^ Mackay, Duncan (15 September 2013). "Exclusive: Bach to officially resign tomorrow from DOSB after being elected IOC President". Insidethegames.biz. Retrieved 22 August 2016.
  14. ^ "Exclusive: Quality of the 2020 Olympic bidders has put the IOC in a very comfortable position, reveals Bach". 5 February 2012.
  15. ^ (in French) Laurent Favre and Servan Peca, "Le CIO fait sa mue", Le Temps, Wednesday 15 April 2015, page 9.
  16. ^ "Nachfolger von Jacques Rogge: Thomas Bach kandidiert für IOC-Präsidentenamt". Spiegel Online. 8 May 2013. Retrieved 8 May 2013.
  17. ^ "Thomas Bach announces IOC presidential candidacy". Espn.go.com. 9 May 2013. Retrieved 22 August 2016.
  18. ^ Zaccardi, Nick (10 September 2013). "Thomas Bach elected as ninth IOC president". NBC OlympicTalk. Retrieved 10 September 2013.
  19. ^ a b "Next IOC President to be elected this Tuesday". 9 September 2013. Archived from the original on 9 September 2013. Retrieved 10 September 2013.
  20. ^ "Thomas Bach elected new IOC President". Olympic.org. Retrieved 10 September 2013.
  21. ^ Ser Miang Ng won round one tie-break vote 56–36 against Ching-kuo Wu.
  22. ^ Mackay, Duncan (17 September 2013). "Bach moves into office at IOC headquarters after becoming new President". Insidethegames.biz. Retrieved 22 August 2016.
  23. ^ "German Thomas Bach re-elected IOC president". Anadolu Agency. Retrieved 10 March 2021.
  24. ^ "How is the IOC President elected and what is his role?". IOC. Retrieved 18 February 2022.
  25. ^ IOC President Wants Changes. gamesbids.com (11 September 2013)
  26. ^ Zimmerman, Max (5 March 2020). "IOC President Reaffirms Commitment to Tokyo Olympics". Bloomberg News. Retrieved 23 March 2020.
  27. ^ tagesschau.de. "Olympische Spiele: Das IOC will in vier Wochen entscheiden". tagesschau.de (in German). Retrieved 22 March 2020.
  28. ^ "Coronavirus: Olympic doubts grow as Canada withdraws athletes". BBC News. 23 March 2020. Retrieved 23 March 2020.
  29. ^ Vera, Amir; Martin, Jill (23 March 2020). "Canada and Australia will not send athletes to Tokyo Olympics". edition.cnn.com. Retrieved 23 March 2020.
  30. ^ "IOC, IPC, Tokyo 2020 Organising Committee and Tokyo Metropolitan Government Announce New Dates for the Olympic and Paralympic Games Tokyo 2020". olympic.org. 30 March 2020. Archived from the original on 30 March 2020. Retrieved 30 March 2020.
  31. ^ Jomantas, Nicole (6 March 2020). "Handshaking Rule Suspended at USA Fencing Events". USA Fencing.
  32. ^ Hopkins, Amanda (12 March 2020). "Oceania U20s and Handshaking Rule". Fencing New Zealand.
  33. ^ "Handshaking Rule Temporarily Suspended". British Fencing. 5 March 2020.
  34. ^ "FIE OUTLINE of RISK-MITIGATION REQUIREMENTS for NATIONAL FENCING FEDERATIONS and COMPETITION ORGANIZERS in the CONTEXT of COVID-19; PREPARED by FIE TASK FORCE and REVIEWED by FIE MEDICAL COMMISSION and FIE LEGAL COMMISSION," FIE, 1 July 2020 and September 2020.
  35. ^ "FIE OUTLINE of RISK-MITIGATION REQUIREMENTS for NATIONAL FENCING FEDERATIONS and COMPETITION ORGANISERS in the CONTEXT of COVID-19 (FORMIR – COVID-19) PREPARED by FIE TASK FORCE and REVIEWED by FIE MEDICAL COMMISSION and FIE LEGAL COMMISSION," FIE, January 2021.]
