Yamaguchi
山口市
Yamaguchi Xavier Memorial Church
Yamaguchi Xavier Memorial Church
Yamaguchi Prefectural Government Museum
Yamaguchi Prefectural Government Museum
Rurikō-ji five-story pagoda
Rurikō-ji five-story pagoda
View of Yamaguchi
View of Yamaguchi
Yamaguchi Satellite Earth Station
Yamaguchi Satellite Earth Station
Flag of Yamaguchi
Official logo of Yamaguchi
Map
Interactive map outlining Yamaguchi
Location of Yamaguchi in Yamaguchi Prefecture
Location of Yamaguchi in Yamaguchi Prefecture
Yamaguchi is located in Japan
Yamaguchi
Yamaguchi
Location in Japan
Coordinates: 34°10′41″N 131°28′26″E / 34.17806°N 131.47389°E / 34.17806; 131.47389
CountryJapan
RegionChūgoku (San'yō)
PrefectureYamaguchi
Government
 • MayorKazuki Ito
Area
 • Total1,023.23 km2 (395.07 sq mi)
Population
 (July 1, 2023)
 • Total191,470
 • Density190/km2 (480/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+09:00 (JST)
City hall address2-1 Kameyama-cho, Yamaguchi-shi, Yamaguchi-ken 753-8650
ClimateCfa
WebsiteOfficial website
Symbols
FlowerRapeseed flowers, Sakura
TreeGinkgo
Yamaguchi City Hall
Aerial photograph of central Yamaguchi

Yamaguchi (山口市, Yamaguchi-shi) is the capital city of Yamaguchi Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 July 2023, the city had an estimated population of 191,470 in 88,799 households and a population density of 190 persons per km².[1] The total area of the city is 1,023.23 square kilometres (395.07 sq mi).

Geography

Yamaguchi City is located almost in the center of Yamaguchi Prefecture. The city area, which is the largest in the prefecture, is long from north to south, facing the Seto Inland Sea (Yamaguchi Bay) at the south end, and bordering Shimane Prefecture at the north end. The Fushino River runs through the center of the Yamaguchi Basin from north to south, and urban areas are formed on both sides of the river.

Neighbouring municipalities

Yamaguchi Prefecture

Shimane Prefecture

Climate

Yamaguchi has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa) with hot summers and cool winters. Precipitation is significant throughout the year, but is much higher in summer than in winter.

