Shizuoka
静岡市
City of Shizuoka[1]
Top left: Aoba Symbol Road; Top right: Shimizu Port Middle: Tōkaidō Shinkansen & Urban area Aoi Tower,Keyaki Street,Higashi-Shizuoka subcenter,Gofukucho, Kunozan Toshogu
Top left: Aoba Symbol Road; Top right: Shimizu Port
Middle: Tōkaidō Shinkansen & Urban area
Aoi Tower,Keyaki Street,Higashi-Shizuoka subcenter,Gofukucho, Kunozan Toshogu
Flag of Shizuoka
Official logo of Shizuoka
Location of Shizuoka in Shizuoka Prefecture
Location of Shizuoka in Shizuoka Prefecture
Shizuoka is located in Japan
Shizuoka
Shizuoka
 
Coordinates: 34°58′32″N 138°22′58″E / 34.97556°N 138.38278°E / 34.97556; 138.38278Coordinates: 34°58′32″N 138°22′58″E / 34.97556°N 138.38278°E / 34.97556; 138.38278
CountryJapan
RegionChūbu (Tōkai)
PrefectureShizuoka Prefecture
First official record663 AD
City Status1 April 1889;
133 years ago
 (1889-04-01)
Government
 • MayorNobuhiro Tanabe
Area
 • Designated city1,411.90 km2 (545.14 sq mi)
Population
 (1 December 2019)
 • Designated city690,881
 • Density490/km2 (1,300/sq mi)
 • Metro
[2] (2015)
988,056 (18th)
Time zoneUTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)
Symbols 
• TreeFlowering dogwood
• FlowerHollyhock
• BirdCommon kingfisher
Phone number054-254-2111
Address5-1 Ōtemachi, Aoi-ku, Shizuoka-shi, Shizuoka-ken 420-8602
WebsiteOfficial website
Shizuoka
Shizuoka (Chinese characters).svg
"Shizuoka" in kanji
Japanese name
Kanji静岡
Hiraganaしずおか
Katakanaシズオカ

Shizuoka (静岡市, Shizuoka-shi, [ɕizɯꜜoka]) is the capital city of Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan, and the prefecture's second-largest city in both population and area. It has been populated since prehistoric times. As of 1 December 2019, the city had an estimated population of 690,881 in 106,087 households,[3] and a population density of 490 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,300/sq mi).

The city's name is made up of two kanji, 静 shizu, meaning "still" or "calm"; and 岡 oka, meaning "hill(s)".[4] In 1869, Shizuoka Domain was first created out of the older Sunpu Domain, and that name was retained when the city was incorporated in 1885. In 2003, Shizuoka absorbed neighboring Shimizu City (now Shimizu Ward) to create the new and expanded city of Shizuoka, briefly becoming the largest city by land area in Japan. In 2005, it became one of Japan's "designated cities".

Geography

Shizuoka City lies in central Shizuoka Prefecture, about halfway between Tokyo and Nagoya along the Tōkaidō Corridor, between Suruga Bay to the south and the Minami Alps in the north. Shizuoka had the largest area of any municipality in Japan after merging with Shimizu City in April 2003, until February 2005, when Takayama in Gifu Prefecture superseded it by merging with nine surrounding municipalities.

Shizuoka City Hall
Shizuoka City Hall

The total area of the city is 1,411.90 km2 (545.14 sq mi).[5] Shizuoka is the 5th largest city in Japan in terms of geographic area after Takayama, Hamamatsu, Nikkō, and Kitami. It is also the 2nd largest city in Shizuoka Prefecture in terms of both geographic area and population after Hamamatsu, but ranks higher as an Urban Employment Area,[2] and leads as a metropolitan area and business region.

The fan-like shape of the Shizuoka Plain and Miho Peninsula were formed over the ages by the fast-flowing Abe River, carrying along collapsed sand and earth. These areas form the foundations of the city today.[6]: 242  The isolated Mount Kunō separates the Suruga coastline from the Shimizu coastline.

Basic data

Bordering municipalities

Climate

On the south-central Pacific coast Shizuoka has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa), which is hot and humid in the summer, and rarely snows in the winter.[7] It is close to the warm Kuroshio Current and is wet even by Japanese standards with only slightly less precipitation than Kanazawa on the opposite side of Honshū, but it is paradoxically the sunniest of Japan's major cities owing to the absence of summer fog and its sheltered location from the northwesterly winds off the Sea of Japan. Further north, the mountainous Ikawa area is part of the Japanese snow country, where there are ski areas.

