Airbnb, Inc.
Company typePublic
IndustryLodging
FoundedAugust 2008; 15 years ago (2008-08) in San Francisco, California, U.S.
Founders
HeadquartersSan Francisco, California, U.S.
Area served
Worldwide
Key people
  • Brian Chesky (CEO)
  • Nathan Blecharczyk (CSO)
Services
RevenueIncrease US$8.40 billion (2022)
Increase US$1.89 billion (2022)
Total assetsIncrease US$16.04 billion (2022)
Total equityIncrease US$5.56 billion (2022)
Owner
Number of employees
6,811 (December 2022)
Subsidiaries
  • Luxury Retreats International Inc.
  • Tilt.com
  • Accomable
  • Aibiying
  • Trooly, Inc.
  • Deco Software Inc.
  • Trip4real Experiences, S.L.
  • Larson8, Inc.
  • MarketLog, Randorphire Inc.
  • HotelTonight
Websiteairbnb.com
Footnotes / references
[1][2][3][4]
Airbnb in Toronto

Airbnb, Inc. (/ˌɛərˌbɛnˈb/ AIR-BEE-en-BEE) is an American company operating an online marketplace for short- and long-term homestays and experiences. The company acts as a broker and charges a commission from each booking. The company was founded in 2008 by Brian Chesky, Nathan Blecharczyk, and Joe Gebbia. Airbnb is a shortened version of its original name, AirBedandBreakfast.com. Airbnb is the most well-known company for short-term housing rentals.[5][6]

History

For a chronological guide, see Timeline of Airbnb.

After moving to San Francisco in October 2007, roommates and former schoolmates Brian Chesky and Joe Gebbia came up with an idea of putting an air mattress in their living room and turning it into a bed and breakfast.[7] In February 2008, Nathan Blecharczyk, Chesky's former roommate, joined as the Chief Technology Officer and the third co-founder of the new venture, which they named AirBed & Breakfast.[7][8] They put together a website that offered short-term living quarters and breakfast for those who were unable to book a hotel in the saturated market.[7] The site Airbedandbreakfast.com officially launched on August 11, 2008.[9][10] The founders had their first customers in the summer of 2008, during the Industrial Design Conference held by Industrial Designers Society of America, where travelers had a hard time finding lodging in the city.[11]

After the founders raised $30,000 by selling cereal named after the two candidates of the 2008 United States presidential election, Barack Obama and John McCain, mostly at the 2008 Democratic National Convention,[12][13][14][15] computer programmer Paul Graham invited the founders to the January 2009 winter training session of his startup incubator, Y Combinator, which provided them with training and $20,000 in funding in exchange for a 6% interest in the company.[7][15][16][17][18] With the website already built, they used the Y Combinator investment to fly to New York to meet users and promote the site.[14] They returned to San Francisco with a profitable business model to present to West Coast investors. By March 2009, the site had 10,000 users and 2,500 listings.[16]

In March 2009, the name of the company was shortened to Airbnb.com to eliminate confusion over air mattresses; by then listings included entire rooms and properties.[7]

By November 2010, out of 700,000 nights booked, 80% had occurred in the previous six months.[19]

At the March 2011 South by Southwest conference, Airbnb won the "app" award.[20]

In November 2012, Airbnb launched "Neighborhoods", a travel guide of 23 cities that helps travelers choose a neighborhood in which to stay based on certain criteria and personal preferences.[21]

By October 2013, Airbnb had served 9,000,000 guests since its founding in August 2008.[22] Nearly 250,000 listings were added in 2013.[23]

In July 2014, Airbnb revealed design revisions to the site and mobile app and introduced a new logo. The logo, called the Bélo, is intended to serve as a symbol of "belonging", and consists of four elements: a head which represents people, a location icon that represents place, a heart to symbolize love, and a letter "A" to stand for the company's name.[24][25] It also announced a partnership with Concur, an expense reporting service for businesses, to make it easier for business travelers to report Airbnb stays as business expenses.[26]

In April 2015, following the easing of restrictions on U.S. businesses to operate in Cuba, Airbnb expanded to Cuba, making it one of the first U.S. companies to do so.[27][28]

In July 2016, former Attorney General Eric Holder was hired to help craft an anti-discrimination policy for Airbnb after reports showed that hosts were refusing to accept lodging requests from guests whose names suggested that they were black.[29] As part of the reform, photos of prospective guests are hidden from hosts until requests for lodging are accepted.[30]

In November 2016, Airbnb launched "experiences", whereby users can use the platform to book activities.[31]

In January 2017, along with serial entrepreneurs Gary Vaynerchuk, Ben Leventhal and Mike Montero, Airbnb led a $13 million investment in Resy, a restaurant reservation-booking app.[32]

In May 2017, the company launched Airbnbmag, a magazine co-published with Hearst Communications.[33]

In February 2018, the company announced Airbnb Plus, a collection of homes that have been vetted for quality of services, comfort and design,[34] as well as Beyond by Airbnb, which offers luxury vacation rentals.[35] By October 2019, two million people were staying with Airbnb each night.[36]

In April 2019, Airbnb produced and financed Gay Chorus Deep South, a documentary launched by its Rausch Street Films division. The rights were sold to MTV, which aired the program on its network.[37][38][39]

On World Animal Day (October 4th) in 2019, Airbnb launched a new standalone category of experiences focused on those involving animals, as well as an animal welfare policy created with and backed by World Animal Protection.[40]

During the COVID-19 pandemic, bookings dropped as much as 96% in some cities.[41] However, bookings rose in many rural areas.[42] The company pledged $250 million in payouts to hosts to compensate them for guest cancellations due to the pandemic.[43][44] The company also laid off approximately 1,900 employees, or about 25% of its workforce in the Americas, Europe, and Asia due to the COVID-19 pandemic.[45][46]

On December 10, 2020, the company became a public company via an initial public offering, raising $3.5 billion.[47] Shares valued at $238 million were offered to hosts on the platform at the price of $68 per share.[48]

In March 2022, Airbnb suspended business in Russia and Belarus due to the sanctions resulting from the Russian invasion of Ukraine.[49][50]

In May 2022, Airbnb ceased operations in China.[51] The decision was made primarily because of China's Zero-COVID policy, as well as complicated and expensive laws and regulations that required Airbnb to send detailed information on guests to the Government of China, which can be used to track people.[52][53][54] Airbnb was accused of being too willing to provide this information, which led to the resignation of an Airbnb executive, who was also a former deputy director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation, in 2019 after 6 months of working.[55][56] Airbnb had also been accused of allowing listings on land owned by the Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps, a Chinese state-owned paramilitary entity sanctioned under the Magnitsky Act for involvement in the Uyghur genocide.[57][58] In 2019, certain hosts in China were accused of discrimination by refusing to rent to Uyghurs.[59]

After temporarily banning parties in homes rented on the platform in August 2020 due to the COVID-19 pandemic,[60] in June 2022, Airbnb announced that it will permanently ban parties and events in homes on its platform, a position supported by hosts and their neighbors who complained of nuisances at Airbnb properties.[61] In August 2022, Airbnb rolled out technology to enforce this ban.[62]