  36. ^ "World Fencing Championships: Ukraine's Olga Kharlan disqualified for refusing Russian Anna Smirnov's handshake". BBC. 27 July 2023.
  37. ^ Aadi Nair (27 July 2023). "Ukrainian fencer disqualified from world championships for refusing handshake with Russian opponent; Olga Kharlan offered to touch blades after beating Anna Smirnova, who then staged a sit-down protest at the handshake refusal". The Independent.
  38. ^ "Ukrainian fencer won't shake hands with Russian at world championships, gets Olympic spot". USA TODAY.
  39. ^ Yevhen Kizilov (28 July 2023). "Ukrainian fencer gets automatically qualified for Olympics". Ukrainska Pravda. Retrieved 28 July 2023.
    "Russia-Ukraine conflict: Fencer Olga Kharlan ban lifted as she is handed Olympic spot". BBC Sport. 28 July 2023. Retrieved 28 July 2023.
  40. ^ "Ukraine's Kharlan assured of Paris 2024 place by IOC after handshake furore". Inside the Games. 28 July 2023.
  41. ^ Kistner, Thomas; Ott, Klaus (17 May 2010). "Heikle Details". Süddeutsche.de (in German). Retrieved 20 October 2023.
  42. ^ "Siemens-Affäre: IOC-Vize Bach und CDU-Abgeordneter Adam in Erklärungsnot". Der Spiegel (in German). 20 September 2008. ISSN 2195-1349. Retrieved 20 October 2023.
  43. ^ "Siemens-Affäre: IOC-Vize Bach noch stärker unter Druck". Der Spiegel (in German). 4 October 2008. ISSN 2195-1349. Retrieved 20 October 2023.
  44. ^ "Streit um IOC-Vorsitz: Im Schnittbereich". Berliner Zeitung (in German). 27 June 2013. Retrieved 20 October 2023.
  45. ^ "Ein kühler Netzwerker". www.fr.de (in German). 19 January 2019. Retrieved 20 October 2023.
  46. ^ Butler, Nick (2 November 2017). "Bach accuses critics of Olympic movement of ignorance and aggression". Inside the Games. Retrieved 14 February 2018.
  47. ^ "Ahead of Russia decision, Thomas Bach warns critics". NBC. 24 November 2017. Retrieved 14 February 2018.
  48. ^ Lauletta, Tyler (9 February 2018). "IOC president Thomas Bach took a shot at Russian doping during his speech at opening ceremony". Business Insider. Retrieved 14 February 2018.
  49. ^ Young, Henry. "Russian Olympic Committee's reinstatement is 'weakness in the face of evil', says lawyer". CNN. Retrieved 2 March 2018.
  50. ^ Gibson, Owen (25 July 2016). "Vladimir Putin and Thomas Bach: the unlikely Olympic power couple". The Guardian. Retrieved 1 April 2023.
  51. ^ "New IOC president Bach heads to Sochi". The Gleaner. 9 October 2013. Retrieved 1 April 2023.
  52. ^ Bouwman, Bertus (31 March 2014). "Zeven Duitse vrienden van Poetin: van Siemens-topman Kaeser tot Helmut Schmidt" [Seven German friends of Putin: From Siemens manager Kaeser to Helmut Schmidt]. Duitslandnieuws.
  53. ^ Mittman, Ralf. "Dopingexperten sehen IOC-Boss Thomas Bach als treibende Kraft, dass die Welt-Antidoping-Agentur den Bann gegen Russland aufgehoben hat" [Doping experts see IOC Boss Thomas Bach as the leader of the effort that made WADA lift the ban on Russia]. Südkurier. Retrieved 1 April 2023.
  54. ^ Henley, Jon (12 February 2023). "Olympics head rejects Zelenskiy call to ban Russian athletes from Paris Games". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Archived from the original on 13 February 2023. Retrieved 13 February 2023.
  55. ^ "IOC's Bach defends Russia stance amid pro-Ukraine protest". AP News. 22 March 2023.