Climate data for Shizuoka (1991−2020 normals, extremes 1940−present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 25.7
(78.3)
26.2
(79.2)
28.0
(82.4)
33.3
(91.9)
33.9
(93.0)
38.3
(100.9)
38.4
(101.1)
38.7
(101.7)
37.1
(98.8)
33.9
(93.0)
28.0
(82.4)
24.5
(76.1)
38.7
(101.7)
Average high °C (°F) 11.7
(53.1)
12.6
(54.7)
15.5
(59.9)
19.8
(67.6)
23.5
(74.3)
26.1
(79.0)
29.9
(85.8)
31.3
(88.3)
28.4
(83.1)
23.6
(74.5)
18.8
(65.8)
14.1
(57.4)
21.3
(70.3)
Daily mean °C (°F) 6.9
(44.4)
7.7
(45.9)
10.7
(51.3)
15.2
(59.4)
19.2
(66.6)
22.4
(72.3)
26.1
(79.0)
27.4
(81.3)
24.5
(76.1)
19.4
(66.9)
14.3
(57.7)
9.3
(48.7)
16.9
(62.4)
Average low °C (°F) 2.1
(35.8)
2.9
(37.2)
6.0
(42.8)
10.6
(51.1)
15.1
(59.2)
19.2
(66.6)
23.1
(73.6)
24.2
(75.6)
21.1
(70.0)
15.6
(60.1)
9.9
(49.8)
4.6
(40.3)
12.9
(55.2)
Record low °C (°F) −6.8
(19.8)
−5.8
(21.6)
−4.6
(23.7)
−1.4
(29.5)
5.1
(41.2)
12.5
(54.5)
15.4
(59.7)
16.9
(62.4)
10.6
(51.1)
3.9
(39.0)
−1.7
(28.9)
−5.1
(22.8)
−6.8
(19.8)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 79.6
(3.13)
105.3
(4.15)
207.1
(8.15)
222.2
(8.75)
215.3
(8.48)
268.9
(10.59)
296.6
(11.68)
186.5
(7.34)
280.6
(11.05)
250.3
(9.85)
134.2
(5.28)
80.7
(3.18)
2,327.3
(91.63)
Average snowfall cm (inches) 0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.5 mm) 5.8 6.5 10.2 10.5 10.9 13.6 12.9 10.6 12.8 10.9 7.6 6.1 118.3
Average relative humidity (%) 57 57 62 65 71 77 79 76 75 71 67 60 68
Mean monthly sunshine hours 207.9 187.5 189.9 189.7 192.0 135.9 157.9 201.8 157.3 157.7 173.3 200.5 2,151.5
Source: Japan Meteorological Agency[8]

Nature

Mount Aino, one of the 100 Famous Japanese Mountains, and the fourth tallest peak in Japan
Mount Aino, one of the 100 Famous Japanese Mountains, and the fourth tallest peak in Japan
The hydroelectric Hatanagi-I Dam—tallest concrete gravity dam in the world
The hydroelectric Hatanagi-I Dam—tallest concrete gravity dam in the world

Mountains[edit]

Rivers[edit]

Lakes[edit]

Demographics

As of August 2019, the city had an estimated population of 704,989 in 286,013 households[3] and a population density of 507 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,310/sq mi).

Shizuoka City seen from the South
Shizuoka City seen from the South
Demographic Population As of
Male 343,339 August 2019[3]
Female 361,651
Households 286,013[3]
Foreign 9,389 May 2019[3]
Total 704,989 August 2019[3]

Historic population

Per Japanese census data,[9] the population of Shizuoka has been declining slowly since 1990.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1940 395,189—    
1950 467,782+18.4%
1960 576,482+23.2%
1970 681,797+18.3%
1980 727,260+6.7%
1990 739,300+1.7%
2000 729,980−1.3%
2010 716,328−1.9%

Administration

Wards

Wards of Shizuoka
Wards of Shizuoka
Aoi Ward (葵区, Aoi-ku)
Administrative center, made up of the former Shizuoka north of the Tōkaidō Main Line excluding Osada district
Suruga Ward (駿河区, Suruga-ku)
Former Shizuoka south of the Tōkaidō Main Line and Osada district
Shimizu Ward (清水区, Shimizu-ku)
Former city of Shimizu and towns of Kanbara and Yui.