Acquisitions

# Date Company Notes Ref(s).
1 May 2011 Accoleo German competitor; launched the first international Airbnb office, in Hamburg

[63][64][65]

2 March 2012 CrashPadder Added 6,000 international listings to its existing inventory; made Airbnb the largest lodging website in the United Kingdom. [66][67][68]
3 November 2012 NabeWise Online city guide that aggregates curated information for specified locations; shifted the company's focus toward offering hyperlocal recommendations to travelers [69][70]
4 December 2012 Localmind a location-based question and answer platform [71]
5 September 2015 Vamo Immediately shut down the company, acquiring its employees [72][73]
6 September 2015 Lapka Sensor startup [74]
7 September 2016 Trip4real Travel activities marketplace [75]
8 February 2017 Luxury Retreats International Canadian-based villa rental company; price was $300 million in cash and stock [76][77]
9 February 2017 Tilt.com a social payment startup [63]
10 November 2017 Accomable Startup focused on travel accessibility [78][79]
11 November 2017 AdBasis Advertising technology platform built for A/B testing and multivariate ad testing [80]
12 January 2019 Gaest Based in Aarhus, Denmark; provides a platform for posting and booking venues for meetings and other events [81]
13 March 2019 HotelTonight Website for booking last-minute hotel rooms; price was $400 million [82][83]
14 August 2019 Urbandoor Global online marketplace that offers extended stays to corporate clients [84][85][63][86]
15 November 2023 GamePlanner.AI AI startup [87]

Corporate office history

In October 2011, Airbnb established an office in London, its first international office.[88]

In early 2012, Airbnb opened offices in Paris, Milan, Barcelona, Copenhagen, Moscow, and São Paulo.[89] These openings were in addition to existing offices in San Francisco, London, Hamburg, and Berlin.[90] In September 2013, the company announced that it would establish its European headquarters in Dublin.[91][92]

In November 2012, Airbnb opened an office in Sydney, its 11th office location, and announced plans to launch the service in Thailand and Indonesia.[93]

In December 2012, Airbnb opened an office in Singapore.[94]

In April 2022, Airbnb instituted a policy of unlimited remote working for almost all its employees[95]

Share sales, corporate borrowing and valuation history

In April 2009, the company received $600,000 in seed money from Sequoia Capital, with Youniversity Ventures partners Jawed Karim, Keith Rabois, and Kevin Hartz participating.[96] In November 2010, Greylock Partners and Sequoia Capital invested $7.2 million in a Series A round.

In July 2011, Andreessen Horowitz, Digital Sky Technologies, General Catalyst, and A Grade Investments partners Ashton Kutcher and Guy Oseary invested $112 million in the company.[97][17]

In June 2015, General Atlantic, Hillhouse Capital Group, Tiger Management, Kleiner Perkins Caufield & Byers, GGV Capital, China Broadband Capital, and Horizons Ventures invested $1.5 billion in the company.[98][99]

In April 2014, TPG Capital invested $450 million in the company at a valuation of $10 billion.[100] Additional funding was provided by Andreessen Horowitz, Sequoia Capital, Dragoneer Investment Group, T. Rowe Price, and Sherpa Capital.[101]

In September 2016, Google Capital and Technology Crossover Ventures invested $555.5 million in the company at a valuation of $30 billion.[102]

In March 2017, Airbnb raised $1 billion in funding, bringing total funding raised to more than $3 billion and valuing the company at $31 billion.[103]

In April 2020, Silver Lake and Sixth Street Partners acquired $1 billion in shares in the company at an $18 billion valuation[104] and $1 billion in debt at interest rates of 9%-11.5%.[105]

Corporate affairs

The key trends for Airbnb are (as at the financial year ending December 31):[106]

Year Revenue
(US$ bn)
Net income
(US$ m)
Total assets
(US$ bn)[107]
Employees[108] Sources
2014 0.4
2015 0.9
2016 1.7 [109][110]
2017 2.6 −70.5 6.0
2018 3.6 −16.8 6.6
2019 4.8 −674 8.3 5,465 [111]
2020 3.3 −4,584 10.4 5,597
2021 5.9 −352 13.7 6,132
2022 8.3 1,893 16.0 6,811 [112][113][114]

Regulations by jurisdiction

Regulation of short-term rentals can include requirements for hosts to have business licenses, payment of hotel taxes and compliance with building, city and zoning standards. The hotel industry has lobbied for stricter regulations on short-term home rental[115] and in addition to government-imposed restrictions, many homeowner associations also limit short term rentals.[116]

Europe

United States

Main articles: Hotel tax and User fee

Canada

Asia

Criticism and controversies

The company has been criticized for possibly enabling increases in home rents,[162] refusing to provide sensitive customer data to governments, and allowing listings in West Bank settlements. Airbnb has been criticized by the hotel industry for not being subject to fair regulations.[163]

Effects on housing affordability

Several studies have found that long-term rental prices in many areas have increased because landlords have kept properties off the longer-term rental market to instead get higher rental rates for short-term housing via Airbnb.[164][165][166][167][168][123][169][170] Inside Airbnb, a watchdog journalism website, has accused the company of manipulating its data to portray a different result.[171] Landlords have also been accused of illegally evicting tenants to convert properties into higher-rent Airbnb listings.[172]

Concerns on the effect of Airbnb on housing affordability has resulted in increased lodging regulations and restrictions, which have generally been opposed by Airbnb via lobbying efforts.[173]

Inclusion of listings in Israeli settlements

See also: List of companies operating in West Bank settlements

In November 2018, Airbnb announced that it would remove the approximately 200 "listings in Israeli settlements in the occupied West Bank that are at the core of the dispute between Israelis and Palestinians". However, after affected property owners filed lawsuits against Airbnb in both Israel and the United States alleging discrimination based on place of residence, in April 2019, the company reversed its plans to remove listings in the West Bank and instead promised to donate any profits from these listings to non-profit organizations dedicated to humanitarian aid.[174][175][176]

According to 2020 and 2023 reports by the United Nations, the company continues to violate International Human Rights, profiting from illegal Israeli settlements in Occupied Palestinian Territories.[177][178] On February 12, 2020, Airbnb was included on a list of companies operating in West Bank settlements involved in activities that "raised particular human rights concerns" published by the United Nations Human Rights Council. The company was categorized under "the provision of services and utilities supporting the maintenance and existence of settlements".[179][180]

Criticism by the hotel industry

Airbnb has been criticized by the hotel industry due to its competitive effects and its different regulations. This has led to a decline in hotel revenue in some markets and an increase in lobbying by the hotel industry.[181][182][183]

Lack of loyalty program

Airbnb is one of the few major travel companies without a loyalty program, which has led to criticism by many customers. This is in part attributed to its lack of business customers.[184]

Objectivity of guest reviews

Airbnb features a review system in which guests and hosts can rate and review each other after a stay. Hosts and guests are unable to see reviews until both have submitted a review or until the time period to review has closed, a system that aims to improve accuracy and objectivity by removing fears that users will receive a negative review in retaliation if they write one. However, the truthfulness and impartiality of reviews may be adversely affected by concerns of future stays because prospective hosts may refuse to host a user who generally leaves negative reviews. The company's policy requires users to forego anonymity, which may also detract from users' willingness to leave negative reviews. These factors may damage the objectivity of the review system.[185][186][187]