Climate data for Yamaguchi (1991−2020 normals, extremes 1966−present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 19.5
(67.1)
22.5
(72.5)
24.8
(76.6)
30.1
(86.2)
33.8
(92.8)
34.7
(94.5)
38.8
(101.8)
38.6
(101.5)
35.9
(96.6)
31.3
(88.3)
28.1
(82.6)
23.3
(73.9)
38.8
(101.8)
Mean daily maximum °C (°F) 9.4
(48.9)
11.1
(52.0)
15.0
(59.0)
20.1
(68.2)
24.9
(76.8)
27.8
(82.0)
31.3
(88.3)
32.7
(90.9)
28.9
(84.0)
23.7
(74.7)
17.6
(63.7)
11.6
(52.9)
21.2
(70.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) 4.4
(39.9)
5.5
(41.9)
9.0
(48.2)
13.9
(57.0)
19.0
(66.2)
22.6
(72.7)
26.4
(79.5)
27.4
(81.3)
23.5
(74.3)
17.7
(63.9)
11.9
(53.4)
6.4
(43.5)
15.6
(60.1)
Mean daily minimum °C (°F) 0.4
(32.7)
0.8
(33.4)
3.6
(38.5)
8.1
(46.6)
13.3
(55.9)
18.4
(65.1)
22.7
(72.9)
23.4
(74.1)
19.4
(66.9)
12.9
(55.2)
7.0
(44.6)
2.0
(35.6)
11.0
(51.8)
Record low °C (°F) −7.6
(18.3)
−8.9
(16.0)
−7.6
(18.3)
−1.2
(29.8)
3.2
(37.8)
8.0
(46.4)
13.1
(55.6)
14.9
(58.8)
7.4
(45.3)
1.3
(34.3)
−2.5
(27.5)
−5.5
(22.1)
−8.9
(16.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 76.3
(3.00)
85.0
(3.35)
145.6
(5.73)
168.1
(6.62)
197.2
(7.76)
282.9
(11.14)
342.6
(13.49)
205.8
(8.10)
179.1
(7.05)
91.3
(3.59)
83.5
(3.29)
70.5
(2.78)
1,927.7
(75.89)
Average snowfall cm (inches) 11
(4.3)
9
(3.5)
2
(0.8)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
3
(1.2)
26
(10)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.5 mm) 12.2 11.5 12.4 10.6 10.1 12.8 12.3 10.7 10.2 7.5 8.9 11.4 130.7
Average relative humidity (%) 76 71 70 69 67 75 78 75 74 73 76 78 74
Mean monthly sunshine hours 117.9 121.3 157.4 183.9 204.3 142.3 156.2 196.2 151.7 169.4 144.0 117.6 1,862
Source: Japan Meteorological Agency[2]
Climate data for Tokusa, Yamaguchi (1991−2020 normals, extremes 1977−present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 16.8
(62.2)
20.1
(68.2)
22.9
(73.2)
28.9
(84.0)
32.2
(90.0)
32.7
(90.9)
36.1
(97.0)
36.4
(97.5)
35.1
(95.2)
30.7
(87.3)
25.5
(77.9)
21.8
(71.2)
36.4
(97.5)
Mean daily maximum °C (°F) 6.4
(43.5)
7.9
(46.2)
12.2
(54.0)
18.1
(64.6)
23.0
(73.4)
25.7
(78.3)
29.1
(84.4)
30.4
(86.7)
26.3
(79.3)
21.0
(69.8)
15.2
(59.4)
9.0
(48.2)
18.7
(65.6)
Daily mean °C (°F) 1.8
(35.2)
2.8
(37.0)
6.3
(43.3)
11.7
(53.1)
16.8
(62.2)
20.5
(68.9)
24.4
(75.9)
25.1
(77.2)
20.9
(69.6)
14.8
(58.6)
9.2
(48.6)
3.9
(39.0)
13.2
(55.7)
Mean daily minimum °C (°F) −2.1
(28.2)
−1.9
(28.6)
0.8
(33.4)
5.6
(42.1)
11.0
(51.8)
16.3
(61.3)
20.8
(69.4)
21.2
(70.2)
16.7
(62.1)
9.6
(49.3)
3.9
(39.0)
−0.4
(31.3)
8.5
(47.2)
Record low °C (°F) −12.4
(9.7)
−16.0
(3.2)
−9.5
(14.9)
−4.1
(24.6)
0.7
(33.3)
4.6
(40.3)
12.2
(54.0)
13.1
(55.6)
3.9
(39.0)
−1.5
(29.3)
−4.4
(24.1)
−10.4
(13.3)
−16.0
(3.2)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 121.9
(4.80)
106.3
(4.19)
146.7
(5.78)
136.6
(5.38)
153.7
(6.05)
229.5
(9.04)
337.8
(13.30)
201.5
(7.93)
208.6
(8.21)
116.7
(4.59)
97.4
(3.83)
116.3
(4.58)
1,973
(77.68)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 15.8 13.5 13.7 11.0 10.0 12.6 13.1 10.9 11.6 9.2 10.7 14.1 146.2
Mean monthly sunshine hours 66.5 86.6 133.7 172.5 193.0 127.0 136.0 171.3 129.6 150.5 112.3 74.8 1,553.5
Source: Japan Meteorological Agency[3][4]

Demographics

Per Japanese census data, the population of Yamaguchi in 2020 is 193,966 people.[5] Yamaguchi has been conducting censuses since 1960.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1960 172,116—    
1965 162,219−5.8%
1970 160,347−1.2%
1975 164,470+2.6%
1980 173,590+5.5%
1985 183,149+5.5%
1990 187,793+2.5%
1995 193,172+2.9%
2000 197,115+2.0%
2005 199,297+1.1%
2010 196,643−1.3%
2015 197,422+0.4%
2020 193,966−1.8%
Yamaguchi population statistics[5]