Administrative district "image colours"

On 22 December 2006, colours and logos were established for each of the wards.[10]

Aoi Ward Aoi Ward Green
Suruga Ward Suruga Ward Red
Shimizu Ward Shimizu Ward Blue

Ward offices

Government

Shizuoka has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral city legislature of 48 members. The city contributes 13 members to the Shizuoka Prefectural Assembly. In terms of national politics, the city is divided between Shizuoka 1st District and Shizuoka 4th District in the lower house of the Japanese Diet.

Mayors (former Shizuoka city from 1889 to 2003)

Mayors (former Shimizu city from 1924 to 2003)

Mayors (since 2003 merger)

Mayors of Shizuoka
Term Name Start Finish
1–2 Zenkichi Kojima 14 April 2003 12 April 2011
3–4 Nobuhiro Tanabe 13 April 2011 current

History

Ancient history

The area that is now the city of Shizuoka has been inhabited since prehistoric times. Numerous kofun have been found within the city limits, and the Toro archaeological site indicates that a major Yayoi period (circa 400 BC–300 AD) settlement existed in what is now part of the central city area.

Suruga was established as a province of Japan in the early Nara period. At some point between the year 701 and 710, the provincial capital was relocated from what is now Numazu, to a more central location on the banks of the Abe River at a location named Sunpu (駿府) (a contraction of "Suruga no Kokufu" (駿河の国府)) or alternatively "Fuchū" (府中).

Pre-modern Shizuoka

During the Muromachi period, Sunpu was the capital of the Imagawa clan. The Imagawa were defeated at the Battle of Okehazama, and Sunpu was subsequently ruled by Takeda Shingen, followed by Tokugawa Ieyasu. However, Toyotomi Hideyoshi relocated Ieyasu, and installed Nakamura Kazutada to rule Sunpu. After the Toyotomi were defeated in the Battle of Sekigahara, Ieyasu recovered Sunpu, reassigning it to his own retainer, Naitō Nobunari in 1601. This marked the start of Sunpu Domain.

Reconstructed building at the Toro archeological site
Reconstructed building at the Toro archeological site

In April 1606, Ieyasu officially retired from the post of shōgun, and retired to Sunpu, where he established a secondary court, from which he could influence Shōgun Tokugawa Hidetada from behind the scenes. Subsequently, aside for brief periods, Sunpu was tenryō (territory under direct administration by the Shogunate), ruled by the Sunpu jōdai (駿府城代), an appointed official based in Sunpu.

Reconstructed Tatsumi yagura of Sunpu Castle
Reconstructed Tatsumi yagura of Sunpu Castle

From the Meiji period to World War II

In 1869, after the fall of the Tokugawa shogunate, the former shogunal line, headed by Tokugawa Iesato was sent to Sunpu and assigned the short-lived Sunpu Domain. The same year, Sunpu was renamed "Shizuoka". Shizuoka Domain became Shizuoka Prefecture with the abolition of the han system in 1871, which was expanded in 1876 through merger with the former Hamamatsu Prefecture and western portions of Ashigaru Prefecture in 1876. Shizuoka Station on the Tōkaidō Main Line was opened on 1 February 1889. The same day, a fire burned down most of downtown Shizuoka.

The modern city was founded on 1 April 1889. At the time, the population was 37,681, and Shizuoka was one of the first 31 cities established in Japan.

An electric tram service began in 1911. In 1914, due to heavy rains caused by a typhoon, the Abe River flooded, inundating the downtown area.[11] In the national census of 1920, the population of Shizuoka was 74,093. The area of the city continued to expand through the 1920s and 1930s through merger with outlying towns and villages. In 1935, the city was struck by a 6.4 magnitude earthquake, resulting in much damage. Although soon rebuilt, a large fire in 1940 again destroyed much of the center of the city.

During World War II, Shizuoka lacked targets of major military significance, and was initially only lightly bombed during several American air raids. However, in a major firebombing raid of 19 June 1945, the city suffered an extreme amount of damage with high civilian casualties.