Response to activities of far-right extremists

In August 2017, Airbnb cancelled numerous bookings and closed accounts belonging to attendees of the white nationalist Unite the Right rally in Charlottesville, Virginia, citing its terms of service in which members must "accept people regardless of their race, religion, national origin, ethnicity, disability, sex, gender identity, sexual orientation, or age."[188] The move was criticized by Jason Kessler, organizer of the rally.[189]

In January 2021, Airbnb was criticized for allowing participants in the January 6 attack on the United States Capitol to book units on the platform in the Washington metropolitan area, despite most hotels in the vicinity of Capitol Hill banning far-right extremists.[190] After the possibility of further violence during the Inauguration of Joe Biden, Airbnb announced the day after the Capitol raid that it was banning all bookings in the region prior to the inauguration.[191]

Sponsorship of 2022 Winter Olympics

Airbnb was one of the 15 leading sponsors of the 2022 Winter Olympics, held in Beijing, and was asked by human rights activists and groups to drop its sponsorship in March 2021 as part of diplomatic and activist boycotts over alleged human rights violations by the Chinese Communist Party, in particular the Uyghur genocide. These requests were ignored by the company.[192][193][194][195]

Length of terms of service agreements

In 2014, linguist Mark Liberman criticized the extreme length of the legal agreements that Airbnb members are required to accept, with the site's terms of service, privacy policy, and other policies amounting to "55081 words, or about the size of a short novel, though much less readable".[196]

Illegal behavior by hosts

Hosts have been accused of circumventing tax regulations,[197] circumventing Airbnb's background checks and subjecting guests to last-minute cancellations, moldy or rodent-infested lodging, theft, invasion of privacy, and even rape and murder,[198][199][200][201] as well as bait-and-switch scams in which the guest does not receive the promised accommodation.[202][203] Airbnb has noted that the number of these incidents is not statistically significant and has banned violators and associated accounts.[204]

Legal disputes

Failure to provide required information to governments

Many governments have passed laws requiring that Airbnb provide guest information so that local regulations can be enforced and hotel taxes are collected. Airbnb contested one such law in New York.[205][206] However, in May 2019, Airbnb agreed to turn over some anonymized information for approximately 17,000 listings so that the city could pursue illegal rentals.[207] Similar cases were settled in Boston and Miami.[208]

Airbnb refused to provide required information to the Belgian government, claiming the obligation to provide the information was not compatible with European Union law. The Belgian Constitutional Court referred the dispute to the European Court of Justice, which in April 2022 ruled that the requirement to transmit to tax authorities certain particulars of tourist transactions was not contrary to European Union law and referred the case back to the Belgian Constitutional Court.[209]

Legality of service fees in the Netherlands

In March 2020, a subdistrict court ruling in the Netherlands found that Airbnb charging service fees to both the host and the guest was illegal and that the 30,000 people who had rented as guests have a right for reimbursement if they file claims. Airbnb filed countersuits in an attempt to gain clarity on the ruling.[210]