History

The area of Yamaguchi was part of the ancient Suō Province. During the Muromachi period it was ruled by the Ōuchi clan, who at their height ruled over six provinces in the Chugoku region of western Japan. The Ōuchi clan claimed descent from the royal house of Baekje and grew wealthy due to extensive trade with Korea and Ming Dynasty China. After the Onin War, they welcomed intellectuals who escaped from Kyoto, such that Yamaguchi prospered as a center of culture. Later in the Muromachi period, Christian missionaries from Spain and Portugal were welcomed, and the area became an early center for the Kirishitan faith. The Ōuchi were eventually overthrown by their vassals, the Mōri clan, who ruled the area as part of Chōshū Domain during the Edo Period.

Following the Meiji Restoration, the town of Yamaguchi was established within Yoshiki District, Yamaguchi with the creation of the modern municipalities system on April 1, 1889. On April 1, 1905 Yamaguchi annexed the village of Kami-unorei, followed by Shimo-unorei on July 1, 1915. On April 10, 1929: The town of Yamaguchi absorbed the village of Yoshiki to create the city of Yamaguchi. Yamaguchi annexed the village of Miyano on April 1, 1941. On April 1, 1944, Yamaguchi annexed towns of Ogōri and Ajisu, and the villages of Hirakawa, Ōtoshi, Sue, Natajima, Aiofutajima, Kagawa and Sayama (all from Yoshiki District.)

The town of Ajisu separated from Yamaguchi on November 23, 1947, followed by the town of Ogōri on November 1, 1949. Yamaguchi annexed the town of Ōuchi on May 1, 1963 and the village of Suzenji on November 3, 1963. On October 1, 2005 Yamaguchi merged with town of Tokuji (from Saba District), and the towns of Aio, Ajisu and Ogōri (all from Yoshiki District);. Yoshiki District was dissolved as a result of this merger. On January 16, 2010 Yamaguchi absorbed the town of Atō (from Abu District).

Government

Yamaguchi has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral city council of 35 members. Yamaguchi contributes six members to the Yamaguchi Prefectural Assembly. In terms of national politics, the city is divided between the Yamaguchi 1st district and the Yamaguchi 3rd district in lower house of the Diet of Japan.

Economy

Although Yamaguchi City is the prefectural capital, excluding public facilities and public works, the other major industries are commerce and the tourism and distribution industries. Despite having the second largest population in the prefecture after Shimonoseki, which is a constituent city of the Kanmon metropolitan area, and the third largest gross city product in the prefecture after Shūnan and Shimonoseki, the city has a very small industrial base.

Education

Colleges and universities

Primary and secondary education

Yamaguchi has 32 public elementary schools, 17 public junior high schools operated by the city government, and six public high schools operated by the Yamaguchi Prefectural Board of Education. There is also one national elementary school, one national junior high school and three private high schools. The prefecture operates one special education school for the handicapped and there are two private special education schools.

Transportation

Railway

JR West (JR West) - San'yō Shinkansen

JR West (JR West) - San'yō Main Line

JR West (JR West) - Yamaguchi Line

JR West (JR West) - Ube Line

Highways

Media

Newspaper

TV

Twin towns – sister cities

See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Japan

Yamaguchi is twinned with:[6]

Local attractions

Notable people from Yamaguchi City

References

  1. ^ "Yamaguchi City official statistics" (in Japanese). Japan.
  2. ^ 気象庁 / 平年値(年・月ごとの値). Japan Meteorological Agency. Retrieved May 19, 2021.
  3. ^ 気象庁 / 平年値(年・月ごとの値). JMA. Retrieved May 26, 2022.
  4. ^ 観測史上1~10位の値(年間を通じての値). JMA. Retrieved May 26, 2022.
  5. ^ a b Yamaguchi population statistics
  6. ^ "国際交流". city.yamaguchi.lg.jp (in Japanese). Yamaguchi. Retrieved 2020-04-08.
  7. ^ "続日本100名城" (in Japanese). 日本城郭協会. 29 November 2017. Retrieved 25 July 2019.