Post-war Shizuoka

The area of the city continued to expand through the 1950s and 1960s through merger with outlying towns and villages. On 1 October 1964, the Tōkaidō Shinkansen began services to Shizuoka, and on 25 April 1969 the city was connected to the Tōmei Expressway. On 7 July 1974, the Abe River flooded, and landslides occurred during heavy rains, killing 23 people.[citation needed] On 16 August 1980, a major gas leak in an underground shopping center near Shizuoka Station resulted in an explosion, killing 15 people and seriously injuring 233 others. The Shizuoka City Hall moved to new premises in 1986. On 1 April 1992, Shizuoka was designated a core city by the central government, giving it increased autonomy.[12]

The 1 April 2003 merger with Shimizu City (current Shimizu Ward) greatly expanded the area and population of Shizuoka,[13] which then became a designated city on 1 April 2005,[14] and was divided into three wards.[citation needed]

Despite being somewhat geographically isolated from the rest of the city, the town of Kanbara (from Ihara District) was merged into Shizuoka on 31 March 2006,[15] becoming part of Shimizu-ku. On 1 November 2008, the town of Yui (also from Ihara District) was also merged into Shimizu-ku, resulting in the dissolution of Ihara District.[16]

Economy

Mount Fuji and Shizuoka City
Mount Fuji and Shizuoka City
Downtown Shizuoka City
Downtown Shizuoka City
Bandai Hobby Center
Bandai Hobby Center
A map showing Shizuoka Metropolitan Employment Area.
A map showing Shizuoka Metropolitan Employment Area.

Fuji Dream Airlines is headquartered in Aoi-ku, Shizuoka.[20]

Agriculture

Green tea
Varieties such as Motoyama and Yabukita are grown in all corners of the city, and the varieties grown especially in the Warashina area in Aoi Ward and the Ryōgōchi area of Shimizu Ward are known for their high quality
Strawberries
"Stonewall strawberries" (石垣いちご, ishigaki ichigo) are strawberries that grow in holes on inclined stone walls, grown especially along an 8 km (5 mi) stretch of Kunō Kaidō (route 150), also known as "Strawberry Road", along the coast of Suruga Bay.[21]
Wasabi
especially in areas such as Utōgi in Aoi Ward
Mandarin orange and other citrus fruits
especially Satsuma, a seedless and easy-peeling citrus mutant, known as mikan (みかん) or formally unshū mikan (ウンシュウミカン)[22][23][24][25]
Lotus roots
especially in the Asahata area of Aoi Ward
Roses
especially in the Ihara and Okitsu areas in Shimizu Ward
Peaches
especially in the Osada area:::
Potatoes
Especially the Sebago potato. Originally exported to Crookwell

Fishery

Shimizu Port boasts the largest haul of tuna in all Japan.[citation needed] Kanbara Harbour enjoys a prosperous haul of sakura ebi, and Mochimune Harbour enjoys a prosperous haul of shirasu sardines.

Products

Abekawa Mochi is a type of rice cake (or mochi) made with kinako soy flour that is a specialty of Shizuoka.

Shizuoka has a long history of being involved in the craft industries going back over 400 years ago, using trees, including hinoki cypress. The model industry goes back to the late 1920s when wood was used to produce model toys, using sashimono woodworking joinery techniques, purely for educational purposes. Craftsmen later moved on to lighter woods including balsa, but following the war, with the importation of US built scale models, many companies either turned to plastic models to compete or went under.[26][27]

The town has since become internationally notable for its plastic scale model kits[28] and is resident to long-established companies such as Aoshima, Fujimi, Hasegawa, and Tamiya. Another model brand, Bandai, produces its Gundam models exclusively at its Bandai Hobby Center plant in the city.[29] The city hosts the long-running Shizuoka Hobby Show annually in May at Twin Messe Shizuoka.[30]

Cuisine

Oden
a Japanese dish consisting of several ingredients such as boiled eggs, daikon radish, konnyaku, and processed fish cakes stewed in a light, soy-flavoured dashi broth. Oden in Shizuoka uses a dark coloured broth flavoured with beef stock and dark soy sauce. All ingredients are skewered. Dried, ground fish (sardine, mackerel, or katsuobushi) and aonori powder (edible seaweed) are sprinkled on top before eating.
Gyoza
Soba noodles
Seafood
Zōni soup
rice cakes in a broth cooked with vegetables, popular at New Year
Tororo
A grated yam soup. Chojiya, a tororo restaurant founded in 1598 in Mariko-juku area of Shizuoka, west of the Abe River, was made famous by Hiroshige when he depicted it in his series of ukiyo-e prints of the 53 stops along the Tōkaidō.