Airbnb.org

The company finances airbnb.org, a separate 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization founded by Joe Gebbia, that facilitates free housing for people affected by natural disasters, including hurricanes and floods, and other emergencies such as the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine and the 2021 Taliban offensive. The organization was launched in 2012 after hosts offered free housing to people displaced by Hurricane Sandy.[211]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Company Overview of Airbnb, Inc". Bloomberg L.P. Archived from the original on January 8, 2018.
  2. ^ "Nathan Blecharczyk". Forbes. Archived from the original on April 13, 2019. Retrieved April 11, 2019.
  3. ^ "Airbnb, Inc. 2022 Form 10-K Annual Report". U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission. February 17, 2023. Archived from the original on February 18, 2023. Retrieved February 18, 2023.
  4. ^ "Airbnb, Inc. 2022 Form 14-A Proxy Statement". U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission. April 21, 2023.
  5. ^ Cadwalladr, Carole (September 16, 2013). "Airbnb: the travel revolution in our spare rooms". The Observer. Archived from the original on February 23, 2023. Retrieved May 11, 2023 – via The Guardian.
  6. ^ Thompson, Ben (July 1, 2015). "Airbnb and the Internet Revolution". Stratechery. Archived from the original on March 6, 2023. Retrieved May 11, 2023.
  7. ^ a b c d e Aydin, Rebecca (September 20, 2019). "How 3 guys turned renting air mattresses in their apartment into a $31 billion company, Airbnb". Business Insider. Archived from the original on April 8, 2021. Retrieved April 20, 2019.
  8. ^ "New License to Explore: Airbnb's Nathan Blecharczyk '05". Harvard University. September 10, 2015. Archived from the original on February 21, 2017. Retrieved February 20, 2017.
  9. ^ Schonfeld, Erik (August 11, 2008). "AirBed And Breakfast Takes Pad Crashing To A Whole New Level". TechCrunch. Archived from the original on September 20, 2015. Retrieved June 25, 2017.
  10. ^ Geron, Tomio (June 10, 2009). "From Crash Pad To Pizza Profitable, Start-Up Eyes Budget Travel Market". The Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on March 7, 2021. Retrieved April 4, 2021.
  11. ^ Drell, Lauren (December 25, 2011). "How Do Co-Founders Meet? 17 Startups Tell All". Mashable. Archived from the original on January 16, 2021. Retrieved April 20, 2019.
  12. ^ Spors, Kelly (August 11, 2008). "The Business of Politics". The Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on February 21, 2017. Retrieved February 20, 2017.
  13. ^ Rusli, Evelyn (July 7, 2011). "The New Start-Ups at Sun Valley". The New York Times. Archived from the original on January 28, 2018. Retrieved February 20, 2017.
  14. ^ a b Peng, Tina (March 24, 2010). "Where to get startup cash now". CNN. Archived from the original on August 1, 2022. Retrieved October 1, 2022.
  15. ^ a b Malik, Om (February 22, 2011). "What Every Startup Can Learn From AirBnB". GigaOm. Archived from the original on September 28, 2022.
  16. ^ a b Rao, Leena (March 4, 2009). "Y Combinator's Airbed And Breakfast Casts A Wider Net For Housing Rentals As AirBnB". TechCrunch. Archived from the original on July 15, 2011. Retrieved June 25, 2017.
  17. ^ a b Austin, Scott (July 25, 2011). "Airbnb: From Y Combinator To $112M Funding In Three Years". The Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on May 14, 2021. Retrieved April 4, 2021.
  18. ^ GALLAGHER, LEIGH (February 21, 2017). "Airbnb's Surprising Path to Y Combinator". Wired. Archived from the original on September 27, 2022. Retrieved October 1, 2022.
  19. ^ Wortham, Jenna (November 10, 2010). "Airbnb Raises Cash to Expand Budget-Travel Service". The New York Times. Archived from the original on May 14, 2021. Retrieved April 20, 2019.
  20. ^ Black, Tiffany (March 15, 2011). "Airbnb Mobile App Stands Out at SXSW". Inc. Archived from the original on May 14, 2021. Retrieved April 20, 2019.
  21. ^ Roy, Jessica (November 13, 2012). "Introducing Airbnb Neighborhoods, a Local Guide for Travelers Deciding Where to Stay". The Observer. Archived from the original on August 13, 2018. Retrieved April 20, 2019.
  22. ^ Lawler, Ryan (October 20, 2013). "Airbnb Has Now Served 9M Guests Since Being Founded, Up From 4M At The End Of Last Year". TechCrunch. Archived from the original on February 21, 2017. Retrieved February 20, 2017.
  23. ^ Lawler, Ryan (December 19, 2013). "Airbnb Tops 10 Million Guest Stays Since Launch, Now Has 550,000 Properties Listed Worldwide". TechCrunch. Archived from the original on February 21, 2017. Retrieved February 20, 2017.
  24. ^ Baldwin, Roberto (July 16, 2014). "Airbnb updates design and introduces controversial new Bélo logo". The Next Web. Archived from the original on June 11, 2018. Retrieved June 18, 2018.
  25. ^ Clifford, Catherine (July 17, 2014). "Airbnb, Why the New Logo?". Entrepreneur. Archived from the original on May 29, 2019.
  26. ^ Lawler, Ryan (July 28, 2014). "It's Business Time: Airbnb Targets Work Travelers With Concur Partnership". TechCrunch. Archived from the original on October 1, 2022. Retrieved October 1, 2022.
  27. ^ Olorunnipa, Toluse (May 11, 2015). "Cuba Is Fastest-Growing Market for Airbnb as Obama Cracks Door". Bloomberg News. Archived from the original on August 17, 2021. Retrieved March 5, 2017.
  28. ^ Macias, Amanda (June 30, 2015). "Here's what it's like to stay in a Cuban Airbnb, where everything looked great but was actually broken". Business Insider. Archived from the original on May 14, 2021. Retrieved April 20, 2019.
  29. ^ Bhattarai, Abha; Badger, Emily (July 20, 2016). "Airbnb hires Eric Holder to help company fight discrimination". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on July 21, 2016. Retrieved July 21, 2016.
  30. ^ SHAHANI, AARTI (September 8, 2016). "Airbnb Agrees To Make Reforms After Allegations Of Discrimination". All Things Considered. NPR. Archived from the original on September 17, 2021. Retrieved September 17, 2021.
  31. ^ Lynley, Matthew (November 17, 2016). "Airbnb is turning itself into an 'experience' machine beyond just booking places to stay". TechCrunch. Archived from the original on September 24, 2022. Retrieved October 1, 2022.
  32. ^ Hartmans, Avery (January 9, 2017). "Reservation-booking app Resy just got a massive investment from Airbnb, one of the most valuable startups in the world". Business Insider. Archived from the original on November 24, 2018. Retrieved April 20, 2019.
  33. ^ STIEHM, CARLEIGH (May 22, 2017). "Hearst Magazines' New Airbnbmag Encourages Readers to Be at Home in the World". Hearst Communications. Archived from the original on June 2, 2021. Retrieved June 1, 2021.
  34. ^ Sims, Amanda (March 6, 2018). "The Secret to Getting Your Home on Airbnb Plus". Architectural Digest. Archived from the original on May 14, 2021. Retrieved March 14, 2018.
  35. ^ Ting, Deanna (February 22, 2018). "Airbnb Plus and Everything CEO Brian Chesky Just Announced". Skift. Archived from the original on May 14, 2021. Retrieved March 14, 2018.