  56. ^ McCurry, Justin (13 July 2021). "Olympics chief mixes up Japanese and Chinese at Tokyo Games presser". The Guardian. Retrieved 5 December 2021.
  57. ^ "IOC chief Bach to visit Hiroshima despite protests". Kyodo News. 13 July 2021. Retrieved 6 December 2021.
  58. ^ McCurry, Justin (15 July 2021). "Olympics chief accused of insulting Hiroshima survivors with visit to atomic bombing site". The Guardian. Retrieved 8 December 2018.
  59. ^ "Hiroshima Pref., city to cover Bach visit security fees after organizing committee refuses". The Mainichi. 14 August 2021. Retrieved 6 December 2021.
  60. ^ Sally Jenkins (5 May 2021). "Japan should cut its losses and tell the IOC to take its Olympic pillage somewhere else". The Washington Post. Retrieved 9 December 2021.
  61. ^ Torsten Weber (7 July 2021). "Catchword Bottakuri Danshaku". Deutsches Institut für Japanstudien (DIJ). Retrieved 5 December 2021.
  62. ^ "Buzzwords in Japan 2021: Ohtani and Tokyo Olympics loomed large". The Japan Times. 1 December 2021. Retrieved 5 December 2021.
  63. ^ "In video call, Chinese tennis player Peng Shaui says she is safe". Al Jazeera. 21 November 2021. Retrieved 22 November 2021.
  64. ^ Carpenter, Les (21 November 2021). "IOC says President Thomas Bach had video call with missing tennis player Peng Shuai". The Washington Post. Retrieved 22 November 2021.
  65. ^ Gan, Nectar (21 November 2021). "Chinese tennis star Peng Shuai has finally appeared in public. But here's why the worries aren't going away". CNN. Retrieved 22 November 2021.
  66. ^ "Chinese vice premier meets IOC president". Xinhua. Retrieved 13 June 2021.
  67. ^ Sorkin, Andrew Ross; Karaian, Jason; Kessler, Sarah; Gandel, Stephen; de la Merced, Michael J.; Hirsch, Lauren; Livni, Ephrat (23 November 2021). "Will Olympics Sponsors Face Blowback Over Peng Shuai?". New York Times. Retrieved 30 March 2023.
  68. ^ Busbee, Jay (7 February 2022). "Peng Shuai, IOC downplay concerns about tennis player's disappearance after meeting in Beijing". yahoo! sports. Retrieved 18 February 2022.
  69. ^ Hyde, Marina (5 August 2016). "Fifa is awful but the Olympics take the gold medal for sleaze". The Guardian. Retrieved 14 February 2018.
  70. ^ Gibson, Owen (26 June 2015). "Silence over European Games in Azerbaijan is a grim indication of future". The Guardian. Retrieved 14 February 2018.
  71. ^ "Open Letter to Thomas Bach, International Olympic Committee President, on Khadija Ismayilova's Imprisonment". Pen America. 15 April 2015. Retrieved 14 February 2018.
  72. ^ "Where Did 'Synchronized Swimming' Go?". theatlantic.com. 7 August 2021. Retrieved 26 August 2022.
  73. ^ "Grand Cross of the Order of the Phoenix Archives - Greek City Times".
  74. ^ "President Andrzej Duda and president of the International Olympic Committee Thomas Bach during the award ceremony of the Order of Merit of the Republic of Poland, in Presidential Palace in Warsaw, Poland, 15 November 2021". Shutterstock. 15 November 2021. Retrieved 18 October 2022.
  75. ^ Указ Президента Российской Федерации от 22 марта 2014 года № 166 «О награждении государственными наградами Российской Федерации иностранных граждан» Archived 2014-03-26 at the Wayback Machine
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Sporting positions Preceded byManfred von Richthofen (Olympic official)as President of the Deutscher Sportbund President of the Deutscher Olympischer Sportbund 2006–2013 Succeeded byAlfons Hörmann Preceded byKlaus Steinbachas President of the NationalesOlympisches Komitee für Deutschland Preceded byJacques Rogge President of the International Olympic Committee 2013–present Incumbent