Culture

Shizuoka Performing Arts Center

The Shizuoka Performing Arts Center (SPAC) was founded in 1995 by the Shizuoka Prefecture.[31] The building was designed by architect Arata Isozaki[32] and was opened in 1999 for the second Theatre Olympics.[33]

The arts center is the first publicly-funded cultural organization in Japan to have its own troupe of actors and other staff to manage its own venues and facilities for artistic purposes. Suzuki Tadashi was the first Artistic Director, appointed in 1997 and staying in the position until March 2007, after which Miyagi Satoshi took up the appointment.[31] SPAC has organised the World Theatre Festival Shizuoka each year since 2011,[34] as well as creating its own theatre productions (some of which tour abroad), having students to learn at the center, and other theatrical activities.[31]

The World Theatre Festival Shizuoka was formerly called the Shizuoka Spring Festival (2000-2010[34]), being changed to "World Theater Festival Shizuoka under Mt. Fuji" in 2012 by the artistic director of the centre, Miyagi Satoshi. His intention was "to connect Shizuoka to the world through theater", to have performances from every corner of the world, for "people to see that the world isn't a set and finished quantity and there is still plenty of room for change. I wanted to communicate that theater is a window to the world".[32] The festival includes stage plays, puppetry, film, dance and other performance arts.[34]

In 2020, due to the COVID-19 pandemic, it was announced on 3 April that the festival, scheduled to begin from 25 April to 6 May, would be cancelled. Instead, Miyagi staged an online version of the festival.[35]

Festivals

Daidogei World Cup (大道芸ワールドカップ, Daigougei Waarudo kappu)
The Daidogei World Cup is an annual international street performers' festival, held over various locations around the city in November over four days. It was first held in 1992.[36]
Shizuoka Festival (静岡まつり, Shizuoka Matsuri)
The festival, which begun in 1957 but whose origins date back to traditions hundreds of years old, takes place in April, during the high point of the year for cherry blossoms. A flower-viewing procession echoes the shōgun Tokugawa Ieyasu's custom of taking daimyōs (feudal lords) to Sengen Shrine to view the cherry blossoms in the 17th century.[37]
Abekawa Fireworks (安倍川花火, Abekawa Hanabi)
A gigantic fireworks display held upstream on Shizuoka's Abekawa River in late July. It was first held 1953, to remember those who died during World War II and to pray for a national revival. Today, around 15,000 fireworks are .[38]

Sport

With the Shimizu merger, Shimizu S-Pulse became the major football club in the city. Recently, however, a new rival club, Fujieda MYFC (from nearby Fujieda), has been rising in the regional league ranks as a contender for a place in the Japan Football League. The city hosted the official Asian Basketball Championship for Women in 1995 and 1999.

Transportation

Shizuoka Station North exit
Shizuoka Station North exit

Railway

Shizuoka lies on the Tōkaidō Main Line, the JR Central main railway line from Tokyo to Osaka, and is well-served by the Tōkaidō Shinkansen, limited express and regional trains. The central station of Shizuoka is in the city centre. Shizuoka also has an LRT line, the Shizuoka Railway, administered by the Shizuoka Railway Co., Ltd. at Shizuoka Station. The under construction Chūō Shinkansen will pass through the mountainous area in the northern tip of the city. However, the line is not planned to have a station in Shizuoka.

Highways

Sea port

The Port of Shimizu-ku, in Shimizu City (now Shimizu Ward), is a long established mid-size sea port, catering to container ships, dry bulk ships and cruise ships.[39]

It is well located, being in between the two major port areas of Japan, i.e. the Tokyo Bay ports of Tokyo, Kawasaki and Yokohama (Keihin ports) and the Osaka Bay ports of Osaka and Kobe (Hanshin ports). The Port of Shimizu has a water depth of about 12 metres (39 ft); its attractiveness has been enhanced over the past years by the construction of new road and rail links which contribute to expanding its commercial hinterland.

In tonnage, imports (about 6.5 million tonnes (6,400,000 long tons; 7,200,000 short tons)) are close to twice export volumes, but in trade value exports are twice as valuable as imports.

The Port of Shimizu container traffic is about balanced, with over 250,000 TEU in each direction, with auto parts and chemicals amongst the main cargo types. Major international container lines provide weekly services on major trade routes, including North America, Europe and Asia, with about 110 calls per months on 28 trade routes.