  36. ^ Lastoe, Stacey (September 30, 2019). "British couple spends $11,800 on Airbnb rental that doesn't exist". CNN. Archived from the original on October 9, 2019. Retrieved October 12, 2019.
  37. ^ Kay, Jeremy (September 16, 2019). "MTV Documentary Films lines up awards run for 'Gay Chorus Deep South'". Screen International. Archived from the original on September 18, 2019. Retrieved January 21, 2020.
  38. ^ Spangler, Todd (April 18, 2019). "Why Airbnb Produced Documentary 'Gay Chorus Deep South,' Its First-Ever Film". Variety. Archived from the original on March 6, 2020. Retrieved January 21, 2020.
  39. ^ "Movies on TV this week: Sunday, Dec. 22, 2019". Los Angeles Times. December 20, 2019. Archived from the original on January 12, 2020. Retrieved January 21, 2020.
  40. ^ Glusac, Elaine (October 3, 2019). "New Airbnb Excursions to Focus on Animals". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331.
  41. ^ Rana, Preetika (March 12, 2020). "Airbnb Bookings Plunge Amid Coronavirus Pandemic". The Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on July 17, 2021. Retrieved July 17, 2021.
  42. ^ Gao, Michelle (August 6, 2020). "Rural Airbnb bookings are surging as vacationers look to escape the coronavirus". CNBC. Archived from the original on July 17, 2021. Retrieved July 17, 2021.
  43. ^ Coleman, Justine (March 30, 2020). "Airbnb plans $250M payout for hosts who lost money amid pandemic". The Hill. Archived from the original on November 25, 2020. Retrieved April 6, 2020.
  44. ^ "A Letter to Hosts". Airbnb. March 30, 2020. Archived from the original on April 5, 2020. Retrieved April 6, 2020.
  45. ^ Yurieff, Kaya (May 5, 2020). "Airbnb is laying off 25% of its employees". CNN. Archived from the original on May 5, 2020. Retrieved May 5, 2020.
  46. ^ Griffith, Erin (July 17, 2020). "Airbnb Was Like a Family, Until the Layoffs Started". The New York Times. Archived from the original on July 17, 2021. Retrieved July 17, 2021.
  47. ^ ALLYN, BOBBY; SCHNEIDER, AVIE (December 10, 2020). "Airbnb Now A $100 Billion Company After Stock Market Debut Sees Stock Price Double". NPR. Archived from the original on March 4, 2021. Retrieved March 7, 2021.
  48. ^ Hu, Krystal; Lee, Jane Lanhee (December 10, 2020). "Airbnb hosts see windfall from wild IPO gains". Reuters. Archived from the original on February 15, 2022. Retrieved February 15, 2022.
  49. ^ Sweney, Mark (March 4, 2022). "Airbnb suspends all operations in Russia and Belarus". The Guardian. Archived from the original on March 5, 2022. Retrieved October 1, 2022.
  50. ^ Shead, Sam (March 4, 2022). "Airbnb is suspending all operations in Russia and Belarus". CNBC. Archived from the original on September 28, 2022. Retrieved October 1, 2022.
  51. ^ Bosa, Deirdre (May 23, 2022). "Airbnb is closing its domestic business in China, sources say". CNBC. Archived from the original on October 1, 2022. Retrieved October 1, 2022.
  52. ^ "Airbnb to quit China as lockdowns restrict tourism". BBC News. May 23, 2022. Archived from the original on October 1, 2022. Retrieved October 1, 2022.
  53. ^ Ye, Josh; Goh, Brenda (May 24, 2022). "Airbnb to shut domestic business in China from July 30". Reuters. Archived from the original on October 1, 2022. Retrieved October 1, 2022.
  54. ^ Davidson, Helen (May 24, 2022). "Airbnb to close in China amid repeated Covid lockdowns". The Guardian. Archived from the original on October 1, 2022. Retrieved October 1, 2022.
  55. ^ Volz, Dustin; Grind, Kirsten (November 20, 2020). "Airbnb Executive Resigned Last Year Over Chinese Request for More Data Sharing". The Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660. Archived from the original on November 20, 2020. Retrieved November 20, 2020.
  56. ^ Campbell, Ian Carlos (November 20, 2020). "Airbnb's Chinese data policies reportedly cost it an executive". The Verge. Archived from the original on November 23, 2020. Retrieved November 22, 2020.
  57. ^ Allen-Ebrahimian, Bethany; Schrag, Jacque (November 30, 2021). "Airbnb hosts Xinjiang rentals on land owned by sanctioned group". Axios. Archived from the original on November 30, 2021. Retrieved November 30, 2021.
  58. ^ Shepardson, David (January 7, 2022). "U.S. lawmakers raise concerns about Airbnb business in Xinjiang". Reuters. Archived from the original on January 7, 2022. Retrieved January 7, 2022.
  59. ^ Rollet, Charles (May 3, 2019). "Airbnb listings in China are littered with racist discrimination". Wired. ISSN 1357-0978. Archived from the original on June 15, 2019. Retrieved June 9, 2019.
  60. ^ Griffith, Erin (October 27, 2020). "Airbnb Fights Its 'Party House Problem'". The New York Times. Archived from the original on December 5, 2020. Retrieved December 5, 2020.
  61. ^ "Airbnb permanently bans parties and events around the world". BBC News. June 29, 2022. Archived from the original on October 1, 2022. Retrieved October 1, 2022.
  62. ^ "Exclusive: Airbnb rolls out new anti-party tech to prevent unapproved gatherings". Fast Company. August 16, 2022. Archived from the original on September 8, 2022. Retrieved October 1, 2022.
  63. ^ a b c Sonnemaker, Tyler (January 31, 2020). "Here are all the companies Airbnb has acquired to help it grow into a $31 billion business". Business Insider. Archived from the original on January 13, 2020.
  64. ^ Bradshaw, Tim (May 31, 2011). "Airbnb moves 'aggressively' into Europe". Financial Times. Archived from the original on February 5, 2018.
  65. ^ Wauters, Robin (June 1, 2011). "Airbnb buys German clone Accoleo, opens first European office in Hamburg". TechCrunch. Archived from the original on April 10, 2018.
  66. ^ Taylor, Colleen (February 20, 2012). "Airbnb Acquires UK-based Crashpadder As Part Of International Growth Push". TechCrunch. Archived from the original on March 31, 2018.
  67. ^ Kerr, Dana (March 20, 2012). "Airbnb buys Crashpadder, its largest U.K. competitor". CNET. Archived from the original on March 28, 2019.
  68. ^ Taylor, Colleen (March 20, 2012). "Airbnb M&A Acquisitions Airbnb Acquires UK-based Crashpadder As Part Of International Growth Push". TechCrunch. Archived from the original on March 31, 2018.
  69. ^ Hempel, Jessi (November 13, 2012). "With Neighborhoods, Airbnb expands its horizons". Fortune. Archived from the original on April 17, 2021.
  70. ^ Geron, Tomio (November 14, 2012). "Airbnb Launches Neighborhoods For Hyper-Local Travel Guides". Forbes. Archived from the original on September 20, 2015.
  71. ^ Van Grove, Jennifer (December 13, 2012). "Why did Airbnb just buy Localmind? Local expertise". VentureBeat. Archived from the original on November 19, 2017.
  72. ^ Risley, James (September 11, 2015). "Airbnb acquires Seattle-based trip planning service Vamo, founded by former Facebook exec". GeekWire. Archived from the original on September 28, 2022.
  73. ^ Lynley, Matthew (September 11, 2015). "Airbnb Acquires Multi-City Trip Planning Service Vamo, Will Shut Down Product". TechCrunch. Archived from the original on September 28, 2022.
  74. ^ King, Rachel (September 29, 2015). "Airbnb quietly acquires connected sensor startup Lapka". ZDNet. Archived from the original on September 27, 2022.
  75. ^ Lomas, Natasha (September 19, 2016). "Airbnb acquires travel activities marketplace, trip4real". TechCrunch. Archived from the original on September 28, 2022.
  76. ^ Zaleski, Olivia; De Vynck, Gerrit (February 16, 2017). "Airbnb Acquires Luxury Retreats, Beating Out Expedia, Accor". Bloomberg News. Archived from the original on March 31, 2017.
  77. ^ MARINOVA, POLINA (February 17, 2017). "Soon You'll Be Able to Rent Richard Branson's Island on Airbnb". Fortune. Archived from the original on April 14, 2021.
  78. ^ Coldwell, Will (November 27, 2017). "Access all areas: Airbnb expands into stays for disabled travellers". The Guardian. Archived from the original on November 27, 2017.
  79. ^ Somerville, Heather (November 16, 2017). "Airbnb acquires Accomable to offer home rentals for disabled travelers". Reuters. Archived from the original on November 16, 2017.
  80. ^ Lunden, Ingrid (November 13, 2017). "Airbnb acquires ad tech startup AdBasis". TechCrunch. Archived from the original on September 28, 2022.
  81. ^ Lunden, Ingrid (January 25, 2019). "Airbnb acquires Denmark's Gaest to expand in bookings for meetings and offsites". TechCrunch. Archived from the original on September 24, 2022.
  82. ^ Griffith, Erin (March 7, 2019). "Airbnb Acquires HotelTonight to Expand Travel Portfolio". The New York Times. Archived from the original on April 13, 2019.
  83. ^ Somerville, Heather (March 7, 2019). "Airbnb buys HotelTonight in deeper expansion into hotel-booking business". Reuters. Archived from the original on April 13, 2019.
  84. ^ Burke, Katie (August 5, 2019). "Airbnb acquisition opens door for growth in corporate relocation, business travel market". American City Business Journals. Archived from the original on March 11, 2023.
  85. ^ Crook, Jordan (August 5, 2019). "Doubling down on business travelers, Airbnb acquires Urbandoor". TechCrunch. Archived from the original on March 5, 2021.
  86. ^ Carter, John (August 25, 2023). "Airbnb doubles down on business travellers with acquisition of Urbandoor". Theavitas. Archived from the original on August 25, 2023.
  87. ^ "Airbnb acquires AI startup for just under $200 million". CNBC. November 14, 2023. Retrieved November 14, 2023.
  88. ^ Quinn, James (October 2, 2011). "Airbnb set to expand with London office". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on January 11, 2022.
  89. ^ Wauters, Robin (January 26, 2012). "Airbnb: 5 Million Nights Booked, Opening 6 New International Offices In Q1 2012". TechCrunch. Archived from the original on September 20, 2015.
  90. ^ Wauters, Robin (October 17, 2011). "Airbnb Checks In With Springstar For International Expansion". TechCrunch. Archived from the original on July 4, 2017.
  91. ^ Barry, Aoife (September 13, 2013). "Airbnb to open European HQ in Dublin". TheJournal.ie. Archived from the original on July 25, 2020.
  92. ^ "Airbnb to open European HQ in Dublin". The Irish Times. September 13, 2013. Archived from the original on February 5, 2018.
  93. ^ Ong, Josh (November 2, 2012). "Airbnb launches in Australia with new office in Sydney, coming soon to Thailand and Indonesia". The Next Web. Archived from the original on June 12, 2018.
  94. ^ Russell, Jon (November 12, 2012). "Airbnb targets 2 million properties in Asia as it begins introducing local customer support". The Next Web. Archived from the original on June 12, 2018.
  95. ^ Hsu, Andrea (April 28, 2023). "Airbnb let its workers live and work anywhere. Spoiler: They're loving it". All Things Considered. Archived from the original on April 30, 2023 – via NPR.
  96. ^ Gallagher, Leigh (February 14, 2017). "The Hustle". The Airbnb Story: How Three Ordinary Guys Disrupted an Industry, Made Billions . . . and Created Plenty of Controversy. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. p. 31. ISBN 978-0-544-95387-1.
  97. ^ Malik, Om (July 24, 2011). "AirBnB gets $112M in new investment". GigaOm. Archived from the original on March 18, 2022.
  98. ^ Nusca, Andrew (June 27, 2015). "Airbnb raises $1.5 billion, valuing it at an eye-popping $25.5 billion". Fortune. Archived from the original on February 27, 2021.
  99. ^ Alba, Davey (December 7, 2015). "Airbnb Confirms $1.5 Billion Funding Round, Now Valued at $25.5 Billion". Wired. Archived from the original on January 19, 2018. Retrieved February 4, 2018.
  100. ^ "TPG-Led Group Closes $450 Million Investment in Airbnb". The Wall Street Journal. April 23, 2014. Archived from the original on September 12, 2017.
  101. ^ "Airbnb closes $475 million funding round". Fortune. August 1, 2014. Archived from the original on May 14, 2021.
  102. ^ Farrell, Maureen; Bensinger, Greg (September 22, 2016). "Airbnb's Funding Round Led by Google Capital". The Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660. Archived from the original on February 21, 2017.
  103. ^ Thomas, Lauren (March 9, 2017). "Airbnb just closed a $1 billion round and became profitable in 2016". CNBC. Archived from the original on November 13, 2017.
  104. ^ Bosa, Deirdre; Batchelor, Laura (April 6, 2020). "Airbnb is raising $1 billion amid fallout from coronanvirus". CNBC. Archived from the original on May 14, 2021.
  105. ^ Bosa, Deirdre (April 14, 2020). "Airbnb raising another $1 billion in debt as coronavirus ravages tourism business". CNBC. Archived from the original on July 17, 2021. Retrieved July 17, 2021.
  106. ^ "Airbnb Revenue and Usage Statistics", Business of Apps
  107. ^ "Airbnb total assets worldwide 2022". Statista. Retrieved December 3, 2023.
  108. ^ "Airbnb: Number of Employees". macrotrends.net.
  109. ^ Kerr, Dara (January 26, 2017). "Airbnb makes it rain, turning a profit for the first time". CNET. Archived from the original on February 25, 2017.
  110. ^ Stone, Brad; Zaleski, Olivia (January 26, 2017). "Airbnb Enters the Land of Profitability". Bloomberg News. Archived from the original on March 13, 2018.
  111. ^ Molla, Rani (February 12, 2020). "Why Airbnb is suddenly struggling to make money". Vox Media. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020.
  112. ^ "Airbnb Q4 2022 and full-year financial results". February 15, 2023. Archived from the original on April 23, 2023.
  113. ^ Bursztynsky, Jessica (February 14, 2023). "Airbnb just reported its first profitable year as consumers keep booking trips". Fast Company. Archived from the original on April 26, 2023.
  114. ^ Capoot, Ashley (February 14, 2023). "Airbnb beats on profit and revenue, stock is up". CNBC. Archived from the original on April 26, 2023.
  115. ^ Benner, Katie (April 16, 2017). "Inside the Hotel Industry's Plan to Combat Airbnb". The New York Times.
  116. ^ Glick, Ilyse; Talkin, Samuel J. (September 7, 2016). "How your neighbor's Airbnb rental can affect your property values". The Washington Post.
  117. ^ Meijer, Bart (March 16, 2021). "Amsterdam to allow Airbnb rentals in city centre after court order". Reuters.
  118. ^ KAYALI, LAURA; HEIKKILÄ, MELISSA (November 9, 2020). "The Netherlands goes after Airbnb". Politico.
  119. ^ O'Sullivan, Feargus (June 6, 2018). "Barcelona Finds a Way to Control Airbnb Rentals". CityLab.
  120. ^ Mead, Rebecca (April 22, 2019). "The Airbnb Invasion of Barcelona". The New Yorker.
  121. ^ McClanahan, Paige (September 26, 2021). "Barcelona Takes on Airbnb". The New York Times.