The port of Shimizu also includes a terminal to receive LNG tankers and store imported Liquefied natural gas; it is operated by Shimizu LNG, a subsidiary of Shizuoka Gas (Japan is the world's largest importer of LNG).

The Port of Shimizu is also connected to other Japan ports. In particular, it is served by a Roll-on/roll-off service serving the port of Ōita, on the north-east coast of the southern island of Kyushu. This service, which sails three times a week and has a transit time of 20 hours, has enabled a modal shift of freight trucks from road to sea, thereby contributing to decreasing congestion and pollution on roads.

Airports

The nearest airport is Shizuoka Airport, situated between Makinohara and Shimada.

Education

Colleges and universities

The main campus of Shizuoka University
The main campus of Shizuoka University
Shizuoka University
National university, founded 1949. Main campus in Suruga Ward. Abbreviated to 静大 (Shizudai).
University of Shizuoka
Public university whose main campus is in Suruga Ward, close to Kusanagi Station.
Tokai University
Shimizu campus of the Tokyo-based private university
Tokoha Gakuen University
Private university founded in 1946
Shizuoka Eiwa Gakuin University
Co-educational private university in Suruga Ward, founded by missionaries from the Methodist Church of Canada with the support of the Shizuoka prefectural government. First institution in Shizuoka Prefecture to offer secondary education for girls, it became a four-year coeducational university in 2002.
University of Shizuoka Junior College
Junior college in Suruga Ward, affiliated with University of Shizuoka.
Tokai University Junior College
Junior college in Aoi Ward, affiliated with Tokai University.
Tokoha Gakuen Junior College
Junior college in Aoi Ward, affiliated with Tokoha Gakuen University.

Primary and secondary education

Shizuoka has 91 elementary schools, 57 middle schools and 27 high schools. In addition there are 29 vocations schools and 12 public libraries.

Tourism

See also: Tourism in Japan

Museums

Media

The headquarters of Shizuoka Broadcasting System (SBS) and the Shizuoka Shimbun newspaper
The headquarters of Shizuoka Broadcasting System (SBS) and the Shizuoka Shimbun newspaper

Print media

The Shizuoka Shimbun is the area's primary newspaper.

Broadcast media

Television

Cable television

Shizuoka Cable Television (Dream Wave Shizuoka)

Radio

Major attractions

Historic spots

In Aoi Ward

Shizuoka Sengen Shrine
Shizuoka Sengen Shrine
A collection of Shinto shrines that was patronised by powerful warrior clans since ancient times, most notably the Tokugawa clan.
Sunpu Park/Sunpu Castle ruins
The castle of the Imagawa and Tokugawa clans, originally built in 1599, was destroyed in 1869. Today, only the moats remain. The rest was turned into a park, and is now a popular place for hanami.

In Suruga Ward

Toro
Late Yayoi archaeological site notable as the first archaeological site excavated in Japan in which remains of a 1st-century AD Yayoi-era wet-rice Paddy fields were found.
Kunōzan Tōshō-gū
Shinto shrine that was the original burial place of Shōgun Tokugawa Ieyasu, and the oldest of the Tōshō-gū shrines in Japan. The main festival of the shrine is held annually on 17 April, although its spring festival from 17–18 February is a larger event.[41]
Mariko-juku
Twentieth of the fifty-three stations of the old Tōkaidō road, an old travel route during the Edo period.

In Shimizu Ward

Hiroshige's Mariko-juku
Hiroshige's Mariko-juku
Miho Peninsula
Famous for the scenic Miho no Matsubara (三保の松原, Miho Pine Grove), renowned as a seashore with beautiful green pine trees and white sands spanning over seven kilometers, designated as one of New Three Views of Japan (新日本三景, Shin Nihon Sankei). Also known as the scene of the legend of Hagoromo, which is based on the traditional swan maiden motif.

Notable people

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Sister and friendship cities

Shizuoka has twin and friendship relationships with several cities.[43][44]

Twin cities[edit]

Overseas[edit]

Within Japan[edit]

Friendship cities[clarification needed][edit]

Overseas[edit]

Within Japan[edit]

City song

Watashi no Machi, Shizuoka (わたしの街 静岡)[46]

References

  1. ^ "Foreign Languages". City of Shizuoka (in Japanese, English, Chinese, Korean, Spanish, and Portuguese). Public Relations Section, Mayor's Office, General Affairs Bureau. 10 September 2019. Archived from the original on 18 October 2020. Retrieved 30 October 2020.
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