  122. ^ Oltermann, Philip (June 8, 2016). "Berlin ban on Airbnb short-term rentals upheld by city court". The Guardian.
  123. ^ a b "The vast majority of Irish Airbnbs are illegal. Two law students are going after them". On The Ditch. April 6, 2023. Retrieved April 20, 2023.
  124. ^ Byrne, Louise (June 28, 2019). "No extra Dublin City Council staff hired so far to enforce new letting laws". RTÉ.
  125. ^ Thomas, Cónal (July 1, 2019). "Explainer: The new rules on Airbnb hosting come into effect today - here's what you need to know". TheJournal.ie.
  126. ^ TEMPERTON, JAMES (February 13, 2020). "Airbnb has devoured London – and here's the data that proves it". Wired.
  127. ^ "What's the 90-day rule and how does it impact my Airbnb in London?". GuestReady. July 11, 2022.
  128. ^ O'Sullivan, Feargus (April 3, 2019). "Madrid Bans Airbnb Apartments That Don't Have Private Entrances". Bloomberg News.
  129. ^ Minder, Raphael (June 23, 2018). "To Contain Tourism, One Spanish City Strikes a Ban, on Airbnb". The New York Times.
  130. ^ Carey, Meredith (April 12, 2018). "Paris Could Pull 43,000 Airbnb Listings by This June". Condé Nast Traveller.
  131. ^ Vidalon, Dominique (July 5, 2017). "Hoteliers welcome Paris decision forcing Airbnb hosts to register rentals". Reuters.
  132. ^ QUELL, MOLLY (July 7, 2022). "EU court adviser rejects Airbnb challenge to Italy short-term rental tax". Courthouse News Service.
  133. ^ Fox, Kara (June 15, 2019). "The race to stop the death of Venice". CNN.
  134. ^ "EXPLAINED: What are Italy's rules and taxes for Airbnb rentals?". The Local. March 14, 2022.
  135. ^ "Vermieten von Wohnungen für touristische Zwecke". City of Vienna.
  136. ^ Kerr, Dara (January 4, 2017). "Airbnb gets free rein in Arizona thanks to new law". CNET.
  137. ^ SOROKIN, Leo T. "AIRBNB, INC. v. CITY OF Boston 386 F.Supp.3d 113 (2019)". Leagle.
  138. ^ "City of Boston, Airbnb reach agreement to strengthen short-term rental registry, remove illegal units" (Press release). Boston. August 29, 2019.
  139. ^ Feuer, Will (December 3, 2019). "Airbnb has removed thousands of listings in Boston as new rule takes effect ahead of the company's presumed IPO next year". CNBC.
  140. ^ Logan, Tim (November 28, 2019). "Boston's tough rules governing Airbnb rentals are finally in full effect". The Boston Globe.
  141. ^ Cherone, Heather (June 1, 2021). "New Rules for Chicago's Home-Sharing Industry Set to Kick In". WTTW.
  142. ^ Ferré-Sadurní, Luis (November 5, 2019). "Airbnb Suffers Big Defeat in Jersey City. Here's What That Means". The New York Times.
  143. ^ Rosario, Joshua (November 6, 2019). "Jersey City voters say 'Yes' to Airbnb regulations in N.J.'s most expensive local referendum". NJ.com.
  144. ^ "Airbnb wants L.A. to delay enforcing new restrictions on short-term rentals". Los Angeles Times. October 1, 2019.
  145. ^ Chandler, Jenna; Walker, Alissa (December 10, 2019). "Renting an Airbnb in Los Angeles? Here's what to know before booking". Curbed.
  146. ^ IANNELLI, JERRY (July 13, 2017). "Emails Suggest Miami Mayor Coordinated With Hotel Lobby Against Airbnb". Miami New Times.
  147. ^ Mzezewa, Tariro (March 9, 2019). "Airbnb and Miami Beach Are at War. Travelers Are Caught in the Crossfire". The New York Times.
  148. ^ Lung, Natalie (October 20, 2023). "Most New York Airbnb Applications Don't Meet City Requirements". Bloomberg News.
  149. ^ "Accessory Short-Term Rental Permits". Portland, Oregon.
  150. ^ Bravo, Christina; Sridhar, Priya (April 14, 2021). "San Diego Mayor Signs Short-Term Rental Regulations Into Law". KNSD.
  151. ^ Benner, Katie (May 2, 2017). "Airbnb Settles Lawsuit With Its Hometown, San Francisco". The New York Times.
  152. ^ "Santa Monica Reaches Deal With Airbnb Over Illegal Listings". CBS News. December 10, 2019.
  153. ^ NICKELSBURG, MONICA (December 11, 2017). "Seattle approves new Airbnb regulations to limit short-term rentals to 2 units per host". GeekWire.
  154. ^ Austermuhle, Martin (January 5, 2022). "D.C. To Start Restricting And Regulating Airbnb And Other Short-Term Rentals". WAMU.
  155. ^ Hannington, Dia (February 4, 2018). "Banning Airbnb in West New York: After complaints, town adopts ordinance banning short-term rentals". The Hudson Reporter.
  156. ^ Gallichan-Lowe, Spencer (August 25, 2020). "Toronto introduces new rules for AirBnB, other short-term rental platforms". CityNews.
  157. ^ Kane, Laura (November 14, 2017). "Vancouver bans short-term Airbnb rentals in laneway homes, basement suites". CTV News.
  158. ^ Austen, Ian (November 15, 2017). "Vancouver Limits Airbnb, in an Effort to Combat Its Housing Crisis". The New York Times.
  159. ^ Carey, Meredith (June 4, 2018). "Nearly 80 Percent of Japan's Airbnbs Were Just Removed". Condé Nast Traveler.
  160. ^ Siew Ann, Tan (November 5, 2020). "Is Airbnb Illegal in Singapore?". Yahoo! Finance.
  161. ^ Wei, Neo Rong (May 8, 2021). "Short-term home sharing remains illegal in Singapore; Airbnb disappointed". Today.
  162. ^ Barron, Kyle; Kung, Edward; Proserpio, Davide (April 17, 2019). "Research: When Airbnb Listings in a City Increase, So Do Rent Prices". Harvard Business Review. Archived from the original on December 10, 2020. Retrieved December 5, 2020.
  163. ^ Ferré-Sadurní, Luis (October 30, 2019). "Where a $5 Million War Rages Between Airbnb and the Hotel Industry". The New York Times. Archived from the original on December 11, 2020. Retrieved December 5, 2020.
  164. ^ "Research: Restricting Airbnb Rentals Reduces Development".
  165. ^ Barker, Gary (February 21, 2020). "The Airbnb Effect On Housing And Rent". Forbes.
  166. ^ Barron, Kyle; Kung, Edward; Proserpio, Davide (October 5, 2017). "The Sharing Economy and Housing Affordability: Evidence from Airbnb". SSRN 3006832.
  167. ^ Barron, Kyle; Kung, Edward; Proserpio, Davide (August 2019). "The Effect of Home-Sharing on House Prices and Rents: Evidence from Airbnb" (PDF). University of Pennsylvania.
  168. ^ Thompson, Derek (February 17, 2018). "Airbnb and the Unintended Consequences of 'Disruption'". The Atlantic. Archived from the original on February 18, 2018. Retrieved February 18, 2018.
  169. ^ Guttentag, Daniel (August 30, 2018). "What Airbnb really does to a neighbourhood". BBC News. Archived from the original on April 28, 2019.
  170. ^ HOLDER, SARAH (February 1, 2019). "The Airbnb Effect: It's Not Just Rising Home Prices". Bloomberg News. Archived from the original on March 18, 2022.
  171. ^ Katz, Miranda (February 10, 2017). "A Lone Data Whiz Is Fighting Airbnb — and Winning". Wired. Archived from the original on September 21, 2018. Retrieved September 20, 2018.
  172. ^ Hill, Steven (October 19, 2015). "The Unsavory Side of Airbnb". The American Prospect. Archived from the original on April 10, 2019.
  173. ^ Yeomans, Emma (August 7, 2019). "Airbnb lobby MSPs every month". The Times. Archived from the original on October 14, 2019. Retrieved October 14, 2019.
  174. ^ Jacobs, Julia (April 9, 2019). "Airbnb Reverses Policy Banning Listings in Israeli Settlements in West Bank". The New York Times. Archived from the original on September 23, 2022. Retrieved September 23, 2022.
  175. ^ Williams, Dan; Pierson, Brendan (April 9, 2019). "Airbnb reverses ban on West Bank rentals, pledges to send proceeds to aid organizations". Global News. Reuters. Archived from the original on June 26, 2019. Retrieved June 26, 2019.
  176. ^ "Airbnb reverses on delisting Israeli settlements, won't profit off West Bank". Ynet. Reuters. October 4, 2019. Archived from the original on June 26, 2019. Retrieved June 26, 2019.
  177. ^ "Database Pursuant to Human Rights Council Resolution 31/36". 2023.
  178. ^ "UN rights office issues report on business activities related to settlements in the Occupied Palestinian Territory".
  179. ^ "UN rights office issues report on business activities related to settlements in the Occupied Palestinian Territory". Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights. February 12, 2020. Archived from the original on July 9, 2021. Retrieved July 5, 2021.
  180. ^ "Database of all business enterprises involved in certain activities relating to Israeli settlements in East Jerusalem and the West Bank (A/HRC/43/71)". ReliefWeb. February 14, 2020. Archived from the original on July 9, 2021. Retrieved July 5, 2021.
  181. ^ Chen, Yong (May 13, 2021). Economics of Tourism and Hospitality: A Micro Approach. Routledge. ISBN 978-1-000-37238-0. Archived from the original on February 10, 2023. Retrieved January 29, 2023.
  182. ^ Oskam, Jeroen; Boswijk, Albert (January 1, 2016). "Airbnb: the future of networked hospitality businesses". Journal of Tourism Futures. 2 (1): 22–42. doi:10.1108/JTF-11-2015-0048. ISSN 2055-5911.
  183. ^ Nuno, Gustavo; João, Pronto; Luísa, Carvalho; Miguel, Belo (February 19, 2022). Optimizing Digital Solutions for Hyper-Personalization in Tourism and Hospitality. IGI Global. ISBN 978-1-7998-8308-1. Archived from the original on February 10, 2023. Retrieved January 29, 2023.
  184. ^ Pohle, Allison (July 19, 2023). "Why Doesn't Airbnb Have a Loyalty Program Like Everyone Else?". The Wall Street Journal.
  185. ^ Mann, Sonya (May 3, 2017). "Why Airbnb Reviews Don't Tell the Whole Story". Inc. Archived from the original on October 16, 2020. Retrieved March 3, 2018.
  186. ^ Mulshine, Molly (June 18, 2015). "Why Airbnb reviews are a problem for the site". Business Insider. Archived from the original on June 5, 2019. Retrieved April 20, 2019.
  187. ^ Ho, Erica (May 19, 2015). "Why you should think twice before trusting Airbnb reviews". Mashable. Archived from the original on March 4, 2018. Retrieved March 3, 2018.
  188. ^ Bromwich, Jonah Engel (August 9, 2017). "Airbnb Cancels Accounts Linked to White Nationalist Rally in Charlottesville". The New York Times. Archived from the original on August 10, 2017. Retrieved September 20, 2018.
  189. ^ Park, Madison; Boyette, Chris (August 9, 2017). "Airbnb removes users affiliated with white nationalists' rally". CNN. Archived from the original on March 24, 2019. Retrieved March 24, 2019.
  190. ^ Tam, Ruth (January 7, 2021). "Trump Insurrectionists Lodge At D.C. Airbnbs — Much To Washingtonians' Distress". NPR. Archived from the original on August 14, 2022.
  191. ^ Fetters Malloy, Ashley (January 13, 2021). "Before Airbnb canceled inauguration reservations, hosts took matters into their own hands". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on January 19, 2023. Retrieved August 14, 2022.
  192. ^ WADE, STEPHEN (March 23, 2021). "Airbnb asked to drop Olympic ties over China rights issues". Associated Press. Archived from the original on February 8, 2022. Retrieved February 8, 2022.
  193. ^ "The Olympic Partner Program". Olympics.com. Archived from the original on February 8, 2022. Retrieved February 8, 2022.
  194. ^ Spinelli, Dan (January 21, 2022). "Olympic Sponsors Have "Entirely Ghosted" Activists Ahead of the Beijing Games". Mother Jones. Archived from the original on September 23, 2022. Retrieved September 23, 2022.
  195. ^ Whalen, Jeanne (January 16, 2022). "The U.S. government is boycotting the Beijing Olympics over human rights. Coke and Airbnb are still on board". The Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Archived from the original on February 21, 2022. Retrieved February 8, 2022.
  196. ^ Liberman, Mark (April 10, 2014). "We're updating our novel-length Terms of Service?". Language Log. Archived from the original on September 23, 2022. Retrieved September 23, 2022.
  197. ^ Poma, Luca (October 22, 2020). "AIRB&B: WHEN DISHONEST CONDUCT SULLIES A LOVEMARK". creatoridifuturo.it. Archived from the original on September 23, 2022. Retrieved September 23, 2022.
  198. ^ Agerholm, Harriet (December 9, 2017). "Airbnb guest finds corpse in garden". The Independent. Archived from the original on December 10, 2017.
  199. ^ Ellson, Andrew (December 9, 2017). "The rotting corpse and other Airbnb horror stories". The Times. ISSN 0140-0460. Archived from the original on May 24, 2018. Retrieved May 23, 2018.
  200. ^ Bershidsky, Leonid (December 12, 2017). "Airbnb, Like Uber, Needs to Grow Up". Bloomberg News. Archived from the original on December 14, 2017. Retrieved May 23, 2018.
  201. ^ Alini, Erica (January 11, 2018). "Review of Airbnb horror stories finds 'multiple dangerous loopholes and scams'". Global News. Archived from the original on May 24, 2018. Retrieved May 23, 2018.
  202. ^ Conti, Allie (October 31, 2019). "I Accidentally Uncovered a Nationwide Scam on Airbnb". Vice Media. Archived from the original on December 7, 2019. Retrieved December 6, 2019.
  203. ^ Temperton, James (February 11, 2020). "I stumbled across a huge Airbnb scam that's taking over London". Wired. Archived from the original on March 17, 2020. Retrieved March 17, 2020.
  204. ^ Strachan, Maxwell (March 2023). "Airbnb Is Banning People Who Are 'Closely Associated' With Already-Banned Users". Vice. VICE Media Group. Archived from the original on March 1, 2023. Retrieved March 1, 2023.
  205. ^ Greenberg, Zoe (July 18, 2018). "New York City Looks to Crack Down on Airbnb Amid Housing Crisis". The New York Times. Archived from the original on December 6, 2019. Retrieved December 6, 2019.
  206. ^ Weiser, Benjamin; Goodman, J. David (January 3, 2019). "Judge Blocks New York City Law Aimed at Curbing Airbnb Rentals". The New York Times. Archived from the original on December 7, 2019. Retrieved December 6, 2019.
  207. ^ Martineau, Paris (May 24, 2019). "Airbnb and New York City Reach a Truce on Home-Sharing Data". Wired. Archived from the original on November 10, 2019. Retrieved December 6, 2019.
  208. ^ Martineau, Paris (August 31, 2019). "Airbnb Starts to Play Nice With Cities". Wired. Archived from the original on December 7, 2019. Retrieved December 7, 2019.
  209. ^ Chalmers, John (April 27, 2022). "EU court rejects Airbnb plea on Belgian information for tax authorities". Reuters. Archived from the original on September 23, 2022. Retrieved September 23, 2022.
  210. ^ "Airbnb makes 'power play' in Dutch high court to retain right to 'double fees'". The Guardian. September 14, 2020. Archived from the original on April 1, 2021. Retrieved April 4, 2021.
  211. ^ "AIRBNB.ORG AND ALIGHT ARE OPENING DOORS TO HOUSING SOLUTIONS FOR REFUGEES FLEEING UKRAINE" (Press release). PR Newswire. May 3, 2022.

Further reading